A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b
2008–09 Ligue 2
The Ligue 2 season 2008–09 was the sixty-seventh edition since its establishment, began on August 1, 2008 and ended on May 29, 2009. The fixtures were announced on May 23, 2008. Teams relegated to Ligue 2 FC Metz, relegated after losing to Olympique Marseille on April 12, 2008. RC Strasbourg, relegated after losing to SM Caen on May 10, 2008. RC Lens, relegated after drawing with FC Girondins de Bordeaux on May 17, 2008. Teams promoted to Ligue 1 Le Havre AC, promoted after drawing with CS Sedan on April 22, 2008. FC Nantes, promoted after drawing with Montpellier HSC on April 25, 2008. Grenoble Foot 38, promoted after drawing with LB Châteauroux on May 12, 2008. Teams promoted from Championnat National Vannes OC, promoted after losing to FC Martigues on April 26, 2008. Tours FC, promoted after defeating Stade Laval on May 3, 2008. Nimes Olympique, promoted after defeating Stade Laval on May 16, 2008. Teams relegated to Championnat National FC Gueugnon, relegated after losing to AC Ajaccio on April 18, 2008.
FC Libourne-Saint-Seurin, relegated after losing to CS Sedan on May 2, 2008. Chamois Niortais FC, relegated after losing to US Boulogne on May 16, 2008. Last updated May 2009 Grégory Thil wins the Ligue 2 Trophée du Meilleur Buteur. Last updated: May 30, 2009 Source: Ligue 2 Paul Alo'o wins the Ligue 2 Trophée du Meilleur Passeur. Last updated: May 30, 2009 Source: Ligue 2 The nominees for Ligue 2 Player of the Year; the winner will be determine at the annual UNFP Awards on May 24. The winner will be displayed in bold; the nominees for the Ligue 2 Goalkeeper of the Year. The winner will be displayed in bold; the nominees for Manager of the Year. The winner will be displayed in bold. Last updated May 22, 2009 French League Official Site Ligue 2 Official Page
2007–08 Ligue 1
The 2007–08 Ligue 1 season is the seventieth since its establishment, started in August 2007 and ended on 17 May 2008. The fixtures were announced in June 2007. Lyon became French champions. Lens and Metz were relegated to Ligue 2; the three relegated teams will be replaced by the three promoted teams from Ligue 2. Le Havre were promoted as Ligue 2 champions along with Nantes, who finished in second place, third-placed Grenoble. Updated to games played on 17 May. Source: Ligue 11 ^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column. Colours: Blue = home team win. 2Match was played at the Stade de France Karim Benzema wins the Trophée du Meilleur Buteur. Last updated 17 May 2008. Last updated 17 May 2008 Ligue 1 has introduced an Attacking Play Table since the start of the 2006–07 Ligue 1 season to encourage more goal-scoring in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2; the Ligue de Football Professionnel, with the help of the former France national team manager Michel Hidalgo, introduced the idea to reward those teams who score the most goals.
Independent from the official league table, points are awarded as follows: The sum of 20 million Euros, taken from the LFP's new commercial ventures in 2006/2007 will be dedicated to this initiative. €16.7 million will go to Ligue 1. Prize money is distributed to the teams at the end of the season depending on where they finish in the table. Last updated 17 May 2008 Pld = Matches played; the winner will be displayed in bold. The nominees for the Ligue 1 Young Player of the Year; the winner will be displayed in bold. Coach: Laurent Blanc – Bordeaux Last updated 6 April 2008 LFP Official site 2007–08 Coupe de la Ligue 2007–08 Coupe de France 2007–08 Ligue 2
Trophées UNFP du football
The Trophées UNFP du football are a number of awards given annually by the National Union of Professional Football Players to players playing in France's Ligue 1 and Ligue 2, as well as to managers and referees, the most prestigious one being the Player of the Year. Created in 1988 under the name Oscars du football, they were renamed in 2004 after a complaint by the Academy Awards committee; the ceremony has been broadcast live on Canal + since 1994. Unlike the other awards, the best goal of the year is chosen by the public. Highlighted players have appeared in the team of the year more than once since 2003; this award is given to the best referees of the year. 2002: Gilles Veissière 2003: Gilles Veissière, Nelly Viennot 2004: Bertrand Layec 2005: Bruno Coué, Patrick Lhermitte, Vincent Texier 2006: Éric Poulat, Lionel Dagorne, Vincent Texier 2007: Bertrand Layec 2008: Stéphane Lannoy 2009: Antony Gautier, Clément Turpin 2010: Stéphane Lannoy, Eric Dansault, Laurent Hugo 2011: Antony Gautier, Clément Turpin, Nicolas Pottier 2012: Stéphane Lannoy 2013: - 2014: Ruddy Buquet 1996: Jean-Luc Ettori 2003: Alain Roche 2004: Laurent Blanc 2005: Marcel Desailly 2006: Olympique Lyonnais 2007: Zinedine Zidane 2008: France 98 2009: Lilian Thuram 2010: Claude Makelele 2011: Just Fontaine, Michel Hidalgo, Philippe Piat, Sylvain Kastendeuch 2012: France women's national football team 2013: Grégory Coupet 2014: Mickaël Landreau 2015: Eric Abidal 2016: France Euro 2000 Championship Team 2017: Raymond Kopa 2005: Corinne Diacre 2007: Nelly Viennot 2008: Just Fontaine 2012: Mathieu Bodmer 2013: Bernard Diomède 2014: Peace and Sport UNFP Player of the Month Palmarès - Trophées UNFP du Football on UNFP
Yoan Gouffran is a French professional footballer who plays for Göztepe in the Turkish Süper Lig. Gouffran plays as a striker or a winger and is renowned for his pace and ability to finish with either foot. Gouffran was born in Val-de-Marne. On 20 May 2007, he was awarded Ligue 2 Player of the Season after a successful season with Caen which saw the club promoted to the Ligue 1. After achieving success with Caen during the 2007–08 Ligue 1 season, it was suspected Gouffran would make a move elsewhere. After consistent rumours linking him with English Premier League club Arsenal, including rumors of him signing a pre-contract agreement with the club, Gouffran opted to stay in Ligue 1, signing a four-year contract with Bordeaux; the transfer fee was priced at €6.5 million and he joined the club on 30 June 2008. After starting the league season off with no league goals after 26 matches, he scored his first league goal for Bordeaux on 29 April 2009 in a key match against Rennes, which Bordeaux won 3–2.
On the final matchday of the season, 30 May, he scored the winning goal that secured Bordeaux the championship, against his former club Caen who were relegated to Ligue 2. Gouffran denied league leaders Paris Saint-Germain's attempt at winning seven straight Ligue 1 games, when he scored the equalizer in a 1–1 home draw on 6 November 2011; the result meant. Gouffran finished with Bordeaux half way through the 2012–13 season with 8 goals in 20 games. With only six months left on his contract, English Premier League club Newcastle United had a cut price £500,000 bid accepted for Gouffran. On 22 January 2013, Gouffran revealed via Twitter that a move to Newcastle was due to happen the following day: "Tomorrow I will be a new player of Newcastle and I am proud. Thanks to everyone." He added, "Big thanks to everyone who has supported me through bad times. I thank the leadership of the club and the staff for helping me grow I need a new challenge and therefore I hope that you respect my choice. I will follow all the results of the Girondins."
He was unveiled as a Newcastle player on 23 January, after signing a four-and-a-half year contract and given the number 11 shirt. He made his debut for Newcastle on 29 January 2013 in a 1–2 win against Aston Villa at Villa Park, he scored his first Newcastle goal on 9 February in a 2–1 defeat against Tottenham Hotspur. On 2 November, Gouffran scored the first goal for Newcastle in their 2–0 win against Chelsea. After the match, he received rave reviews from manager Alan Pardew. Gouffran continued an impressive run of form, scoring again against Norwich City and added another goal to take his tally to five for the season when he scored the first of Newcastle's two goals against West Bromwich Albion on 30 November 2013. Gouffran followed this up by scoring Newcastle's only goal in a one-all draw at home to Southampton on 14 December. Following his impressive form, he became a fan favourite due to his hard working mentality, a key factor in Newcastle's sudden rise toward the top of the Premier League standings.
On 26 December 2013, Gouffran scored yet again in a comprehensive 5–1 victory over Stoke City at St James' Park, in doing so becoming the first player for Newcastle to score in five consecutive games at St. James' Park since Alan Shearer in 1997; the following season, Gouffran came under criticism from lots of fans as Newcastle avoided relegation on the final day of the season. Under new boss Steve McClaren, Gouffran featured less and was played out of position in central midfield, he only made eight appearances. Despite being linked with a move back to France and having his squad number changed to 20 to make way for new signing Matt Ritchie, Gouffran became a regular in the Championship under manager Rafael Benítez, he made scoring 5 goals. Despite being offered a new contract by Newcastle, Gouffran opted to join Süper Lig side Göztepe on a free transfer on 17 July 2017 as his Newcastle contract expired, he played 76 minutes on his debut in a 2–2 draw against Fenerbahçe on 12 August 2017. Gouffran scored his first goal for Goztepe in a 3–3 draw against Osmanlıspor on February 10, 2018.
Gouffran was a France under-21 international. He took part in the 2006 U-21 Championships in Portugal, where he made four appearances and scored one goal, he made 22 appearances for the U-21s. As of 4 March 2017 Bordeaux Ligue 1: 2008–09 Coupe de la Ligue: 2008–09 Trophée des champions: 2008, 2009Newcastle United EFL Championship: 2016-17 France-19 UEFA European Under-19 Championship: 2005 Ligue 2 player of the year: 2007 Ligue 2 team of the year: 2006–07 Yoan Gouffran – French league stats at LFP Yoan Gouffran at L'Équipe Football Yoan Gouffran – UEFA competition record Yoan Gouffran at ESPN FC
Athlétic Club Arles-Avignon was a French association football club based in Arles. The club was founded in 1912 as a result of a merger and was known as Athlétic Club Arles, but in 2010, moved to the nearby commune of Avignon and adopted its current name. Arles-Avignon last played in the Championnat de France Amateur, the fourth division in French football. Arles-Avignon played; the team was managed by former football player Franck Dumas and captained by defender Sébastien Cantini, who joined the club in 2012, after a five-year stint in Italy. In France, it has been commonplace to describe Arles-Avignon as an overachieving club due to succeeding despite limited resources. Arles-Avignon's highest honour was winning its group in the Championnat de France amateur, the fourth level of French football, in 2007. Regionally, the club has won the Division Honneur Sud-Est Ouest three times and its reserve team are the current defending champions of the Méditerranée Division Honneur Régionale. Arles-Avignon was known locally as Les Lions and incorporated the nickname into a multitude of club's fixtures, most notably its crest.
After merging with Avignon, the club unveiled its new crest on 4 June 2009. The crest combined both elements of each club's predecessors and inscribed on the crest is Pays d'Arles Grand Avignon, which pays tribute to the inhabitants of the city of Arles and Grand Avignon, the metropolitan area that encompasses the commune of Avignon. In 2010, the club changed its crest again to coincide with its promotion to Ligue 1, it was dissolved in 2016. Athlétic Club Arles-Avignon was founded on 19 December 1912 under the name Athletic Club Arlésien as a result of a merger between three local clubs: La Pédale Joyeuse, Arles Auto-Vélo, Arles Sports; the spent its early years playing in the Ligue du Sud-Est. To remain financially sound due to the onset of World War II, Arles merged with two clubs. After the war, in 1954, the club reached the Championnat de France amateur under the leadership of manager Louis Pons. In 1960, Arles went through this time with local club Jeunesse Sportive Arlés; the merger was influenced by a former football player for FC Sète.
In the Arles' ensuing season, the club fell back to the Ligue du Sud-Est, after four attempts, returned to the Championnat de France amateur in 1965. In the 1970s, Arles reached the second division of French football and, in its inaugural appearance in the 1970–71 season, finished 13th in its group; the club spent another three seasons in the league before falling to Division 3 in 1974. Arles returned to Division 2 in 1977, but after two seasons, were back in Division 3. In the 1980s, the club fell to Division 4. In 1992, under the tutelage of manager Jean-Louis Sanz, Arles earned promotion to the Championnat National and were inaugural members of the new league; the club played in the league for four seasons before earning promotion to the Championnat de France amateur 2. In 1999, Arles finished first in its group and were, promoted to the Championnat de France amateur; the appearance in the fourth division was brief and, in 2002, Arles were back in the fifth division. In 2005, Arles embarked on a magical run, which concluded with the club earning promotion to Ligue 1.
From 2005–2010, the club achieved promotions in four of the five football seasons. In 2005, the club finished third in its group in the CFA 2. However, because the club's that finished ahead of them were reserve teams of professional club, Arles were allowed ascension to the CFA. In the ensuing season, Arles were promoted back to National. After finishing the 2007–08 season mid-table, Arles surprised many by finishing third in the league, thus going up to Ligue 2. Just after earning promotion to Ligue 2, Arles confirmed that the club was leaving the Stade Fernand Fournier to moved into the Parc des Sports in nearby Avignon, a bigger and more modern venue; the club, changed its name to its current form and adopted a new crest. The club was not allowed to participate in Ligue 2 after the DNCG ruled the club ineligible due to irregularities in the club's financial accounts. However, following an appeal, the DNCG reversed its decision reinstating Arles' Ligue 2 status and the club's professional status.
In the club's return to the second division after over 35 years, Arles-Avignon against stunned French football enthusiasts by finishing third in the league. The club's final position was secured on the final day. Arles-Avignon was among four clubs battling for the final promotion spot and secured the position after a win over Clermont, one of the clubs fighting for the final spot. In the Arles-Avignon's debut in Ligue 1, the club struggled losing its first eight matches; the club's first point in the league came in its ninth attempt in a 0–0 draw in Brest. The following week, Arles-Avignon recorded a surprising 0–0 draw with Lyon and, two weeks earned the club's first Ligue 1 win. On 10 July 2015, DNCG announced that Arles-Avignon was administratively relegated to Championnat de France Amateur from Ligue 2 for failing to guarantee sufficient capital, it was subsequently dissolved during the season. Below are the notable former and current players who have represented Arles-Avignon and its predecessors league and international competition since the club's foundation in 1912.
To appear in the section below, a player must have either played in at least 80 official matches for the
Trophée des Champions
The Trophée des Champions, is a French association football trophy contested in an annual match between the champions of Ligue 1 and the winners of the Coupe de France. It is equivalent to the Super Cups found in many countries; the match, with its current name, was first played in 1995, but the format in French football has existed since 1949 when the 1948–49 first division champions, Stade de Reims, defeated the winners of the 1948–49 edition of the Coupe de France, RCF Paris, 4–3 at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in Colombes. The match is co-organized by the Ligue de Football Professionnel and the Union Syndicale des Journalistes Sportifs de France. From 1955–1973, the French Football Federation hosted a similar match known as the Challenge des champions; the match was eliminated after only two seasons due to its unpopularity. In 1995, the FFF re-instated the competition under its current name and the inaugural match was contested between Paris Saint-Germain and Nantes in January 1996 at the Stade Francis-Le Blé in Brest.
The following season, the match was not played due to Auxerre winning the double. A similar situation occurred in 2008; the match was on the brink of cancellation, the LFP decided to allow the league runner-up, Bordeaux, to be Lyon's opponents. Bordeaux won the match 5–4 on penalties; the Trophée des Champions match is contested at the beginning of the following season and has been played at a variety of venues. During the Challenge des champions era, the match was in such cities as Marseille, Paris and Saint-Étienne. From 1995–2008, the match was hosted three times at the Stade Gerland in Lyon. Other venues include the Stade Pierre de Coubertin twice in Cannes, the Stade de la Meinau in Strasbourg, the Stade de l'Abbé Deschamps in Auxerre. On 12 May 2009, the French Football Federation announced that the 2009 Trophée des Champions would be played outside France for the first time, at the Olympic Stadium in Montreal, Canada, it has since been held in Tunisia, the United States and China. Official site