Julio César de Andrade Moura
Julio César de Andrade Moura, more known as Julinho is a retired football striker from Brazil, who obtained the Peruvian nationality. He became famous playing with Peruvian team Sporting Cristal. Julinho first played professional football for Vitória Futebol Clube, team which he is a fan of, in 1982, he has played for several teams in Brazil including Flamengo, Avaí, Treze Futebol Clube and Fortaleza Esporte Clube. In 1991, he was offered a job to play for Defensor Lima, despite knowing nothing about the team or Peruvian football in general, he accepted the offer for the salary. After two successful seasons with Defensor Lima, he was brought to Sporting Cristal in 1993. With Sporting Cristal, he won the Peruvian First Division in 1993, 1994, 1995, 2002, he finished 2nd place in the same competition with Cristal in 1997, 1998, 2000, 2003. He was part of the Sporting Cristal team, he has become an idol to Sporting Cristal fans in his 10 year career with Cristal. De Andrade made 12 appearances for the Peru national football team from 1996 to 1997.
Julinho at National-Football-Teams.com Official Web Site
Julio César Turbay Ayala
Julio César Turbay Ayala was a Colombian lawyer who served as the 25th President of Colombia from 1978 to 1982. He held the positions of Foreign Minister and Ambassador to the United States. Turbay was born in a rich neighborhood of “Voto Nacional”, Bogotá, on June 18, 1916, his father, Antonio Amín Turbay, was a businessman who emigrated from Lebanon. His mother, Rosaura Ayala, was a peasant from the province of Cundinamarca. Turbay’s father, a hard working merchant, had built a fortune, which he lost during the civil war of the Thousand Days War. Turbay Ayala completed his secondary studies in Bogotá, but never attended college, instead became an autodidact, a fact that his political adversaries always poked fun at, he received a number of honorary degrees in life. Turbay started his political career in the Liberal Party as a councilman in the town of Usme in 1936, he would be appointed as major of the city of Girardot, councilman in the town of Engativá in 1938 along with fellow politicians Alfonso López Michelsen and Álvaro Gómez Hurtado.
The next few years he spent as a member of the Assembly of Cundinamarca. In 1943 he was chosen for congress as a Chamber Representative, he was a leader of the opposition to conservative governments, in 1953 became a member of the national directive of the liberal party. With the rise to power of the military Junta that ousted dictator Gustavo Rojas PInilla, Turbay was appointed Minister of Mines and Petroleum, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs by president Alberto Lleras Camargo until 1961. He was known as a strong defender of the National Front, was chosen as senator for four consecutive periods between 1962 and 1974, he served as interim president in 1967. He was appointed as ambassador the UN, United Kingdom, the United States, he first attempted to become a presidential candidate in 1974, but ended up supporting López Michelsen, who won the elections that year. The sector supporting López Michelsen was instrumental in Turbay's presidential campaign of 1978, after a narrow election he became president of Colombia in 1978.
In response to an increase in guerrilla activity from the 19th of April Movement and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, as well as to the Colombian Communist Party's attempts to extend its political influence and a 1977 national strike, a 1978 decree, known as the Security Statute, was implemented by Turbay's administration. The Security Statute gave the military an increased degree of freedom of action in urban areas, to detain and judge suspected guerrillas or their collaborators before military tribunals. Human rights organizations, newspaper columnists, political personalities and opposition groups complained about an increase in the number of arbitrary detentions and acts of torture as a result. Although the Security Statute benefited some of the counterinsurgency operations of the security forces, such as the capture of most of the M-19's command structure and many of the guerrilla group's urban cells, the measure became unpopular inside and outside Colombia, promoting some measure of public sympathy for the victims of the real or perceived military abuses whether they were guerrillas or not, was phased out towards the end of the Turbay administration.
The M-19's late 1980 takeover of the Dominican Republic's embassy, during which sixteen ambassadors were held hostage for 61 days, presented a complicated challenge to the Turbay administration. The incident soon spread throughout worldwide headlines, as ambassadors from the United States of America, Costa Rica, Peru and Venezuela had been taken hostage, as well as Colombia's top representative to the Holy See. Turbay, despite pressure from military and political sectors, avoided deciding to solve the crisis through the use of direct military force, instead agreed to let the M-19 rebels travel to Cuba; the rebels received USD 1 million as payment, instead of the initial $50 million that they had demanded from the government. That a peaceful resolution to the crisis was found has been considered as a positive aspect of Turbay's administration, as seen by and contemporary commentators and historians. In particular, former M-19 members, including Rosemberg Pabón, the commander of the guerrilla group's operative unit at the time recognized and respected Turbay's handling of the situation.
Turbay was a supporter of president Álvaro Uribe. He opposed the possibility of presidential reelection in Colombia, but changed his views, contributing to founding a movement known as Patria Nueva, in order to help promote Uribe's 2006 reelection aspirations. Turbay was seen as being at odds with some of Uribe's policies, however, in particular due to Turbay's activism in favor of the implementation and negotiation of a prisoner exchange with the FARC guerrilla group; as part of this effort, Turbay participated in several meetings with the relatives of FARC hostages and signed several declarations of support, together with other former presidents such as Alfonso López Michelsen and Ernesto Samper Pizano. On August 31, 2005, Turbay proposed that the government could exchange each jailed guerrilla for 10 "economic" hostages and one "political" hostage. Turbay married his niece, Nydia Quintero Turbay, on July 1, 1948, they had four children together: Julio César, Diana and María Victoria. However, their marriage was annulled by the Roman Catholic Church, in 1986 h
Júlio César (footballer, born November 1978)
Júlio César Santos Correa, known as Júlio César, is a Brazilian retired footballer who played as a central defender. During a professional career that spanned two decades, he played for 16 clubs in 12 countries, but never in Brazil. In the Spanish La Liga, he played in 125 matches, scoring six goals over six seasons, won the Champions League with Real Madrid in 2000. Júlio César was born Maranhão, he played youth football in Mexico with Club América, made his professional debut in Honduras with C. D. Marathón. Aged 17, Júlio César signed with Spanish club Real Valladolid, he began playing and attracting interest from bigger clubs. Júlio César was bought by Real Madrid in the summer of 1999, appearing in his first year with a team which included established stoppers Iván Helguera, Fernando Hierro and Aitor Karanka, as well as Iván Campo, he helped Real to win the season's UEFA Champions League, although he did not make the list of 18 for the final itself. After being loaned to A. C. Milan in October 2000, Júlio César left the Italians unsettled, he returned to Spain with Real Sociedad on loan.
The following off-season, he joined S. L. Benfica on loan. After a one-year spell with FK Austria Wien, Júlio César returned to Valladolid in 2003, again being a starter but seeing the Castile and León side be relegated to Segunda División, he moved to England's Premier League, signing with Bolton Wanderers. Júlio César's debut came on 14 August 2004 in a 4–1 home victory over Charlton Athletic. However, after the next game, a 0–2 away defeat to Fulham, he found himself dropped from the starting line-up in favour of Tunisian international Radhi Jaïdi, he sustained a broken foot against Manchester United at Old Trafford, on Boxing Day, his last appearance of the season. Júlio César's transfer was one of those about which the Stevens enquiry report in June 2007 expressed concerns, because of the apparent conflict of interest between agent Craig Allardyce, his father Sam Allardyce – the Bolton's manager – and the club itself. Júlio César joined Tigres UANL in 2005, became a key in the Mexican team's defense in both the Liga MX and the Copa Libertadores.
Notably, he scored in the match dubbed "Aztecazo", a 4–1 turn-around win against Club América after a 1–3 home loss for the 2005 Apertura. In July 2006, Júlio César moved to Olympiacos FC, he scored 5 times in 27 games in his first year, being essential to the conquest of the Superleague Greece championship. On 31 October 2006, he scored in a 1–1 away draw against A. S. Roma for Champions League group stage, but his team ranked last in their group. In the following years, Júlio César represented FC Dinamo Bucureşti in Romania and Gaziantepspor in Turkey. Before agreeing to a one-and-a-half-year deal with Gaziantepspor, he spoke with countryman and former Real Madrid teammate Roberto Carlos at Fenerbahçe SK, asking him for information about the Süper Lig. On 14 March 2011, after only a few weeks in Portugal with C. S. Marítimo, 32-year-old Júlio César signed for Major League Soccer club Sporting Kansas City; the terms of the contract were unknown, but general manager Peter Vermes stated that the seasoned veteran would be "a nice addition to the back line this season".
César was released by Kansas City on 19 November 2012. On 14 January 2013, Júlio César joined Toronto FC, he was released two months after only appearing in one pre-season game. After retiring, Júlio César obtained his UEFA Pro licence as a manager, he worked as an ambassador for the Real Madrid Foundation in Brazil. In January 2019, Julio César was appointed head coach of Spanish amateurs CD Cristo Atlético. Real Madrid UEFA Champions League: 1999–2000Austria Wien Austrian Football Bundesliga: 2002–03 Austrian Cup: 2002–03Tigres InterLiga: 2006Olympiacos Superleague Greece: 2006–07, 2007–08 Greek Football Cup: 2007–08 Greek Super Cup: 2007Sporting Kansas City U. S. Open Cup: 2012 Júlio César at BDFutbol Júlio César at ForaDeJogo Júlio César at Soccerway Júlio César at Soccerway
Gaius Julius Caesar, known by his nomen and cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician, military general, historian who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He wrote Latin prose. In 60 BC, Caesar and Pompey formed the First Triumvirate, a political alliance that dominated Roman politics for several years, their attempts to amass power as Populares were opposed by the Optimates within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar rose to become one of the most powerful politicians in the Roman Republic through a number of his accomplishments, notably his victories in the Gallic Wars, completed by 51 BC. During this time, Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both the English Channel and the Rhine River, when he built a bridge across the Rhine and crossed the Channel to invade Britain. Caesar's wars extended Rome's territory to past Gaul; these achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC.
With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to step down from his military command and return to Rome. Leaving his command in Gaul meant losing his immunity from being charged as a criminal for waging unsanctioned wars; as a result, Caesar found himself with no other options but to cross the Rubicon with the 13th Legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman Italy under arms. This began Caesar's civil war, his victory in the war put him in an unrivaled position of power and influence. After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar, he gave citizenship to many residents of far regions of the Roman Empire. He initiated land support for veterans, he centralized the bureaucracy of the Republic and was proclaimed "dictator for life", giving him additional authority. His populist and authoritarian reforms angered the elites. On the Ides of March, 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of rebellious senators led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Marcus Junius Brutus and Decimus Junius Brutus, who stabbed him to death.
A new series of civil wars broke out and the constitutional government of the Republic was never restored. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian known as Augustus, rose to sole power after defeating his opponents in the civil war. Octavian set about solidifying his power, the era of the Roman Empire began. Much of Caesar's life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns and from other contemporary sources the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust; the biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are major sources. Caesar is considered by many historians to be one of the greatest military commanders in history, his cognomen was subsequently adopted as a synonym for "Emperor". He has appeared in literary and artistic works, his political philosophy, known as Caesarism, inspired politicians into the modern era. Gaius Julius Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas the son of the goddess Venus.
The Julii were of Alban origin, mentioned as one of the leading Alban houses, which settled in Rome around the mid-7th century BC, after the destruction of Alba Longa. They were granted patrician status, along with other noble Alban families; the Julii existed at an early period at Bovillae, evidenced by a ancient inscription on an altar in the theatre of that town, which speaks of their offering sacrifices according to the lege Albana, or Alban rites. The cognomen "Caesar" originated, according to Pliny the Elder, with an ancestor, born by Caesarean section; the Historia Augusta suggests three alternative explanations: that the first Caesar had a thick head of hair. Caesar issued coins featuring images of elephants, suggesting that he favored this interpretation of his name. Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century BC. Caesar's father called Gaius Julius Caesar, governed the province of Asia, his sister Julia, Caesar's aunt, married Gaius Marius, one of the most prominent figures in the Republic.
His mother, Aurelia Cotta, came from an influential family. Little is recorded of Caesar's childhood. In 85 BC, Caesar's father died so Caesar was the head of the family at 16, his coming of age coincided with a civil war between his uncle Gaius Marius and his rival Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Both sides carried out bloody purges of their political opponents whenever they were in the ascendancy. Marius and his ally Lucius Cornelius Cinna were in control of the city when Caesar was nominated as the new Flamen Dialis, he was married to Cinna's daughter Cornelia. Following Sulla's final victory, Caesar's connections to the old regime made him a target for the new one, he was stripped of his inheritance, his wife's dowry, his priesthood, but he refused to divorce Cornelia and was forced to go into hiding. The threat against hi
Julio César Falcioni
Julio César Falcioni is an Argentine football manager and former goalkeeper. Falcioni started his career at Vélez Sársfield in the Primera division in 1976. In 1980, he moved to América de Cali in Colombia. Between 1985 and 1987, Falcioni was part of the América team that were runners up in the Copa Libertadores three seasons in a row. In 1990, Falcioni returned to Argentina to play for Gimnasia y Esgrima, in 1991 he had short spells with Once Caldas in Colombia and with his first club Vélez Sársfield. Falcioni made one appearance for the Argentina national football team in 1989. Falcioni embarked on his managerial career in 1997 at the lower divisions of Vélez Sarsfield, he remained at the club until 2000. He had stints as manager of Olimpo, Independiente, Colón de Santa Fe and Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata. In 2009, he returned to Banfield and that year led them to the Apertura 2009 championship, making them Argentine league champions for the first time in their history. On 22 December 2010, he left Banfield to become the manager of Boca Juniors.
Within months he had caused controversy by leaving star player Juan Román Riquelme out of the team to face All Boys in the third round of the Clausura 2011 tournament though the fans favourite was not suffering from any injuries. Under his management, Boca Juniors won the Apertura 2011 of the Primera División Argentina for the first time since Apertura 2008. Undefeated and with only 4 goals against in 17 games, they were crowned champions after beating Banfield 3–0 in La Bombonera, two games before the tournament's end. At the end of the Torneo Inicial 2012, Boca decided not to renew his contract. On 27 May 2014 Falcioni was named manager of Chilean Club Universidad Católica BanfieldPrimera División Argentina: Apertura 2009Boca JuniorsPrimera División Argentina: Apertura 2011 Copa Argentina: 2011–12 Julio César Falcioni at National-Football-Teams.com Managerial statistics in Argentina at Fútbol XXI
Julio César Strassera
Julio César Strassera was an Argentine lawyer and jurist. He served as Chief Prosecutor during the historic 1985 Trial of the Juntas. Strassera was born in Buenos Aires in 1933, he attended the prestigious Colegio San José college preparatory school, left two years shy of graduation, returned to complete his secondary studies. He would enroll at the University of Buenos Aires and earn a juris doctor in 1963, he was named Secretary of a Buenos Aires Federal Court shortly after the March 1976 coup, was appointed as a Federal Prosecutor. His tenure as Federal Prosecutor coincided with the height of the Dirty War, a large number of Habeas Corpus inquiries were solicited at his office during this period, many from friends and family of political prisoners. Strassera, refused to file most of these; some of the most notable cases thereof included that of former Santa Cruz Governor Jorge Cepernic, arrested following the coup, whose property had been seized without due process and of Lidia Papaleo, whose majority ownership of newsprint manufacturer Papel Prensa was seized from her under duress following the death of her husband, financier David Graiver.
Strassera was charged with investigating possible links between the late banker and the Montoneros guerrilla organization, asked for a sentence of five years' imprisonment for the widow. His motion and appeal to this effect were both denied, however. Another controversial motion filed by Strassera as prosecutor pertained to the July 4, 1976, San Patricio Church massacre - charges he succeeded in having the presiding judge drop. Strassera was named Criminal court Judge in 1981, an appointment he considered a demotion since he would be relegated to "sentencing chicken thieves." He was reappointed prosecutor, following the election of President Raúl Alfonsín in 1983, following the president's October 4, 1984, decision to have leading members of the military dictatorship tried by a civilian appeals court, Strassera was offered the post of Chief Counsel for the Prosecution by the Minister of Justice, Carlos Alconada Aramburú. Strassera appointed Assistant Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo, who at the time served as counsel in the Solicitor General's department.
Both men had served in Justice Ministry posts during the dictatorship, both would now prosecute crimes against humanity by its leaders. The difficulty of gathering evidence and testimony from reluctant witnesses for this, the first proceedings of their kind since the Nürnberg Trials, was compounded by pressure from many of the implicated in the abuses and their allies. Strassera's office was contacted on numerous occasions from the former Interior Minister during the dictatorship, General Albano Harguindeguy, as well as right-wing figures in the ruling UCR itself, during the trial itself, 29 bomb threats were received in Buenos Aires schools and a number were detonated in key government installations. Hearings began on April 22, 1985, upon which Strassera presented 709 cases to the presiding tribunal. 280 were heard, 833 witnesses testified. The number of defendants, were narrowed to the nine leading junta members in power from 1976 to 1982, would exclude the 600 officers charged at the time with abuses in courts across the country.
The last day of testimony took place on August 14. Strassera presented charges against the nine defendants on September 11, he argued that sentences for each defendant be dictated by the proven role of each military junta in the cases heard by the court. Strassera presented closing arguments on September 18, saying: The December 9 sentencing of General Jorge Videla and Admiral Eduardo Massera to life imprisonment, of three others to lighter sentences, the acquittal of four others for insufficient evidence proved a disappointment to most supporters of the trials; the 1986/87 enactment of the Full Stop Law and the Law of Due Obedience halted most remaining prosecutions and those sentenced were pardoned in 1989 and 1990 by President Carlos Menem. Strassera subsequently represented Argentina at the United Nations Commission on Human Rights and related international organizations. Following Menem's pardons, he resigned his government posts, joined the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights, one of the leading non-governmental human rights organizations in Argentina.
The noted prosecutor and jurist would remain a controversial figure in Argentina, however. Strassera defended Buenos Aires Mayor Aníbal Ibarra during his 2005 impeachment trial against charges of negligence as the city's chief magistrate during the deadly República Cromañón nightclub fire, he became a vocal opponent of Kirchnerism despite the numerous changes enacted by President Néstor Kirchner that allowed trials of hitherto immune Dirty War perpetrators to proceed. He opposed the extradition request against former President Isabel Perón, insinuated that the Kirchners promoted trials against indicted officers for political expediency. Amid a series of controversies between Clarín and Kirchnerism, an exchange of accusations followed Strassera's defense of the Clarín Media Group's claim that Papel Prensa had been acquired lawfully from the Graivers. Cabi
Julio César Chávez
Julio César Chávez González known as Julio César Chávez Sr. is a Mexican former professional boxer who competed from 1980 to 2005. A multiple-time world champion in three weight divisions, Chávez was listed by The Ring magazine as the world's best boxer, pound for pound, from 1990 to 1993. During his career he held the WBC super featherweight title from 1984 to 1987, the WBA and WBC lightweight titles between 1987 and 1989, the WBC light welterweight title twice between 1989 and 1996, the IBF light welterweight title from 1990 to 1991, he held the Ring magazine and lineal lightweight titles from 1988 to 1989, the lineal light welterweight title twice between 1990 and 1996. Chávez was named Fighter of the Year for 1987 and 1990 by the Boxing Writers Association of America and The Ring respectively. Chávez holds records for the most total successful defenses of world titles, most title fight victories and fighters beaten for the title, most title fights, his fight record was 89 wins, 0 losses, 1 draw before his first professional loss to Frankie Randall in 1994, before which he had an 87-fight win streak until his draw with Pernell Whitaker in 1993.
Chávez's 1993 win over Greg Haugen at the Estadio Azteca set the record for the largest attendance for a boxing match: 132,274. He is ranked as the 17th best boxer of all time, pound for pound, by BoxRec, #24 on ESPN's list of "50 Greatest Boxers of All Time", 18th on The Ring's "80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years". Chavez is ranked #1 greatest super lightweight boxer of all time and #13 greatest boxer of all time by Boxing Action Magazine. In 2010 he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame for the Class of 2011, he is the father of current boxers Omar Chávez and former WBC middleweight champion Julio César Chávez Jr. Julio César Chávez was born on July 12, 1962, in Ciudad Obregón, Mexico, his father, Rodolfo Chavez, worked for the railroad, Julio grew up in an abandoned railroad car with his five sisters and four brothers. Chávez came from a poor family and became a boxer for money, he stated: "I saw my mom working and washing people's clothes, I promised her I would give her a house someday and she would never have that job again."
He began boxing as an amateur at the age of 16 and he moved to Tijuana to pursue a professional career. Chávez made his professional debut at age 17. In his 12th fight, on March 4, 1980, Chávez faced Miguel Ruiz in Sinaloa. At the end of the first round, Chavez landed a blow. Delivered as the bell sounded, the blow was ruled a disqualification in the ring and Ruiz was declared the winner; the next day, his manager, Ramón Felix, consulted with the Mexican boxing commission, after further review, the result was overturned and Chávez was declared the winner. Chávez won his first championship, the vacant WBC Super Featherweight title, on September 13, 1984, by knocking out fellow Mexican Mario "Azabache" Martínez at the Grand Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles. Martínez had been the betting favorite in the bout, due to his previous victory over former WBC world champion Rolando Navarette in a non-title bout. On April 19, 1985, Chávez defended his title against number one ranked contender Ruben Castillo by knocking him out in the sixth round.
On July 7, 1985, Chavez defeated former and future champion Roger Mayweather via a second-round knockout. On August 3, 1986, Chavez won a twelve-round majority decision over former WBA and future IBF Super Featherweight champion Rocky Lockridge in Monte Carlo. In his next bout, he defeated former champion Juan Laporte by a twelve-round unanimous decision. On March 18, 1987, he defeated number one ranked challenger Francisco Tomas Da Cruz by third-round knockout, he defended his WBC Super Featherweight title a total of nine times. On November 21, 1987, Chávez moved up to the lightweight division and faced WBA Lightweight Champion Edwin Rosario. Prior to the bout, there were concerns about. Chávez commented, "Everything I've accomplished as champion, the nine title defenses, would be thrown away with a loss to Rosario." The two fighters nearly exchanged blows during a press conference after Rosario threatened to send Chávez back to Mexico in a coffin. Chávez would give a career-defining performance as he defeated Rosario by an eleventh-round TKO to win the title.
HBO Punchstat showed Rosario landing 263 of 731 punches thrown in the fight and Chavez 450 of 743. After the bout, Sports Illustrated ran the headline, "Time To Hail César: WBA Lightweight Champion César Chávez of Mexico may be the world's best fighter."On April 16, 1988, Chávez defeated number one ranked contender Rodolfo Aguilar by sixth-round technical knockout. On June 4, 1988, he won against former two-time champion Rafael Limón by scoring a seventh-round TKO; that year, he unified the WBA and WBC belts by a technical decision win over champion José Luis Ramírez. An accidental head-butt opened a cut on Ramírez's forehead and the doctor halted the fight, sending the decision to the judges' scorecards at that point in the fight. Chávez, ahead on all scorecards, was declared the winner, he was awarded The Ring Lightweight title after the victory. Chavez vacated his WBA and WBC Lightweight titles in order to move up to the super lightweight division. In his next bout, he won the WBC Light Welterweight title by defeating Roger Mayweather for a second time.
Mayweather did not come out of his corner after the tenth round, giving Chavez the TKO win. In 1989, Cháv