Grosse Pointe, Michigan
Grosse Pointe is a waterfront city adjacent to Detroit in Wayne County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The municipality covers just over one mile and had a population of 5,421 at the 2010 census. It is bordered on the west by Grosse Pointe Park, on the north by Detroit, on the east by Grosse Pointe Farms, Grosse Pointe is about eight miles east of downtown Detroit, accessible by Jefferson Avenue or several other cross streets. Grosse Pointe is one of five similarly named municipalities in northeastern Wayne County, together with The Park and The Farms, the City comprises part of the southern Pointes, which are older and more densely populated than the northern Pointes. Grosse Pointe, Grosse Pointe Farms, and Grosse Pointe Park make up the Grosse Pointe South High School district, Grosse Pointe was incorporated as a village in 1880, but at that time included what is now Grosse Pointe Farms. The community was divided along its present lines in 1893 over issues of allowing the sale of alcohol and it was incorporated as a city in 1934.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 2.25 square miles. The water is part of Lake St. Clair, the street layout of Grosse Pointe is basically a grid inside of its Cadieux and Fisher Road boundaries. Inside this small rectangle, most blocks contain rows of homes built between 1910 and 1950, on parcels 50 feet wide on average. Some streets offer large backyards, such as Washington and Lakeland, in some areas homes are configured in a traditionally urban, close-together fashion, while other nearby blocks may offer yards up to 150 feet wide. Home sizes and styles vary widely, from 1,500 to 12,000 square feet, most of the largest homes are within a few blocks of the lakefront, there are several blocks of mansions south of Kercheval Avenue. Predominant architecture includes the neo-Georgian, Tudor revival, Dutch Colonial, some Victorian homes and traditional bungalow homes can be found, mostly just north and south of the Village retail district. Some blocks, generally just south of the Village, have townhouses, there are retail and low-rise office buildings along Kercheval Avenue in the Village district, on Fisher Road near Grosse Pointe South High School, and along Mack Avenue bordering Detroit.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,421 people,2,236 households, the population density was 5,114.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,446 housing units at a density of 2,307.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93. 2% White,3. 3% African American,0. 1% Native American,1. 6% Asian,0. 1% Pacific Islander,0. 2% from other races, and 1. 5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 8% of the population,30. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the family size was 3.06
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, recognizes excellence in the television industry, and corresponds to the Academy Award, the Tony Award, and the Grammy Award. Because Emmy Awards are given in various sectors of the American television industry, Regional Emmy Awards are presented throughout the country at various times through the year, recognizing excellence in local and statewide television. In addition, International Emmys are awarded for excellence in TV programming produced, each is responsible for administering a particular set of Emmy ceremonies. The Los Angeles-based Academy of Television Arts & Sciences established the Emmy Award as part of an image-building and public relations opportunity. The first Emmy Awards ceremony took place on January 25,1949, at the Hollywood Athletic Club, shirley Dinsdale has the distinction of receiving the very first Emmy Award for Most Outstanding Television Personality, during that first awards ceremony. In the 1950s, the ATAS expanded the Emmys into a national event, in 1955, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences was formed in New York City as a sister organization to serve members on the East Coast, and help to supervise the Emmys.
The NATAS established regional chapters throughout the United States, with each one developing their own local Emmy awards show for local programming, the ATAS still however maintained its separate regional ceremony honoring local programming in the Los Angeles Area. Originally there was only one Emmy Awards ceremony held per year to honor shows nationally broadcast in the United States, in 1974, the first Daytime Emmy Awards ceremony was held to specifically honor achievement in national daytime programming. Other area-specific Emmy Awards ceremonies soon followed, the International Emmy Awards, honoring television programs produced and initially aired outside the U. S. was established in the early 1970s. Meanwhile, all Emmys awarded prior to the emergence of these separate, in 1977, due to various conflicts, the ATAS and the NATAS agreed to split ties. However, they agreed to share ownership of the Emmy statue and trademark. With the rise of television in the 1980s, cable programs first became eligible for the Primetime Emmys in 1988.
The ATAS began accepting original online-only web television programs in 2013, the Emmy statuette, depicting a winged woman holding an atom, was designed by television engineer Louis McManus, who used his wife as the model. The TV Academy rejected a total of forty-seven proposals before settling on McManus design in 1948. The statuette has become the symbol of the TV Academys goal of supporting and uplifting the art and science of television, The wings represent the muse of art. When deciding a name for the award, Academy founder Syd Cassyd originally suggested Ike, Ike was the popular nickname of World War II hero and future U. S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and the Academy members wanted something unique. Finally, television engineer and the third president, Harry Lubcke, suggested the name Immy. After Immy was chosen, it was feminized to Emmy to match their female statuette
Christopher William Bradshaw Isherwood was an English-American novelist. Isherwood was born in 1904 on his familys estate close to the Cheshire-Derbyshire border and he was the elder son of Frank Bradshaw Isherwood, a professional soldier who fought in the Boer War, by his wife Kathleen, whose family were successful merchants. Frank Isherwood was the son of John Henry Isherwood, head of the gentry family of Isherwood of Marple Hall and Wyberslegh Hall, Cheshire. The Isherwood family estates came into their possession on the marriage of Mary Bradshaw to Nathaniel Isherwood and he deliberately failed his tripos and left Corpus Christi College, Cambridge without a degree in 1925. For the next few years he lived with violinist André Mangeot, worked as secretary to Mangeots string quartet, during this time he wrote a book of nonsense poems, People One Ought to Know, with illustrations by Mangeots eleven-year-old son, Sylvain. It was not published until 1982, fisher reintroduced him to W. H. Auden, and Isherwood became Audens literary mentor and partner in an intermittent, casual liaison.
Auden sent his poems to Isherwood for comment and approval, through Auden, Isherwood met Stephen Spender, with whom he spent much time in Germany. His first novel, All the Conspirators, appeared in 1928 and it was an anti-heroic story, written in a pastiche of many modernist novelists, about a young man who is defeated by his mother. In 1928–29 Isherwood studied medicine at Kings College London, but gave up his studies six months to join Auden for a few weeks in Berlin. Rejecting his upper class background and embracing his attraction to men, he remained in Berlin. There, he indulged his taste for pretty youths. He went to Berlin in search of boys and found one called Heinz, commenting on John Henry Mackays Der Puppenjunge, Isherwood wrote, It gives a picture of the Berlin sexual underworld early in this century which I know, from my own experience, to be authentic. In 1931 he met Jean Ross, the inspiration for his fictional character and he met Gerald Hamilton, the inspiration for the fictional Mr Norris.
In September 1931 the poet William Plomer introduced him to E. M. Forster and they became close and Forster served as his mentor. Isherwoods second novel, The Memorial, was story of conflict between mother and son, based closely on his own family history. During one of his trips to London he worked with the director Berthold Viertel on the film Little Friend. These works provided the inspiration for the play I Am a Camera, the 1955 film I Am a Camera, Yes/Buggles song Into The Lens/I Am A Camera, the Broadway musical Cabaret, in 1932 he met and fell in love with a young German man named Heinz Neddermeyer. After leaving Berlin in 1933, he and Heinz moved around Europe, Heinz was arrested as a draft-evader in 1937 following his brief return to Germany after he was ejected from Luxembourg as an undesirable alien
Cabaret (1972 film)
Cabaret is a 1972 American musical drama film which was directed by Bob Fosse and which starred Liza Minnelli, Michael York, and Joel Grey. Only a few numbers from the score were used for the film, Kander. In the traditional manner of musical theater, called a musical, every significant character in the stage version sings to express his/her own emotion. In the sexually charged Two Ladies, about a ménage à trois, however, it is listed as number 367 on Empires 500 greatest films of all time. Cabaret opened to glowing reviews and strong box office, eventually taking in more than $20 million, but the biggest winner was Fosse. Shortly before the 45th Academy Awards, he won two Tonys for directing and choreographing Pippin, his biggest stage hit to date. When, months later, he won the Primetime Emmy Award for choreographing and directing Minnellis television special, Liza with a Z, in 1931 Berlin, young American Sally Bowles performs at the Kit Kat Klub. A new British arrival in the city, Brian Roberts, moves into the house where Sally lives.
A reserved academic and writer, Brian gives English lessons to earn a living while completing his doctorate, Sally tries seducing Brian and suspects he may be gay. Brian tells Sally that on three occasions he has tried to have physical relationships with women, all of which failed. They become friends, and Brian witnesses Sallys anarchic, bohemian life in the last days of the German Weimar Republic and Brian become lovers despite their earlier reservations, they conclude that his previous failures with women were because they were the wrong three girls. Sally befriends Maximilian von Heune, a rich playboy baron who takes her and Brian to his country estate, after a sexual experience with Brian, Max loses interest in the two and departs for Argentina. During an argument, when Sally tells Brian that she has been having sex with Max and Sally reconcile, and Sally reveals that Max left them money and mockingly compares the sum with what a professional prostitute gets. Sally learns that she is pregnant, but is unsure of the father, Brian offers to marry her and take her back to his university life in Cambridge.
Ultimately she has an abortion, without informing Brian in advance, when he confronts her, she shares her fears and the two reach an understanding. Brian departs for England and Sally continues her life in Berlin, embedding herself in the Kit Kat Klub, but the final shot shows men in Nazi uniforms in the front row of the club. A subplot concerns Fritz Wendel, a German Jew passing as a Christian, who is in love with Natalia Landauer, the worldly Sally gives advice which eventually enables Fritz to win her love. Although the Nazis are not yet in power, some of them kill Natalias beloved dog one night, the Naziss violent rise is a powerful, ever-present undercurrent in the film
The Member of the Wedding
The Member of the Wedding is a 1946 novel by Southern writer Carson McCullers. It took McCullers five years to complete, although she interrupted the work for a few months to write the short novel The Ballad of the Sad Café. In a salacious letter to her husband Reeves McCullers, she explained that the novel was one of works that the least slip can ruin. For like a poem there is not much excuse for it otherwise, the illumination focused the whole book. The novel takes place over a few days in late August and it tells the story of 12-year-old tomboy Frankie Addams, who feels disconnected from the world, in her words, an unjoined person. Frankies mother died when she was born, and her father is a distant and her closest companions are the familys African American maid, Berenice Sadie Brown, and her six-year-old cousin, John Henry West. She has no friends in her small Southern town and dreams of going away with her brother, the novel explores the psychology of the three main characters and is more concerned with evocative settings than with incident.
Frankie does, have a brief and troubling encounter with a soldier and her hopes of going away are disappointed and, her fantasy destroyed, a short coda reveals how her personality has changed. It recounts the fate of John Henry West, and Berenice Sadie Browns future plans, the Member of the Wedding is told from the point of view of Frankie, who is a troubled adolescent. For Yaeger and the Scots novelist and critic Ali Smith, this is to sentimentalize the work and they suggest that such a reading misses much of its profundity and what Smith calls its political heft. It should be seen, according to Smith, as a funny, very dark novel. Its theme, says Smith, is why people exclude others, other critics, including McKay Jenkins, have highlighted the importance of themes of racial and sexual identity. Frankie wishes people could change back and forth from boys to girls, John Henry wants them to be half boy and half girl. Berenice would like there to be no separate colored people in the world, for them, Jenkins suggests, the ideal world would be a place where identity…is fluid, amorphous.
McDowell, has stressed the role of Berenice Sadie Brown in counter-pointing Frankie’s story. Critics such as Elizabeth Freeman and Nicole Seymour view the novel as queer—as challenging gender, in her article on the novel, Seymour argues that McCullers queers the human developmental schema through various narrative methods. The book has been adapted for the stage, motion pictures, McCullers herself adapted the novel for a Broadway production directed by Harold Clurman. It opened on January 5,1950 at the Empire Theatre, the cast included Ethel Waters, Julie Harris, and debuted Brandon deWilde, a seven-year-old second-grader at the time
Charles Nelson Reilly
Reilly was born in The Bronx, New York City, the son of Charles Joseph Reilly, an Irish Catholic commercial artist, and Signe Elvera Nelson, a Swedish Lutheran. When young, he would make his own puppet theater to amuse himself. His mother, foreshadowing his future as an entertainer, often would tell him to save it for the stage, at age 13, he survived the 1944 Hartford Circus Fire, which killed 169 people in Connecticut. As a result, he never sat in an audience throughout the remainder of his life. Because of the trauma, he rarely attended theater, stating that the large crowds reminded him of what happened that day. As a boy, Reilly developed a love of opera and desired to become an opera singer and he entered the Hartt School of Music as a voice major, but eventually abandoned this pursuit when he realized that he lacked the natural vocal talent to have a major career. However, opera remained a passion, and he was a frequent guest on opera-themed radio programs. He directed opera productions for the Lyric Opera of Chicago, Dallas Opera, Portland Opera, San Diego Opera and he was good friends with opera singers Renée Fleming, Rod Gilfry, Roberta Peters, and Eileen Farrell.
Reilly made his debut in 1957 with an uncredited role in A Face in the Crowd, directed by Elia Kazan. He was a regular and popular performer in comic roles for several seasons in the 1950s at the Starlight Theatre in Kansas City. Reilly appeared in many Off Broadway productions and his big break came in 1960 with the enormously successful original Broadway production of Bye Bye Birdie. In the groundbreaking musical, Reilly had a small part and was the standby for Dick Van Dyke in the leading role of Albert Peterson. In 1961, Reilly was in the original cast of another big Broadway hit, for his memorable origination of the role of Bud Frump, Reilly earned a 1962 Tony Award for featured actor in a musical. In 1964, Reilly was featured in the original cast of yet another giant Broadway success, for originating the role of Cornelius Hackl, Reilly received a second nomination for a Tony Award for performance by an actor in a featured role in a musical. While he kept active in Broadway shows, Reilly would soon become known for his TV work.
For example, he appeared both as one of the Whats My Line, mystery Guests and as a panelist on that popular Sunday night CBS-TV program. In 1965, he made appearances on The Steve Lawrence Show. Television commercials he made throughout the 1960s and 1970s included Excedrin and Bic Banana Ink Crayons, from 1968 to 1970, he appeared as the constantly flustered bumbler Claymore Gregg on the television series The Ghost & Mrs. Muir, which starred Hope Lange and Edward Mulhare
Chita Rivera is an American actress and singer best known for her roles in musical theatre. She is the first Hispanic woman and the first Latino American to receive a Kennedy Center Honors award and she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009. Her father was Puerto Rican, and her mother was of Scottish, Rivera was seven years old when her mother was widowed and went to work at The Pentagon. In 1944, Riveras mother enrolled her in the Jones-Haywood School of Ballet, Riveras audition was successful, and she was accepted into the school and given a scholarship. In 1951, Rivera accompanied a friend to the audition for the company of Call Me Madam. She followed this by landing roles in other Broadway productions such as Guys and Dolls, in 1957, she was cast in the role which was destined to make her a Broadway star, the firebrand Anita in West Side Story. Rivera starred in a tour of Can-Can and played the role of Nickie in the film adaptation of Sweet Charity with Shirley MacLaine. On December 1,1957, Rivera married dancer Tony Mordente and her performance was so important for the success of the show that the London production of West Side Story was postponed until she gave birth to the couples daughter Lisa.
In 1960, Rivera created the role of Rose in the Broadway smash Bye Bye Birdie and she won raves for her performance, but was passed over for the film version where the role was played by Janet Leigh. In 1963, Rivera was cast opposite Alfred Drake in Zenda, the Broadway-bound musical closed on the road. In 1975 she appeared as Velma Kelly in the original cast of the musical Chicago, in 1984 she starred in the musical The Rink with Liza Minnelli and won her first Tony Award for her role as Anna. In 1986, while performing in the Jerry Herman musical, Jerrys Girls, injuries sustained included the breaking of her left leg in twelve places, requiring eighteen screws and two braces to mend. After rehabilitation, Rivera continued to perform on stage, miraculously revitalized, in 1988, she endeavored in a restaurant venture in partnership with the novelist, Daniel Simone. The eatery, located on 42nd Street between 9th and 10th Avenue, was named Chitas after her and it soon became a significant attraction for the after-theater crowds and remained open until 1994.
In addition to her instructors, Rivera credited Leonard Bernstein and Gwen Verdon, with whom she starred in Chicago. She appeared as Fastrada in a version of the musical Pippin in 1981. In 1993, she received a Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical for her portrayal of Aurora in the musical Kiss of the Spider Woman, written by Kander, Rivera starred in the Goodman Theatre production of the musical The Visit as Claire Zachanassian in 2001. In 2008 she appeared in a production of the musical at the Signature Theatre in Arlington, Virginia
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was an American poet. Dickinson was born in Amherst, although part of a prominent family with strong ties to its community, Dickinson lived much of her life in reclusive isolation. After studying at the Amherst Academy for seven years in her youth, considered an eccentric by locals, she developed a noted penchant for white clothing and became known for her reluctance to greet guests or, in life, to even leave her bedroom. Dickinson never married, and most friendships between her and others depended entirely upon correspondence, Dickinson was a recluse for the years of her life. While Dickinson was a private poet, fewer than a dozen of her nearly 1,800 poems were published during her lifetime. The work that was published during her lifetime was usually altered significantly by the publishers to fit the conventional rules of the time. Dickinsons poems are unique for the era in which she wrote, they contain short lines, typically lack titles, many of her poems deal with themes of death and immortality, two recurring topics in letters to her friends.
Her first collection of poetry was published in 1890 by personal acquaintances Thomas Wentworth Higginson and Mabel Loomis Todd, a complete, and mostly unaltered, collection of her poetry became available for the first time when scholar Thomas H. Johnson published The Poems of Emily Dickinson in 1955. Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was born at the homestead in Amherst, Massachusetts, on December 10,1830, into a prominent. Her father, Edward Dickinson was a prominent lawyer in Amherst, two hundred years earlier, her patrilineal ancestors had arrived in the New World—in the Puritan Great Migration—where they prospered. Emily Dickinsons paternal grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, had almost single-handedly founded Amherst College, in 1813, he built the homestead, a large mansion on the towns Main Street, that became the focus of Dickinson family life for the better part of a century. On May 6,1828, he married Emily Norcross from Monson and they had three children, William Austin, known as Austin, Aust or Awe Emily Elizabeth Lavinia Norcross, known as Lavinia or Vinnie By all accounts, young Emily was a well-behaved girl.
On an extended visit to Monson when she was two, Emilys Aunt Lavinia described Emily as perfectly well & contented—She is a good child &. Emilys aunt noted the affinity for music and her particular talent for the piano. Dickinson attended primary school in a building on Pleasant Street. Her education was ambitiously classical for a Victorian girl and her father wanted his children well-educated and he followed their progress even while away on business. When Emily was seven, he wrote home, reminding his children to school, and learn, so as to tell me. While Emily consistently described her father in a manner, her correspondence suggests that her mother was regularly cold
The Haunting (1963 film)
The Haunting is a 1963 British psychological horror film directed and produced by Robert Wise and adapted by Nelson Gidding from the 1959 novel The Haunting of Hill House by Shirley Jackson. It stars Julie Harris, Claire Bloom, Richard Johnson, the film depicts the experiences of a small group of people invited by a paranormal investigator to investigate a purportedly haunted house. Screenwriter Gidding, who had worked with director Wise on the 1958 film I Want to Live. began a six-month write of the script after reading the book, which Wise had given to him. The film was shot at MGM-British Studios in the United Kingdom on a budget of $1.05 million, with exteriors and the grounds shot at Ettington Park in the village of Ettington, Warwickshire. Julie Harris was cast by Wise who found her ideal for the psychologically fragile Eleanor, the interior sets were by Elliot Scott, credited by Wise as instrumental in the making of The Haunting. They were designed to be lit, with no dark corners or recesses.
Numerous devices and tricks were used in the filming, Wise used a 30mm anamorphic, wide-angle lens Panavision camera that was not technically ready for use and caused distortions. It was only given to Wise on condition that he sign a memorandum in which he acknowledged that the lens was imperfect and cinematographer Davis Boulton planned sequences that kept the camera moving, utilizing low-angle takes, and incorporating unusual pans and tracking shots. Upon release on 18 September 1963, the film performed moderately at the box office and was well received, today it has achieved cult status and is considered by many to be one of the best horror films in cinematic history, and one of the most unsettling. In 2010, The Guardian newspaper ranked it as the 13th best horror film of all time, Director Martin Scorsese has placed The Haunting first on his list of the 11 scariest horror films of all time. The Haunting was released on DVD in its original format with commentary in 2003. The film was remade in 1999 by director Jan de Bont, starring Liam Neeson, Lili Taylor, Catherine Zeta Jones and Owen Wilson, Dr.
John Markway narrates the history of the 90-year-old Hill House, which was constructed by Hugh Crain as a home for his wife. She died when her carriage crashed against a tree as she approached the house for the first time, Crain remarried, but his second wife died in the house from a fall down the stairs. Crains daughter Abigail lived in the house for the rest of her life and she died calling for her nurse-companion. The companion inherited the house, but hanged herself from a staircase in the library. Hill House was eventually inherited by a Mrs. Sanderson, although it has stood empty for some time, Markway wishes to study the reported paranormal activity at Hill House. He secures a lease from Mrs. Sanderson to occupy the mansion for the duration of his investigation, conditional to his acceptance is that he take Luke Sanderson, her heir, with him. Markway has chosen two individuals to accompany him—a psychic, known as Theo, and the meek Eleanor Lance, Eleanor spent her adult life caring for her invalid mother, whose recent death has left Eleanor with severe guilt
Audra Ann McDonald is an American actress and singer. She has appeared on the stage in musicals and dramas, such as Ragtime, A Raisin in the Sun, and Porgy. With her full lyric soprano voice, she maintains an active concert and recording career, performing song cycles and she has won six Tony Awards, more performance wins than any other actor, and is the only person to win all four acting categories. She starred as Dr. Naomi Bennett on the ABC television drama Private Practice, McDonald was born in West Berlin, the daughter of American parents, Anna Kathryn, a university administrator, and Stanley McDonald, Jr. a high school principal. At the time of her birth, her father was stationed with the U. S. Army, McDonald was raised in Fresno, the elder of two daughters. McDonald graduated from the Roosevelt School of the Arts program within Theodore Roosevelt High School in Fresno and she got her start in acting with Dan Pessano and Good Company Players, beginning in their junior company. I knew I wanted to be involved in theater when I had my first chance to perform with the Good Company Players Junior Company, the people who have had the most impact on my life, Good Company director Dan Pessano and my mother.
She studied classical voice as an undergraduate under Ellen Faull at the Juilliard School and she reprised her Raisin role for a 2008 television adaptation, earning her a second Emmy Award nomination. On June 10,2012, McDonald scored her fifth Tony Award win for her portrayal of Bess in Broadways The Gershwins Porgy and Bess, thus tying Angela Lansbury and Julie Harris. Her 2014 performance as Billie Holiday in Lady Day at Emersons Bar and Grill earned McDonald her sixth Tony award and made her the first person to win all four acting categories. On April 29,2007, while she was in previews for the show, her father was killed when an aircraft he was flying crashed north of Sacramento. McDonald is known for defying racial typecasting in her various Tony Award-winning, of her groundbreaking work in encouraging diversity in musical theatre casting, she said in an interview for The New York Times, I refuse to be stereotyped. If I think I am right for a role I will go for it in whatever way I can, I refuse to say no to myself. I cant control what a producer will do or say but I can at least put out there.
For this role, McDonald won her fifth Tony Award and her first in a Leading Actress category and this American Repertory Theater production was re-imagined by Suzan-Lori Parks and Diedre Murray as a musical for contemporary audiences. She appeared at the Williamstown Theatre Festival, Massachusetts, in Eugene ONeills play A Moon for the Misbegotten in August 2015, McDonald left the show on July 24,2016 to begin maternity leave. Shuffle Along closed on July 24,2016, McDonald played Billie Holiday on Broadway in the play Lady Day at Emersons Bar and Grill in a limited engagement that ended on August 10,2014. After previews that began on March 25,2014, the opened at the Circle in the Square Theatre on April 13,2014
Dame Margaret Natalie Smith, CH, DBE, known as Maggie Smith, is an English actress. She has had an extensive, varied career in stage, Smith has appeared in over 50 films and is one of Britains most recognisable actresses. Smith began her career on stage at the Oxford Playhouse in 1952 and she received Tony Award nominations for Private Lives and Night and Day, before winning the 1990 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for Lettice and Lovage. Other stage roles include Stratford Shakespeare Festival productions of Antony and Cleopatra and Macbeth, on screen, Smith first drew praise for the crime film Nowhere to Go, for which she received her first BAFTA Award nomination. She has won two Academy Awards, winning Best Actress for The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie and Best Supporting Actress for California Suite and she is one of only six actresses to have won in both categories. She has won a record four BAFTA Awards for Best Actress, a BAFTA for Best Supporting Actress, a six-time Oscar nominee, her other nominations were for Othello, Travels with My Aunt, A Room with a View, and Gosford Park.
Smith played Professor Minerva McGonagall in the Harry Potter film series and her honorary awards include the BAFTA Special Award, the BAFTA Fellowship, and the Special Olivier Award. She received the Stratford Shakespeare Festivals Legacy Award in 2012, Smith was born in Ilford, but moved with her family to Oxford when she was four years old. She is the daughter of Nathaniel Smith, a Newcastle-born public health pathologist who worked at Oxford University, and Margaret, as a child, her parents used to tell Smith the romantic story of how they had met on the train from Glasgow to London via Newcastle. She has older twin brothers and Ian, who went to architecture school and she attended Oxford High School until age sixteen, when she left to study acting at the Oxford Playhouse. In 1952, aged 17, under the auspices of the Oxford University Dramatic Society, in 1954, she appeared in the television programme Oxford Accents produced by Ned Sherrin. In 1957, she starred opposite Kenneth Williams in the musical comedy Share My Lettuce, in 1958, she received the first of her 18 BAFTA Film and TV nominations for her role in the film Nowhere to Go.
In 1962, Smith won the first of a record five Best Actress Evening Standard Awards for her roles in Peter Shaffers plays The Private Ear and The Public Eye, again opposite Kenneth Williams. She appeared opposite Olivier in Ibsens The Master Builder and played roles in The Recruiting Officer. Her other films at this time included Go to Blazes, The V. I. P. s, The Pumpkin Eater, Hot Millions and Oh. Smith won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the role of the 1969 film The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie. Vanessa Redgrave had originated the role on stage in London and Zoe Caldwell won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, the role won Smith her first BAFTA Award. In 1970, she played the role in Ingmar Bergmans London production of the Ibsen play Hedda Gabler
The Hewitt School is an independent, K-12 girls school in New York City, New York. The school serves girls from Kindergarten through 12th Grade, in three divisions, Lower School, Middle School, and Upper School, caroline D. Hewitt founded the Hewitt School in 1920. Miss Hewitt, as alumnae lovingly refer to her, was born in England and she came to the United States in 1902 as a private tutor or governess to a prominent family of Tuxedo Park, New York. After a decade in that position and at the suggestion of the Hoffman family Miss Hewitt began private classes for children in a townhouse on the Upper East Side. At this time the school was referred to as Miss Hewitt Classes, by 1920, Hewitt had established a small kindergarten for boys and girls located at the Mannes Music School. In 1923 Hewitt purchased a brownstone at 68 East 79th Street, the school expanded and began to cater exclusively to girls. In 1942 Miss Hewitt retired and was succeeded by faculty member Charlotte Comfort, in 1950 the school was granted a charter as a nonprofit corporation.
The school moved to its current location at 45 East 75th Street in 1951, in 1955 Miss Hewitt’s Classes became The Hewitt School. In 1968 the Gregory Building, named for Board of Trustees president William Gregory, was built, in 1969 Janet Mayer succeeded Miss Comfort as Headmistress and served until her retirement eleven years later. In 1976 the Building Fund Drive added three new stories to the Gregory Building, in 1980 Agathe Crouter succeeded Miss Mayer as Headmistress and served until her retirement in 1990. In 1986 major renovation of the 75th Street Building was completed, adding classroom space, in 1990 Dr. Mary Jane Yurchak became Head of School and took on a leadership role in integrating academics and technology. In 2000 Linda MacMurray Gibbs became Head of School and initiated a strategic plan for its growth. In 2001 the Hewitt community went online, and a course of study based on the curriculum mapping process was initiated. In 2002, with a gift of the McKelvey Foundation. This building is named McKelvey in honor of trustee Andrew McKelvey, in 2003 a major renovation of the library was completed.
Ms. Joan Lonergan served as Hewitts seventh Head of School, Ms. Lonergan assumed this position in July 2010. In her five year tenure, Ms. Lonergan lead the expansion of the school, beginning in July 2015, a complete gut-renovation of the buildings was funded and planned under Ms. Lonergans leadership. In November 2014, The Hewitt Schools board president announced that Dr. Tara Christie Kinsey will be the eighth Head of School, Dr. Kinseys tenure began on July 1,2015