Air1 is an American Christian radio network. Owned by the Educational Media Foundation, it broadcasts contemporary worship music, is a sister to the EMF's K-Love network. In 1986, KLRD began broadcasting Christian Hit/Rock music from Yucaipa and went by the on-air moniker K-LORD. In 1994, KXRD was started as a sister station to KLRD. In 1995, K-LORD changed its name to "Air1" and began broadcasting via satellite from St. Helens, Oregon. In 1999, Air1 joined with EMF Broadcasting, in 2002, it moved its headquarters to Rocklin, California. Air1 makes use of broadcast translators to spread the signal across much of the country; as of December 2017, the network lists 123 full powered radio stations and 125 translators of various power levels reaching 43 states. Air1 began as a Christian rock-formatted radio network with the tagline "The Positive Alternative". Over time, the network evolved into a broad Christian CHR presentation, with the slogan "Positive Hits". In October 2018, Air1 named Mandy Young, the network's assistant PD and morning co-host, as its new head program director.
On January 1, 2019, Air1 re-launched with a focus on contemporary worship music—with the majority of its music now focusing on songs from church worship bands such as Elevation Worship, Hillsong Worship, Vertical Worship. As of January 1, 2019, the on-air staff of Air1 includes morning drive hosts Dan and Michelle Arthur, program director Mandy Young in middays, “Shaef & Lee” in afternoon drive, Ashton in evenings. Eric Calhoun and Heather Shelley hosted Air1's morning show from April 2015 to November 2018. Sean Copeland was part of the Sean and Mandy show, discontinued on September 29, 2011. Copeland moved to the morning show on Indianapolis adult contemporary station WYXB. Coppelia Acevedo occupied the midday time slot, moved to Houston station KSBJ. Brant Hansen filled the afternoon time slot from 2011 to 2014, he resigned to work with nonprofit Cure International and launch The Brant Hansen Show, a podcast, syndicated on many Christian radio stations. Eric Allen co-hosted the "Eric and Mandy Show" in the mornings until February 2015.
As of 2015, Eric is working for Cure International as their Radio Marketing Manager. Brenda Price hosted a mid-day time slot until May 5, 2015, when Air1 stated Brenda was no longer a part of Air1's DJ lineup. No reason was given for her sudden departure. Rahny Taylor worked as a program director and on-air host at Air1 and K-Love from November 2013 to August 2016, he departed to host a morning show on WRNW in Milwaukee. Official website
Rexburg is a city in Madison County, United States. The population was 25,484 at the 2010 census, up from 17,257 in 2000; the city is the county seat of its largest city. Rexburg is the principal city of the Rexburg, ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Fremont and Madison Counties; the city is home to Brigham Young University-Idaho, a private institution operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The city takes its name from founder Thomas Edwin Ricks; the city was incorporated in 1883. Rexburg was damaged by the Teton Dam Flood in June 1976; the Teton River flowed through northern Rexburg, left most of the city underwater for several days after the Teton Dam ruptured. A museum dedicated to the Teton Dam Flood and the history of Rexburg and the area, located in the basement of the Rexburg Tabernacle, has been a major city landmark for decades; when the Rexburg Idaho Temple was dedicated in 2008, Rexburg became the third city in Idaho with an LDS temple. Rexburg is located at 43°49′N 111°47′W, at an elevation of 4,865 feet above sea level.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.84 square miles, of which, 9.76 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles is water. Much of the city, including BYU-Idaho and the LDS Church's Rexburg Idaho Temple, rests on top of a shield volcano just north of Rigby, ID. Eruptions are not expected in the near future so far south. Many different types of volcanoes exist near Rexburg, including cinder cones, spatter cones, other shield volcanoes, volcanic fissures. There are lava fields to the west and south of Rexburg, the results of open fissure eruptions from about two thousand years ago; the nearby Craters of the Moon National Monument presents the most obvious features of this recent activity. Sediment deposits enriched by volcanism make the surrounding area famous for its production of large starch-rich potatoes. Rexburg is close to the St. Anthony Sand Dunes, the West Entrance of Yellowstone National Park and the Teton Range. Rexburg experiences a humid continental climate with cold winters and hot summers - though in the summer, nights are chilly and frosts have occurred in all months of the year.
The wettest year has been 1983 with 20.76 inches and the driest has been 1988 with 7.48 inches including rainless months in July and October, though the wettest month was May 1981 with 4.22 inches. The average snow cover peaks at around 9 inches, whilst the heaviest snowfall in one month was 43.5 inches in December 1983. City officials have contested the census figures on the grounds that many college students were out of town while census workers were counting Rexburg's population, it is estimated. As of the census of 2010, there were 25,484 people, 7,179 households, 4,925 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,611.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,617 housing units at an average density of 780.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.8% White, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population. There were 7,179 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.4% were non-families.
9.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.41 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age in the city was 22.3 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,257 people, 4,274 households, 2,393 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,534.4 people per square mile. There were 4,533 housing units at an average density of 928.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.20% White, 0.30% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 2.23% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.04% of the population. There were 4,274 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.0% were non-families.
12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.71 and the average family size was 3.45. In the city, the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 57.3% from 18 to 24, 11.9% from 25 to 44, 7.5% from 45 to 64, 4.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,965, the median income for a family was $36,047. Males had a median income of $27,280 versus $17,592 for females; the per capita income for the city was $9,173. About 13.2% of families and 44.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11
NOAA Weather Radio
NOAA Weather Radio is an automated 24-hour network of VHF FM weather radio stations in the United States that broadcast weather information directly from a nearby National Weather Service office. The routine programming cycle includes local or regional weather forecasts, climate summaries, synopsis or zone/lake/coastal waters forecasts. During severe conditions the cycle is shortened into: hazardous weather outlooks, short-term forecasts, special weather statements or tropical weather summaries, it broadcasts other non-weather related events such as national security statements, natural disaster information and public safety statements sourced from the Federal Communications Commission's Emergency Alert System. NOAA Weather Radio uses automated broadcast technology that allows for the recycling of segments featured in one broadcast cycle seamlessly into another and more regular updating of segments to each of the transmitters, it speeds up the warning transmitting process. Weather radios are sold online and in retail stores that specialize in consumer electronics in Canada and the United States.
Additionally, they are available in many supermarkets and drugstores located in the southern and midwestern US, which are susceptible to severe weather—large portions of these regions are referred to as "Tornado Alley". The price of a consumer-grade weather radio varies depending on its extra features; the United States Weather Bureau first began broadcasting marine weather information in Chicago and New York City on two VHF radio stations in 1960 as an experiment. Proving to be successful, the broadcasts expanded to serve the general public in coastal regions in the 1960s and early 1970s; the U. S. Weather Bureau adopted its current name, National Weather Service, was operating 29 VHF-FM weather-radio transmitters under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in 1970; the service was designed with boaters, fishermen and more in mind, allowing a listener to receive a "life-saving" alert from the National Weather Office, updated forecasts and other climatogical data in a condensed format at any time of the day.
This allows listeners get the latest weather when they need it, more lead-time to prepare during severe conditions. In 1974, NOAA Weather Radio, as it was now called, reached about 44 percent of the U. S. population over 66 nationwide transmitters. NWR grew to over 300 stations by the late 1970s. Local NWS staff were the voices heard on NWR stations from its inception until the late 1990s when "Paul" was introduced; the messages were recorded on tape, by digital means placed in the broadcast cycle. This technology limited the programming variability and locked it into a repetitive sequential order, it slowed down the speed of warning messages when severe weather happened, because each NWS office could have up to eight transmitters. "Paul" was a computerized voice using the DECtalk text-to-speech system. "Paul's" voice was difficult to understand. A new voice was introduced in 2016 and implemented nationwide by late in the year. Live human voices are still used for weekly tests of the Specific Area Message Encoding and 1050 Hz tone alerting systems, station IDs, in the event of system failure or computer upgrades.
They will be used on some stations for updates on the time and radio frequency. In the 1990s, the National Weather Service adopted plans to implement SAME technology nationwide. S. government provided the budget needed to develop the SAME technology across the entire radio network. Nationwide implementation occurred in 1997 when the Federal Communications Commission adopted the SAME standard as part of its new Emergency Alert System. NOAA Weather Radio public alerting expanded from weather only to "all hazards" being broadcast. NWR grew to over 800 radio stations by the end of 2001; as of January 2014, there were 1032 stations covering 97% of the United States, Puerto Rico, the U. S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands; as of January 2015, there were about 1025 stations in operation, with 95% effective coverage. In the wake of the 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, one of the key recommendations from the U. S. Weather Bureau's storm survey team, was the establishment of a nationwide radio network that could be used to broadcast weather warnings to the general public, key institutions, news media and the public safety community.
Starting in 1966, the Environmental Science Services Administration started a nationwide program known as "ESSA VHF Weather Radio Network." In the early 1970s, this was changed to NOAA Weather Radio. The service was expanded to coastal locations during the 1970s in the wake of Hurricane Camille based upon recommendations made by the Department of Commerce after the storm in September 1969. In 1970, 162.400 MHz was added as a primary channel. In 1975 Honolulu NWR station KBA99 was moved from 169.075 MHz to 162.550 MHz, at the same time 162.475 MHz frequency was introduced for NWR transmission. Many basic weather band receivers manufactured and sold from the mid-1970s through the mid-1990s were configured to only receive these three "mai
Idaho Falls, Idaho
Idaho Falls is the county seat of Bonneville County, United States, the state's largest city outside the Boise metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population of Idaho Falls was 56,813, with a metro population of 133,265. Idaho Falls serves as the commercial and healthcare hub for eastern Idaho, as well as parts of western Wyoming and southern Montana, it is served by the Idaho Falls Regional Airport and is home to the College of Eastern Idaho, Museum of Idaho, the Idaho Falls Chukars minor league baseball team. It is the principal city of the Idaho Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Idaho Falls-Blackfoot, Idaho Combined Statistical Area; the area around Idaho Falls was first sparsely settled by cattle and sheep ranchers, but no significant development took place until 1864, when a man named Harry Rickets built and operated a ferry on the Snake River at 43°36.112′N 112°3.528′W. The ferry served a new tide of westward migration and travel on the Montana Trail following the Bear River Massacre of Shoshone Indians in 1863.
The present-day site of Idaho Falls became a permanent settlement when freighter Matt Taylor built a timber-frame toll bridge across a narrow black basaltic gorge of the river 7 miles downstream from the ferry. The bridge improved travel for settlers moving north and west, for miners and others seeking riches in the gold fields of Idaho and Montana—especially the boom towns of Bannack and Virginia City. By the end of 1865, a private bank, small hotel, livery stable, eating house, post office, stage station had sprung up near the bridge; the settlement was known as Taylor's Crossing, but postmarks indicate that by 1866, the emerging town had become known as Eagle Rock. The name was derived from an isolated basalt island in the Snake River near the ferry, where twenty eagles nested. In 1874, water rights were established on nearby Willow Creek and the first grain was harvested. Settlement consisted of only a couple of families and small irrigation ditches; the first child of European descent was born at Eagle Rock in 1874.
Soon, the Utah and Northern Railway was built, stretching north from Utah through Eagle Rock and crossing the Snake River at the same narrow gorge as Taylor's bridge. The railway would connect to the large new copper mines at Butte, Montana; the U&NR had the backing of robber baron Jay Gould, as Union Pacific Railroad had purchased it a few years prior. Grading crews reached Eagle Rock in late 1878, by early 1879, a wild camp-town with dozens of tents and shanties had moved to Eagle Rock with a collection of saloons, dance halls, gambling halls; the railroad company had 16 locomotives and 300 train cars working between Logan, Utah at the once-quiet stage stop. A new iron railroad bridge was fabricated in Athens, Pennsylvania at a cost of $30,000 and shipped by rail to the site, where it was erected in April and May 1879; the bridge had two spans, with an island in the center. The camp-town moved on, but Eagle Rock now had regular train service and several U&NR buildings and facilities, which expanded and transformed the town.
As soon as the railroad came through, settlers began homesteading the Upper Snake River Valley in earnest. The first new settlers carved out homesteads to the north at Pooles Island; the Utah & Northern Railway provided easy access to homesteaders from Utah, who soon populated much of the areas surrounding Eagle Rock. Some of these men had worked building the railroad later returned with their families to stake out new farms; these Utah families brought irrigation know-how developed in Utah's Great Basin settlements. Through their and others' canal systems, water from the Snake River made the Upper Snake River Valley into one of the most successful irrigation projects in the Mountain West. Large-scale settlement ensued and within a decade, there appeared roads and dams, which brought most of the Upper Snake River Valley under cultivation. In 1887, following the construction of the Oregon Short Line and a railroad workers' strike in Eagle Rock, most of the railroad facilities were moved to Pocatello, where the new line branched off the U&NR.
This caused a immediate drop in population, which nearly killed the town. In 1891, in an effort to attract farmers wary of eagles and rocks, marketers convinced town leaders to change the name to Idaho Falls, in reference to the rapids below the bridge; some years the construction of a retaining wall for a hydroelectric power plant enhanced the rapids into falls. In 1895, the world's then-largest irrigation canal, the Great Feeder, began diverting water from the Snake River, helping to convert tens of thousands of more acres of desert into green farmland; the area grew sugar beets, peas and alfalfa, became one of the most productive regions of the United States. The city once again began growing continuously into the 20th century. In 1949, the Atomic Energy Commission opened the National Reactor Testing Station in the desert west of Idaho Falls, on Dec. 20, 1951, a nuclear reactor produced useful electricity for the first time in history. There have been more than 50 unique nuclear reactors built at the facility for testing, although only three remain active.
NRTS was the scene of the only fatal nuclear reactor incident in U. S. history, on January 3, 1961. The event occurred at an experimental U. S. Army reactor plant known as the Argonne Low Power Reactor, which the Army called the Stationary Low-Power Reactor Number One. Due to poor design and maintenance procedures, a single control rod was manually pulled out too far
Height above average terrain
Height above average terrain, or effective height above average terrain, is a measure of how high an antenna site is above the surrounding landscape. HAAT is used extensively in FM radio and television, as it is more important than effective radiated power in determining the range of broadcasts. For international coordination, it is measured in meters by the Federal Communications Commission in the United States, as Canada and Mexico have extensive border zones where stations can be received on either side of the international boundaries. Stations that want to increase above a certain HAAT must reduce their power accordingly, based on the maximum distance their station class is allowed to cover; the FCC procedure to calculate HAAT is: from the proposed or actual antenna site, either 12 or 16 radials were drawn, points at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 miles radius along each radial were used. The entire radial graph could be rotated to achieve the best effect for the station; the altitude of the antenna site, minus the average altitude of all the specified points, is the HAAT.
This can create some unusual cases in mountainous regions—it is possible to have a negative number for HAAT. The FCC has divided the Contiguous United States into three zones for the determination of spacing between FM and TV stations using the same frequencies. FM and TV stations are assigned maximum ERP and HAAT values, depending on their assigned zones, to prevent co-channel interference; the FCC regulations for ERP and HAAT are listed under Title 47, Part 73 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Maximum HAAT: 150 metres Maximum ERP: 50 kilowatts Minimum co-channel separation: 241 km Maximum HAAT: 600 metres Maximum ERP: 100 kilowatts Minimum co-channel separation: 290 km. In all zones, maximum ERP for analog TV transmitters is. In addition, Zone I-A consists of all of California south of 40° north latitude, Puerto Rico and the U. S. Virgin Islands. Zones I and I-A have the most "grandfathered" overpowered stations, which are allowed the same extended coverage areas that they had before the zones were established.
One of the most powerful of these stations is WBCT in Grand Rapids, which operates at 320,000 watts and 238 meters HAAT. Zone III consists of all of Florida and the areas of Alabama, Louisiana and Texas within 241.4 kilometers of the Gulf of Mexico. Zone II is all the rest of the Continental United States and Hawaii. Above mean sea level Above ground level Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission List of broadcast station classes United States Federal Communications Commission 47 CFR Part 73 Index FCC: Mass Media Calculated Contours FCC: HAAT Calculator "Superpower" Grandfathered FM stations
KZBQ is a country music format radio station located in Pocatello, United States, serving the Pocatello area. Its signal emanates from the KZBQ broadcast tower on Howard Mountain, east of Pocatello in Bannock County, Idaho. KZBQ is owned and operated by Idaho Wireless Corporation, a local company that owns and operates sister stations KOUU and KOUU-FM, in Pocatello, Idaho and KORR in American Falls, Idaho; the station was assigned the callsign KZBQ on January 23, 1995. On December 14, 2016, KZBQ moved from 93.7 FM to 93.9 FM. The station was licensed by the Federal Communications Commission to operate on that frequency on December 19, 2016. Query the FCC's FM station database for KZBQ Radio-Locator information on KZBQ Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KZBQ
Brigham Young University–Idaho
Brigham Young University–Idaho is a private university located in Rexburg, Idaho. Founded in 1888, the university is owned and operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, transitioned from a junior college to a four-year institution in 2001, was known for the greater part of its history as Ricks College. BYU-Idaho offers programs in liberal arts including the sciences, agriculture and performing arts; the university is broadly organized into thirty-three departments within six colleges, its parent organization, the Church Educational System, sponsors sister schools in Utah and Hawaii. The university's focus is on undergraduate education, hosting 26 certificate, 20 associate and over 87 bachelor's degree programs, it operates using a three-semester system known as "tracks." Students at BYU-Idaho are required to follow an honor code, which mandates behavior in line with Latter-day Saint teachings. 99 percent of the university's students are members of the LDS Church, a significant percentage of the student body take an 18- or 24-month hiatus from their studies to serve as missionaries.
Tuition rates are lower than those at similar universities, due to funding provided by the church from tithing donations On November 12, 1888, the LDS Church created the Bannock Stake Academy in Rexburg. The precursor to BYU-Idaho, like several other colleges and universities across the mountain west, was established as a "stake academy" first, as Mormon settlers colonized the eastern Snake River Plain in the 1880s; as a stake academy, its purpose was that of a modern secondary school as public schools had not yet been established. As the population grew, it became necessary to divide the geographical area designated by the Church as the Bannock Stake; the Fremont Stake was created, thus in 1898 the school was renamed the Fremont Stake Academy. In 1903, the school was renamed again as Ricks Academy in honor of Thomas E. Ricks, the president of the LDS Church's Bannock Stake at the time it was founded and the chairman of the school's first Board of Education. By the early twentieth century, stake academies had been discontinued as public schools became more established in the western United States.
Ricks Academy survived as it had added a year of college work to its curriculum and in 1917 was granted state certification, which allowed graduates to teach in the state of Idaho. At that point, it was known as Ricks Normal College with George S. Romney as its first president. In 1923, it was renamed Ricks functioned as a two-year junior college, it would serve as a junior college for most of the remainder of the twentieth century, except for a brief period from 1948 to 1956 when it operated as a four-year institution. In the 1920s and 1930s, the LDS Church began to close, or hand over, its academies to state governments because of better established public education and economic strains on the church. Ricks College was offered as a gift from the church to the state of Idaho at the 1931 legislative session, but was rejected. Bills handing over Ricks College to the state of Idaho were presented at three more legislative sessions, but all were rejected. After a decade of facing closure, the church decided to keep Ricks College open.
The college emerged with the support of local patrons and accreditation by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges in 1936. The 1950s brought renewed consideration of closing the school, moving it. However, church president David O. McKay decided against this course of action after a visit to the campus. During the 1976 Teton Dam flood, Ricks College was used as a center for disaster relief operations. By the late twentieth century, the college had become the largest private junior college in the country with over 7,500 students. On June 21, 2000, the LDS Church announced that Ricks College would become a four-year institution known as Brigham Young University–Idaho; this change became official just over a year on August 10, 2001. Among the changes were the elimination of the intercollegiate athletic program and the institution of a larger activities and intramural athletics program; the school established a "three-track" system, which admits students on a specific track of two semesters, rather than the standard fall and winter semesters.
Among other changes to campus facilities to accommodate the associated growth, the Hyrum Manwaring Student Center was renovated and enlarged and a new auditorium building, the BYU-Idaho Center, with seating for 15,000 was built. The buildings were dedicated in December 2010; the campus sits on a hill overlooking the city of Rexburg and the Snake River Valley and includes nearly forty major buildings and residence halls on over 400 acres. Off-campus facilities include a Livestock Center and the Henry’s Fork Outdoor Learning Center near Rexburg; the Teton Lodge and Quickwater Lodge near Victor, are utilized as student leadership and service centers. The main campus includes a planetarium, an arboretum, geology and wildlife museums; the school operates several athletic fields and facilities around campus which are used to support intramural programs and the expanded student activities program, instituted when intercollegiate sports were discontinued in 2001. Facilities include a football and track stadium, tennis courts, general use fields and the John Hart Physical Education building, which 4,000 seats in its main gym and is used for athletic events and concerts.
The building includes a large fitness center