Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, mode of audience reception", continually evolving and is without clear boundaries. Documentary films were called'actuality' films and were only a minute or less in length. Over time documentaries have evolved to be longer in length and to include more categories, such as educational and even'docufiction'. Documentaries are educational and used in schools to teach various principles. Social media platforms such as YouTube, have allowed documentary films to improve the ways the films are distributed and able to educate and broaden the reach of people who receive the information. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film, he wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de l'histoire and La photographie animée.
Both were published in 1898 in French and among the early written works to consider the historical and documentary value of the film. Matuszewski is among the first filmmakers to propose the creation of a Film Archive to collect and keep safe visual materials. In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana, published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer". Grierson's principles of documentary were that cinema's potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form. In this regard, Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, with this position at variance with Soviet film-maker Dziga Vertov's provocation to present "life as it is" and "life caught unawares"; the American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film, dramatic." Others further state that a documentary stands out from the other types of non-fiction films for providing an opinion, a specific message, along with the facts it presents.
Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects. It refers to what people do with media devices, content and production strategies in order to address the creative and conceptual problems and choices that arise as they make documentaries. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of advocacy, or personal expression. Early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event, they were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations. Films showing many people were made for commercial reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States.
In May 1896, Bolesław Matuszewski recorded on film few surigical operations in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg hospitals. In 1898, French surgeon Eugène-Louis Doyen invited Bolesław Matuszewski and Clément Maurice and proposed them to recorded his surigical operations, they started in Paris a series of surgical films sometime before July 1898. Until 1906, the year of his last film, Doyen recorded more than 60 operations. Doyen said that his first films taught him how to correct professional errors he had been unaware of. For scientific purposes, after 1906, Doyen combined 15 of his films into three compilations, two of which survive, the six-film series Extirpation des tumeurs encapsulées, the four-film Les Opérations sur la cavité crânienne; these and five other of Doyen's films survive. Between July 1898 and 1901, the Romanian professor Gheorghe Marinescu made several science films in his neurology clinic in Bucharest: Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy, The Walking Troubles of Organic Paraplegies, A Case of Hysteric Hemiplegy Healed Through Hypnosis, The Walking Troubles of Progressive Locomotion Ataxy, Illnesses of the Muscles.
All these short films have been preserved. The professor called his works "studies with the help of the cinematograph," and published the results, along with several consecutive frames, in issues of "La Semaine Médicale" magazine from Paris, between 1899 and 1902. In 1924, Auguste Lumiere recognized the merits of Marinescu's science films: "I've seen your scientific reports about the usage of the cinematograph in studies of nervous illnesses, when I was still receiving "La Semaine Médicale," but back I had other concerns, which left me no spare time to begin biological studies. I must say I am thankful to you that you reminded them to me. Not many scientists have followed your way." Travelogue films were popular in the early part of the 20th century. They were referred to by distributors as "scenics." Scenics were among the most popu
Hearst Television, Inc. is a broadcasting company in the United States owned by Hearst Communications. From 1998 to mid-2009, the company traded its common stock on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "HTV." Hearst-Argyle was formed in 1997 with the merger of Hearst Corporation's broadcasting division and stations owned by Argyle Television Holdings II, related to the company of the same name who sold its stations to New World Communications, stations that became Fox-owned stations. Hearst's involvement in broadcasting dates to the 1920s. In terms of audience reach, Hearst is the third-largest group owner of ABC-affiliated stations, behind the E. W. Scripps Company and Sinclair Broadcast Group, ahead of Tegna Inc. and the second-largest group owner of NBC affiliates, behind Tegna. Hearst-owned ABC affiliates in National Football League markets simulcast Monday Night Football games from ESPN that involve these teams - ESPN is 20% owned by Hearst, the rest being owned by ABC's parent, The Walt Disney Company.
Other Hearst-owned stations carry ESPN-aired NFL games though they are affiliated with other networks. Hearst holds some joint ventures for syndicated programming with NBCUniversal Television Distribution. On June 3, 2009, the Hearst Corporation announced that it would purchase all of the stock not held by Hearst. Hearst-Argyle Television dropped "Argyle" from its name and became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Hearst Corporation. In February 2009, Hearst-Argyle announced that its stations would comply with the new DTV transition date of June 12, 2009. Hearst owns a total of 34 overall television stations but considers two groups of four stations and an NBC station with an ABC digital subchannel joint operations, bringing their count down to 31 under that consideration: eleven NBC affiliates, fifteen ABC affiliates, two CBS affiliates, six CW affiliates, two MyNetworkTV affiliates, one independent station. Most of the company's subchannel stations broadcast either Weigel Broadcasting's MeTV or NBC's Cozi TV through national affiliation deals, along with being charter carriers of Weigel's two newest concepts, Heroes & Icons and Movies!.
Since December 1, 2014, Des Moines CBS affiliate KCCI has used their third subchannel as an H&I affiliate carrying MyNetworkTV programming in primetime. Hearst owns two radio stations in Baltimore, the last remaining from the company divesting most of their radio assets after the Telecommunications Act of 1996 went into effect; as mentioned above, none of Hearst's stations have held a Fox affiliation, with the exception of two WMUR translators in the northern part of New Hampshire dis-affiliating with the network upon Hearst's assumption of ownership of WMUR. Some Hearst-owned stations use the "Commitment" banner for all political news coverage leading up to the local and statewide elections in lieu of a localized version of their associated network's political branding; this started in 2000. Hearst maintains a Washington, D. C. bureau to assist their stations in coverage of national politics, including on-air reporters and facilities and equipment assistance for local stations. Many Hearst stations license the "Operation High School" branding for coverage of local high school sports.
In 2007, Hearst-Argyle became one of the first television broadcasting groups to post their news stories on YouTube. WCVB, KCRA, WTAE, WBAL and WMUR were the first stations in Hearst-Argyle's station group to do this; until 2009, three of Hearst's television stations and its two radio stations were owned by Hearst Broadcasting, Inc. an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Hearst Corporation through which Hearst controlled Hearst-Argyle Television, as opposed to Hearst-Argyle itself. These stations were transferred to Hearst Television shortly after its privatization. Hearst's television and radio cluster in Baltimore additionally serves as the flagship stations and operation bases for the Baltimore Ravens radio and television networks. On August 20, 2014, it was announced that Hearst Television would acquire WVTM in Birmingham, Alabama and WJCL in Savannah, Georgia from Media General, which divested those stations under FCC advisement as part of their acquisition of LIN Media. On January 6, 2017, Hearst acquired majority control of Charleston, South Carolina-based syndicator Litton Entertainment, which has control of four of the five E/I-compliant Saturday morning blocks on the five major broadcast networks, along with being a syndicator of traditional programming.
The deal closed on February 1. Hearst Television produces the weekly public-affairs program Matter of Fact with Soledad O'Brien, which in fall 2018 entered its fourth season. Outside of the Hearst stations and A&E, the show is distributed in national broadcast syndication by Sony Pictures Television. Stations are listed alphabetically by city of license. Note: – Indicates a station, built and signed-on by Hearst. – Indicates a station tha
John Walsh (television host)
John Edward Walsh Jr. is an American television personality, criminal investigator, human rights and victim rights advocate, the host/creator of America's Most Wanted. Walsh is known for his anti-crime activism, with which he became involved following the murder of his son, Adam, in 1981. Walsh was part owner of the now defunct Museum of Crime & Punishment in Washington, D. C, he anchors an investigative documentary series, The Hunt with John Walsh, which debuted on CNN in 2014. Walsh was born in New York, he attended the University at Buffalo. After college and marriage to the former Revé Drew in 1971, the newlywed Walshes settled in South Florida, where John became involved in building high-end luxury hotels. In the summer of 1981, Walsh was an official with Paradise Island Hotel and Casino in The Bahamas, worked in Hollywood, Florida, he and his wife, Revé, had Adam. On July 27, 1981, Adam was abducted from a Sears department store at the Hollywood Mall, across from the Hollywood Police station.
Revé had left Adam in the toy department at a model video game console at the Sears while she looked for a lamp. When she returned several minutes Adam was missing. Police records in Adam's case, released in 1996, show that a 17-year-old security guard instructed four boys to leave the department store. Adam has been thought to be one of them. Sixteen days after the abduction, his severed head was found in a drainage canal 120 miles away from home, his other remains were never recovered. Many names had been mentioned in connection to the case in the nearly three decades since the murder, but that of serial killer Ottis Toole most persistently nagged detectives. John Walsh had long said he believed that Toole, a drifter, was responsible for the crime, saying investigators found a pair of green shorts and a sandal similar to what Adam was wearing at Toole's home in Jacksonville, Florida. In January 2007, deceased serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer fell under suspicion for the murder of Adam; this speculation was discounted by Walsh in an America's Most Wanted statement on February 6, 2007.
The prime suspect in Adam's abduction and murder, who died in prison in 1996 while serving a life sentence for other crimes, was identified as the killer on December 16, 2008 by the Hollywood Police Department, the case was considered closed. Over the years, Toole had twice confessed to the killing, but both times he recanted his admissions. In addition to the Walsh murder, Toole had claimed responsibility for hundreds of other murders, but police determined that most of these confessions were lies. Following the crime, the Walsh family founded the Adam Walsh Child Resource Center, a non-profit organization dedicated to legislative reform; the centers located in West Palm Beach, Florida. The Walsh family organized a political campaign to help missing and exploited children. Despite bureaucratic and legislative problems, John's and Revé's efforts led to the creation of the Missing Children Act of 1982 and the Missing Children's Assistance Act of 1984. Today, Walsh continues to testify before Congress and state legislatures on crime, missing children and victims' rights issues.
His latest efforts include lobbying for a Constitutional amendment for victims' rights. The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act was signed into law by U. S. President George W. Bush on July 27, 2006, following a two-year journey through the United States Congress and was intensely lobbied for by Walsh and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, it focuses on a national sex offender registry, tough penalties for not registering as a sex offender following release into society, access by citizens to state websites that track sex offenders. Critics argue that the system amounts to making offenders wear a lifelong Scarlet Letter, regardless of the circumstances of their cases. By the late 1990s, many malls, department stores and other such retailers have adopted what is known as a "Code Adam," a movement first started by Walmart stores in the southeastern United States. A "Code Adam" is announced when a child is missing in a store or if a child is found by a store employee or customer.
If the child is lost or missing, all doors will be locked and a store employee is posted at every exit, while a description of the child is broadcast over the intercom system. "Code Adam" as a term has become synonymous with a missing child, is a predecessor to an "Amber Alert," which serves as a system of broadcast-driven community notification. John and Revé Walsh were portrayed by actors Daniel J. Travanti and JoBeth Williams in Adam, a 1983 NBC television film dramatizing the days following Adam's disappearance; the real Walshes appeared at the end of the broadcast to publicize photographs of other children who had vanished but were still missing. A sequel called Adam: His Song Continues was produced and aired. After securing a deal with Fox, Walsh launched America's Most Wanted in 1988. By that time, Walsh was well known because of the murder of his son and his subsequent actions to help missing and exploited children. America's Most Wanted was the longest-running crime reality show in Fox's history and had contributed to the capture of more than 1,000 fugitives.
Fox aired four specials during the 2011-12 season. On December 2, 2011, the series returned as a regular weekly first-run series on Lifetime; the las
Gannett Co. Inc. is a publicly traded American mass media holding company headquartered in McLean, Virginia in Greater Washington DC. It is the largest U. S. newspaper publisher as measured by total daily circulation. Its assets include the national newspaper USA Today and the erstwhile weekly pullout magazine USA Weekend, found in local newspapers, its largest non-national newspaper is the Detroit Free Press in Detroit, Michigan. Other significant newspapers include The Indianapolis Star, The Cincinnati Enquirer, The Tennessean in Nashville, The Courier-Journal in Louisville, the Democrat and Chronicle in Rochester, New York, The Des Moines Register, The Arizona Republic in Phoenix, The News-Press in Fort Myers, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, the Great Falls Tribune. In 2015, Gannett Co. Inc. spun off its publishing business into a separate publicly traded entity, while retaining the internet media divisions. Following the spin off, the former parent Company renamed itself Tegna and owns 50 TV stations.
The spun-off publishing business renamed itself "Gannett". Gannett Company, Inc. was formed in 1923 by Frank Gannett in Rochester, New York, as an outgrowth of the Elmira Gazette, a newspaper business he had begun in Elmira, New York, in 1906. Gannett, known as a conservative, gained fame and fortune by purchasing small independent newspapers and developing them into a large chain, a 20th-century trend that helped the newspaper industry remain financially viable. By 1979, the chain had grown to 79 newspapers. In 1979, Gannett acquired Combined Communications Corp. operator of 2 major daily newspapers, the Oakland Tribune & The Cincinnati Enquirer, seven television stations, 13 radio stations, as well as an outdoor advertising division, for $370 million. The outdoor advertising became known as Gannett Outdoor, before being acquired by Outdoor Systems, before the company was sold to Infinity Broadcasting, which became part of Viacom, was part of CBS Corporation, until 2014 when CBS Outdoor went independent and became Outfront Media.
The company was headquartered in Rochester until 1986, when it moved to Arlington County, Virginia. Its former headquarters building, the Gannett Building, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. Gannett's oldest newspaper still in circulation is the Leaf-Chronicle located in Clarksville, Tennessee. In 2001, the company moved to its current headquarters in Tysons Corner, a suburb of Washington, D. C. Beginning in 2005 at the Fort Myers News-Press, Gannett pioneered the mojo concept of mobile multimedia journalists, reporters who were untethered from conventional newsrooms and drove around their communities filing hyperlocal news via Wi-Fi in various formats including text for print publication, still photos for print and online publication, audio and video for the News-Press website; the practice has spread throughout the chain. On March 7, 2011, Gannett replaced the stylized "G" logo in use since the 1970s, adopted a new company tagline: "It's all within reach."In 2010, Gannett increased executive salaries and bonuses.
S. newspapers division president, was paid $3.4 million in 2010, up from $1.9 million the previous year. The next year, the company laid off 700 U. S. employees to cut costs. In the memo announcing the layoffs, Dickey wrote, "While we have sought many ways to reduce costs, I regret to tell you that we will not be able to avoid layoffs." In February 2012, Gannett announced that it would implement a paywall system across all of its daily newspaper websites, with non-subscriber access will be limited to between five and fifteen articles per month, varying by newspaper. The USA Today website became the only one to allow unrestricted access. On March 24, 2012, the company announced that it would discipline 25 employees in Wisconsin who had signed the petition to recall Governor Scott Walker, stating that this open public participation in a political process was a violation of the company's code of journalistic ethics and that their primary responsibility as journalists was to maintain credibility and public trust in themselves and the organization.
On August 21, 2012, Gannett acquired Blinq Media. Around the first week of October 2012, Gannett entered a dispute against Dish Network regarding compensation fees and Dish's AutoHop commercial-skip feature on its Hopper digital video recorders. Gannett ordered that Dish discontinue AutoHop on the account that it is affecting advertising revenues for Gannett's television station. Gannett threatened to pull all of its stations should the skirmish continue beyond October 7, Dish and Gannett fail to reach an agreement; the two parties reached an agreement after extending the deadline for a few hours. Gannett announced it would not be delaying print deadlines for the 2018 midterm elections in the United States, meaning that next-day newspapers would no longer contain the election's results, instead directing readers to the Internet. On June 13, 2013, Gannett announced plans to buy Dallas-based Belo Corporation for $1.5 billion and the assumption of debt. The purchase would add 20 additional stations to Gannett's portfolio and make the company the fourth largest television broadcaster in the U.
S. with 43 stations. Because of ownership conflicts that exist in markets where both Belo and Gannett own television stations and newspapers, the use of a third-party company as a licensee to buy stations to be operated by the owner of a same-market competitor and concerns about any possible future consolidation o
My Brother and Me
My Brother and Me is an American black sitcom, which ran on Nickelodeon from October 15, 1994 through January 15, 1995 with reruns until early 2000. The show centers on the Parkers, a family living in the west side of Charlotte, North Carolina, who experience the highs and lows of everyday life; the series starred Arthur Reggie III as pre-teen son Alfie, Ralph Woolfolk IV as his younger brother Dee-Dee, Aisling Sistrunk as older sister Melanie, Karen E. Fraction as mother Jennifer Parker, Jim R. Coleman as father Roger Parker, Jimmy Lee Newman Jr. as Alfie's troublesome best friend, Milton "Goo" Berry. Reruns of the program aired during The'90s Are All That block on TeenNick on December 24, 26, 28, 2013, marking the first time the series has aired on television since 2000. In June 2014, Nickelodeon released My Brother & Me: The Complete Series as a two-disc manufacture on demand release through Amazon.com in region 1. Arthur Reggie III as Alfred "Alfie" Parker: Dee-Dee's older brother and younger brother to Melanie.
Best friends with Goo. He is 11 years old, he turns 12 in "The Surprise." Ralph Woolfolk IV as Derek "Dee-Dee" Parker: Alfie and Melanie's youngest brother. He looks up to Alfie. Best friends with Donnell and Harry, he is 8 years old and hasn't built common sense, explored in one episode when he went against his parents and Alfie's wishes not to get a hair cut similar to Cool Dr. Money as the cut wasn't age appropriate, he gave Alfie good advice in "The Robin Hood Play" in not getting worked up in wearing tights and let it distract form his performance on TV. Dee-Dee has a stuff dog named Bernie. Jimmy Lee Newman, Jr. as Milton "Goo" Berry: Alfie's best friend, in love with Melanie. He is 11 years old, his sweet talk fools Jennifer, but Roger and the others see past it. Although he picks on Dee-Dee, Harry and Dionne he has shown to consider them as friends. Goo is insulted in "The Basketball Tryouts" when the coach kept calling him "Blue" instead of Goo Aisling Sistrunk as Melanie Parker: Alfie and Dee-Dee's older sister and the object of Goo's affections, however she is repulsed by him.
She is best friends with Dionne. She is 15 years old. Karen E. Fraction as Jennifer Parker: The kids' mother who falls for Goo's sweet talk, she has Helen. She is 36 years old. Jim Coleman as Roger Parker: The kids' father, he is 33 years old. Unlike Jennifer, Roger is more wary of Goo's sweet talk, he has a habit of telling boring stories about his childhood and his older brother Lawrence to his family, which they run away from. Stefan J. Wernli as Donnell Wilburn: Dee-Dee's best friend besides Harry and Dionne's little brother, he is 8 years old. He turns 9 in "Donnell's Birthday Party." Amanda Seales as Dionne Wilburn: Melanie's best friend and Donnell's older sister. She is 13 years old. Dionne has a habit of being pessimistic and comes up with negative scenarios which sometimes involves her crush name Tim that annoy Melanie, she is antagonistic towards Goo whenever he insults her. Christopher Guerriero as Milton Garcia Keith "Bubba" Naylor as Harry White: Dee-Dee's best friend besides Donnell, he is 8 years old.
Renaldo Ferguson as Himself Kym Whitley as Mrs. Pinckney: The owner of the comic book store. She's sometimes bossy towards Dee Dee and Harry by kicking them out of her store if they did something wrong or don't have any money to pay. Pinckney was supportive of Dee-Dee when he suggested that Kendall Gill attend the charity carnival She's 33 years old. Willie Brunson as Moo Berry: Goo's cousin, a classmate of Dee-Dee's. Florence Anthony as Aunt Helen: Jennifer's sister, Roger's sister-in-law and the children's aunt. Vanessa Baden as Janaya, age 8. Kendall Gill as Himself, age 26. Mekia Cox Anais Adell Kenny Layne, age 13. Misty Lee Gentle Micah Cox Patricia Kizzie Art Dohany Avis Marie Barnes as Mrs. Wilburn: Dionne and Donnell's mother. Dennis Scott as Coach Hancock Tony Delana as Cool Dr. Money Lee Hastings Ana Palmas Sunny Raskin Katrina Webster In the first episode of the series, Charlotte Hornets starter Kendall Gill made a guest appearance. Gill was a member of the Seattle SuperSonics at the time.
The show featured former Orlando Magic small forward Dennis Scott as a coach, in the episode "Basketball Tryouts". It would feature Kenny Layne, the kid who had his hair cut similar to Cool Doctor Money. Layne is a professional wrestler formally signed to TNA Wrestling, where he is a two-time X Division Champion, signed to Ring Of Honor, he uses the ring name of "Kenny King". The show extensively uses interior monologues; every episode features the characters' "thoughts" overreacted responses to something another character says. This is prevalent in scenes revolving around the boys' father, who tells painfully boring stories about his brother, the kids' uncle Lawrence, forces the kids to endure his favorite dish, Mumbo-jumbo gumbo. A common catchphrase used in the show by multiple characters was "Don't hold your breath!" This was a typical response to an outlandish suggestion by another character. Another common catchphrase would occur when Dee-Dee would interrupt Goo in whatever story he was telling, promptly after Goo telling Dee-Dee off, he would say, "Now as I was saying, before I was so rudely interrupted...." and would continue onward with his story.
This occurrence happened quite on the show. Alfie said in most episodes "Aw, man!" when faced with a situation or outcome that troubled him (ex, his father caught wind of his plans to ch
Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna. The term terrestrial is more common in Europe and Latin America, while in the United States it is called broadcast or over-the-air television; the term "terrestrial" is used to distinguish this type from the newer technologies of satellite television, in which the television signal is transmitted to the receiver from an overhead satellite, cable television, in which the signal is carried to the receiver through a cable. Terrestrial television was the first technology used for television broadcasting, with the first public television broadcast from Schenectady, NY, in January, 1928; the BBC began broadcasting in 1929 and by 1930 many radio stations had a regular schedule of experimental television programmes. However, these early experimental systems had insufficient picture quality to attract the public, due to their mechanical scan technology, television did not become widespread until after World War II with the advent of electronic scan television technology.
The television broadcasting business followed the model of radio networks, with local television stations in cities and towns affiliated with television networks, either commercial or government-controlled, which provided content. Television broadcasts were in black and white until the transition to color television in the 1950s and 60s. There was no other method of television delivery until the 1950s with the beginnings of cable television and community antenna television. CATV was only a re-broadcast of over-the-air signals. With the widespread adoption of cable across the United States in the 1970s and 1980s, viewing of terrestrial television broadcasts has been in decline. A slight increase in use began after the 2009 final conversion to digital terrestrial television broadcasts, which offer HDTV image quality as an alternative to CATV for cord cutters. Following the ST61 conference, UHF frequencies were first used in the UK in 1964 with the introduction of BBC2. In UK, VHF channels were kept on the old 405-line system, while UHF was used for 625-line broadcasts.
Television broadcasting in the 405-line system continued after the introduction of four analogue programmes in the UHF bands until the last 405-line transmitters were switched off on January 6, 1985. VHF Band III was used in other countries around Europe for PAL broadcasts until planned phase out and switchover to digital television; the success of analogue terrestrial television across Europe varied from country to country. Although each country had rights to a certain number of frequencies by virtue of the ST61 plan, not all of them were brought into service. In 1941, the first NTSC standard was introduced by the National Television System Committee; this standard defined a transmission scheme for a black and white picture with 525 lines of vertical resolution at 60 fields per second. In the earl of the first tragic 1950s, this standard was superseded by a backwards-compatible standard for color television; the NTSC standard was being used in the Americas as well as Japan until the introduction of digital terrestrial television.
While Mexico have ended all its analogue television broadcasts and the US and Canada have shut down nearly all of their analogue TV stations, the NTSC standard continues to be used in the rest of Latin American countries while testing their DTT platform. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the Advanced Television Systems Committee developed the ATSC standard for digital high definition terrestrial transmission; this standard was adopted by many American countries, including the United States, Dominican Republic, Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras. The Pan-American terrestrial television operates on analog channels 2 through 6, 7 through 13, 14 through 51. Unlike with analog transmission, ATSC channel numbers do not correspond to radio frequencies. Instead, a virtual channel is defined as part of the ATSC stream metadata so that a station can transmit on any frequency but still show the same channel number. Additionally, free-to-air television repeaters and signal boosters can be used to rebroadcast a terrestrial television signal using an otherwise unused channel to cover areas with marginal reception.
Analog television channels 2 through 6, 7 through 13, 14 through 51 are only used for LPTV translator stations in the U. S. Channels 52 through 69 are still used by some existing stations, but these channels must be vacated if telecommunications companies notify the stations to vacate that signal spectrum. By convention, broadcast television signals are transmitted with horizontal polarization. Terrestrial television broadcast in Asia started as early as 1939 in Japan through a series of experiments done by NHK Broadcasting Institute of Technology. However, these experiments were interrupted by the beginning of the World War II in the Pacific. On February 1, 1953, NHK began broadcasting. On August 28, 1953, Nippon TV, the first commercial television broadcaster in Asia was launched. Meanwhile, in the Philippines, Alto Broadcasting System, the