Jump shift

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Diagram of the Heisman shift.

The jump shift or Heisman shift, was an American football shift maneuver utilized by John Heisman.[1][2] In this system, only the center was on the line of scrimmage, and the backfield would be in a line, as one would in an I-formation with an extra halfback at the hind end, or a giant T. The players could shift into various formations; in one version, the line shifted so that the center was between guard and tackle, and the three back nearest the line of scrimmage would shift all to one side. A split second elapsed, then the ball was snapped and the wall of three blockers charged on.[3] If needed, the center could also snap it to one of the other backs,[4] the phalanx of blockers resembled the yet-to-be developed single wing.[4] The Heisman shift was considered more complicated than its predecessors (say the Minnesota shift).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Magee, Mary (2012). Red, Third Edition. Beyond Football: The Legacy of Coach Jimmy 'Red' Parker. Tate Publishing & Enterprises. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-62024-962-8. 
  2. ^ John Heisman. Principles of Football. p. 267. 
  3. ^ John Heisman. "Jump Shift Is A Legal Play". The Washington Herald. Retrieved June 2, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-03-11. 
  5. ^ Neil R. Kohn (1964). "heisman+shift" The Evolution of Offensive Football, 1913-1963. p. 46.