Apuesta por un amor
Apuesta por un Amor is a Mexican telenovela produced by Angelli Nesma Medina for Televisa in 2004. Patricia Manterola and Juan Soler starred as the protagonists, while Alejandra Ávalos, Roberto Ballesteros and Fabián Robles starred as the antagonists. Univision broadcast Apuesta por un Amor on March 31, 2014. Julia Montaño is the daughter of a wealthy landowner in the Yucatán Peninsula, she is a beautiful, strong-willed and sometimes arrogant woman, who flouts her father's will and the customs of their small town by spending her days herding cattle and overseeing the management of her father's ranch. She has two siblings - Álvaro, a dissipated young man who spends the majority of his time chasing girls and getting drunk, Soledad, a beautiful and ingenuous young girl who falls in love with Gabriel Durán, the handsome gamester and ex-lover of their greedy step-mother Cassandra, who moves to San Gaspar after winning the hacienda of Don Ignacio Andrade, Julio's closest friend, in a poker game. Don Ignacio's son, has been in love with Julia, but after discovering that he has become involved with the town harlot, spurns him for Gabriel.
Julia doesn't let herself be domesticated by anyone, but despite all the disagreements, she has to admit she is in love with Gabriel. After she catches him cheating her with Eva, Julia declines his marriage proposal. Although she claims to utterly hate him, she accepts to marry him, only to save her family's fortune that Don Julio foolishly lost in a bet with Gabriel. At first their marriage is full of fights and hateful words as Julia is determined to make Gabriel pay for his faults, but her heart softens after giving birth to their son. Things seem to look up for them and they start living as a normal couple, but the real troubles are yet to come. Patricia Manterola as Julia Montaño Juan Soler as Gabriel Durán Eric del Castillo as Chepe Estrada Roberto Palazuelos as Francisco Andrade Mónika Sánchez as Eva Flores Jorge Vargas as Julio Montaño Dacia González as Clara Garcia Roberto Ballesteros as Justo Hernández Marco Muñoz as Dr. Sebastian Ibarrola Alejandra Ávalos as Cassandra Fragoso de Montaño Apuesta por un amor on IMDb
Mexicans are the people of the United Mexican States, a multiethnic country in North America. The Mexica founded Mexico-Tenochtitlan in 1325 as an altepetl located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico, it became the capital of the expanding Mexica Empire in the 15th century, until captured by the Spanish in 1521. At its peak, it was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas, it subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Today the ruins of Tenochtitlan are located in the central part of Mexico City; the modern nation of Mexico achieved independence from the Spanish Empire. This led to what has been termed "a peculiar form of multi-ethnic nationalism"; the most spoken language by Mexicans is Mexican Spanish, but some may speak languages from 68 different indigenous linguistic groups and other languages brought to Mexico by recent immigration or learned by Mexican immigrants residing in other nations. In 2015, 21.5% of Mexico's population self-identified as being Indigenous or Indigenous.
There are about 12 million Mexican nationals residing outside Mexico, with about 11.7 million living in the United States. The larger Mexican diaspora can include individuals that trace ancestry to Mexico and self-identify as Mexican; the Mexican people have varied origins and an identity that has evolved with the succession of conquests among Amerindian groups and by Europeans. The area, now modern-day Mexico has cradled many predecessor civilizations, going back as far as the Olmec which influenced the latter civilizations of Teotihuacan and the much debated Toltec people who flourished around the 10th and 12th centuries A. D. and ending with the last great indigenous civilization before the Aztecs. The Nahuatl language was a common tongue in the region of modern Central Mexico during the Aztec Empire, but after the arrival of Europeans the common language of the region became Spanish. After the conquest of the Aztec empire, the Spanish re-administered the land and expanded their own empire beyond the former boundaries of the Aztec, adding more territory to the Mexican sphere of influence which remained under the Spanish Crown for 300 years.
Cultural diffusion and intermixing among the Amerindian populations with the European created the modern Mexican identity, a mixture of regional indigenous and European cultures that evolved into a national culture during the Spanish period. This new identity was defined as "Mexican" shortly after the Mexican War of Independence and was more invigorated and developed after the Mexican Revolution when the Constitution of 1917 established Mexico as an indivisible pluricultural nation founded on its indigenous roots. Mexicano is derived from the word Mexico itself. In the principal model to create demonyms in Spanish, the suffix -ano is added to the name of the place of origin, it has been suggested that the name of the country is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexicas, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "Place where Huitzilopochtli lives". Another hypothesis suggests; this meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco.
The system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the Moon. Still another hypothesis suggests that it is derived from the goddess of maguey; the term Mexicano as a word to describe the different peoples of the region of Mexico as a single group emerged in the 16th century. In that time the term did not apply to a nationality nor to the geographical limits of the modern Mexican Republic; the term was used for the first time in the first document printed in Barcelona in 1566 which documented the expedition which launched from the port in Acapulco to find the best route which would favor a return journey from the Spanish East Indies to New Spain. The document stated: "el venturoso descubrimiento que los Mexicanos han hecho"; that discovery led to the Manila galleon trade route and those "Mexicans" referred to Criollos and Amerindians alluding to a plurality of persons who participated for a common end: the conquest of the Philippines in 1565.
A large majority of Mexicans have been classified as "Mestizos", meaning in modern Mexican usage that they identify neither with any indigenous culture nor with a Spanish cultural heritage, but rather identify as having cultural traits incorporating elements from indigenous and Spanish traditions. By the deliberate efforts of post-revolutionary governments the "Mestizo identity" was constructed as the base of the modern Mexican national identity, through a process of cultural synthesis referred to as mestizaje. Mexican politicians and reformers such as José Vasconcelos and Manuel Gamio were instrumental in building a Mexican national identity on the concept of mestizaje. Since the Mestizo identity promoted by the government is more of a cultural identity than a biological one it has achieved a strong influence in the country, with a good number of biologically white people identifying with it, leading to being considered Mestizos in Mexico's demographic investigations and censuses due the ethnic criteria having its base on cultural traits rather than biological ones.
A similar situation occurs regarding the d
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
Cuando me enamoro (TV series)
Cuando me enamoro is a Mexican Spanish-language telenovela produced by Carlos Moreno Laguillo for Televisa. It is based on the 1998 telenovela La Mentira. Silvia Navarro and Juan Soler star as the protagonists, while Rocío Banquells and Jessica Coch star as the antagonists. Univision broadcast Cuando me enamoro from April 20, 2011, to January 6, 2012; the story begins with the birth of two daughters. While Renata is the daughter of Regina Soberón de Gamba, the legitimate wife of Roberto Gamba, Roberta is the daughter of Josefina Álvarez Martínez, Roberto's mistress; when Roberto tells Josefina that he is not going to leave his wife and daughter, full of rage, causes Roberto's death and decides to kidnap Roberto Regina's daughter for revenge and to make Regina suffer. Josefina changes Regina's name to Renata and flees with the two girls, leaving Regina shattered and grieving over the loss of her daughter. Years Josefina marries millionaire Gonzalo Monterrubio, who adopts her daughters and raises them as if they were his true daughters.
Upon becoming a young woman, Roberta is the girlfriend of Rafael, an employee of the Gonzalo Monterrubio Corporation. Rafael wants to prove to Roberta that he is capable of providing her with the kind of life she is accustomed to, thus resigns from the Monterrubio Corporation to become the new owner of a successful vineyard in Ensenada, but Josefina assassinates Rafael and makes Roberta believe that Rafael left her. Jerónimo Linares de la Fuente is a successful businessman who lives in Spain and decides to travel to Mexico to visit his half-brother, to ask for the hand of Roberta in marriage on behalf of his half-brother Rafael. At the airport, Jerónimo has an encounter with Renata and is captivated by her beauty. Upon arriving at his brother's ranch and learning of his brother's recent death, Jerónimo is led to believe that a woman whose name begins with the letter "R" is responsible for Rafael's death. Jerónimo swears to avenge his brother's death by seducing and subsequently making life unbearable for the woman he nicknames "La Bonita".
At first, Jerónimo suspects. Destiny and time will prove him wrong, but in the meantime he will lose Renata's love due to his deception and lies; when Renata finds out the true she leaves the rancho. When time passes Renata and Jerónimo get back together; when Renata was going to get married with Jerónimo again she found out. When it was time for the wedding Jerónimo went missing. Renata thought he left her but when she found out what happen to him they were looking for him; when they found jeronimo Renata went to Ensenada when she was on her way she got kidnapped by Agustin dunant.jeronimo got Better and they started looking for her when they found her they leaved happy their 5 kids 3 girls and 2 boys. Silvia Navarro as Renata Monterrubio Álvarez / Regina Gamba Soberón Juan Soler as Jerónimo Linares de la Fuente Rocío Banquells as Josefina "Fina" Álvarez Martínez de Monterrubio René Casados as Gonzalo Monterrubio Julieta Rosen as Regina Soberón Vda. de Gamba Sachi Tamashiro as eulelia Cuando me enamoro on IMDb
State of Mexico
The State of Mexico is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is the most populous, as well as the most densely populated state, it is divided into 125 municipalities and its capital city is Toluca de Lerdo. The State of Mexico is abbreviated to "Edomex" from Estado de México in Spanish, to distinguish it from the name of the whole country, it is located in South-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Querétaro and Hidalgo to the north and Guerrero to the south, Michoacán to the west and Puebla to the east, surrounds on three sides Mexico City; the state's origins are in the territory of the Aztec Empire, which remained a political division of New Spain during the Spanish colonial period. After gaining independence, Mexico City was chosen as the capital of the new nation. Years parts of the state were broken off to form the states of Hidalgo and Morelos; these territorial separations have left the state with the size and shape it has today, with the Toluca Valley to the west of Mexico City and a panhandle that extends around the north and east of this entity.
The state name is México according to the 1917 Constitution of the United Mexican States, but to distinguish it from both the city and the country it is most called Estado de México. The demonym used to refer to people and things from the state is mexiquense, distinct from mexicano, which describes the people or things from the country as a whole. Mēxihco was the Nahuatl name for the Valley of Mexico where the cities of the Mexica were located; as such, the district that became Mexico City was properly known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan in the years shortly before and after Spanish conquest. After the Spanish Conquest, the term México came to be used for Tenochtitlan/Mexico City and all the pre-conquest lands it controlled, including several other aforementioned Mexican states incorporated in the boundaries of the Mexico state. There are two possible origins for the name “Mexico.” The first is that it derives from xictla to mean from the navel of the moon. This comes from the old Aztec idea that the craters on the moon form a rabbit figure with one crater imitating a navel.
The other possible origin is that it is derived from “Mextictli” an alternate name for the god Huitzilopochtli. Anáhuac was the proper term for all territories dominated by the Aztec Empire, from Cem Anáhuac, "the entire earth" or "surrounded by waters" e.g. the waters of Lake Texcoco which were considered to be the center of the Aztec world, as such was proposed as an early name for the entire nation of Mexico prior to independence, to distinguish it from the administrative division of New Spain that became the State of Mexico. The earliest evidence of human habitation in current territory of the state is a quartz scraper and obsidian blade found in the Tlapacoya area, an island in the former Lake Chalco, they are dated to the Pleistocene era. The first people were hunter-gatherers. Stone age implements have been found all over the territory from mammoth bones, to stone tools to human remains. Most have been found in the areas of Los Reyes Acozac, Tepexpan, San Francisco Mazapa, El Risco and Tequixquiac.
Between 20,000 and 5000 BCE, the people here went from hunting and gathering to sedentary villages with farming and domesticated animals. The main crop was corn, stone tools for the grinding of this grain become common. Crops include beans, chili peppers and squash grown near established villages. Evidence of ceramics appears around 2500 BCE with the earliest artifacts of these appearing in Tlapacoya, Malinalco and Tlatilco. In prehistoric State of Mexico, the Tepexpan Man is an important finding for Mexican and foreign anthropologists; some scholars attribute an age of 11 thousand years, others 8 thousand, some have suggested 5 thousand years old. This individual was identified as a male, but recent research confirms a female identity, although this is still a subject of discussion. Sacrum bone found in Tequixquiac is considered a work of prehistoric art; these people were thought to be nomadic, hunting large animals such as mammoths and gathering fruits as evidenced by archaeological evidence found at the site.
One of the most salient discoveries of primitive art in America was found in here, called the Tequixquiac Bone, which had no known purpose, but reflected the ideological sense of the artist who carved the piece of bone from a camelid around 22,000 years BCE. The first native settlers of Tequixquiac were the Aztecs and Otomi, who decided to settle here permanently for the abundance of rivers and springs, they were engaged in agriculture and the breeding of domestic animals. The earliest major civilization of the state is Teotihuacan, with the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon being built between 100 BCE and 100 CE. Between 800 and 900 CE, the Matlatzincas established their dominion with Teotenango as capital; this city is walled with plazas, temples, living quarters and a Mesoamerican ball game court. In the 15th century, the Aztecs conquered the Toluca and Chalco valleys to the west and east of the Valley of Mexico respectively. Part of the Toluca Valley was held by the Purépechas as well. Other dominions during the pre-Hispanic period include that of the Chichimecas in Tenayuca and of the Acolhuas in Huexotla
Cuento de Navidad
Cuento de Navidad, is a Mexican telenovela produced by Eugenio Cobo for Televisa in 1999. It is an adaptation of the eponymous novel by the famed English writer Charles Dickens. Luz María Aguilar as Doña Petra Julio Alemán as Severo Rubiales Conde Chantal Andere as Beatriz "Betty" Eduardo Santamarina as Angel María Sorté as María Karla Álvarez as Miriam Leticia Calderón as Spirit of Christmas Yet to Come Itatí Cantoral as Sebring Cirrus Fernando Colunga as Jaime Rodríguez Coder Luis Couturier as Fernando Soto del Monte Laura Flores as An angel Susana González as Miní Eleazar Gómez as Kevin Rafael Inclán as Pavón Aaron Hernan as Don Leonardo Mauricio Islas as Edmundo Soto Eugenio Derbez as Nurse Arath de la Torre as José Ernesto Laguardia as Miguel Andrea Lagunés as Angel Juan Peláez as Santa Claus Mariana Levy as Guadalupe "Lupita" Pedro Armendáriz Jr. Nuria Bages Roberto Ballesteros Luis Bayardo Ricardo Chávez Eric del Castillo Alberto Estrella Ana Layevska Ivonne Montero Adriana Nieto Manuel Ojeda Arturo Peniche Cuento de Navidad on IMDb
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l