Ministry of Home Affairs (India)
The Ministry of Home Affairs or Home Ministry is a ministry of the Government of India. An interior ministry, it is responsible for the maintenance of internal security. The Home Ministry is headed by Union Minister of Home Affairs, shri Rajnath Singh is the present Minister of Home Affairs. The Home Ministry is the cadre controlling Authority for the Indian Police Service, DANIPS, the Home Secretary is the senior civil servant at the MHA. The current Home Secretary is Rajiv Mehrishi, Director of Intelligence Bureau Mr. Rajiv Jain Director of CBI-Mr. The Ministry of Home Affairs has the following constituent Departments, Department of Border Management Department of Border Management, dealing with management of borders, Department of Internal Security Department of Internal Security, dealing with police and order and rehabilitation. Department of States Dealing with Centre-State relations, Inter-State relations, Union Territories and these are organisational divisions of the Ministry itself, without the splitting into specialised departments.
Disaster Management Division Responsible for response and preparedness for natural calamities, the Division is responsible for legislation, capacity building, prevention and long term rehabilitation. Finance Division The Division is responsible for formulating and controlling the budget of the Ministry under the Integrated Finance Scheme, foreigners Division The Division deals with all matters relating to visa, citizenship, overseas citizenship of India, acceptance of foreign contribution and hospitality. It handles work relating to Enemy Properties and residual work relating to Evacuee Properties, Human Rights Division The Division deals with matters relating to the Protection of Human Rights Act and matters relating to national integration and communal harmony and Ayodhya. It is responsible for implementation of the Prime Ministers Package for J&K, judicial Division Legislative aspects of the Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and the Commission of Inquiry Act. Left Wing Extremism Division Control of left wing extremism in India, Police Division-II This Division deals with the policy, personnel and financial matters relating to all the Central Armed Police Forces including BSF Air Wing.
It deals with the matters relating to welfare of the serving and retired CAPF personnel, Union Territories Division The Division deals with all legislative and constitutional matters relating to Union territories, including National Capital Territory of Delhi. Besides, it is responsible for over-seeing the crime and law and order situation in UTs
Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India, often denoted by the acronym J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh, the state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. A part of the erstwhile Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu, the western districts of the former princely state known as Azad Kashmir and the northern territories known as Gilgit-Baltistan have been under Pakistani control since 1947. The Aksai Chin region in the east, bordering Tibet, has been under Chinese control since 1962, Jammu and Kashmir consists of three regions, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the capital, and Jammu is the winter capital. Jammu and Kashmir is the state in India with a Muslim-majority population. The Kashmir valley is famous for its mountainous landscape. Ladakh, known as Little Tibet, is renowned for its remote mountain beauty, Maharaja Hari Singh became the ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1925, and he was the reigning monarch at the conclusion of the British rule in the subcontinent in 1947.
Jammu and Kashmir had a Muslim majority, following the logic of Partition, many people in Pakistan expected that Kashmir would join Pakistan. However, the predominant political movement in the Valley of Kashmir was secular, so many in India too had expectations that Kashmir would join India. The Maharaja was faced with indecision, on 22 October 1947, rebellious citizens from the western districts of the State and Pushtoon tribesmen from the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan invaded the State, backed by Pakistan. The Maharaja initially fought back but appealed for assistance to the India, Maharaja Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession on 26 October 1947 in return for military aid and assistance, which was accepted by the Governor General the next day. Once the Instrument of Accession was signed, Indian soldiers entered Kashmir with orders to evict the raiders, the resulting Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 lasted till the end of 1948. At the beginning of 1948, India took the matter to the United Nations Security Council, a ceasefire was agreed on 1 January 1949, supervised by UN observers.
A special United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan was set up to negotiate the arrangements as per the Security Council resolution. The UNCIP made three visits to the subcontinent between 1948 and 1949, trying to find a solution agreeable to both India and Pakistan and it passed a resolution in August 1948 proposing a three-part process. It was accepted by India but effectively rejected by Pakistan, in the end, no withdrawal was ever carried out, India insisting that Pakistan had to withdraw first, and Pakistan contending that there was no guarantee that India would withdraw afterwards. No agreement could be reached between the two countries on the process of demilitarisation and Pakistan fought two further wars in 1965 and 1971
Ministry of Civil Aviation (India)
Its functions extend to overseeing airport facilities, air traffic services and carriage of passengers and goods by air. The Ministry administers implementation of the 1934 Aircraft Act and is responsible for the Commission of Railways Safety. The ministry is under the charge of Pusapati Ashok Gajapati Raju and it is located at Rajiv Gandhi Bhavan, Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi. Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi Airports Authority of India Air India Pawan Hans Helicopters Ltd
Services Selection Board
Complete 5 to 6 days procedure is called as SSB interview. There are many ways of being commissioned as an Officer in Indian Armed Forces, whatever be the mode, all except army medical corps have to clear the SSB interview. There is no limit on the number of attempts that can be made, the interview exercise is mainly a psychological tests of the personality quiz of the candidate, to gauge his/her potential as a future Officer in Indian Armed Forces. The tests conducted by the SSB aim at selecting individuals with OLQs, the selection system is designed over a five-day process, Day 1 is the screening test, Day 2 is the Psychologist Tests, Day 3 &4 is the group tasks and Day 5 is the Conference. The personal interview will be conducted either in day 2,3 or 4 during the post lunch or evening hours, most of the tests require average intelligence. The SSB attempts to gauge the natural responses of the individuals, the tests are graded into various categories of both individual and group variety and each batch of candidates goes through the subtle testing pattern in the course of a few days.
The SSB Board is not concerned with the number of vacancies and its responsibility is to assess and then, recommend. After recommendation, the candidates appear for examination and after that is the Merit List. Those who finally make the grade join for training and hence become Commissioned Officers, origin of these type of testing belongs to first world war era. In the First World War, large numbers of casualties on battlefields necessitated recruitment of best fighting talent in armed forces, for this need, psychologists designed some scientific tests which assesses candidates Officer Like Qualities. FACILITIES FOR CANDIDATES BY SSB Pick-up and Drop from reporting Railway Station and these and some other facilities for candidates to ensure that they feel at home. This is similar for service candidates, except that their movement is intimated to their seniors via movement orders, Day 0 Reporting on the center is usually one day before first day of testing. Time of reporting varies from center to center, sometimes the candidates need to report on the same day of testing i. e.
DAY1 or Stage I. On the day of reporting, the candidates are required to verify their educational documents from assigned staff, candidates are allotted the SSB board and the chest numbers or a vest on which a number is printed on it. Becomes the identity of a candidate, as it is easier to identify a person by a number than his/her name, the chest number is used while interacting with fellow candidates during testing. The results are announced by calling the chest numbers of recommended candidates. Candidates have to return their chest numbers whenever they leave the campus of a selection center, sometimes the President of the board or the GTO officer gives a briefing to the candidates after successful verification of documents and allocation of chest numbers. To qualify for Stage II, a candidate needs to clear Screening Test or Stage I, on the date of reporting, the candidates are picked from the railway station and during the evening, certain Forms and Travelling allowance forms are filled
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. The service was created by three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim—in February 2005, Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion, YouTube now operates as one of Googles subsidiaries. Unregistered users can watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos. Videos deemed potentially offensive are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old, YouTube earns advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Karim could not easily find video clips of either event online and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, and had been influenced by the website Hot or Not.
YouTube began as a venture capital-funded technology startup, primarily from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital between November 2005 and April 2006, YouTubes early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California. The domain name www. youtube. com was activated on February 14,2005, the first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo. The video was uploaded on April 23,2005, and can still be viewed on the site, YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005. The first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005. Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site grew rapidly, and in July 2006 the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day. The site has 800 million unique users a month and it is estimated that in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.
The choice of the name www. youtube. com led to problems for a similarly named website, the sites owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November 2006 after being regularly overloaded by people looking for YouTube. Universal Tube has since changed the name of its website to www. utubeonline. com, in October 2006, Google Inc. announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock, and the deal was finalized on November 13,2006. In March 2010, YouTube began free streaming of certain content, according to YouTube, this was the first worldwide free online broadcast of a major sporting event. On March 31,2010, the YouTube website launched a new design, with the aim of simplifying the interface, Google product manager Shiva Rajaraman commented, We really felt like we needed to step back and remove the clutter. In May 2010, YouTube videos were watched more than two times per day. This increased to three billion in May 2011, and four billion in January 2012, in February 2017, one billion hours of YouTube was watched every day
The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital programs. It comprises two institutions, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the International Development Association, the World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group, which is part of the United Nations system. The World Banks stated official goal is the reduction of poverty, the president of the World Bank is, traditionally, an American. The World Bank and the IMF are both based in Washington, D. C. and work closely with each other, although many countries were represented at the Bretton Woods Conference, the United States and United Kingdom were the most powerful in attendance and dominated the negotiations. Before 1974 the reconstruction and development loans provided by the World Bank were relatively small, the Banks staff were aware of the need to instill confidence in the bank. Fiscal conservatism ruled, and loan applications had to meet strict criteria, the first country to receive a World Bank loan was France.
The Banks president at the time, John McCloy, chose France over two other applicants and Chile, the loan was for US$250 million, half the amount requested, and it came with strict conditions. France had to agree to produce a budget and give priority of debt repayment to the World Bank over other governments. World Bank staff closely monitored the use of the funds to ensure that the French government met the conditions. In addition, before the loan was approved, the United States State Department told the French government that its members associated with the Communist Party would first have to be removed, the French government complied with this diktat and removed the Communist coalition government - the so-called tripartisme. Within hours, the loan to France was approved, when the Marshall Plan went into effect in 1947, many European countries began receiving aid from other sources. Faced with this competition, the World Bank shifted its focus to non-European countries, in 1960, the International Development Association was formed, providing soft loans to developing countries.
From 1974 to 1980 the bank concentrated on meeting the needs of people in the developing world. The size and number of loans to borrowers was greatly increased as loan targets expanded from infrastructure into social services and these changes can be attributed to Robert McNamara, who was appointed to the presidency in 1968 by Lyndon B. Johnson. McNamara implored bank treasurer Eugene Rotberg to seek out new sources of capital outside of the banks that had been the primary sources of funding. Rotberg used the bond market to increase the capital available to the bank. One consequence of the period of poverty alleviation lending was the rise of third world debt. From 1976 to 1980 developing world debt rose at an annual rate of 20%
It is located in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It was established in 1926 and shared affiliating responsibilities with Madras University in the initial years and it is located in a campus of 171 hectares. The university designed and implemented a Quality Management System to become the first general university in the country to get ISO9001,2000 Certification in 2006. Andhra University was established in 1926 by the Madras University Act to serve the linguistic region of Andhra as a residential teaching- cum-affiliating university. The institution has Sir C. R. Reddy as its founder Vice chancellor, the university emblem was designed by shri kowta Rammohan sastri with the guidance of Sir C. R. Reddy. The leaders of the university engaged the services of such as Dr. T. R. Seshadri, Dr. S. Bhagavantham, Professor Hiren Mukherjee, Professor Humayan Kabir. Nobel Laureate C V Raman was the alumnus of the University, C R Rao, the statistician, was an alumnus of the university. Maharaja of Vizianagaram donated lands and palaces for establishing Andhra University, maharaja Vikram Deo Varma of Jeypore donated lands and set up the first college in the university which has been dedicated to him.
The rising sun represents the University itself and the light rays representing its faculties of study. The lotus is the seat of Goddess Lakshmi and Saraswati, the swastika is the symbol of benediction. Ocean is the vast region of knowledge, the two serpents represent the seekers and custodians of wisdom. The emblem designed by Sri Kowta Rammohan Sastri, with the advise of Sir C R Reddy. The university is a campus of 171 ha dotted with 121 buildings for academic and support services, with an area of about 190,000 square metres. It serves the needs of five districts of Andhra Pradesh, namely Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari. Located on the uplands of Visakhapatnam, The City of Destiny, the university campus is scenic, with the Bay of Bengal on one side of it and on the other, the university contains two sections, the south campus and north campus. The south campus houses the Arts and Sciences departments along with the administrative block, the north campus, comprises the engineering College.
The university has four constituent colleges, the College of Arts and Commerce is the biggest constituent college with 28 departments offering 55 courses. The College of Science and Technology has 19 departments, which offers 44 courses, the College of Engineering has 16 departments involving in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is the Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai, named after noted industrialist and philanthropist, Jamnalal Bajaj. It is known for its management programme and is one of the best business schools in India. Owing to the extensive list of its alumni whove reached top positions in various MNCs, JBIMS was established in 1965 by the University of Mumbai in collaboration with the Graduate School of Business, Stanford University. JBIMS is considered to be unique in management education as it is rooted in the local soil. The major objective behind the JBIMS is to evolve an indigenous model of management education in tune with the demands of the Indian. JBIMS has been rated among the top 25 business schools in the Asia-Pacific region and has consistently ranked among the top 10 business schools in India. The proximity of Bajaj with the hub of India — Nariman Point — is an added advantage. This translates into the symbiotic affiliation with the magnates, equipping the students with business acumen to become tomorrow’s leaders.
The institute has full-time faculty in the management disciplines and the functional areas of management. The institute has a panel of eminent management experts and senior practising managers from diverse fields of management, in addition to MMS, the institute offers full-time course of Masters in Finance, part-time courses and a doctoral PhD programme. In addition to the academics, guest lectures are organised from time to time. MMS Masters in Management Studies is the course of Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies. It is a two-year full-time post-graduate degree course in management with 120 students, started as early as 1965, the course has been modified continuously and appropriately to suit the contemporary corporate world needs and has been able to nurture prominent leaders of the same. The institute offers specialisations like Finance, Personnel, Operations, JBIMS select candidates for this course based on the entrance exam conducted by Maharashtra state for MBA/MMS/PGDM courses.
MSc in Finance course is structured to deliver a strong foundation in the principles, the objective is to help individuals enhance their effectiveness in finance. JBIMS select candidates based on Maharashtra MBA-CET entrance score or CAT score, for NRI students, GMAT score will be accepted. JBIMS offers part-time courses in MHRDM, MMM, MFM, MIM, the doctoral programme has facilitated substantial research and has produced several successful Ph. D. recipients. They have contributed extensively to a number of contemporary and relevant areas, JBIMS enjoys an advantage of being in the heart of Mumbai, the commercial capital of India
Indian Administrative Service
The Indian Administrative Service is the All India administrative civil service. IAS officers hold key and strategic positions in the Union Government, States governments, along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service, the IAS is one of the three All India Services — its cadre can be employed by both the Union Government and the individual States. On attaining the upper levels of Super Time Scale to Apex Scale, they can go on to head whole departments and subsequently entire Ministries of Governments of India, IAS officers represent Government of India at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. On deputations they work at Intergovernmental organisations like World Bank and United Nations or its Agencies, IAS officers at various levels of administration play vital roles in conducting free and smooth elections in India under the direction of Election Commission of India and states. The erstwhile Imperial Civil Service was the highest civil service of the British Empire in British India during British rule in the period between 1858 and 1947, Civil servants were divided into two categories - covenanted and uncovenanted.
The covenanted civil service consisted of only white British civil servants occupying the higher posts in the government, the uncovenanted civil service was solely introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians at the lower rung of the administration. With the passing of the Government of India Act 1919, the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India, were split into two – All India Services and Central Services. At the time of the partition of India and the departure of the British in 1947, the part which went to India was named the Indian Administrative Service, while the part that went to Pakistan was named the Civil Service of Pakistan. IAS officers are recruited from Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission and they are promoted from State Civil Services and selected from non-state civil service. After getting selected, candidates undergo training at LBSNAA, Mussoorie for IAS, being an All India Service, officers of the IAS are allotted to State cadres at the beginning of their service.
They continue to work in that cadre or are deputed to Government of India, there is one cadre for each Indian state, except for three joint cadres, Assam–Meghalaya, Manipur–Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh–Goa–Mizoram–Union Territories. The insider-outsider ratio is maintained as 1,2, with one-third of the recruits as insiders from the same state. The rest are posted as outsiders according to the roster in states other than their home states, the next year the roster starts from H, for either Haryana or Himachal Pradesh. This highly intricate system, in vogue since the mid-1980s, had ensured that officers from different states are placed all over India, changes of state cadre is permitted on grounds of marriage to an All India Service officer of another state cadre or under other exceptional circumstances. The officer may go to their home state cadre on deputation for a limited period, the centralising effect of cadre system was considered extremely important by the systems framers, but has received increasing criticism over the years.
There are concerns that such reform, the IAS will be unable to move from a command and control strategy to a more interactive. A civil servant is responsible for the law and order and general administration in the area under his work, most IAS officers start their careers in the state administration at the sub-divisional level as a sub divisional magistrate. They are entrusted with the law and order situation of the city along with general administration and they proceed to various posts in the State and Central Governments, and local-self Governments, and Public Sector Undertakings
Shivaji Rao Gaekwad, known by his mononymous stage name Rajinikanth, is an Indian film actor who works primarily in Tamil cinema. He began acting in plays while working in the Bangalore Transport Service as a bus conductor, in 1973, he joined the Madras Film Institute to pursue a diploma in acting. Following his debut in K. Balachanders Tamil drama Apoorva Raagangal, after earning ₹26 crore for his role in Sivaji, he was the highest paid actor in Asia after Jackie Chan at the time. While working in regional film industries of India, Rajinikanth has appeared in the cinemas of other nations. As of 2014, Rajinikanth has won six Tamil Nadu State Film Awards—four Best Actor Awards, in addition to acting, he has worked as a producer and screenwriter. Apart from his career, he is a philanthropist, spiritualist. The Government of India has honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 2000, at the 45th International Film Festival of India, he was conferred with the Centenary Award for Indian Film Personality of the Year.
Rajinikanth was born on 12 December 1950, in a Marathi family to Ramabai, a housewife, and Ramoji Rao Gaekwad and he was named Shivaji Rao Gaekwad after Chhatrapati Shivaji, a Maratha warrior King, and was brought up speaking Marathi at home and Kannada outside. Rajinikanths ancestors hailed from a village called Mavdi Kade Pathar, in the present-day Pune district and he is the youngest of four siblings in a family consisting of two elder brothers, Satyanarayana Rao & Nageshwara Rao and a sister, Aswath Balubhai. After his fathers retirement from work in 1956, the moved to the suburb of Hanumantha nagar in Bangalore. When he was nine years old, he lost his mother, at the age of six, Rajinikanth was enrolled at the Gavipuram Government Kannada Model Primary School where he had his primary education. As a child, he was studious and mischievous with a great interest in cricket and it was during this time his brother enrolled him at the Ramakrishna Math, a Hindu monastery set up by Ramakrishna Mission.
In the math, he was taught Vedas and history which eventually instilled a sense of spirituality in him, in addition to spiritual lessons, he began acting in plays at the math. His aspiration towards theatre grew at the math and was given an opportunity to enact the role of Ekalavyas friend from the Hindu epic Mahabharata. His performance in the play received praise from the audience and Kannada poet D. R. Bendre in particular, after sixth grade, Rajinikanth was enrolled at the Acharya Pathasala Public School and studied there till completion of his pre-university course. During his schooling at the Acharya Pathasala, he spent a lot of acting in plays. In one such occasion, he performed villainous role Duryodhana in the play Kurukshetra and he began to take part in stage plays after Kannada playwright Topi Muniappa offered him a chance to act in one of his mythological plays. During the time, he came across an advertisement issued by the newly formed Madras Film Institute which offered acting courses, during his stay at the institute, he was performing in a stage play and got noticed by Tamil film director K.
Administrative Staff College of India
It is located at the palace of the erstwhile Prince of Berar known as Bella Vista at Hyderabad who was heir apparent to the of Hyderabad. Prince of Berar, Nawab Mir Himayat Ali Khan, Azam Jah Bahadur, initially Government Of India envisaged to set up the college in Britain. The first session was to commence in 1948 at Henley, however a committee of the All India Council for Technical Education in 1953 recommended that the Administrative Staff College be established in India. ASCI specialises in training of civil servants and managers of corporate and government sectors, the research and consultancy activities of ASCI were started in 1973 with aid from Ford Foundation. An IAS officer of 1976 batch, RH Khwaja took charge as ASCI DG on January 1,2017 Official website