Songbook (Nick Hornby book)
Songbook is a 2002 collection of 26 essays by English writer Nick Hornby about songs and the particular emotional resonance they carry for him. In the UK, Sony released A Selection of Music from 31 Songs, featuring 18 songs; the hardcover edition of Songbook, published in the US by McSweeney's and illustrated by Marcel Dzama, includes a CD with 11 of the songs featured in the book. The music varies from established classics like Bruce Springsteen and Bob Dylan to independents like Ani DiFranco, Top 40 pop like Nelly Furtado, a few songs with special meaning only to Hornby. Song by song, Hornby delves into what makes music catchy or classic, how it can come to play an integral role in a person's emotional life. Proceeds from the book go to the TreeHouse Trust, a UK charity operating a school for children with autism and communications disorders, which Hornby's son attends, to 826 Valencia, a US-based learning center, founded by McSweeney's publisher Dave Eggers, that offers writing workshops and tutoring.
The paperback edition of Songbook adds a few music-related essays by Hornby from other sources. After the release of "Songbook," McSweeney accepted online submissions from authors writing about their favourite songs in the same manner as Hornby; these submissions were posted to the McSweeney website. After Hornby mentioned he was a fan in Songbook, Ben Folds contacted him and Hornby wrote the song "That's Me Trying" for William Shatner's album Has Been. There are 31 songs, but only 26 essays. Teenage Fanclub – "Your Love Is the Place Where I Come From" Bruce Springsteen – "Thunder Road" Nelly Furtado – "I'm Like a Bird" Led Zeppelin – "Heartbreaker" Rufus Wainwright – "One Man Guy" Santana – "Samba Pa Ti" Rod Stewart – "Mama, You Been on My Mind" Bob Dylan – "Can You Please Crawl Out Your Window?" / The Beatles – "Rain" Ani DiFranco – "You Had Time" / Aimee Mann – "I've Had It" Paul Westerberg – "Born for Me" Suicide – "Frankie Teardrop" / Teenage Fanclub – "Ain't That Enough" The J. Geils Band – "First I Look at the Purse" Ben Folds Five – "Smoke" Badly Drawn Boy – "A Minor Incident" The Bible – "Glorybound" Van Morrison – "Caravan" Butch Hancock and Marce LaCouture – "So I'll Run" Gregory Isaacs – "Puff, the Magic Dragon" Ian Dury and the Blockheads – "Reasons to be Cheerful, Part 3" / Richard and Linda Thompson – "Calvary Cross" Jackson Browne – "Late for the Sky" Mark Mulcahy – "Hey Self-Defeater" The Velvelettes – "Needle in a Haystack" O.
V. Wright – "Let's Straighten It Out" Röyksopp – "Röyksopp's Night Out" The Avalanches – "Frontier Psychiatrist" / Soulwax – "No Fun / Push It" Patti Smith Group – "Pissing in a River"Paperback additions"It's a Mann's World", a review of Aimee Mann's album Bachelor No. 2, from The New Yorker "Alternative Earle", an essay on Steve Earle "Sweet Misery" "The Entertainers", an essay about the Los Lobos box set El Cancionero Mas y Mas "Pop Quiz" Teenage Fanclub – "Your Love Is the Place Where I Come From" Bruce Springsteen – "Thunder Road" Rufus Wainwright – "One Man Guy" Rod Stewart – "Mama You Been on My Mind" Ani DiFranco – "You Had Time" Paul Westerberg – "Born for Me" Ben Folds Five – "Smoke" Badly Drawn Boy – "A Minor Incident" The Bible – "Glorybound" Gregory Isaacs – "Puff, the Magic Dragon" Ian Dury & the Blockheads – "Reasons to be Cheerful, Part 3" Richard and Linda Thompson – "The Calvary Cross" Jackson Browne – "Late for the Sky" Mark Mulcahy – "Hey Self-Defeater" The Velvelettes – "Needle in a Haystack" O.
V. Wright – "Let's Straighten It Out" The Avalanches – "Frontier Psychiatrist" Patti Smith Group – "Pissing in a River" Paul Westerberg – "Born for Me" Teenage Fanclub – "Your Love Is the Place Where I Come From" The Bible – "Glorybound" Aimee Mann – "I've Had It" Rufus Wainwright – "One Man Guy" Rod Stewart – "Mama, You Been on My Mind" Badly Drawn Boy – "A Minor Incident" Teenage Fanclub – "Ain't That Enough" Ben Folds Five – "Smoke" Mark Mulcahy – "Hey Self-Defeater" Ani DiFranco – "You Had Time" Cowles, Gregory. "Living With Music: A Playlist by Nick Hornby". The New York Times
Etiolation is a process in flowering plants grown in partial or complete absence of light. It is characterized by weak stems; the development of seedlings in the dark is known as "skotomorphogenesis" and leads to etiolated seedlings. Etiolation increases the likelihood that a plant will reach a light source from under the soil, leaf litter, or shade from competing plants; the growing tips are attracted to light and will elongate towards it. The pale color results from a lack of chlorophyll; some of the changes that occur leaves. De-etiolation is the transition of seedlings from below-ground growth to above-ground growth form. Elongation is controlled by the plant hormones called auxins, which are produced by the growing tip to maintain apical dominance. Auxin diffuses, is transported, downwards from the tip, with effects including suppressing growth of lateral buds. Auxins are active in light. Chloroplasts that have not been exposed to light are called etioplasts. De-etiolation, is a series of physiological and biochemical changes a plant shoot undergoes when emerging from the ground or in response to light after a period of insufficient light exposure.
This process is known informally as greening. These changes that are triggered in the plants shoots or formed leaves and stems occur in preparation for photosynthesis; some of the changes that occur include Inhibition of hypocotyl lengthening. Stimulation of cotyledon expansion. Opening of the apical hook, see Seedling's etiolation for details. Stimulation of synthesis of anthocyanins. Stimulation of chloroplasts development from etioplasts; this process is regulated by the exposure of various photoreceptor pigments to light. Phytochrome A and phytochrome B both respond to an increasing proportion of red light to far-red light which occurs when the shoot comes out into the open. Cryptochrome 1 responds to increasing amounts of blue light. Blanching – a technique for growing vegetables that induces etoliation to produce more delicate vegetables Etiolation - video footage and narration Etiolation
High Fidelity (novel)
High Fidelity is a novel by British author Nick Hornby first published in 1995. It has sold over a million copies and was adapted into a feature film in 2000 and a Broadway musical in 2006. In 2003, the novel was listed on the BBC's survey The Big Read. Rob Fleming is a London record shop owner in his mid-thirties whose girlfriend, has just left him. At his record shop, called Championship Vinyl and his employees and Barry, spend their free moments discussing mix-tape aesthetics and constructing desert-island, "top-five" lists of anything that demonstrates their knowledge of music. Rob, recalling his five most memorable breakups, sets about getting in touch with the former girlfriends. Rob's re-examination of his failed relationships and the death of Laura's father bring the two back together, their relationship is cemented by the launch of a new purposefulness to Rob's life in the revival of his disc jockey career. Realising that his fear of commitment and his tendency to act on emotion are responsible for his continuing desires to pursue new women, Rob makes a symbolic commitment to Laura
Mary Rose Byrne is an Australian actress. She made her screen debut in the film Dallas Doll, continued to act in Australian film and television throughout the 1990s, she obtained her first leading film role in The Goddess of 1967, which brought her the Volpi Cup for Best Actress, made the transition to Hollywood in the small role of Dormé in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, followed by larger parts in Troy, 28 Weeks Later. Byrne appeared as Ellen Parsons in all fifty-nine episodes of the criminal thriller series Damages, which earned her two Golden Globe Award and two Primetime Emmy Award nominations. Get Him to the Greek and Bridesmaids established her as a comedic actress, she has since appeared in several successful films, such as X-Men: First Class, Spy, X-Men: Apocalypse. Other films include the first two Insidious films, I Give It a Year, The Internship, Instant Family and Peter Rabbit. Byrne was born in Balmain, a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, is of Irish and Scottish descent.
Her parents are Jane, a primary school administrator, Robin Byrne, a semi-retired statistician and market researcher. She is the youngest of their four children. In a 2009 interview, Byrne stated that her mother is an atheist, while both she and her father are agnostics, her family was described by The Telegraph as "close-knit", kept her feet grounded as her career took off. "At one point one of my sisters had a word with me saying,'Watch yourself'", she once remarked. "But they were supportive."Byrne attended Balmain Public School and Hunters Hill High School before attending Bradfield College in Crows Nest. She moved to Newtown and Bondi. Encouraged by one of her sisters, she began taking acting classes at age eight, joining the Australian Theatre for Young People. Growing up, Byrne experienced "plenty of rejection" from film schools. "I auditioned for a few of the big drama schools —Nepean, WAAPA, NIDA— and didn’t get in to any of them. I was disappointed with myself. I wasn't quite sure if I'd be legitimate without training for three years in a more traditional sense".
Instead, she studied an arts degree at Sydney University. “I still have great memories of those days: studying, auditioning. Just being a jobbing actor trying to figure out life after high school". In 1999, Byrne studied acting at the Atlantic Theater Company, developed by David Mamet and William H. Macy. Byrne obtained her first film role in Dallas Doll. Throughout the 1990s, she appeared in several Australian television shows, such as Wildside and Echo Point, starred as an alterna-girl love interest in the film Two Hands, opposite fellow up-and-coming actor Heath Ledger. A role in the award-winning film My Mother Frank was followed by her first leading role in Clara Law's The Goddess of 1967, which gained her the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the 57th Venice International Film Festival. Byrne revealed in a post-award interview that, prior to winning the Venice Film Festival Award, she was surprised by her own performance and found it confronting watching the film because her acting was "too depressing".
Byrne admitted that "watching myself is confronting because I'm convinced I can't act and I want to get out, that's how insecure I am."On stage, Byrne starred in La Dispute and in a production of Anton Chekhov's classic Three Sisters at the Sydney Theatre Company. In 2002, she made her first appearance in a Hollywood film with a brief appearance as Dormé, the handmaiden to Natalie Portman's Senator Padmé Amidala, in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, she appeared in the 2002 thriller City of Ghosts, with Matt Dillon. Byrne had flown to the UK to shoot I Capture the Castle, Tim Fywell's adaptation of the 1948 novel of the same title by Dodie Smith. In it, she portrayed the elder sister of Romola Garai's Cassandra. In 2003, Byrne starred in three Australian films. All films were comedies and open to varying degrees of success at the box office, but The Rage in Placid Lake earned Byrne a AACTA Award nomination for Best Actress. In the epic drama Troy, she took on the role of Briseis, the captured priestess presented to "amuse" Brad Pitt’s Achilles.
Variety's review of the film stated: "Byrne’s spoils-of-war chattel plays more as a convenient invention than as a woman who could turn Achilles’ head and heart around". Budgeted at around US$180 million, the film was an international success, grossing US$364 million. In her other 2004 film release, the thriller Wicker Park, Byrne appeared, opposite Josh Hartnett and Diane Kruger, as the girlfriend of a young advertising executive's old friend. Wicker Park director Paul McGuigan described her as the best actress he has worked with and her Troy co-star Peter O'Toole as "beautiful, simple, pure actress and a nice girl". Byrne reunited with Peter O'Toole, playing a young servant, in the BBC TV drama Casanova, a three-episode production about 18th century Italian adventurer Giacomo Casanova. In 2005, she starred with Snoop Dogg in The Tenants, based on Bernard Malamud's novel. In 2006, Byrne portrayed Gabrielle de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, a French aristocrat and friend of Marie Antoinette, in Sofia Coppola's Marie Antoinette, with Kirsten Dunst, appeared, as a medical examiner who thinks
Arthur Phillips is an American novelist. His books include Prague, The Egyptologist, The Song Is You, The Tragedy of Arthur. Arthur Peter Monroe Phillips was born in Minnesota, he is Jewish. He received a BA in history from Harvard University in 1990. After spending two years in Budapest, he studied jazz saxophone for four semesters at Berklee College of Music. In several interviews, Phillips has stated he has been a child actor, a jazz musician, a five-time Jeopardy! champion, a speechwriter, an advertising copywriter for medical devices, a "dismally failed entrepreneur."Phillips lived in Budapest from 1990 to 1992 and in Paris from 2001 to 2003, now lives in New York. He was featured on the July 27, 2007, episode of "This American Life", reading his short story "Wenceslas Square." The story is being produced for film by Amazon Studios, with a script by Phillips, to be directed by Simon Stone. Before becoming a best-selling novelist, Phillips was a five-time champion on Jeopardy! in 1997. In 2005, he competed in the Jeopardy!
Ultimate Tournament of Champions. He lost in the second round. Prague, despite its title, is set entirely in Budapest, Hungary in 1990, with an interlude detailing several previous generations of Hungarian history, from the Austro-Hungarian monarchy through the First and Second World Wars; the main line of the novel follows a group of young Western expatriates through their lives in Budapest. The structure of the novel allows for various tales to be interwoven, producing an ensemble portrait of them and their adopted city, just recovering from decades of Communism and war; the novel's recurring themes include nostalgia and authenticity, young people's first search for meaning in life. The novel was well received commercially and critically, winning Phillips the 2003 Los Angeles Times/Art Seidenbaum Award for Best First Fiction, as well as other honors; the Egyptologist is structured as journals, letters and drawings, from several different points of view. The main story is set in 1922 and follows a hopeful explorer who, working near Howard Carter, risks more and more of his life and savings on an quixotic effort to find the tomb of an apocryphal Egyptian king.
The book was an international bestseller and critical success in more than two dozen countries. US critics noted Phillips's versatility in producing a book so different from his first, fans of the book included Gary Shteyngart, George Saunders, Elizabeth Peters, Stephen King. Others, most notably Michiko Kakutani of The New York Times, found the book overlong and confusing. Angelica is superficially a Victorian ghost story, won Phillips comparisons to Henry James, Vladimir Nabokov, Stephen King; the Washington Post opined that the novel cemented Phillips' reputation as "one of the best writers in America". In the novel, the same events are retold four times from four different perspectives, each section casting doubt on the version that came before, until the reader is left to sort truth from fantasy on his or her own; the novel has been made into a film by Mitchell Lichtenstein with a release date in late 2017. Phillips' fourth novel tells the story of a middle-aged man's pursuit of a young woman, an Irish pop singer performing in a bar.
According to a review at Bookpage"Set in New York, the story follows Julian Donahue as he navigates the shadowy, grief-filled world of a parent who has lost a child He's consumed by, but rather than introducing himself as another disposable fan, he becomes a faraway mentor and muse, setting himself on a course that will lead him from New York to Europe." The novel was published on April 7, 2009. Preliminary reviews included a blurb from Kurt Andersen and this notice from Kirkus Reviews: "Phillips still looks like the best American novelist to have emerged during the present decade." Official website Arthur Phillips discusses The Tragedy of indigestmag.com. An interview with Arthur Phillips and John Reed on writing about Shakespeare, indigestmag.com.
Ethan Green Hawke is an American actor and director. He has been nominated for four Academy Awards and a Tony Award. Hawke has directed three feature films, three Off-Broadway plays, a documentary, he has written three novels. He made his film debut with the 1985 science fiction feature Explorers, before making a breakthrough appearance in the 1989 drama Dead Poets Society, he appeared in various films before taking a role in the 1994 Generation X drama Reality Bites, for which he received critical praise. Hawke starred alongside Julie Delpy in Richard Linklater's Before trilogy: Before Sunrise, Before Sunset and Before Midnight, all of which received critical acclaim. Hawke has been nominated twice for both the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Hawke was further honored with SAG Award nominations for both films, as well as BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award nominations for the latter, his other films include the science fiction drama Gattaca, the contemporary adaptation of Hamlet, the action thriller Assault on Precinct 13, the crime drama Before the Devil Knows You're Dead, the horror film Sinister.
In 2018 he garnered critical acclaim for his performance as a protestant minister in Paul Schrader's drama First Reformed receiving numerous accolades including New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and nominations at the Independent Spirit Awards and Critics' Choice Awards. In addition to his film work, Hawke has appeared in many theater productions, he made his Broadway debut in 1992 in Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play in 2007 for his performance in Tom Stoppard's The Coast of Utopia. In 2010, Hawke directed Sam Shepard's A Lie of the Mind, for which he received a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Director of a Play. Hawke was born in Austin, Texas, to Leslie, a charity worker, James Hawke, an insurance actuary. Hawke's parents were high school sweethearts in Fort Worth and married young, when Hawke's mother was 17. Hawke was born a year later. Hawke's parents were students at the University of Texas at Austin at the time of his birth, separated and divorced in 1974.
After the separation, Hawke was raised by his mother. The two relocated several times, before settling in New York City, where Hawke attended the Packer Collegiate Institute in Brooklyn Heights. Hawke's mother remarried when he was 10 and the family moved to West Windsor Township, New Jersey, where Hawke attended West Windsor Plainsboro High School, he transferred to the Hun School of Princeton, a secondary boarding school, from which he graduated in 1988. In high school, Hawke aspired to be a writer, but developed an interest in acting, he made his stage debut at age 13, in a production at The McCarter Theatre of George Bernard Shaw's Saint Joan, appearances in West Windsor-Plainsboro High School productions of Meet Me in St. Louis and You Can't Take It with You followed. At the Hun School he took acting classes at the McCarter Theatre on the Princeton campus, after high school graduation he studied acting at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh dropping out after he was cast in Dead Poets Society.
He enrolled in New York University's English program for two years, but dropped out to pursue other acting roles. Hawke obtained his mother's permission to attend his first casting call at the age of 14, secured his first film role in Joe Dante's Explorers, in which he played an alien-obsessed schoolboy alongside River Phoenix; the film was met with favorable reviews but had poor box office results, a failure which Hawke has admitted caused him to quit acting for a brief period after the film's release. Hawke described the disappointment as difficult to bear at such a young age, adding "I would never recommend that a kid act."In 1989, Hawke made his breakthrough appearance in Peter Weir's Dead Poets Society, playing one of the students taught by Robin Williams's inspirational English teacher. The Variety reviewer noted "Hawke, as the painfully shy Todd, gives a haunting performance." The film received considerable acclaim, winning the BAFTA Award for Best Film and an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture.
With revenue of $235 million worldwide, it remains Hawke's most commercially successful picture to date. Hawke described the opportunities he was offered as a result of the film's success as critical to his decision to continue acting: "I didn't want to be an actor and I went back to college, but the success was so monumental that I was getting offers to be in such interesting movies and be in such interesting places, it seemed silly to pursue anything else." While filming Dead Poets Society he auditioned for what would be his next film appearance, 1989's comedy drama Dad, where he played Ted Danson's son and Jack Lemmon's grandson. Hawke's next film, 1991's White Fang, brought his first leading role; the film, an adaptation of Jack London's novel of the same name, featured Hawke as Jack Conroy, a Yukon gold hunter who befriends a wolfdog. According to The Oregonian, "Hawke does a good job as young Jack... He makes Jack's passion for White Fang real and keeps it from being ridiculous or overly sentimental."
He appeared in Keith Gordon's A Midnight Clear, a well-received war film based on William Wharton's novel of the same name. In the survival drama Alive, adapted from Piers Paul Read's 1974 book, Hawke portrayed Nando Pa
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
Presentations – Presentations from both guest speakers and OCLC research from conferences and other events. The presentations are organized into five categories: Conference presentations, Dewey presentations, Distinguished Seminar Series, Guest presentations, Research staff