Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each. Each player uses a racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net. The object of the game is to play the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return, the player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will. Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society, the sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis and it had close connections both to various field games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport of real tennis. The rules of tennis have changed little since the 1890s, two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, and the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s.
Tennis is played by millions of players and is a popular worldwide spectator sport. Historians believe that the ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France. Louis X of France was a player of jeu de paume, which evolved into real tennis. Louis was unhappy with playing tennis outdoors and accordingly had indoor, in due course this design spread across royal palaces all over Europe. Because of the accounts of his death, Louis X is historys first tennis player known by name. Another of the enthusiasts of the game was King Charles V of France. It wasnt until the 16th century that rackets came into use, and the game began to be called tennis, from the French term tenez, an interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. It was popular in England and France, although the game was played indoors where the ball could be hit off the wall. Henry VIII of England was a big fan of this game, during the 18th century and early 19th century, as real tennis declined, new racket sports emerged in England.
This in turn led to the codification of rules for many sports, including lawn tennis, most football codes, lawn bowls. In 1872, along with two doctors, they founded the worlds first tennis club in Leamington Spa. Evans, turfgrass agronomist, Sports historians all agree that deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis, according to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield popularized this game enormously
Julien Benneteau is a French professional tennis player. His career-high singles ranking is ATP world no,25, which he reached in November 2014. He formerly resided in Boulogne-Billancourt and now lives in Geneva, Benneteau is generally regarded as one of the best singles players on the tour who has not won a title, finishing as runner-up in ten ATP tournaments. He reached the quarterfinals of the 2006 French Open and the semifinals of the 2014 Cincinnati Masters and he reached his career-high doubles ranking of world no.5 in November 2014. In the 1999 Orange Bowl Benneteau won the Boys 16s double title, as a junior, Benneteau reached as high as no.17 in the world in 1999. He win US Open Junior with Nicolas Mahut in 1999, at the 2006 French Open, Benneteau reached the quarterfinals by defeating Janko Tipsarević, Australian Open finalist Marcos Baghdatis, Radek Štěpánek, and Alberto Martín. There, he was defeated in straight sets by fourth-seeded Ivan Ljubičić of Croatia, the Frenchman finished the 2008 season in the top 50 for the second time in three years.
During the season, he reached two ATP finals, at Casablanca, where he lost to fellow countryman Gilles Simon, and in his final tournament of the season at Lyon, where he lost to Robin Söderling. In May 2009, he entered the Interwetten Austrian Open in Kitzbühel as a loser and reached his third career final. In the quarterfinals of the 2009 Western & Southern Financial Group Masters and he lost the rally when he smashed a lob that grazed the net and went wide. He reached the round of the 2012 French Open, losing to world no.8 Janko Tipsarević. In the third round of Wimbledon 2012, Benneteau led Federer by two sets before eventually being defeated in five sets, in the 2012 Olympics in London, he captured the bronze medal in doubles with Richard Gasquet. At the 2013 ABN AMRO Open in Rotterdam, Benneteau again beat top seed and he beat compatriot Gilles Simon in the semifinals, but was not able to overcome Juan Martín del Potro in the final, disappointingly failing yet again to clinch a title. During the clay season, he beat Nicolás Almagro at the Rome Masters, at Roland Garros he was 30th seed, he lost in the third round to Roger Federer.
At the Eastbourne grass tournament, the Frenchman beat Kevin Anderson in the first round, at Wimbledon, he lost to Fernando Verdasco in the second round. Benneteau was defeated by Andy Murray in the round of the Cincinnati Masters. At the US Open, he defeated Jérémy Chardy in the second round, Benneteau reached the final of the 2013 Malaysian Open for the second year running after beating Stan Wawrinka, but was once again beaten in the final, this time by unseeded João Sousa in three sets. He had won the first set and was within a game of winning the title at 5-4 in the second set, at Valencia he won over Feliciano López in the first round, but lost to David Ferrer in the second round
The Australian Open is a major tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. First held in 1905, the tournament is chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events of the year – the other three being the French Open and the US Open. It features mens and womens singles, mens and mixed doubles and juniors championships, as well as wheelchair, the Australian Open typically has high attendances and occasionally exceeding the US Open. The tournament holds the record for the highest attendance at a Grand Slam event, the Australian Open is managed by Tennis Australia, formerly the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, and was first played at the Warehousemans Cricket Ground in Melbourne in November 1905. This facility is now known as the Albert Reserve Tennis Centre, the tournament was first known as the Australasian Championships and became the Australian Championships in 1927 and the Australian Open in 1969. Since 1905, the Australian Open has been staged in five Australian and two New Zealand cities, Sydney, Brisbane, Perth and Hastings.
Though started in 1905, the tournament was not designated as being a championship until 1924. The tournament committee changed the structure of the tournament to include seeding at that time, in 1972, it was decided to stage the tournament in Melbourne each year because it attracted the biggest patronage of any Australian city. The tournament was played at the Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club from 1972 until the move to the new Melbourne Park complex in 1988, the new facilities at Melbourne Park were envisaged to meet the demands of a tournament that had outgrown Kooyongs capacity. The move to Melbourne Park was an success, with a 90 percent increase in attendance in 1988 on the previous year at Kooyong. Because of Australias geographic remoteness, very few foreign players entered this tournament in the early 20th century, in the 1920s, the trip by ship from Europe to Australia took about 45 days. The first tennis players who came by boats were the US Davis Cup players in November 1946, even inside the country, many players could not travel easily.
When the tournament was held in Perth, no one from Victoria or New South Wales crossed by train, in Christchurch in 1906, of a small field of 10 players, only two Australians attended and the tournament was won by a New Zealander. The first tournaments of the Australasian Championships suffered from the competition of the other Australasian tournaments, before 1905, all Australian states and New Zealand had their own championships, the first organised in 1880 in Melbourne and called the Championship of the Colony of Victoria. In those years, the best two players – Australian Norman Brookes and New Zealander Anthony Wilding – almost did not play this tournament, Brookes came once and won in 1911, and Wilding entered and won the competition twice. Their meetings in the Victorian Championships helped to determine the best Australasian players, even when the Australasian Championships were held in Hastings, New Zealand, in 1912, though three times Wimbledon champion, did not come back to his home country.
It was a problem for all players of the era. Brookes went to Europe only three times, where he reached the Wimbledon Challenge Round once and won Wimbledon twice
Robert Charles Bob Bryan is an American male professional tennis player. He has won twenty-three Grand Slam titles,16 in mens doubles and 7 in mixed doubles, with his twin brother Mike, he has been world No.1 doubles player for much of the last several years, first achieving the top ranking in September 2003. The brothers were named ATP Team of the Decade for 2000–2009, the brothers became the second mens doubles team to complete the career golden slam at the 2012 Summer Olympics. 1 ranked singles player in the nation in 1998 after winning the clay court nationals, the brothers were back-to-back Kalamazoo doubles champions in 1995 and 1996 and won the US Open Junior doubles title in 1996. He played for Stanford University in 1997 and 1998, where he helped the Cardinal win back-to-back NCAA team championships, in 1998, he won the Triple Crown by taking the NCAA singles and team titles. He was the first man to accomplish this since Stanfords Alex OBrien did it in 1992, both brothers started their professional careers playing World TeamTennis for teams like the Idaho Sneakers through the current season for the Kansas City Explorers.
With his twin brother Mike, Bob has won 89 doubles titles, in 2005, the Bryan brothers made it to the finals of all four Grand Slam tournaments, only the second time a mens doubles team has done this during the open era. In 2006, the Bryan brothers won Wimbledon and the Australian Open and they repeated their Australian Open victory in 2007. As of February 2,2009, the Bryan brothers both as a team and individually are ranked World No.1 by the Association of Tennis Professionals, six times they were the year-ending top-ranked team, in 20032005,2006, and 2007,2009, and 2010. The Bryan brothers have been frequent participants on U. S. Davis Cup teams, the United States sealed its 32nd title at the 2007 Davis Cup. The Bryans guest starred on 8 Simple Rules and they were featured on the Jan/Feb 2010 cover of Making Music Magazine. Their father, Wayne Bryan, wrote a book about his sons, The Formula, together with his twin brother Mike Bryan, the pair has won the most Davis Cup matches of any doubles team for the United States.
Bob holds the record for most years played in the Davis Cup for the U. S and he holds a 4-2 career record in singles ties. By winning the 2006 Wimbledon title, Bryan completed the mens doubles Career Grand Slam and he became the 19th individual player and, with Mike Bryan, the 7th doubles pair to achieve this
Eric Taino is a retired ATP Tour American tennis player who represented the Philippines in international competition. He started a career in 1997. Before turning pro, he was the #1 player and captain of the #2 nationally ranked UCLA tennis team and his teammates at UCLA included fellow pros Justin Gimelstob and Kevin Kim. In 2006, Taino won the medal in the mens doubles tournament at the Asian Games held in Doha. Taino, with partner Cecil Mamiit, lost to Indian pair Mahesh Bhupathi, Taino played for the Philippines Davis Cup team until 2008. Since his retirement, Taino returned to UCLA to finish his degree and remains active in tennis and playing in Los Angeles, Eric Taino at the Association of Tennis Professionals Eric Taino at the International Tennis Federation Eric Taino at the Davis Cup
Guillermo Sebastián Coria, nicknamed El Mago, is a retired professional tennis player from Argentina. He reached a career-high Association of Tennis Professionals world No.3 singles ranking on May 3,2004 and he was named after French Open champion and compatriot Guillermo Vilas. Coria turned professional in 2000, finishing 2003,2004, and 2005 as a top-10 player and he was one of the fastest players on the Association of Tennis Professionals tour, consistently showing exceptional performances in clay-court tournaments. His playing style was that of a counter-puncher and he was considered the King of Clay between 2003–2005 by reaching 6 out of 8 possible Masters finals on clay during that period. While at the French Open, he reached semifinals in 2003. As a junior, Coria reached a ranking of world No.2 in singles, Coria won the Orange Bowl 16s in 1997, and reached the finals of Orange Bowl 18s in 1998, where he was defeated by future world No.1 Roger Federer. Coria won the singles title at the 1999 French Open without dropping a single set, beating his friend and fellow Argentine.
One month at the 1999 Wimbledon Championships, in singles, as 3rd seed, Coria reached semifinals without dropping a set, where he was defeated by 1st seed Kristian Pless in straight sets. In doubles of the tournament, however, as 1st seeds and Nalbandian teamed up to win the boys doubles title by beating Todor Enev. Coria tested positive for nandrolone in April 2001 after a match in Barcelona against Michel Kratochvil, Coria was initially banned from tennis for two years, starting in August 2001, and was fined $98,565. Coria claimed that the supplement that he was taking was a multivitamin made by a New Jersey supplements company. His family employed a private lab to test the multivitamin, which was found to be contaminated with steroids. In December 2001, the ATP refused to acquit Coria, Coria sued the New Jersey supplements company for more than $10 million in lost prize money and endorsements and settled after the third day of the trial for an undisclosed amount. As a result of the seven months during which Coria was banned from playing tennis, his ranking dropped from No.32 to No.97.
2002 was, therefore, a year for Coria. Coria went on to win his first Masters Series title at the 2003 Hamburg Masters by defeating Agustín Calleri in the final in three straight sets. At the 2003 French Open, Coria defeated Andre Agassi in four sets in the quarterfinals, before suffering a loss to Martin Verkerk. He won these three tournaments without dropping a set, dishing out five bagels and eight breadsticks in the process and he finished the year ranked No.5 in the world
Wayne Richard Ferreira is a former professional tennis player from South Africa. As a junior player, Ferreira was ranked world no.1 junior doubles player and he won the junior doubles title at the US Open in 1989. He won his first ATP doubles title in Adelaide in 1991,1992 was Ferreiras breakthrough year on the tour. He started out by reaching the semifinals of the Australian Open, in June he won his first ATP singles title at Queens Club, London. His second singles title came just a few weeks at Schenectady and he teamed-up with compatriot Piet Norval to win the mens doubles silver medal for South Africa at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona. After a quieter year in 1993 in which he didnt win any singles titles and he won another four events in 1995. The biggest titles of Ferreiras career came at Toronto in 1996, Ferreira teamed-up with Amanda Coetzer in 2000 to win the Hopman Cup for South Africa. Ferreira is third for the most consecutive Grand Slam tournament appearances in mens tennis and he participated in 56 consecutive Grand Slams between the 1991 Australian Open and the 2004 US Open.
Ferreiras best Grand Slam results came at the Australian Open – where he reached the semi-finals twice in 1992 and 2003, during his career, Ferreira won 15 top-level singles titles and 11 doubles titles. His career-high rankings were world no.6 in singles and world n.9 in doubles and his career prize-money earnings totalled $9,969,617. Though Ferreira retired from the tour in 2005, he still plays on the Outback Champions Series senior tour. He finished both 2006 and 2007 fourth on points in that series and he is now residing in Lafayette, California. Ferreira is currently president and CEO of EcoloBlue and Energy and he is one of few players with a positive record against Roger Federer. Ferreira teamed up with Federer in the doubles at Wimbledon in 2001. They got to the round and were due to face Donald Johnson. Ferreira played with and endorsed rackets made by Slazenger early in his career and he switched to Dunlop Sport very early in his career and stayed with them, using the 200G racket, until the end of his ATP career.
Finals,1 1Held as Stockholm Masters until 1994, Essen Masters in 1995, Stuttgart Masters 1996-2001, Madrid Masters from 2002–08
The French Open, often referred to as Roland Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. Roland Garros is the only Grand Slam event held on clay, French spelling rules dictate that in the name of a place or event named after a person, the elements of the name are joined together with a hyphen. Therefore, the names of the stadium and the tournament are hyphenated as Roland-Garros, in 1891 the Championnat de France, which is commonly referred to in English as the French Championships, was begun. It was only open to players who were members of French clubs. The first winner was a Briton—H, the first womens singles tournament, with four entries, was held in 1897. The mixed doubles event was added in 1902 and the doubles in 1907. This French club members only tournament was played until 1924, using four different venues during that period, Île de Puteaux, in Puteaux, the Racing Club de France, played on clay.
For one year,1909, it was played at the Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux, Tennis Club de Paris, at Auteuil, played on clay. Another tournament, the World Hard Court Championships, is considered the precursor to the French Open as it was open to international competitors. Winners of this tournament included world no, 1s such as Tony Wilding from New Zealand and Bill Tilden from the US. In 1924 there was no World Hard Court Championships due to tennis being played at the Paris Olympic Games, in 1925, the French Championships became open to all amateurs internationally and was designated a major championship by the ILTF. It was held at the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud in 1925 and 1927, in 1926 the Racing Club de France hosted the event in Paris, site of the previous French club members only Championship, on clay. In 1928, the Roland Garros stadium was opened and the event has held there ever since. After the Mousquetaires or Philadelphia Four won the Davis Cup on American soil in 1927, the Stade de France had offered the tennis authorities three hectares of land with the condition that the new stadium must be named after the World War I pilot, Roland Garros.
The new Stade de Roland Garros, and its Center Court hosted that Davis Cup challenge, during World War II the tournament was held from 1941 through 1945 on the same grounds but these editions are not recognized by the French governing body, Fédération Française de Tennis. From 1946 through 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon, in 1968, the French Championships became the first Grand Slam tournament to go open, allowing both amateurs and professionals to compete. Since 1981, new prizes have been presented, the Prix Orange, the Prix Citron, in another novelty, since 2006 the tournament has begun on a Sunday, featuring 12 singles matches played on the three main courts. Additionally, on the eve of the opening, the traditional Benny Berthet exhibition day takes place
Karim Alami is a retired tennis player from Morocco, who turned professional in 1990. The right-hander won two titles in singles, both in 1996, and reached a career-high ATP singles ranking of World No.25 in February 2000. Alami reached the semifinals of the 2000 Monte Carlo Masters, defeating Magnus Norman, Alami represented his native country as a qualifier at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, where he was defeated in the first round by Switzerlands eventual winner Marc Rosset. He reached the quarterfinals of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney and he defeated Pete Sampras in the first round of the 1994 Doha tournament, a year in which Sampras dominated the tour. He is now the Tournament Director of the Qatar ExxonMobil Open in Doha and he works as a tennis commentator for the most popular Arabic sports channel beIN Sports. As well as his run at the 2000 Monte Carlo Masters. Karim Alami at the Association of Tennis Professionals Karim Alami at the International Tennis Federation Karim Alami at the Davis Cup
Donald Young (tennis)
Donald Oliver Young Jr. is an American professional tennis player. Young has a career-high ATP ranking of world no.38, Young reached the fourth round of the 2011 US Open, which marked his first appearance in the fourth round of a major. Young reached the round of the 2015 US Open. In 2001 he came in second to Jesse Levine in the U. S. Clay Court 14 Nationals in Fort Lauderdale and he was up 5-love in the third set of the final. Young had lost the first set, won the second, and was winning 5–0, Levine scored 23 consecutive points to defeat Young 7–5. In 2003, Young won the Orange Bowl 16-under title, becoming the first American to win that age division title since Jim Courier in 1986 and he turned professional in 2004, he played ATP Tour and Challenger events. Due to the start, his handlers were often criticized for pushing him too fast during the early stages. In 2004, Young reached the Orange Bowl 18-under final and he won the Easter Bowl 14s and 18s titles in 2003 and 2004 and was named as Davis Cup practice partner for the quarterfinal tie against Spain in 2007.
Young was, in 2005, ranked the No.1 junior player in the world, Young was the youngest male to win a Grand Slam event, winning the Australian Open Junior Championships in 2005. Young won the U. S. Open Junior Doubles Championship with Alex Clayton, in 2005, he became the youngest year-end World No.1 in junior rankings ever at 16 years,5 months. Young won the Australian Open junior title at age 15 to become youngest-ever and he was the first American to win the Australian junior title and finish No.1 since Andy Roddick in 2000. He advanced to the semifinals at Wimbledon and quarterfinals at the US Open in 2005, in doubles, Young won the junior US Open title and reached the final at the Australian Open. In 2007, he won the Wimbledon junior title and was the first American to win since Scott Humphries in 1994,1, Young won the Kalamazoo U. S. Junior Championships in 2006, after Jesse Levine forfeited in the due to food poisoning. In January 2007, he reached the finals of a Futures tournament on the ITF Mens Circuit, in July 2007, Young won the Junior Wimbledon title, beating top seed Vladimir Ignatic in the final.
No American won the championship again until Noah Rubin in 2014, shortly thereafter, Young won a Challenger tournament, and his ranking rose sharply to no.221. His rank rose sharply, from no.92 to no.7 on the Junior ITF circuit after he won the Junior Wimbledon Championships and he opted to play only some of the Grand Slam tournaments in 2007 and concentrate on playing professional tournaments. On August 19,2007, Young won his first ATP Tour level singles match, in the first round of New Haven, he beat fellow American Amer Delic in three sets
Gregory Greg Rusedski is a British former tennis player who represented Canada until 1995. He was the British number 1 in 1997,1999 and 2006, in 1997, he was the US Open finalist, which led to him receiving the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Award and the ITV Sports Champion of the Year Award. Also, he scored 30 wins and 13 losses with the Great Britain Davis Cup team, Rusedski was born in Montreal, Canada to an English mother and a father born in Germany of Polish and Ukrainian descent. He was a promising junior player in Canada in the 1980s and subsequently caused some anger in Canada when he decided to adopt British citizenship. Rusedski has been with his wife Lucy Connor since 1991, when they met while he was competing in a tournament where she was a ball girl. They married in a Roman Catholic ceremony at Douai Abbey in West Berkshire in December 1999 and they have two children, a daughter born in 2006 and a son born in 2009. Rusedski is an Arsenal football supporter, Rusedskis first career singles tournament title was at the Hall of Fame Championship in Newport, Rhode Island in 1993.
Rusedski reached the final of the US Open in 1997. He won the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Award, in 1998, Tim Henman eclipsed Rusedski as the UK number 1 tennis player. Rusedski, won the Grand Slam Cup in 1999, Rusedski was defeated in the second round of Wimbledon in 2005 by Joachim Johansson of Sweden, 6–7, 6–3, 4–6, 6–7. Following that disappointment, Rusedski had a successful July and he defended his title at the Hall of Fame Championship, defeating Vince Spadea in the final. This was the first time he had defended a title. He reached the semifinals at both the RCA Championships in Indianapolis, losing to Taylor Dent, and the Canada Masters tournament in Montreal, towards the end of 2005, Rusedskis ranking had risen to the high thirties. A poor end to the year by Henman almost allowed Rusedski to overtake him as UK number 1 again. However, a defeat for Rusedski in the first round of the Challenger Event in Dnepropetrovsk, left him ranked 38th, Rusedski finally reclaimed the UK number 1 spot on 15 May 2006, overtaking Andy Murray by getting to the third round of the Rome Masters Event.
But Rusedski lost the top UK rankings after an exit at Wimbledon. He announced his retirement immediately after the win during a interview with Sue Barker on BBC Television. Rusedski has stayed involved with tennis in his retirement, and currently works for the Lawn Tennis Association as a talent