KTMR is a radio station licensed to Converse, Texas serving nearby San Antonio as a Spanish radio station playing Christian music and talk programs. It is under ownership of SIGA Broadcasting Corporation; because it shares the same frequency as "clear channel" station KWKH in Shreveport, Louisiana. The construction permit for KWBY in Edna, was issued to Cosmopolitan Broadcasting on July 23, 1969, nearly five years after an application was made, but it would be more than a decade before 1130 was built; the original CP holder, Cosmopolitan Enterprises, went bankrupt in 1977. Prior to its current programming, KTMR was a religious station business talk country. KTMR's Texas sister stations with SIGA Broadcasting include KLVL, KGBC, KAML, KHFX, KFJZ. Query the FCC's AM station database for KTMR Radio-Locator Information on KTMR Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KTMR Query the FCC's FM station database for K223CT Radio-Locator information on K223CT
Electronic dance music
Electronic dance music known as dance music, club music, or dance, is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made for nightclubs and festivals. It is produced for playback by disc jockeys who create seamless selections of tracks, called a mix by segueing from one recording to another. EDM producers perform their music live in a concert or festival setting in what is sometimes called a live PA. In Europe, EDM is more called'dance music', or simply'dance'. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, following the emergence of raving, pirate radios and an upsurge of interest in club culture, EDM achieved widespread mainstream popularity in Europe. In the United States at that time, acceptance of dance culture was not universal. There was a perceived association between EDM and drug culture, which led governments at state and city level to enact laws and policies intended to halt the spread of rave culture. Subsequently, in the new millennium, the popularity of EDM increased globally in Australia and the United States.
By the early 2010s, the term "electronic dance music" and the initialism "EDM" was being pushed by the American music industry and music press in an effort to rebrand American rave culture. Despite the industry's attempt to create a specific EDM brand, the initialism remains in use as an umbrella term for multiple genres, including house, trance and bass and dubstep, as well as their respective subgenres. Various EDM genres have evolved for example. Stylistic variation within an established EDM genre can lead to the emergence of what is called a subgenre. Hybridization, where elements of two or more genres are combined, can lead to the emergence of an new genre of EDM. In the late 1960s bands such as Silver Apples created electronic music, intended to be danced to. Other early examples of music that influenced electronic dance music include Jamaican dub music during the late 1960s to 1970s, the synthesizer-based disco music of Italian producer Giorgio Moroder in the late 1970s, the electro-pop of Kraftwerk and Yellow Magic Orchestra in the mid-to-late 1970s.
Author Michael Veal considers dub music, a Jamaican music stemming from roots reggae and sound system culture that flourished between 1968 and 1985, to be one of the important precursors to contemporary electronic dance music. Dub productions were remixed reggae tracks that emphasized rhythm, fragmented lyrical and melodic elements, reverberant textures; the music was pioneered by studio engineers, such as Sylvan Morris, King Tubby, Errol Thompson, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Scientist. Their productions included forms of tape editing and sound processing that Veal considers comparable to techniques used in musique concrète. Dub producers made improvised deconstructions of existing multi-track reggae mixes by using the studio mixing board as a performance instrument, they foregrounded spatial effects such as reverb and delay by using auxiliary send routings creatively. The Roland Space Echo, manufactured by Roland Corporation, was used by dub producers in the 1970s to produce echo and delay effects.
Despite the limited electronic equipment available to dub pioneers such as King Tubby and Lee "Scratch" Perry, their experiments in remix culture were musically cutting-edge. Ambient dub was pioneered by King Tubby and other Jamaican sound artists, using DJ-inspired ambient electronics, complete with drop-outs, echo and psychedelic electronic effects, it featured layering techniques and incorporated elements of world music, deep bass lines and harmonic sounds. Techniques such as a long echo delay were used. Hip hop music has played a key role in the development of electronic dance music since the 1970s. Inspired by Jamaican sound system culture Jamaican-American DJ Kool Herc introduced large bass heavy speaker rigs to the Bronx, his parties are credited with having kick-started the New York hip-hop movement in 1973. A technique developed by DJ Kool Herc that became popular in hip hop culture was playing two copies of the same record on two turntables, in alternation, at the point where a track featured a break.
This technique was further used to manually loop a purely percussive break, leading to what was called a break beat. Turntablism has origins in the invention of the direct-drive turntable, by Shuichi Obata, an engineer at Matsushita. In 1969, Matsushita released it as the SP-10, the first direct-drive turntable on the market, the first in their influential Technics series of turntables; the most influential turntable was the Technics SL-1200, developed in 1971 by a team led by Shuichi Obata at Matsushita, which released it onto the market in 1972. In the 1980s and 1990s hip-hop DJs used turntables as musical instruments in their own right and virtuosic use developed into a creative practice called turntablism. In 1974, George McCrae's early disco hit "Rock Your Baby" was one of the first records to use a drum machine, an early Roland rhythm machine, its use of a drum machine was anticipated by Sly and the Family Stone's "Family Affair", which anticipated the sound of disco, with its rhythm echoed in "Rock Your Baby".
The use of drum machines in "Family Affair" and Timmy Thomas' "Why Can't We Live Together", which used a 1972 Roland rhythm machine, influenced the adoption of drum machines by disco artists. Disco producer Biddu used synthesizers in several disco songs from 1976 to 1977, including "Bionic Boogie" from Rain Forest, "Soul Coaxing", and
KAML is an American radio station broadcasting a Spanish contemporary Christian format. Licensed to Kenedy-Karnes City, Texas, it serves the San Antonio area; the station is owned by SIGA Broadcasting Corp. and features programming from CBS Radio. KGBC's Texas sister stations with SIGA Broadcasting include KTMR, KLVL, KGBC, KHFX, KFJZ. Query the FCC's AM station database for KAML Radio-Locator Information on KAML Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KAML Query the FCC's FM station database for K237GJ
Pleasanton is a city in Atascosa County, United States. The population was 8,934 at the 2010 census. Pleasanton's official motto is "The City of Live Oaks and Friendly Folks." It is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pleasanton honors its cowboy heritage with the "Mr. Cowboy" sculpture in front of City Hall and across from the giant oak tree downtown; the roots of the cattle kingdom can be traced to Atascosa County in the 1860s, which calls itself "the birthplace of the cowboys." The sculpture is a gift of Mona Parker. The Longhorn Museum in east Pleasanton on Highway 97 contains artifacts and memorabilia of the cowboy years; the Cowboy Homecoming, begun in 1966, is an annual event held at the Atascosa River Park in Pleasanton. Pleasanton was established in 1858 when conflicts with the Indians caused the settlers to move the location of the county seat from Amphion; the settlers chose the current town site because of its location at the mouth of Bonita Creek. John Bowen, San Antonio's first Anglo-American postmaster and named the town of Pleasanton after his good friend and fellow early Texas Settler John Pleasants.
At one time Pleasanton had two newspapers, the Pleasanton Picayune, which became the Pleasanton Express in 1909, the Pleasanton Reporter. The county seat was relocated from Pleasanton to Jourdanton in 1910. Pleasanton was incorporated in 1917. Along with San Antonio, Crystal City, Carrizo Springs, Corpus Christi, Pleasanton was a major stop on the now-defunct San Antonio and Gulf Railroad, which operated from 1909 until it was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad in 1956; the rail headquarters was located in a modern two-story depot in North Pleasanton beginning in 1913. However, headquarters closed in 1926, the SAU&G, or the Sausage Line as it was called, was merged into the Missouri Pacific; the headquarters depot has been razed, but an earlier depot in Pleasanton is displayed at the Longhorn Museum. The remaining San Antonio-to-Corpus Christi freight line is under the Union Pacific system. In November 1957, the citizens of Pleasanton voted overwhelmingly to desegregate the public schools.
This came some two months after the crisis at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas. Some three dozen African American pupils were integrated into the Pleasanton school. Stephen Hill, Harold Barrow, Wayne Schuchart owned and operated South Texas Regional Medical Center in the neighboring city of Jourdanton prior to the sale of the healthcare facility to Community Health Systems in November 2001. In 2017, the hospital was purchased by the Methodist Healthcare System of San Antonio, on July 1, the hospital was renamed Methodist Hospital South. Methodist Hospital South is the only hospital in Atascosa County. Pleasanton is located at 28°58′1″N 98°29′6″W, about 35 miles south of downtown San Antonio, 110 miles south-southwest of Austin and 110 miles north by north-northwest of Corpus Christi. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles, all land. The average annual temperature of Pleasanton is 70 °F; the mean temperature on January 1 is 50 °F and on June 1 is 78 °F.
Average annual precipitation is 26.1 inches. Most soils of Pleasanton are quite sandy at the surface but have a clay-rich subsoil which holds moisture, they belong to the Alfisol soil order. Common soil series in town are Nusil and Rhymes; as of the census of 2000, there were 8,266 people, 2,941 households, 2,135 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.5 people per square mile. There were 3,212 housing units at an average density of 502.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.13% White, 0.98% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 15.34% from other races, 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.15% of the population. There were 2,941 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,644, the median income for a family was $34,718. Males had a median income of $28,849 versus $20,144 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,878. About 16.8% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.9% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over. Part of the film The Sugarland Express was filmed around the intersection of 2nd Street and Commerce Street; every year, Pleasanton hosts the "Cowboy Homecoming Festival", which commemorates the time when the cowboys driving cattle from South Texas to the rail heads up north would return home.
This event takes place each October. All of Pleasanton is located within the Pleasanton Independent School District and home to the Pleasanton High School Eagles. In the school year 2010-2011 Pleasanton I. S. D. received Academically Unacceptable ratings from the Texas Education Agency for their High School Campus and their School of Choice. The School District received an Acceptable rating for their Jr. High and Exceptiona
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. Webcasting is "broadcasting" over the Internet; the largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who "simulcast" their output through online TV or online radio streaming, as well as a multitude of Internet only "stations". Webcasting consists of providing non-interactive linear streams or events. Rights and licensing bodies offer specific "webcasting licenses" to those wishing to carry out Internet broadcasting using copyrighted material. Webcasting is used extensively in the commercial sector for investor relations presentations, in e-learning, for related communications activities. However, webcasting does not bear much, if any, relationship to web conferencing, designed for many-to-many interaction; the ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish.
There are many notable independent shows that broadcast online. Produced by average citizens in their homes they cover many interests and topics. Webcasts relating to computers and news are popular and many new shows are added regularly. Webcasting differs from podcasting in that webcasting refers to live streaming while podcasting refers to media files placed on the Internet. Webcasting is the distribution of media files through the internet; the earliest graphically-oriented web broadcasts were not streaming video, but were in fact still frames which were photographed with a web camera every few minutes while they were being broadcast live over the Internet. One of the earliest instances of sequential live image broadcasting was in 1991 when a camera was set up next to the Trojan Room in the computer laboratory of the University of Cambridge, it provided a live picture every few minutes of the office coffee pot to all desktop computers on that office's network. A couple of years its broadcasts went to the Internet, became known as the Trojan Room Coffee Pot webcam, gained international notoriety as a feature of the fledgling World Wide Web.
In 1996 an American college student and conceptual artist, Jenny Ringley, set up a web camera similar to the Trojan Room Coffee Pot's webcam in her dorm room. That webcam photographed her every few minutes while it broadcast those images live over the Internet upon a site called JenniCam. Ringley wanted to portray all aspects of her lifestyle and the camera captured her doing everything – brushing her teeth, doing her laundry, having sex with her boyfriend, her website generated millions of hits upon the Internet, became a pay site in 1998, spawned hundreds of female imitators who would use streaming video to create a new billion dollar industry called camming, brand themselves as camgirls or webcam models. One of the earliest webcast equivalent of an online concert and one of the earliest examples of webcasting itself was by Apple Computer's Webcasting Group in partnership with the entrepreneurs Michael Dorf and Andrew Rasiej. Together with David B. Pakman from Apple, they launched the Macintosh New York Music Festival from July 17–22, 1995.
This event audio webcast concerts from more than 15 clubs in New York City. Apple webcast a concert by Metallica on June 10, 1996 live from Slim's in San Francisco. In 1995, Benford E. Standley produced one of the first audio/video webcasts in history. On October 31, 1996, UK rock band Caduseus broadcast their one-hour concert from 11 pm to 12 midnight at Celtica in Machynlleth, Wales, UK – the first live streamed audio and simultaneous live streamed video multicast – around the globe to more than twenty direct "mirrors" in more than twenty countries. In September 1997, Nebraska Public Television started webcasting Big Red Wrap Up from Lincoln, Nebraska which combined highlights from every Cornhusker football game, coverage of the coaches' weekly press conferences, analysis with Nebraska sportswriters, appearances by special guests and questions and answers with viewers. On August 13, 1998, it is believed the first webcast wedding took place, between Alan K'necht and Carrie Silverman in Toronto Canada.
On October 22, 1998, the first Billy Graham Crusade was broadcast live to a worldwide audience from the Raymond James Stadium in Tampa Florida courtesy of Dale Ficken and the WebcastCenter in Pennsylvania. The live signal was broadcast via satellite to PA encoded and streamed via the BGEA website; the first teleconferenced/webcast wedding to date is believed to have occurred on December 31, 1998. Dale Ficken and Lorrie Scarangella wed on this date as they stood in a church in Pennsylvania, were married by Jerry Falwell while he sat in his office in Lynchburg, Virginia. All major broadcasters now have a webcast of their output, from the BBC to CNN to Al Jazeera to UNTV in television to Radio China, Vatican Radio, United Nations Radio and the World Service in radio. On November 4, 1994, Stef van der Ziel distributed the first live video images over the web from the Simplon venue in Groningen. On November 7, 1994, WXYC, the college radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill became the first radio station in the world to broadcast its signal over the internet.
Translated versions including Subtitling are now possible using SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language. A wedcast of a wedding. Allows family and friends of the couple to watch the wedding in real time on the Internet, it is sometimes used for weddings in exotic locations, such as Cancun and the Riviera Maya, Hawaii or the Caribbean, for which it is expensive or difficul
Height above average terrain
Height above average terrain, or effective height above average terrain, is a measure of how high an antenna site is above the surrounding landscape. HAAT is used extensively in FM radio and television, as it is more important than effective radiated power in determining the range of broadcasts. For international coordination, it is measured in meters by the Federal Communications Commission in the United States, as Canada and Mexico have extensive border zones where stations can be received on either side of the international boundaries. Stations that want to increase above a certain HAAT must reduce their power accordingly, based on the maximum distance their station class is allowed to cover; the FCC procedure to calculate HAAT is: from the proposed or actual antenna site, either 12 or 16 radials were drawn, points at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 miles radius along each radial were used. The entire radial graph could be rotated to achieve the best effect for the station; the altitude of the antenna site, minus the average altitude of all the specified points, is the HAAT.
This can create some unusual cases in mountainous regions—it is possible to have a negative number for HAAT. The FCC has divided the Contiguous United States into three zones for the determination of spacing between FM and TV stations using the same frequencies. FM and TV stations are assigned maximum ERP and HAAT values, depending on their assigned zones, to prevent co-channel interference; the FCC regulations for ERP and HAAT are listed under Title 47, Part 73 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Maximum HAAT: 150 metres Maximum ERP: 50 kilowatts Minimum co-channel separation: 241 km Maximum HAAT: 600 metres Maximum ERP: 100 kilowatts Minimum co-channel separation: 290 km. In all zones, maximum ERP for analog TV transmitters is. In addition, Zone I-A consists of all of California south of 40° north latitude, Puerto Rico and the U. S. Virgin Islands. Zones I and I-A have the most "grandfathered" overpowered stations, which are allowed the same extended coverage areas that they had before the zones were established.
One of the most powerful of these stations is WBCT in Grand Rapids, which operates at 320,000 watts and 238 meters HAAT. Zone III consists of all of Florida and the areas of Alabama, Louisiana and Texas within 241.4 kilometers of the Gulf of Mexico. Zone II is all the rest of the Continental United States and Hawaii. Above mean sea level Above ground level Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission List of broadcast station classes United States Federal Communications Commission 47 CFR Part 73 Index FCC: Mass Media Calculated Contours FCC: HAAT Calculator "Superpower" Grandfathered FM stations
KLUP is a commercial AM radio station licensed to Terrell Hills and serving the San Antonio metropolitan area. It airs a conservative talk radio format. Studios and offices are located at 9601 McAllister Freeway in San Antonio; the two-tower transmitter is off Lockway Street, near Loop 410 in San Antonio. KLUP is powered at 5,000 watts by day, but at night, to avoid interfering with other stations on AM 930, it reduces power to 1,000 watts and uses a directional antenna. KLUP is one of two talk radio stations owned by Salem in the San Antonio radio market. KLUP's schedule is syndicated talk shows from the Salem Radio Network, while Freedom 1160, KRDY airs conservative talk shows from several sources, including Fox News Radio, Westwood One and the Salem Radio Network. KLUP hosts include Hugh Hewitt, Mike Gallagher, Dennis Prager, Sebastian Gorka, Larry Elder, Joe Walsh, Michael Medved and Matt Bruce. Weekends feature shows on money, travel and gardening; some weekend hours are paid brokered programming Together, 930AM The Answer and Freedom 1160 are branded as San Antonio's One-Two Punch for Conservative Talk.
On October 17, 1947, the station first signed on as KITE in San Antonio. It was owned by Charles A. Balthrope and was a 1,000 watt daytimer, required to go off the air at night. In the 1950s, the power was boosted and the station was authorized to stay on the air around the clock, running the current 5,000 watts by day and 1,000 watts at night. In May 1960, KITE was acquired by the Townsend U. S. International Growth Fund. An advertisement in the 1960 edition of Broadcasting Yearbook described KITE as "The Adults Favorite Station in San Antonio." In the 1960s, KITE's city of license was moved from San Antonio to Terrill Hills. In 1966, it signed on an FM station, 104.5 KITE-FM. Both stations were owned by a large publishing and broadcasting corporation. Doubleday put progressive rock on the FM station, changing the call sign to KEXL, while AM 930 KITE remained with its middle of the road music format. In 1978, KITE was acquired by Lone Star Broadcasting, becoming KCCW, it came under the ownership of Radio Alamo and again changed its call letters, this time to KLLS.
It was paired up with FM 100.3, which became KLLS-FM. The two stations simulcast as "Klassy 100 FM."In 1990, the station became KISS, known as "Kool 930 AM." At first, it ran. But it was simulcast with 99.5 KISS-FM, airing a locally produced and hosted oldies sound. In 1992, the Rusk Corporation paid $3.95 million for KISS-AM-FM. KISS-FM returned to its original rock sound, while the format on AM 930 switched to syndicated adult standards as KLUP "The Loop." In 1997, Cox Radio acquired KLUP. At first, it kept the standards format, but Cox spun off KLUP in 2000, with the station going to current owner Salem Media. Salem switched KLUP to a talk radio format a short time later. News Talk 930 KLUP official website Query the FCC's AM station database for KLUP Radio-Locator Information on KLUP Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KLUP