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Play Their Hearts Out

Play Their Hearts Out: A Coach, His Star Recruit, the Youth Basketball Machine, by Pulitzer Prize winning author George Dohrmann, is an award-winning exposé of the underbelly of grassroots youth basketball in the AAU. The author follows the lives of the coach and players of an elite team, documenting the exploitation and manipulation of the children and their families by coaches seeking the best players, the influence of shoe and sports gear companies seeking to use the sport to promote their products. Dohrmann is a senior writer with Sports Illustrated; this is Dohrmann's first book, published by Ballantine Books October 5, 2010. The book was the result of more than eight years of investigative work; the book "reveals a cutthroat world where boys as young as eight or nine are subjected to a dizzying torrent of scrutiny and exploitation. At the book's heart are the personal stories of two compelling figures: Joe Keller, an ambitious coach with a master plan to find and promote'the next LeBron,' and Demetrius Walker, a fatherless latchkey kid who falls under Keller's sway and struggles to live up to unrealistic expectations."

Synopsis – As their fortunes take shape and the pressure mounts—Demetrius finds himself profiled in Sports Illustrated at age fourteen, while Keller cultivates his business empire—Dohrmann weaves in the stories of numerous other parents and players. Some of them see their prospects evaporate as a result of worse luck. Others learn. Winner of the Award for Excellence in Coverage of Youth Sports, 2010. Winner of the PEN/ESPN Award for Literary Sports Writing, 2011. Ryan Hockensmith of ESPN the Magazine said, "It's one of the best sports books I've read." Melanie Collins of the Big Ten Network said, "The writing was so strong and the detail and insight made the book something I could not put down... At times, I was so enraged I was physically angry." PEN/ESPN Award for Literary Sports Writing The next LeBron... 14-year-old Demetrius Walker... 2005 Sports Illustrated article about Demetrius The Education Of Demetrius Walker September 2010 Sports Illustrated feature

Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus

Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus known as the violet-grey bolete, is a fungus of the bolete family. First described in 1936, the mushroom has a disjunct distribution, is distributed in eastern North America and Korea; the fruit bodies of the fungus are violet when young, but fade into a chocolate brown color when mature. They are solid and large—cap diameter up to 15 cm, with a white pore surface that turns pink, a white mycelium at the base of the stem. Like most boletes of genus Tylopilus, the mushroom is inedible due to its bitter taste. A number of natural products have been identified from the fruit bodies, including unique chemical derivatives of ergosterol, a fungal sterol; the species was first named 1936 as Boletus felleus forma plumbeoviolaceus by American mycologist Walter H. Snell and one of his graduate students, Esther A. Dick, based on specimens found in the Black Rock Forest near Cornwall, New York. Regarding his decision to use the taxonomic rank forma, Snell wrote: "The writer hesitates to multiply the number of forms and varieties with distinctive names, because of the ease with which one develops the habit of interpreting slight variations as definite taxonomic units... the word "form" is used instead of "variety" as making no commitment as to the actual status of the variable segregate under consideration, until further information is available."

The first collections made of the mushroom were of young, immature specimens, from which authors were unable to obtain spores for examination. It was not until a few years after that they found mature fruit bodies, which revealed that the rosy color of the pore surface took some time to develop, they concluded that this and other differences in physical characteristics, as well as differences in spore size, were enough to justify it being a species distinct from B. felleus, so in 1941 they raised the taxon to species status with the name Boletus plumbeoviolaceus. Noted Agaricales taxonomist Rolf Singer transferred the taxon to Tylopilus in 1947, a genus characterized by a spore print, pink, or wine red, rather than brown as in Boletus; the specific name "plumbeoviolaceus" violaceus. The mushroom is known as the "violet-grey bolete"; the cap of the fruit body is 7 to 15 cm in diameter convex in shape but becoming centrally depressed, with a broadly arched and rounded margin. Young specimens are rather hard and firm, the cap has a finely velvet-textured surface that soon wears off to become smooth.

The color of the fruit body is violet when young, but dulls as it ages, becoming a dull violet-purplish-gray eventually chocolate-brown at maturity. The flesh is solid and does not change color when cut or bruised; the taste is bitter, the odor is not distinctive. Mycologist David Arora calls the mushroom "beautiful, but bitter-tasting"; the tubes on the underside of the cap are 0.4 to 1.8 cm deep, 2 or three per millimeter, depressed at the stem. The color of the pore surface is white, it remains so for a while before turning a rosy color at maturity; the stem is 8 to 13 cm long and 2.5 to 4 cm thick, enlarged at the base, sometimes bulbous. The surface is reticulate at the top, smooth lower of the stem, its color is buff to light brown with darker brown bruises or stains, it has whitish mycelium at the base. The flesh of the stem is white, it does not change color when cut or bruised. Collected in deposit, like with a spore print, the spores of T. plumbeoviolaceus appear to be a light pink to flesh color.

When viewed with a light microscope, they are elliptical, with smooth walls and dimensions of 9.1–12.3 by 3.4–4.5 µm. The basidia are club-shaped, measure about 26 by 6.5 µm. The cuticle of the cap is made of a tangle of smooth-walled, brownish hyphae; when stained in potassium hydroxide, the hyphal contents tend to form beads, while staining in Melzer's reagent causes the pigment to form globules. Cystidia are common in the hymenial tissue. Clamp connections are absent in the hyphae. Like most Tylopilus species, the fruit bodies of T. plumbeoviolaceous are not recommended for consumption because of its bitter taste. The presence of a bitter bolete may spoil a meal, as the bitter taste does not disappear with cooking. There are few other species. Tylopilus violatinctus, found under both hardwoods and conifers and known from New York to Mississippi, has an appearance similar to T. plumbeoviolaceus. It can be distinguished by a paler, lilac-colored cap that, in older specimens, is discolored rusty purple along the edge of the cap.

Its spores are 7–10 by 3–4 µm. Tylopilus violatinctus was not described until 1998, so some older literature may confuse the two similar species. Young specimens of Tylopilus rubrobrunneus have a purplish cap, but unlike T. plumbeoviolaceous, their stems are never purple. The species Tylopilus microsporus, known only from China, is characterized by pale violet to violet cap, paler purple to purplish brown stem, flesh color to pale purplish red pores. In addition to its different distribution, it can be distinguished from T. plumbeoviolaceus by its smaller spores. Another similar Asian species, T. obscureviolaceus, is only known from the Yaeyama Islands in southwestern Japan. It differs from T