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Joshimath known as Jyotirmath, is a city and a municipal board in Chamoli District in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Located at a height of 6150 feet, it is a gateway to several Himalayan mountain climbing expeditions, trekking trails and pilgrim centres like Badrinath, it is home to one of the four cardinal pīthas established by Adi Shankara. Between 7th and 11th centuries C. E. Katyuri kings, who were from Joshimath, ruled the area of varying extent from their capital at "Katyur" valley in Kumaon; the Katyuri dynasty was founded by Vashudev Katyuri. The ancient Basdeo temple at Joshimath is attributed to Vasu Dev. Vasu Dev was of Buddhist origin, but followed Brahminical practices and the brahminical practices of Katyuri kings in general is sometimes attributed to a vigorous campaign of Adi Shankara. Katyuri kings were displaced by the Chand Kings in the 11th century AD; as of 2011 India census, there are total 3,898 families residing in the Joshimath city. The total population of Joshimath is 16,709 out of which 6,721 are females.

Thus the Average Sex Ratio of Joshimath is 673. The population of Children of age 0–6 years in Joshimath city is 2103, 13% of the total population. There are 976 female children between the age 0 -- 6 years, thus as per the Census 2011 the Child Sex Ratio of Joshimath is 866, greater than Average Sex Ratio. As per the Census 2011, the literacy rate of Joshimath is 91.3% up from 77% in 2001. Thus Joshimath has a higher literacy rate compared to the 82.7 % of Chamoli. The male literacy rate is 84.5% and the female literacy rate is 72.8% in Joshimath. Joshimath had a population of 13,202 in 2001. Jyotirmath is the uttarāmnāya matha, or northern monastery, one of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankara, the others being those at Shringeri and Dwarka, their heads are titled "Shankaracharya". According to the tradition initiated by Adi Shankara, this matha is in charge of the Atharvaveda. Jyotirmath is close to the pilgrimage town of Badrinath; this place can be a base station for travellers going to Guru Gobind Ghat or the Valley of Flowers National Park.

The temple Narasimha, is enshrined Badrinarayan along with a pantheon of deities. The presiding deity Lord Narasimha is believed to have been established by Adi Sankara, it is one of the "Divya Desams", the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 Tamil poet-saints or Alvars. Joshimath Cantonment is one of the important military stations of Indian Army, present in Uttarakhand, it is the scout battalion of the Garhwal Rifles. It is the closest army station to the Indo-Tibetan Border, it was used as a base camp for the rescue of the victims of 2013 Kedarnath Floods. This is the math established by Adi Shankaracharya in North India; the math has temples of Rajrajeshwari Devi. It has a sacred cave where Adi Shankaracharya undertook tapasya; this is an ancient temple of main temple of Joshimath. It has an idol of Lord Narsingh, considered established by Shankaracharya; as per local belief, the right hand of this idol has become as thin as hair. On the day when it will break, the mountains Jay-Vijay shall join and become one and Lord Badrinath of Badrinath temple will disappear from the present temple and re-appear as black stone at new place called Bhavishya Badri, situated at a distance of 10 km from Joshimath.

During the period when Badrinath temple remains closed during winter every year, an idol of Lord Badri is brought to Narsinh temple and worshiped for six months. As per local belief, present Kedarnath will disappear along with Badrinath and re-appear in Bhavishya Kedar temple at Joshimath; this temple has a small shivling. Tapovan is situated 10 km from Joshimath, it has natural hot water springs. The river Dhauliganga is visible from this spot. A ropeway to Auli is popular among one of the longest ropeways in Asia, it costs more than Rs 700 for a journey. The ropeway is under repair and tourists may have to take a taxi to go to Auli. A temple is located 6 km away from the main town of Joshimath toward Rishikesh highway. Kalpeshwar is situated near the village called Urgam, located in a valley. Urgam is off the highway NH-58 and is reached from Helang, situated at about 18 km from Joshimath. There are sometimes shared vans from Helang to Nyari/Urgam before noon. Public bus transportation is available everyday from Joshimath to Helang from 5AM to 7AM.

The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun 293 km away. The nearest railway station is at Rishikesh. Haridwar railway junction, 24 km farther from Rishikesh, has train connections to most of the major cities in India. Joshimath lies on national highway NH58 that connects Delhi with Badrinath and Mana Pass in Uttarakhand near the Indo-Tibet border. Therefore, all the buses and vehicles that carry pilgrims from New Delhi to Badrinath via Haridwar and Rishikesh in the pilgrim season of the summer months pass through Joshimath. Rishikesh is the major starting point for a road journey to Joshimath. Regular buses operate from Rishikesh bus station to Joshimath; the road distance from Rishikesh to Joshimath is 251 km via Chamoli. Adi Shankara Shankaracharya Kalady, Kerala - the holy birthplace of Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya Govardhan Peetham, Odisha Dwarka Sharada Peetham, Gujarat Shri Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Karnataka Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham, Tamil Nadu Gauḍapāda Govinda Bhagavatpada Shri

The Devil of the Earth

The Devil of the Earth is a Japanese action adventure shōnen manga by Osamu Tezuka, published in 1954.""'==Plot== "The Devil of the Earth" is an anti-war science fiction short story depicting a giant city built under the ground as a shelter from world wars, conspiracies over its construction. One day, in a small village, a large project to build an underground city begins under the supervision of Dr. Takano with the specific aim of preparing for nuclear war. Eiji and his brother Eizo are forced to get involved in terrible plots over the construction after a village boy is hit and killed by one of the construction trucks. A mysterious man called Demonobirth appears. Who is he, what will happen to the boys? The story takes an unexpected turn. Eiji: One of two brothers caught in a range of conspiracies revolving around the underground city's construction. Eizou: Eiji's brother, caught up in the events surrounding the underground city's construction. Rock as "Kenbo": Doctor Takano: The scientist leading the construction of the underground city.

Sumiko: Demonobirth: A mysterious, masked man who appears in the small village for unknown reasons. List of Osamu Tezuka manga Osamu Tezuka Osamu Tezuka's Star System "Devil of the Earth" manga page at TezukaOsamu@World "Devil of the Earth" manga page at TezukaOsamu@World

Walter P. Chrysler Jr.

Walter Percy Chrysler Jr. was an American art collector, museum benefactor, collector of other objects such as stamps, rare books, glassworks. He was a theatre and film producer. Chrysler, whose father, Walter Chrysler, founded the Chrysler Corporation in 1925, was born in Oelwein and grew up on the family estate at Kings Point on Long Island, New York, he began collecting art as a fourteen-year-old student at The Hotchkiss School in Lakeville, Connecticut. Using $350 that his father had given him as a birthday present, Chrysler purchased a small watercolor landscape that featured an inch-high nude, he brought the painting to his room at school, his dorm master, believing that it was improper for a young gentleman to display a picture of a nude woman, confiscated the picture and destroyed it. The painting was by Renoir. Chrysler went on to Dartmouth College, where he started an art magazine called Five Arts with a fellow student and future art collector, Nelson Rockefeller. Leaving Dartmouth after his junior year in 1931, Chrysler embarked on a grand tour of Europe and met Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Henri Matisse, Fernand Léger, other avant-garde artists in Paris.

He soon amassed a large collection of modern art. He bought works by significant American artists such as Charles Burchfield, John Marin, Thomas Hart Benton. In 1934, Chrysler founded the Airtemp division of Chrysler Corporation, which developed the first automotive air-conditioning system. After establishing worldwide distribution, he transferred the patent to the parent company but remained a director. In the following year he became president of the Chrysler Building. On April 10, 1942, four months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Chrysler enlisted as a lieutenant junior grade in the U. S. Navy, he served as an avionics officer. When Chrysler's father died in 1940, he left Walter Chrysler Jr. one-quarter of an $8.8 million estate, together with real property, stocks and trust funds. In 1956, Chrysler retired from business life to devote himself to the arts. By this time, Chrysler had established a large art collection. In addition to his paintings, he had amassed an 8,000-piece collection of glass with holdings of Art Nouveau and 19th-century American art glass inspired by Chrysler's acquaintance with his Long Island neighbor Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Chrysler assisted in the development of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, serving as the first chairman of its library committee and contributing resources on Dadaism and Surrealism. His works were exhibited at the Detroit Institute of Arts and the Mellon Library. Although the visual arts were Chrysler's principal interest, he was active in theatre and filmmaking, he produced the Broadway plays The Strong Art Lonely and New Faces of 1952, the latter helping to launch the careers of Eartha Kitt and Mel Brooks. Chrysler produced the film The Joe Louis Story in 1953. Chrysler purchased a disused church in Provincetown, Massachusetts in 1958 for use as the Chrysler Art Museum of Provincetown. In 1962, Chrysler's art collection from his Provincetown museum was displayed at the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario; the Art Dealers Association of America asserted. That same year at Picasso's 80th birthday exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, the artist himself was shown photographs of six of his works owned by Chrysler, he wrote "faux" across two of them.

Chrysler never pressed a case against the dealers who had sold the works to him, but when his collection was transferred to the Chrysler Museum of Art in Norfolk, the suspect works were removed. It has been alleged. In 1971 the museum relocated to Norfolk after municipal authorities refused Chrysler's request for tax abatements, although it has been suggested he was asked to leave Provincetown by authorities due to persistent homosexual soliciting. Chrysler married Marguerite Sykes in New York City on April 29, 1938; the marriage was unhappy and short lived, a divorce was granted on December 4, 1939. While stationed in Norfolk during World War II, Chrysler met Jean Esther Outland, they married in 1945, they lived on the North Wales estate near Warrenton, where Mr. Chrysler bred racehorses and Mrs. Chrysler bred champion long-hair Chihuahuas; the couple had no children, Mrs. Chrysler predeceased her husband in 1982. Chrysler maintained a residence in New York, a home in Key West but he died near his museum in Norfolk after a long struggle with cancer.

Upon Chrysler's death, the Chrysler Museum received three-quarters of the Chrysler Family Trust. Chrysler, Walter Percy. Fox, Douglas Claughton. Collection of Walter P. Chrysler Jr: Exhibited for the First Time in Its Entirety by the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, January 16-March 4, 1941. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Chrysler, Walter Percy. Paintings from the Collection of Walter P. Chrysler Jr: An Exhibition Organized 1956 by the Portland Art Museum, Oregon. Portland, Oregon: Portland Art Association

2018 opinion rigging scandal in South Korea

The 2018 opinion rigging scandal in South Korea is a political scandal that erupted in April 2018 after a group of ardent supporters of the South Korean President Moon Jae-in had been charged with online opinion rigging. The accused suspects were the members of the ruling Democratic Party; the main perpetrator, as well as the leader of the pro-Moon group, was a well-known power-blogger called "Druking." Druking established a fake company known as the "Neureupnamu publishing company" in the city of Paju for organized opinion rigging. The accused used a macro program that can generate a barrage of online comments and likes in a few seconds in order to manipulate the public opinion in their favor; the scandal led to a clash of political parties in South Korea. The Blue House and the ruling Democratic Party insisted that they are a victim of the scandal, but the opposition parties emphasized that, since President Moon's involvement is suspected, this scandal is linked to the Moon administration's legitimacy.

They called for a special prosecutor investigation for scrutiny. On 21 May 2018, the National Assembly of South Korea passed a bill to appoint a special prosecutor to investigate the scandal. On 8 June president Moon has appointed former prosecutor and current lawyer Huh Ik-beom for the special prosecutor. Justice Party lawmaker and long-time progressive activist Roh Hoe-chan committed suicide on 23 July during the investigation. Kim Kyung-Soo, the current governor of South Gyeongsang Province and former lawmaker, was summoned by the Special Prosecutor, on 7 August; the special prosecutor issued the warrant for arrest on Kim, however the request was rejected by Seoul central district court. Prosecutor Huh announced the official end of investigation on 27 August without any extension of period; the prosecutor announced the conclusion, that governor Kim, lawmaker at that time, is accomplice to the scandal, will be under indictment without detention. The Minjoo Party spokesperson criticized the special prosecutor, claiming the investigation process depended only on Druking's testimonial, without any proper evidence.

In the special prosecutor investigation for Druking in South Korea, the special prosecutor team tried to decrypt files encrypted by TrueCrypt and he succeeded to decrypt some of them. The special prosecutor said, he decrypted some of encrypted files by inputting words that Druking group use as passwords into passphrases as parts of them. For instance, Druking group likes words such as Zi wei dou shu and KKM, so the special prosecutor team tried to input them into the passphrases as parts of them. After the special prosecutor team decrypted some of the encrypted files, Druking's associates changed their minds in the investigation

Habr Je'lo

The Habr Je’lo is a major sub-clan of the Isaaq. The Habr Je' lo reside in western Sanaag and western Sool regions; this sub-clan inhabits the Somali region in Ethiopia in the Degehbur zone. In pre-colonial times, the Habr Je’lo coastal settlements and ports, stretching from Siyara in the west to Heis in the east, were important to trade and communication with the Somali interior. While the settlements were not as significant as the more established ports of Berbera and Bulhar, the principle Habr Je’lo port of Kurrum was a major market for livestock and gums procured from the interior, was a favourite for livestock traders due to the close proximity of the port to Aden. Habr Je’lo traders acted as middlemen to Dhulbahante livestock herders in the interior by purchasing and/or bartering their stock for export to the Aden market: The Habr Je’lo were one of the first clans in the Somaliland Protectrate to revolt against the Colonial government between the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among their prominent anti-colonial ideologues during the Dervish period were Deria Arale, Deria Gure, Abdala Shihiri, Ibrahim Boghol and Haji Sudi, the latter is credited for importing Dervish customs into the Somali peninsula as well as being one of the original founders of the Somali Dervish Movement.

Moreover, the Habr Je'lo played an influential role after the demise of the Dervish Movement in 1920, with Sheikh Bashir Yussuf and Farah Omar being important anti-colonial notables. The Dervish movement first arose in Burao in 1899, where in the summer of that year Dervish leaders and their clan followers congregated at the settlement. Haji Suudi leading his clansmen declared war on the British lest they stop interfering with their religious and internal affairs; the dervish proceeded to send this letter to Captain Cordeauxe and James Hayes Sadler: This is to inform you that you have done whatever you have desired, oppressed our well-known religion without any cause. Further, to inform you that whatever people bring to you they are liars and slanderers. Further, to inform you that Mahomed, your Akil, came to ask from us the arms we therefore, send you this letter. Now choose for yourself. September 1, 1899. Accoridng to the British War Office, the Ahmed Farah, Rer Yusuf and Adan Madoba Habr Je'lo sub-clans were among the first to join the Dervish rebellion.

Haji Sudi, along with Mohammed Abdullah Hassan and Sultan Nur led the first Dervish forces against the British at Samala, Ferdidin and Gumburu. Moreover, The coastal Habr Je'lo sub-clans provided significant armaments to the Dervish forces in the interior. Before sending troops to confront the Dervish at Samala, Consul-General Hayes Sadler gave the following instructions to the commander Eric John Eagles Swayne: In the unlikely event of the Mullah offering to surrender, in his case and that of the Following: Haji Sudi, Deria Arale, Deria Gure Only an unconditional surrender should be accepted no guarantee of any kind to future treatment been given. Sultan Nur, the Sultan of the Habr Yunis, may be guaranteed his life." J. Hayes-Sadler, His Britannic Majesty's Consul-General, Somali Coast Protectorate. Aden April 11, 1901." Although facing the British in multiple battles between 1901 and 1904, the colonial forces failed to in their efforts to apprehend Sudi, Arale and their fellow Dervishes. Gabriel Ferrand, the Vice-Consul of France following these events observed that: Neither the Mahdi nor his chief adviser Ahmed Warsama, better known under the name Haji Sudi, nor the Sultan Nur, leader of the Habr Younis clan were killed or captured.

The optimism of Colonel Sadler and Lieutenant-Colonel Swayne in the latest reports relating to military operations is inexplicable." Abdalah Shihiri and Deria Arale led the 1904 Dervish delegation that facilitated the Ilig or Pestollaza agreement between the Dervish and Italy. This treaty allowed the Dervishes to peacefully settle in Italian Somaliland with some autonomy. In 1920, the British air force commenced their bombardment of Dervish fort and their ground assault on Taleh fort. Haji Sudi, the highest ranking Dervish after Mohammed Abdullah Hassan and Ibrahim Boghol, commander of the northern Dervish army died valiantly defending the Taleh. Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud, former president of Somaliland Sheekh Bashiir, religious leader and post-dervish anti-colonial figure Farah Omar, anti-colonial ideologue and founder of the first Somali Association Hadraawi, most notable contemporary Somali poet Haji Sudi, chief lieutenant and one of the leaders of the Somali Dervish rebellion. Ibrahim Boghol, member of the Dervish council and commander of the northern Dervish army Musa Haji Ismail Galal, Somali linguist and historian who reformed the Somali Wadaad script and immensely contributed to the creation of the Somali Latin script

National team appearances in the UEFA European Championship

This article lists the performances of each of the 34 national teams out of UEFA's 55 current member associations which have made at least one appearance in the UEFA European Championship finals. Legend * hostsNotes Breakdown of successor teams As of UEFA Euro 2016In this ranking 3 points are awarded for a win, 1 for a draw and 0 for a loss; as per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws. Teams are ranked by total points by goal difference by goals scored. Notes Breakdown of successor teams Each final tournament has had at least one team appearing for the first time. A total of 34 UEFA members have reached the finals. Notes Legend 1st – Champions 2nd – Runners-up 3rd – Third place 4th – Fourth place SF – Semi-finals QF – Quarter-finals R16 – Round of 16 GS – Group stage Q – Qualified for upcoming tournament • – Did not qualify •× – Disqualified × – Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned – HostsFor each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament are shown.

Notes Legend * co-hostsThe tournament hosts did not qualify automatically from 1960 to 1976, as well as 2020. Notes Legend * hostsNotes As of UEFA Euro 2016The losing semi-finalists since 1984 are counted under bronze; this is a list of active consecutive participations of national teams in the UEFA European Championships. Notes This is a list of droughts associated with the participation of national teams in the UEFA European Championships. Does not include teams that have not yet made their first appearance or teams that no longer exist. Notes Only includes droughts begun after a team's first appearance and until the team ceased to exist; as of qualification for UEFA Euro 2020. Notes The following 21 teams which are current UEFA members have never qualified for the European Championship. Legend • – Did not qualify × – Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned – Co-host of the final tournamentFor each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament are shown. Notes East Germany played in eight qualification competitions before the reunification of Germany in 1990.