Dana Welles Delany is an American actress and activist. After appearing in small roles early in her career, Delany received her breakthrough role as Colleen McMurphy on the ABC television drama China Beach, for which she twice received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1989 and 1992, she received further recognition for her appearances in the films Light Sleeper, Exit to Eden, The Margaret Sanger Story, Fly Away Home, True Women, Wide Awake. In the 2000s, Delany appeared in main roles on several short-lived television series, including Pasadena, Presidio Med, Kidnapped. From 2007 to 2010, she starred as Katherine Mayfair on the ABC television series Desperate Housewives, for which she received a Prism Award in 2009. Delany starred as Megan Hunt on the ABC medical drama Body of Proof, as Crystal Harris on the Amazon drama series Hand of God. Delany was born in the daughter of Mary and Jack Delany, she has a sister, a brother, Sean. She was raised Roman Catholic.
She has stated that as a little girl, she always wanted to go into acting. "The reason a person first gets into acting is because you want attention from your parents as a little girl," she told a reporter. In her childhood, she was fascinated by films. After growing up in Stamford, she attended Phillips Academy in Andover, for her senior year and was a member of the school's first co-educational class, which included jazz composer Bill Cunliffe, software executive Peter Currie, artist Julian Hatton, poet Karl Kirchwey, writer Nate Lee, editor Sara Nelson, restaurateur Priscilla Martel and sculptor Gar Waterman. Then-senior Delany wrote an op-ed in 1974 about her experience of being a one-year student during the school's first year of co-education. "Andover was the best time of my life," she recalled. She played the lead role of Nellie Forbush in the school's spring musical production of South Pacific opposite Peter Kapetan as Emile, she commented: "It was just a little awkward to be Nellie at first because she hesitates to marry Emile since he had once lived with a Polynesian woman – I don't agree with her reasoning so that made things a bit hard at the beginning."
She appeared in a student video directed by classmate Jonathan Meath in a film class taught by Steve Marx. She graduated in 1974 with the academic honor of "cum laude", awarded to 80 out of 378 graduating seniors, she majored in theater at Wesleyan University, worked in summer stock productions during vacations, graduated in 1978. In an interview, she reported that she sometimes had eating disorders during this time of her life, she said: "I binged... I starved... I was one step from anorexia – a piece of toast and an apple would be all I would eat in a day." After college, she found acting work in New York City in daytime soap operas including Love of Life and As the World Turns, supported herself by acting in commercials such as for Wisk laundry detergent. She starred in the Broadway show A Life and won critical acclaim in 1983 in Nicholas Kazan's off-Broadway Blood Moon, where The New York Times cited her "skillful verisimilitude" handling a difficult part requiring two roles "and she does them both with authority."
Delany moved to Hollywood and during the next few years found work guest starring in TV shows like Moonlighting and Magnum, P. I. and Thirtysomething. Dana Delany's first audition for the lead role of nurse Colleen McMurphy was unsuccessful. "They thought I wasn't pretty enough", she said in an interview. She won the role after she showed up to her next audition with her "long tresses cut into a bob" after the producers lost their first choice. China Beach brought intense media attention to the actress; this role not only garnered two Primetime Emmy Awards, but two additional Primetime Emmy Award nominations and two Golden Globe Award nominations. The show ended after four seasons in 1991. In 1991, Dana Delany was chosen by People magazine as one of the 50 most beautiful people in the world. In the years following China Beach, Delany worked in television and theater. In addition, she established herself as a significant voice talent. Delany won leading roles in a string of feature films such as the TV movie A Promise to Keep, Light Sleeper and Fly Away Home as well as appearing in the TV mini-series Wild Palms.
She took on controversial roles, such as Mistress Lisa in Exit to Eden, where one film critic commented "The script was awful—Dana looked great." The provocatively titled Live Nude Girls included frank discussion by women of their sexual fantasies at a bachelorette party using a low-budget improvisational comedy format with strong chemistry between the actors. Reviews were mixed: Los Angeles Times critic Richard Natale liked the film but wrote older male film executives believed it to be "uncommercial", she starred as Margaret Sanger in the TV movie Choices of the Heart: The Margaret Sanger Story, about a controversial nurse who crusaded for women's reproductive rights in the early 1900s. In 1995, Delany appeared in the Broadway show Translations and in May 1997, Delany returned to her alma mater Phillips Academy to work with theater students as an artist-in-residence, she appeared in TV movies such as True Women and Resurrectio
Cyborg is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez and first appears in a special insert in DC Comics Presents #26. Known as a member of the Teen Titans, Cyborg was established as a founding member of the Justice League in DC's 2011 reboot of its comic book titles and subsequently in the 2016 relaunch of its continuity. However, he has since been re-established as a past member of the Teen Titans again; the character gained greater visibility as a featured character in the early-2000s Cartoon Network animated series Teen Titans, made his live-action debut around the same time the TV series Smallville. These appearances precipitated Cyborg's increased prominence in DC Comics from 2011 onwards; the character made his live-action debut as played by Ray Fisher in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice reprising the role as a lead character in Justice League as part of the DC Extended Universe.
Fisher's contract includes the option including a Cyborg solo film. In 2019, the character was adapted for animation again for the TV series Young Justice: Outsiders, is played by Joivan Wade in the live action Doom Patrol web television series. Victor Stone is the son of Silas Stone and Elinore Stone, scientists who use him as a test subject for various intelligence enhancement projects. While these treatments are successful and Victor's IQ subsequently grows to genius levels, he grows to resent his treatment. Victor strikes up a friendship with Ron Evers, a young miscreant who leads him into trouble with the law; this is the beginning of a struggle in which Victor strives for independence, engaging in pursuits of which his parents disapprove, such as athletics and abandoning his studies. Victor's association with underage criminals leads him down a dark path in which he is injured, but he still lives a "normal" life in which he is able to make his own decisions. However, this rebellious path does not bury Victor's conscience considering that he refuses to participate in Evers' grandiose plans of racially motivated terrorism.
Victor' situation changes radically when he visits his parents' lab where experiments in inter-dimensional access are done. At that moment of his entry, an aggressive gelatinous creature was accidentally pulled through and Victor's mother is killed by it, it turned on Victor and he was injured by its attack before his father was able to send it back to its native dimension. With his wife dead and his son mutilated and near death from the incident, Silas is driven to take advantage of prototype medical prosthetic research he has access to in order to treat Victor. Victor only regains consciousness after the extensive artificial limbs and implants were installed in his body without his consent. Victor was horrified at the discovery of the metallic components, which involve most of the left side of his head and face, raged that he would rather have died than be such a victim of his father's manipulations. Although his bitterness remained for some time, Victor calmed down enough to adjust to his implants physically.
He found himself rejected by the public because of his implants, including his girlfriend, who would thoughtlessly blurt out that she would prefer he had died instead of being in that state. However, Victor's conscience was unbowed, as evidenced by the fact that when Evers tried to manipulate him into participating in a terrorist attack on the United Nations, Victor decided to equip himself with his weaponized attachments and stop him on the top of United Nations Headquarters; when Raven assembles the Teen Titans, Victor joins for the benefit of a support group of kindred spirits and freaks, has remained with that group since. Victor finds additional new civilian friends of better character such as a group of juveniles who are adjusting to their own prosthetics and idolize him because of his fancy parts and his exciting adventures, it turns out that their beautiful teacher Sarah Simms, who has assisted Cyborg and the Titans, admires him as well. Another person who sees past the cybernetic shell is Dr. Sarah Charles, a S.
T. A. R. Labs scientist who helps him to recuperate after having his cybernetic parts replaced. Cyborg and Dr. Charles date for some time and she, along with Changeling, keeps trying to reach him when he is mindless following the severe injuries he incurs during the "Titans Hunt" storyline. Although Cyborg's body was repaired by a team of Russian scientists after the missile crash he had been in, albeit with more mechanical parts than his mind was not, his mind was restored by an alien race of computer intelligences called the Technis, created from the sexual union of Swamp Thing and a machine-planet when Swamp Thing was travelling through space. Cyborg, had to remain with the Technis both to maintain his mind and because, in return for restoring him, he had to teach them about humanity, he took the name Cyberion, started becoming less human in outlook, connecting to the Technis planet. Cyberion returned to Earth, establishing a Technis construct on the moon and a smaller base on Earth. With Vic's consciousness dormant, but his desire for companionship controlling the actions of the Technis' planet, it began kidnapping former Titans members, his conscious mind so suppressed that he was not only searching for deceased Titans, but sent one probe looking for himself as Cyborg.
He ended up plugging them into virtual reality scenarios, representing what he believed to be their "perfect worlds".
Flashpoint is a 2011 comic book crossover story arc published by DC Comics. Consisting of an eponymous core limited series and a number of tie-in titles, the storyline premiered in May 2011; the core miniseries was pencilled by Andy Kubert. In its end, the series radically changes the status quo for the DC Universe leading into the publisher's 2011 relaunch, the New 52. Flashpoint details an altered DC Universe in which only Barry Allen seems to be aware of significant differences between the regular timeline and the altered one, including Cyborg's place as the world's quintessential hero much like how Superman is in the main timeline, with Superman himself being held captive as a lab-rat by the United States government within an underground facility in Metropolis. In addition, Thomas Wayne is Batman, a war between Wonder Woman and Aquaman has decimated western Europe. Consisting of a 61 issue run, the series crossed over with Booster Gold, sixteen separate three-issue miniseries, a number of one-shots beginning in June 2011.
DC announced. The storyline is loosely adapted in the film Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox as well as in the third season of the CW network television series The Flash. At the 2017 San Diego Comic-Con, it was announced that Flashpoint will be adapted into a feature film as part of the DC Extended Universe. Barry Allen wakes up to discover everything and everyone around him has changed, he is not Flash, nor does he have powers. His mother Nora is alive. Captain Cold is Central City's greatest hero, the Justice League was never established, Superman is nonexistent. In Gotham City, Batman throws a criminal off a building. Cyborg and Batman have a conference with a group of superheroes to discuss how Wonder Woman's Amazons have conquered the British Isles, while Aquaman's Atlanteans have sunk the rest of Western Europe, the battle between the two has caused massive death and destruction. America is endangered; the heroes cannot cooperate to find a solution, the meeting is ended. Barry Allen drives to the Batcave.
Batman is revealed to be Thomas Wayne—in this timeline his son, was killed by the robber instead of his wife and him, with Thomas having killed the robber just after that murder took place, Martha went insane and became The Joker in this timeline. In the flooded remains of Paris, Deathstroke captains a pirate ship in search of his daughter. Emperor Aquaman stabs Deathstroke in the chest and attacks Deathstroke's crew. Sonar is able to heal him. At Wayne Manor, Barry tries to explain to Thomas about his secret identity as the Flash and his relationship to Bruce Wayne. Barry's memory begins to spontaneously realign itself to the altered timeline and Barry realizes that the world of Flashpoint is not a parallel dimension, but an alternate reality. Barry's ring ejects Eobard Thawne's Reverse-Flash costume and causes Barry to believe that his enemy is responsible for changing history. Barry decides to recreate the accident that gave him his powers in a bid to undo the damage caused by Thawne, but his initial attempt fails and leaves him badly burned.
In London, Steve Trevor is waiting at a rendezvous for Lois Lane but is attacked by Wonder Woman and the Amazons. Wonder Woman begins interrogating him, he explains that he was hired to extract Lane from New Themyscira because she was sent to gather information on the Amazons for Cyborg. The U. S. president informs Cyborg that Steve Trevor sent a signal to the Resistance but was intercepted because of a traitor among the heroes that Cyborg tried to recruit. Cyborg is relieved of duty. Meanwhile, in New Themyscira, Lane encounters the Resistance. A second attempt at recreating Allen's accident restores his powers and health, he concludes. He learns that Kal-El was taken by Project: Superman. Flash and Cyborg join the cause to stop Wonder Woman and Aquaman; the three find a pale, weakened Superman at the Project and realize that he may well have been in a containment cell since he was a child—possibly never seeing a human being before. After being rescued, Superman flies off in seeming fright in the midst of a battle with the guards, leaving the three in the sewers to be rescued by Element Woman.
Flash's memories continue to change. The president announces Cyborg's failure to unite the world's superheroes and the U. S. enters into the Atlantean-Amazon war. Flash, Batman and Element Woman break down the door in need of the Marvel Family's help and Batman asks Billy to use his lightning to prevent Flash's memories from changing further; the group hears of the failed air assault on England due to the Amazons' Invisible Plane air force. Hal Jordan, who had not become Green Lantern in this timeline, is the first casualty, a giant Atlantean-generated tidal wave threatens the rest of New Themyscira. Flash tells Batman. Despite reservations, Batman joins Flash. Enchantress joins them en route. Wonder Woman and Aquaman are fighting one-on-one until Flash and his team arrive; the Marvel Family transform into Captain Thunder transforming Tawky Tawny. Captain Thunder attacks Wonder Woman and appears to be winning until Enchantress reveals herself as the Amazon spy in t
Abin Sur is a fictional character and a superhero from the DC Comics universe. He was a member of the Green Lantern Corps and is best known as the predecessor of Green Lantern Hal Jordan, whom Abin Sur's power ring chose as his replacement. In the Post-Infinite Crisis continuity, Abin Sur was revealed to be a brother-in-law of Sinestro and uncle of his daughter Soranik Natu, he was modeled after Yul Brynner. Abin Sur first was created by John Broome and Gil Kane. A history professor on the planet Ungara, Abin Sur is appointed Green Lantern of Space Sector 2814 in the mid-1860s; as a child, he became best friends with Ruch Ehr and by association, Munni Jah. The two of them were a couple and Abin secretly loved Munni, but never spoke of this. Recruited by the Green Lantern known as Starkaor, he is known to have come to Earth on several occasions. In the American Old West, he teams up with an ancestor of Hal Jordan's to battle an alien named Traitor. Abin would wield Starkaor's ring after his mentor's death.
In 1873, while wounded, he recruits the lawman Daniel Young to be a temporary Green Lantern. During World War II, he encounters Starman and Bulletman when the three battle an alien being under the control of Mr. Mind. On a visit, his ring's power is neutralized by the foe he is tracking, he discovers the unconscious forms of Alan Scott and Jay Garrick, borrows Scott's different ring. He uses it against his adversary, taking advantage of the ring's effectiveness against the color yellow, he visits Earth at some point between the Golden and Silver Ages, when he encounters the Martian Manhunter. At one point, Abin Sur imprisons the evil wizard Myrhydden inside his own ring, depriving him of the voice needed to cast his spells, he is sent to retrieve Earth's most infamous gangster, Al Magone, whose evil had brought him to the notice of the Guardians. Abin Sur imprisoned Magone on a prison planet where time did not pass, an action that would have ripples throughout the Corps for decades to come. While on patrol, he is pursued by the being known as Legion while on its way to Oa.
Pre-Crisis his ship was hit by yellow sun radiation. Badly injured and with his spaceship damaged, he makes an emergency landing on the nearest habitable planet. Due to his injuries, Sur was aware that his death was inevitable and he uses his ring to search for a successor, a man without fear; the first possibility was Clark Kent. Since he was not native to Earth, he is not chosen; the next candidates were Guy Gardner. As Jordan was closer, the ring chose him as the most suitable replacement right before Sur's death, brings him to Sur, who gives him the ring. Pre-Crisis Hal first tested his ring by lifting a mountain hid the ship and Sur's remains under it, as Sur had told him to dispose of them, it is shown these were the Sierre Madre mountains. Hal had made sure to leave a small stone marker. For a brief time during Zero Hour, he was pulled into the present, where he assists the Darkstars in their battle against Entropy. A Darkstar from Abin's own time, one he is familiar with, supports them all.
Both are unexpectedly returned to their own era at the end of the battle. In the afterlife Sur is able to help Jordan again when Jordan enters the realm of the death lord, Nekron. Jordan is destroying it. Jordan manages to incite the spirits of the deceased members of the Corps to destroy the god long enough for the Guardians to drive Krona and his forces back and seal the portal. Before the sealing was complete, Sur helps his successor exit the realm while saying how proud he was of Jordan. Abin Sur sacrifices his soul to assist the Swamp Thing in rescuing his infant daughter Tefé Holland from the demon Nergal in Hell. Abin Sur's afterlife is further disrupted, he attempts to assist the Green Lantern Kyle Rayner in investigating the situation but is torn away against his will. It is revealed that part of his soul was still being tortured in Hell while his spirit was acting as a companion to Hal Jordan during his brief stint as the Spectre, he frees his soul from Hell and assisted Hal Jordan on several spiritual adventures and metaphysical dilemmas.
Abin Sur engaged in the Karamm-Jeev Descent, an Ungaran form of reincarnation, was reborn as Lagzia, daughter of Sur's old friends Ruch Ehr and Munni Jah. During some point in his life, Abin sires a son, Amon Sur, who grew up to become leader of the Black Circle crime syndicate. Amon is angry at his deceased father for abandoning him for the Corps, decides to take his anger out on all Green Lanterns. Amon is stopped by Hal Jordan's successor, Kyle Rayner and a second-generation Guardian of the Universe called Lianna. Amon has a confrontation with Hal Jordan himself, who had returned to his position as Green Lantern after being both resurrected and freed from the influence of Parallax. Hal defeats Amon. After Hal took Abin's body home and buried it, a mysterious yellow light appears in the sky after Hal left. During Sinestro Corps War, it is revealed that Abin discovered a prophecy concerning the Multiverse, The Powers of the Emotional Spectrum, The Blackest Night prior to his death. Green Lantern: Secret Origin, reveals details of Abin's quest to learn more about The Blackest Night as he interrogated The Five Inversions on Ysmault, who had foreseen the prophecy.
He learns that Earth is the birthplace of The Black: the antithesis of the emotional spectrum that the prophecy pr
A comic book or comicbook called comic magazine or comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. Although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan, comic books were first popularized in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1930s; the first modern comic book, Famous Funnies, was released in the U. S. in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper humor comic strips, which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book derives from American comic books once being a compilation of comic strips of a humorous tone; the largest comic book market is Japan. By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion, with annual sales of 1.9 billion manga books/magazines in Japan. The comic book market in the United States and Canada was valued at $1.09 billion in 2016.
As of 2017, the largest comic book publisher in the United States is manga distributor Viz Media, followed by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. Another major comic book market is France, where Franco-Belgian comics and Japanese manga each represent 40% of the market, followed by American comics at 10% market share. Comic books are reliant on their appearance. Authors focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions; these characteristic aspects of comic books are necessary in conveying the content and messages of the author. The key elements of comic books include panels, balloons and characters. Balloons are convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element; the tail has an origin, path and pointed direction. Key tasks in the creation of comic books are writing and coloring. Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr. Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book.
Proto-comics periodicals began appearing early in the 20th century, with historians citing Dell Publishing's 36-page Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics as the first true American comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry and ushered the Golden Age of Comics; the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. According to historian Michael A. Amundson, appealing comic-book characters helped ease young readers' fear of nuclear war and neutralize anxiety about the questions posed by atomic power. Historians divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras; the Golden Age of Comic Books began in the 1930s. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form, with the debut of the Flash in Showcase #4; the Silver Age lasted through the late 1960s or early 1970s, during which time Marvel Comics revolutionized the medium with such naturalistic superheroes as Stan Lee and Jack Kirby's Fantastic Four and Lee and Steve Ditko's Spider-Man.
The demarcation between the Silver Age and the following era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined, with the Bronze Age running from the early 1970s through the mid-1980s. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day. A notable event in the history of the American comic book came with psychiatrist Fredric Wertham's criticisms of the medium in his book Seduction of the Innocent, which prompted the American Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency to investigate comic books. In response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year, which required all comic books to go through a process of approval, it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA. The Code was made formally defunct in November 2011.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what became known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the established comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture and drug culture of the time. Many had an uninhibited irreverent style. Underground comics were never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, as well as by mail order. Frank Stack's The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic; the rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for "independent" or "alternative comics" in the U. S; the first such comics included the anthology series Star Reach, published by comic book writer Mike Friedrich from 1974 to 1979, Harvey Pekar's American Splendor, which continued sporadic publication into the 21st century and which Shari Springer Berman an
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Mera is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Jack Miller and Nick Cardy, the character first appeared in Aquaman #11 as a queen of the sea. Portrayed as a supporting character to her husband, the superhero Aquaman, modern writers have traditionally emphasised Mera's own superhuman physical strength and magical power to control water, portraying her as a powerful superhero in her own right. In recent years, Mera has featured as a member of DC Comics' flagship superhero team, the Justice League. Mera's storylines have portrayed mental breakdown faced with crippling loss and explored her attempts at coping with lasting anger and rage. In the feature films of the DC Extended Universe, actress Amber Heard portrayed Mera in Justice League, reprised the role in Aquaman. Mera's Silver Age debut in Aquaman #11 set her place of origin as the mysterious "Dimension Aqua". However, during the 2011 "Brightest Day" storyline, Dimension Aqua was revealed to be the extradimensional penal colony known formally as Xebel, a place of exile for an ancient faction of Atlantean people, banished along with their descendants after one of the many civil wars of the submerged Atlantis.
Mera is the former Queen of Dimension Aqua, Queen of Atlantis, wife of DC Comics superhero Aquaman. Mera has a twin sister named Hila. In her first chronological appearance, Mera is shown to be fleeing the criminal Leron, who seized control of her kingdom, when she arrives on Earth and meets Aquaman and Aqualad, who vow to help her. Leron captures them, imprisoning Mera in Dimension Aqua. Aided by the water spirit known as Quisp, Aquaman manages to free defeats Leron. Mera abdicates the throne of Xebel to Queen V'lana, returns to Atlantis to marry Aquaman. Soon after, they had a son named Arthur Curry, Jr. known as Aquababy. A few years Black Manta kidnapped Aquababy and trapped him inside a translucent tank designed to suffocate him. Vulko sends Mera, desperate to save her son, on an ambitious crusade to her homeworld to find the scientist Xebel, who has the components for a special healing device that could save her son; when she arrives, she discovers that her kingdom has been taken over by the traitorous Leron, who has taken Sebel hostage, casting him and the artifacts into the Great Pit.
Mera braves his elemental monsters in order to retrieve the device. Sadly, she returns to Atlantis too late. Although their son's death created a rift between Aquaman and Mera, they tried relocating to a flooded city on the East Coast to start a new life together, it was during this time. Becoming more unstable with grief, Mera was committed to an asylum in Atlantis. Shortly afterwards an alien force of sentient giant jellyfish took control of the city. During Aquaman's battle to free them, Mera escapes and savagely attacks him, blaming his "weak genes" for their son's death. While defending himself, he accidentally pushes her onto an upturned piece of metal. Believing her dead, he has her taken to the royal palace. However, she due to her alien physiology. Rising from her coffin, she bitterly reminds Aquaman how little he knew of her. No longer seeing any reason to remain on Earth, Mera leaves returns to Dimension Aqua. During Peter David's Aquaman run in the 1990s, Mera is revealed to be in the hellish dimension called the Netherworld, where she is brainwashed by Thanatos, an old enemy of her husband.
Time passes differently in the Netherworld and she has had a second son whom she refers to as only "AJ". AJ appears to be about 8 -- 10 years old and it is not known if his father is Thanatos. Mera and AJ break free of Thanatos' control, but find that they cannot stay on Earth due to AJ's accelerated aging. Mera and AJ again leave Earth for parts unknown; when next shown in the series, Mera and AJ are on Oceanid, a waterworld, being exploited by aliens for its resources. Mera and AJ team up with Aquaman to defeat the aliens and Mera chooses to stay with her former husband in Atlantis, while AJ remains behind on Oceanid to act as its protector and champion, assuming the role of Aquaman. Mera and Arthur reconcile, living in Atlantis and continuing to have adventures together, including a trip to Skartaris, where they team up with Travis Morgan, The Warlord, they appear to form a true royal family along with his wife, Dolphin. Mera participates in the delivery of Garth and Dolphin's son, during this peaceful time.
The Aqua-family's happiness is cut short due to the events depicted in DC's "Obsidian Age", Infinite Crisis, "One Year Later" storylines. Following these events, Mera is shown leading a rebel faction in the rebuilding of Atlantis, destroyed by the Spectre in Infinite Crisis. Mera appears in the Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis series. Members of the JLA visit Atlantis to give their condolences and Mera is not referenced in DC comics until the "Prelude to Blackest Night" story in Titans #15, where it is revealed that she is in mourning for Arthur; this story reveals that Dolphin and Cerdian died during the destruction of Atlantis. In the "Blackest Night" storyline, at the request of Tempest, Mera reluctantly allows Aquaman's remains to be returned to Atlantis. Before they can do so, they are attacked by Aquaman and Dolphin who have been reanimated as Black Lanterns. Mera and Tempest battle them, but are overwhel