Juz'

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A juzʼ (Arabic: جُزْءْ‎, plural أَجْزَاءْ ajzāʼ,[1] literally meaning "part") is one of thirty parts of varying lengths into which the Quran is divided.[2][3]

Overview[edit]

Division into juz has no relevance to the meaning of the Quran and anyone can start reading from anywhere in the Quran.[4] During medieval times, when it was too costly for most Muslims to purchase a manuscript, copies of the Quran were kept in mosques and made accessible to people; these copies frequently took the form of a series of thirty parts (juz').[5] Some use these divisions to facilitate recitation of the Quran in a month—such as during Ramadan,[2][3] when the entire Quran is recited in the Tarawih prayers, usually one juz a night.[citation needed]

A juz is further divided into two ahzab (lit. "groups", singular: hizb), therefore, there are 60 ahzab. Each hizb (group) is subdivided into four quarters, making eight quarters per juz, called maqra. There are 240 of these quarters (maqras) in the Quran. These maqra are often used as sections for revision when memorizing the Quran.[6]

The most commonly memorized juz is juzʾ amma, which is the 30th juz and contains chapters (sura) 78 through 114, most of the shortest chapters of the Quran. Juzʾ amma is named after the 1st word of the 30th chapter (chapter 78) in that juz'.[7]

Distribution of surah across ajzāʼ, with the length of the bar corresponding to a surah being proportionate to the number of letters of the surah in the juz divided by the total number of letters in the juz.

Juz - 30 Parts of the Quran in a simpler view:

Juz' # – Chapter Verse – Chapter Verse
Juz’ 1 – Al Fatiha 1 – Al Baqarah 141
Juz’ 2 – Al Baqarah 142 – Al Baqarah 252
Juz’ 3 – Al Baqarah 253 – Al Imran 92
Juz’ 4 – Al Imran 93 – An Nisa 23
Juz’ 5 – An Nisa 24 – An Nisa 147
Juz’ 6 – An Nisa 148 – Al Ma’idah 81
Juz’ 7 – Al Ma’idah 82 – Al An’am 110
Juz’ 8 – Al An’am 111 – Al A’raf 87
Juz’ 9 – Al A’raf 88 – Al Anfal 40
Juz’ 10 – Al Anfal 41 – At Tauba 92
Juz’ 11 – At Tauba 93 – Hud 5
Juz’ 12 – Hud 6 – Yusuf 52
Juz’ 13 – Yusuf 53 – Ibrahim 52
Juz’ 14 – Al Hijr 1 – An Nahl 128
Juz’ 15 – Al Israa 1 – Al Kahf 74
Juz’ 16 – Al Kahf 75 – Ta Ha 135
Juz’ 17 – Al Anbiyaa 1 – Al Hajj 78
Juz’ 18 – Al Muminun 1 – Al Furqan 20
Juz’ 19 – Al Furqan 21 – An Naml 55
Juz’ 20 – An Naml 56 – Al Ankabut 45
Juz’ 21 – Al Ankabut 46 – Al Ahzab 30
Juz’ 22 – Al Ahzab 31 – Ya Sin 27
Juz’ 23 – Ya Sin 28 – Az Zumar 31
Juz’ 24 – Az Zumar 32 – Fussilat 46
Juz’ 25 – Fussilat 47 – Al Jathiya 37
Juz’ 26 – Al Ahqaf 1 – Az Zariyat 30
Juz’ 27 – Az Zariyat 31 – Al Hadid 29
Juz’ 28 – Al Mujadila 1 – At Tahrim 12
Juz’ 29 – Al Mulk 1 – Al Mursalat 50
Juz’ 30 – An Nabaa 1 – An Nas 6

Juz Hizb Suras
1. Bismillahi or Alhamdulillah or Alif Laam Meem (الم) 1 (1:1) - (2:74)
2 (2:75) - (2:141)
2. Sayaqūl 3 (2:142) - (2:202)
4 (2:203) - (2:252)
3. Tilka -r-rusul 5 (2:253) - (3:14)
6 (3:15) - (3:92)
4. Lan Tana Lu 7 (3:93) - (3:170)
8 (3:171) - (4:23)
5. W-al-muḥṣanāt 9 (4:24) - (4:87)
10 (4:88) - (4:147)
6. Lā yuẖibbu-llāh 11 (4:148) - (5:26)
12 (5:27) - (5:81)
7. Wa ʾidha samiʿū 13 (5:82) - (6:35)
14 (6:36) - (6:110)
8. Wa law ʾannanā 15 (6:111) - (6:165)
16 (7:1) - (7:87)
9. Qāl al-malāʾ 17 (7:88) - (7:170)
18 (7:171) - (8:40)
10. W-aʿlamū 19 (8:41) - (9:33)
20 (9:34) - (9:92)
11. Yaʾtadhirūna 21 (9:93) - (10:25)
22 (10:26) - (11:5)
12. Wa mā min dābbah 23 (11:6) - (11:83)
24 (11:84) - (12:52)
13. Wa mā ʾubarriʾu 25 (12:53) - (13:18)
26 (13:19) - (14:52)
14. ʾRuba Maʾ 27 (15:1) - (16:50)
28 (16:51) - (16:128)
15. Subḥāna -lladhi 29 (17:1) - (17:98)
30 (17:99) - (18:74)
16. Qāla ʾa-lam 31 (18:75) - (19:98)
32 (20:1) - (20:135)
17. Iqtaraba li-n-nās 33 (21:1) - (21:112)
34 (22:1) - (22:78)
18. Qad ʾaflaḥa 35 (23:1) - (24:20)
36 (24:21) - (25:20)
19. Wa-qāla -lladhīna 37 (25:21) - (26:110)
38 (26:111) - (27:55)
20. Famā kāna jawāba 39 (27:56) - (28:50)
40 (28:51) - (29:45)
21. Wa Lā Tujādiluuu 41 (29:46) - (31:21)
42 (31:22) - (33:30)
22. Wa-man yaqnut 43 (33:31) - (34:23)
44 (34:24) - (36:27)
23. Wa-mā-anzalna 45 (36:28) - (37:144)
46 (37:145) - (39:31)
24. Fa-man ʾaẓlamu 47 (39:32) - (40:40)
48 (40:41) - (41:46)
25. ʾIlaihi yuraddu 49 (41:47) - (43:23)
50 (43:24) - (45:37)
26. Ḥāʾ Mīm 51 (46:1) - (48:17)
52 (48:18) - (51:30)
27. Qāla fa-mā khatbukum 53 (51:31) - (54:55)
54 (55:1) - (57:29)
28. Qad samiʿa -llāhu 55 (58:1) - (61:14)
56 (62:1) - (66:12)
29. Tabāraka -lladhi 57 (67:1) - (71:28)
58 (72:1) - (77:50)
30. ʿAmma 59 (78:1) - (86:17)
60 (87:1) - (114:6)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farhad, Massumeh. "Art of Quran Preview" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution. p. 31. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b "BBC - Religions - Islam: The Qur'an". BBC. 14 July 2011. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  3. ^ a b "Quran Technical Observations". eweb.furman.edu. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  4. ^ Quran divisions
  5. ^ Rippin, edited by Andrew (2007). The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'an. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 180 (by François Déroche). ISBN 1405178442.
  6. ^ Razavian, Seiied Mohammad Javad (22 December 2017). "The quran Package" (PDF). Harvey Mudd College. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  7. ^ ORGANIZATION OF THE QUR'AN by M. Amir Ali ilaam.net