SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Battle of Marv

The Battle of Merv occurred on 2 December 1510 as a result of the Uzbek invasion of Khorasan. It ended with a decisive victory for the Safavid dynasty; the result was that the Safavids regained control of the Khorasan region.. After the Shaybani Uzbeks began to rise to power in Transoxiana around 1495, Muhammad Shaybani Khan was waiting for a chance to annex the territory of the Timurids in Herat, which occurred when the forces of the Uzbek Khan occupied the city and its environs in 1507. Shah Ismail started his campaign in Azerbaijan in 1502, had re-unified all of Iran by 1509. Badi al-zaman, Husayn Bayqarah's son and heir, sought asylum at Ismail's court and induced him to launch a campaign in the east. Shah Ismail reached Khorasan with great speed; the Safavid army pretended to retreat, encouraging the Uzbeks to leave the castle in pursuit, only to be ambushed and destroyed by the Qizilbash troops of Shah Ismail once they were too far from the castle to regain its safety. The Safavid forces were heavily outnumbered by the army of Shaybani Khan, caught and killed trying to escape the battle.

Shah Ismail had his body parts sent to various areas of the empire for display, while famously having his skull coated in gold and made into a jeweled drinking goblet. The primary outcomes of the battle renewed Safavid control of Khorasan, the historic region which lies in parts of modern-day Iran and Afghanistan. Shi'a-Sunni relations Battle of Ghazdewan Savory, Roger. "Esmāʿīl I Ṣafawī". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 6. Pp. 628–636. Savory, Roger. Iran under the Safavids. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1–288. ISBN 0521042518

Harjit Singh Anand

Harjit Singh Anand is a former senior administrator in the Government of India and former co-president of the EuroIndia Centre, Professor at the Centre for Study of Administration of Relief and President of the Working Group on Famine and Society of the International Sociological Association. After obtaining a BA in Political Science with Economics, an MA in Sociology and a PhD in Administration, he joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1973. Among the various posts he has held, the following are noteworthy: Service with the International Labour Organization at its India Office for over two years as Mission Leader for the Informal Sector. Director General of the Haryana Institute of Public Administration from 2002 to 2005; as Member Secretary, leading the National Capital Region Planning Board to adopt an environmentally progressive policy and to finance innovative urban development projects with a Regional planning approach. Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation of the Government of India, in which capacity he was instrumental in preparing the National Housing and Habitat Policy with a clear focus on social exclusion and inclusion and low income housing.

Close association with the formulation of the National Street Vendors Policy, with refining India’s employment programmes for the urban poor and with implementing the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission. Close association with the drafting of the Nehru Rozgar Yojna launched by the Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi for improving the lot of the urban poor. Chairman of the committee which prepared a report on Housing – A new pattern of development based on Public-private partnership, commissioned by the Lt. Governor of Delhi. Chairman of the Center for the Study of Administration of Relief; the CSAR is an NGO dealing with Food Security, Marginalisation& Poverty, Natural Calamities& man-made disasters and Exclusion. Throughout his career, Anand has represented his country in a high-profile capacity, at various international events and bodies. Anand is a director of the National Krav Maga Federation