Korean fried chicken
Korean fried chicken or KFC called chikin in Korea, refers to a variety of fried chicken dishes from South Korea, including the basic huraideu-chikin and spicy yangnyeom-chikin. In South Korea, fried chicken is consumed as an appetizer, anju, or as an after-meal snack. Korean fried chicken differs from typical American fried chicken. Furthermore, Korean-style chicken is not characterized by the crags and crusty nubs associated with American fried chicken; the chicken is seasoned with spices and salt, prior to and after being fried. Korean fried chicken restaurants use small- or medium-sized chickens. After frying, the chicken is hand-painted with sauce using a brush in order to evenly coat the chicken with a thin layer. Pickled radishes and soju are served with Korean fried chicken; the Korean word chikin refers to fried chicken. The word is shortened from peuraideu chikin, a transliteration of the English phrase "fried chicken". According to the National Institute of Korean Language, the word chikin refers to "a dish made by coating chopped chicken with flour, frying or baking it".
Fried chickens that are not chopped before frying are called tongdak. Both chikin and tongdak are referred to as dak-twigim; the unshortened form peuraideu chikin, despite being the "correct" transliteration, is not as popular in Korea. The more used form, huraideu-chikin, may have been adopted in Korean owing to residual influence from the Japanese convention that persisted in Korea in the 1970s; the phrase huraideu-chikin is shortened to huraideu and refers to a fried chicken dish without the added seasonings post-frying. This is used to differentiate it from yangnyeom-chikin; the National Institute of Korean Language does not recognize huraideu-chikin as the conventional name, but insists on the transliteration peuraideu-chikin, which it insists should be "refined" to dakgogi-twigim. The concept of frying chicken in Korea has its beginning during the Korean War, when American troops stationed in South Korea during the late-1940s, the early-1950s. Traditionally, Koreans steamed chicken for consumption, chicken dishes came in soups and broth.
This all changed however, when Americans began placing stalls selling soul-food American fried chicken, focusing on the four areas of Seoul, Busan and Songtan. The modern trend of eating chicken began in Korea during the late 1960s, when Myeongdong Yeongyang Center in Seoul began selling whole chicken roasted over an electric oven; the first Korean fried chicken franchise, Lims Chicken, was established in 1977 in the basement of Shinsegae Department Store, Chungmu-ro, Seoul by Yu Seok-ho. Yu stated that his idea of selling smaller, individual pieces of fried chicken in Korea came along in 1975 when he went to go study abroad in the United States, he began frying chicken there, received accolades for creating'ginseng chicken'. He started his business in Korea with six pieces of fried chicken between ￦280 to ￦330, sold around 900 pieces as his beginning career; the well-known variety with spicy coatings known as yangnyeom-chikin, had its history begin in 1982 by Yang Hee-Kwon, running Pelicana Chicken at Daejeon.
He noticed that customers in his restaurant were struggling to chew on the hard, crisp layers of the fried chicken, led to inconveniences such as scraped palates. Yang decided to pull a twist on the traditional fried chicken to soften the hard shells of the chicken, appease more Korean customers by marinating it sweet, spicy. Yang states that despite the spicy flavor, the first yangnyeom-chikin did not include gochujang as one of their marinating ingredients. In recent years, owing to market saturation in Korea, many of Korea's major fried chicken chains, such as Mexicana Chicken, Genesis BBQ, Kyochon Chicken and Pelicana Chicken, have expanded to set up new presences in the United States, China and Southeast Asia. Huraideu-chikin – simply referred to as huraideu, this is the basic fried chicken. Yangnyeom-chikin – known in the West as yangnyeom-tongdak despite not being tongdak, sometimes used as a synonym for "Korean fried chicken" by Western media, this is fried chicken coated in gochujang-based sweet and spicy sauce.
Banban – shortened from yangnyeom ban, huraideu ban is used to refer to chicken, served half seasoned and half plain. Ganjang-chikin – fried chicken coated in ganjang-based sweet and savoury sauce, also garlicky. Padak – fried chicken topped with or smothered with a large amount of thinly shredded scallions. Tongdak – called yennal-tongdak, this is a 1970s-style whole chicken deep-fried in oil. Sunsal-chikin – boneless chicken. Chimaek Pickled radish
KFC known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is an American fast food restaurant chain headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky that specializes in fried chicken. It is the world's second-largest restaurant chain after McDonald's, with 22,621 locations globally in 136 countries as of December 2018; the chain is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, a restaurant company that owns the Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, WingStreet chains. KFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, during the Great Depression. Sanders identified the potential of the restaurant franchising concept, the first "Kentucky Fried Chicken" franchise opened in Utah in 1952. KFC popularized chicken in the fast food industry, diversifying the market by challenging the established dominance of the hamburger. By branding himself as "Colonel Sanders", Harland became a prominent figure of American cultural history, his image remains used in KFC advertising to this day. However, the company's rapid expansion overwhelmed the aging Sanders, he sold it to a group of investors led by John Y. Brown Jr. and Jack C.
Massey in 1964. KFC was one of the first American fast food chains to expand internationally, opening outlets in Canada, the United Kingdom and Jamaica by the mid-1960s. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, it experienced mixed fortunes domestically, as it went through a series of changes in corporate ownership with little or no experience in the restaurant business. In the early 1970s, KFC was sold to the spirits distributor Heublein, taken over by the R. J. Reynolds food and tobacco conglomerate; the chain continued to expand overseas, in 1987, it became the first Western restaurant chain to open in China. It has since expanded in China, now the company's single largest market. PepsiCo spun off its restaurants division as Tricon Global Restaurants, which changed its name to Yum! Brands. KFC's original product is pressure-fried chicken pieces, seasoned with Sanders' recipe of 11 herbs and spices; the constituents of the recipe represent a notable trade secret. Larger portions of fried chicken are served in a cardboard "bucket", which has become a well-known feature of the chain since it was first introduced by franchisee Pete Harman in 1957.
Since the early 1990s, KFC has expanded its menu to offer other chicken products such as chicken fillet sandwiches and wraps, as well as salads and side dishes such as French fries and coleslaw and soft drinks. KFC is known for its slogans "It's Finger Lickin' Good!", "Nobody does chicken like KFC", "So good". Harland Sanders was raised on a farm outside Henryville, Indiana; when Sanders was five years old, his father died. This left Sanders, as the eldest son. After he reached seven years of age, his mother taught him. After leaving the family home at the age of 13, Sanders passed through several professions, with mixed success. In 1930, he took over a Shell filling station on US Route 25 just outside North Corbin, Kentucky, a small town on the edge of the Appalachian Mountains, it was here that he first served to travelers the recipes that he had learned as a child: fried chicken and other dishes such as steaks and country ham. After four years of serving from his own dining room table, Sanders purchased the larger filling station on the other side of the road and expanded to six tables.
By 1936, this had proven successful enough for Sanders to be given the honorary title of Kentucky colonel by Governor Ruby Laffoon. In 1937 he expanded his restaurant to 142 seats, added a motel he purchased across the street, naming it Sanders Court & Café. Sanders was unhappy with the 35 minutes it took to prepare his chicken in an iron frying pan, but he refused to deep fry the chicken, which he believed lowered the quality of the product. If he pre-cooked the chicken in advance of orders, there was sometimes wastage at day's end. In 1939, the first commercial pressure cookers were released onto the market designed for steaming vegetables. Sanders bought one, modified it into a pressure fryer, which he used to fry chicken; the new method reduced production time to be comparable with deep frying, while, in the opinion of Sanders, retaining the quality of pan-fried chicken. In July 1940, Sanders finalised what came to be known as his "Original Recipe" of 11 herbs and spices. Although he never publicly revealed the recipe, he admitted to the use of salt and pepper, claimed that the ingredients "stand on everybody's shelf".
After being recommissioned as a Kentucky colonel in 1950 by Governor Lawrence Wetherby, Sanders began to dress the part, growing a goatee and wearing a black frock coat, a string tie, referring to himself as "Colonel". His associates went along with the title change, "jokingly at first and in earnest", according to biographer Josh Ozersky; the Sanders Court & Café served travelers, so when the route planned in 1955 for Interstate 75 bypassed Corbin, Sanders sold his properties and traveled the US to franchise his chicken recipe to restaurant owners. Independent restaurants would pay four cents on each chicken as a franchise fee, in exchange for Sanders' "secret blend of herbs and spices" and the right to feature his recipe on their menus and use his name and likeness for promotional purposes. In 1952 he had successfully franchised his recipe to his friend Pete Harman of South Salt Lake, the operator of one of the city's largest restaurants. Don Anderson, a sign painter hired by
North Melbourne Football Club
The North Melbourne Football Club, nicknamed the Kangaroos or less formally the Roos, the Kangas or North, is the fourth oldest Australian rules football club in the Australian Football League and is one of the oldest sporting clubs in Australia and the world. It is based at the Arden Street Oval in the inner Melbourne suburb of North Melbourne, but plays its home matches at the nearby Docklands Stadium; the club's mascot is a grey kangaroo, its use dates from the middle of the 20th century. The club is unofficially known as "The Shinboners", a term which dates back to its 19th-century abattoir-worker origins; the club's motto is Victoria amat curam, Latin for "Victory Demands Dedication". In two aspects North Melbourne stands second to none. One is the loyalty of its supporters; the other is the determination to carry on, despite its disadvantages. In the face of adversity, which might well have broken the spirit of most men, we find that from the earliest days there were always enthusiasts to fight for North Melbourne.
North Melbourne Football Club originated in the year 1869, when a football team was formed for local cricketers desiring to keep fit over the winter months. One thought is that the club was connected to the St Mary's Church of England Cricket Club, now the St Mary's Anglican Church North Melbourne, whose colours – blue and white – are reflected in the North Melbourne's colours today; the association between the St Mary's Church of England Cricket Club and the establishment of the North Melbourne Football Club is believed to have been an informal gathering to play some competitive sport. Information on the club's first match is limited, but it is known that it took place in Royal Park, which served as the club's home ground until 1882; the ball used in the match was purchased by a local resident called Tom Jacks, who sold some roofing iron to pay for it. James Henry Gardiner is considered the founder of the club, he continued an active role with North Melbourne until his death in 1921. Regular premiership matches of Australian Football commenced in Victoria in 1870.
Although North Melbourne was a part of this, it was classed as a "junior club". The Australasian noted them as being "one of the best of many junior clubs"; the club continued graduating to senior ranks in 1874 finishing 4th. Along with the promotion, the club adopted its first uniform of white horizontal stripes. In 1876 North Melbourne disbanded and many of its player and members joined Albert-park, giving the club such a strong North Melbourne character that many described it as "Albert-park cum North Melbourne". In 1877, the club was re-established as a stand-alone club under the new name of "Hotham". Football took a giant step forward in 1877, with the formation of Victoria's first colonial football league, the VFA. Hotham were prime movers in establishing this league and were afforded a place in light of their previous contributions to Australian Football; the 1880s marked the emergence of the modern identity today. In 1882, the club amalgamated with the Hotham Cricket Club and moved into the North Melbourne Recreation Reserve, which remains the home of the club today.
The joint venture was aimed at affecting improvements at the Hotham Cricket Ground, the name of the Reserve at the time. Four years the club adopted the traditional uniform of blue and white vertical stripes at the insistence of the VFA, who wanted a visible contrast between Geelong's and Hotham's uniforms; the third significant development occurred in 1888 with the club returning to its original name of the North Melbourne Football Club. This followed the name of the local area reverting from Hotham to North Melbourne; the 1880s saw the club develop a penchant for inter-colonial travel with trips to Tasmania and South Australia. Hotham found itself well represented at the first inter-colonial representative game in 1879 with four players from the club gaining selection for Victoria; the VFA grew to 13 senior clubs in the 1890s. Led by Geelong and Essendon, the largest clubs of the VFA formed their own break away league, the Victorian Football League, in 1896. Despite finishing 6th in 1896, North Melbourne was not invited to the breakaway competition.
The main reasons for being excluded were: North had not won a premiership yet, thus was not considered a powerful club The industrialisation of the locality had drained the club's income streams The club had a strong reputation for hooliganism from their fans There was a lot of bad blood between Collingwood and North following a torrid engagement in the previous season Essendon felt threatened by the proximity of North Melbourne A court case against the North Melbourne Cricket Club had damaged the Football Club's statusNorth continued on in the depleted VFA, emerging as a powerhouse, finishing 2nd in 1897, 1898 and 1899. In 1903, after 34 years of competing, the club won its first premiership, defeating Richmond in the final; the club became back to back premiers in 1904 after Richmond forfeited the grand final due to the appointment of an umpire whose performance when the two teams met earlier in the year was criticised by Richmond players and officials. North merged with fellow VFA football club West Melbourne in 1907, which at the time had lost its home ground.
The joint venture saw a chance of promotion, the club applied for admission to the more prestigious VFL in 1908, but Richmond and University were admitted instead. North was kicked out of the VFA during the 1907/08 offseason as a result of applying to join the VFL, before the local community reestablished the North Melbourne Football Club under a new committee enabling the club to play in the VFA in the 1908 season; the reformation of the Club necessitated a
Kaya Futbol Club–Iloilo is a Filipino professional association football club based in Iloilo City in the Western Visayas. They play in the Philippine Premier League, the top-flight association football league of the Philippines, they played at the Philippines Football League and United Football League. Known as just Kaya Futbol Club, the club's name of the club comes from the Filipino word káya, which means "we can". In Old Tagalog, the word is defined as susi ng kapatiran. Both of these definitions provide the basis for Kaya's team vision as a club; the club is owned by businessman Santiago "Santi" Araneta, the CEO of LBC Express, Inc. one of the largest courier services in the Philippines. Kaya had their first major success in 2015, they debuted in the inaugural season of the Philippines Football League as Kaya FC–Makati in 2017, representing Makati City, but moved to Iloilo for the 2018 season. Kaya Futbol Club traces its origins to the late 1980s and early 1990s, when men played football in a wooden basketball court at the old Makati campus of the International School Manila in present-day Century City, Makati.
In July 1996, Kaya was established by Chris Hagedorn, ISM football coach Bob Kovach, former national team players Rudy del Rosario, John-Rey "Lupoy" Bela-ong. Chris Hagedorn once pointed out that the name "Kaya" is derived from the Filipino word for "can do it" or "we can". Kaya co-founder Rudy del Rosario points to the lyrics of Bob Marley's song Kaya, when asked about the origin of the club's name; the club began to join outdoor 7-a-side football tournaments playing against other teams making podium-finishes in these competitions. In the late 1990s, Kaya participated in official and more challenging 11-a-side football tournaments organized by the National Capital Region Football Association. In the early 2000s, the club played in numerous competitions like the Globe Super Cup. In 2002, the club played in the first incarnation of the United Football League. Between 2000 and 2009, Kaya defeated the Philippine Armed Forces clubs in two separate championship matches and was the champion of the old incarnation of the United Football League on three occasions.
The club was recognized as one of the only club teams capable of defeating the "big three", composed of the Philippine Army, Philippine Air Force and Philippine Navy football clubs. Before the club participated in the inaugural UFL Cup in 2009, the CEO of LBC Express Santiago Araneta began investing on the club, helping Kaya to become one of the finest clubs in the Philippines. After placing in the top two of their group in the first UFL Cup in October 2009, Kaya was placed in the first division for the inaugural United Football League competition. In the inaugural season of the United Football League, Kaya finished second, behind league champions Philippine Air Force; the club had a final record of 28 points. The runner-up finish is Kaya's best finish in the league, replicated by the team in the 2012 season. Kaya withdrew from this season's UFL Cup for unspecified reasons; as a result, the club was fined ₱200,000The club signed Spanish coach Juan Cutillas as the club's head coach in 2011. The club went on to finish fourth in the league competition after collecting 17 points.
This season's UFL Cup saw the beginning of the fierce rivalry between Kaya and the Loyola Meralco Sparks. After placing top of their group with an unbeaten record, Kaya defeated Team Socceroo 2–0 in the round of sixteen. Kaya defeated the Manila Nomads 3–0 in the quarterfinals, setting up a showdown with the Loyola Meralco Sparks in the semi-finals. Kaya lead the game 3–0, but a resilient Loyola Meralco Sparks club managed to make an exciting comeback, finishing the game at 4–5 to the Sparks. With the loss, Kaya was placed in a third-place match with Global, losing 2–1. Before the beginning of the league competition, head coach Juan Cutillas left the club, he was replaced by Filipino coach Michael Alvarez as the interim head coach of the club. The 2012 league competition saw one of Kaya's best finishes to date, finishing runners-up to champions Global; the two clubs finished with the same record. The championship was decided on goal-difference, with Global having a +32 GD and Kaya with +13 GD. With the runners-up finish, Kaya missed out on qualifying for the 2013 AFC President's Cup.
Kaya joined. In the round of sixteen, they defeated M'lang 5–0 in Koronadal; the club beat rivals Loyola Meralco Sparks 1–0 in the quarterfinals, before falling to eventual champions Ceres 3–1 in the semi-finals. In the third-place match, Kaya defeated Green Archers United 2–0. In the UFL Cup, Kaya finished the group stages in second place, behind Green Archers United on goal difference, they were defeated by Global 2–1 at extra time in the quarterfinals. Head coach Michael Alvarez stepped down as head coach in December 2012, he was replaced by Uruguayan coach Maor Rozen. Kaya finished fourth in the league competition 15 points from champions Stallion. In the middle of the league, head coach Maor Rozen resigned; the club's goalkeeping coach Melo Sabacan took over the reins as interim head coach, was subsequently replaced by Australian coach David Perković. The club saw minimal success in this season's UFL Cup. Kaya finished second behind UFL Division 2 side Union Internacional Manila, they lost to relega
Kennedy Fried Chicken
Kennedy Fried Chicken and Crown Fried Chicken are common restaurant names in the New York-New Jersey and Baltimore areas of the United States, but in nearby smaller cities or towns along the Northeastern United States. Kennedy Fried Chickens compete with Kentucky Fried Chicken in the inner city neighborhoods of several states along the East Coast. There are a number in the West Coast in California. A number of these restaurants, located in other states, are named New York Fried Chicken designed in the same manner and offering the same general menu as Kennedy and Crown Fried Chicken, it is not an actual franchise. Kennedy Fried Chicken was founded on May 16, 1969, with its first restaurant on Nostrand Avenue in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn. There is a dispute among the people involved in the business over, the actual founder; some claim. Zia, an Afghan immigrant from Kabul, Afghanistan, is known by some as Zia Chicken or "Lau Chicken" and is regarded as the father of Kennedy Fried Chicken, he immigrated to the United States in 1977 and began working at a fast food restaurant by the name of Kansas Fried Chicken, owned by African-Americans at the time.
Prior to that he was studying engineering in Azerbaijan. After spending about three years learning how to run a fast food business, he decided to open his own fried chicken restaurant as he could be as good as others and sell 15-20% cheaper. Kennedy Fried Chicken was named after assassinated U. S. President John F. Kennedy, "because Afghans are fond of the former president." During the 1980s and 1990s many of the same restaurants have opened across New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and several other states, including West Coast states such as California. There are estimated to be about 1,000. For the most part the restaurants share the same concept. In addition to fried chicken they may offer fried fish, hot wings, short ribs, burgers, beef patties on coco bread, fries, corn on the cob, mashed potatoes, onion rings, sweet potato pies and a variety of flavors of ice cream for dessert; some restaurants are in dangerous areas of the most dangerous cities, serving from behind bulletproof glass at night.
Those in safer suburbs have added to their menus Middle Eastern dishes such as kebabs with rice, but Kennedy's and Crown's specialties are the deep-fried chicken. Chicken and food are quite ordered a la carte. Not all dishes are available for delivery. Menus are posted on the walls with photographs. Due to the tendency of these restaurants to appear in inner-city locations, Kennedy and New York Fried Chicken are sometimes referred to as "ghetto chicken". In 2008 one Kennedy Fried Chicken restaurant in Harlem, New York changed its name to "Obama Fried Chicken" in honor of the election of President Barack Obama; this particular one was believed to be owned and operated by immigrants from Burkina Faso in Western Africa. The restaurants are traditionally owned and operated by Afghan-Americans but are not formally connected, although their concept and prices are similar; the multitude of owners has caused problems for Kentucky Fried Chicken in New York. In 2005 Abdul Haye, an Afghan immigrant since 1989 and a resident of Whitestone, Queens in New York City, registered Kennedy Fried Chicken as a trademark.
He has been attempting to enforce the trademark against other restaurants with mixed results. List of fast-food chicken restaurants Kennedy Fried Chicken on Flickr Crown Fried Chicken on Flickr
Kingstonian Football Club is an English semi-professional football club based in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames which plays in the Isthmian League Premier Division. The club groundshares with Corinthian-Casuals at King Georges Field as of July 2018, this is to become their permanent home back in the Borough, they played the 2017-18 season at Fetcham Grove in Leatherhead having moved out of Kingsmeadow at the end of the 2016–17 season, their home since 1989, when they left their original Richmond Road ground. They shared Kingsmeadow with AFC Wimbledon since 2002, who purchased the lease of Kingsmeadow in 2003; the ground was purchased by Chelsea F. C. in 2016, who stipulated that Kingstonian could not remain there. Kingstonian Football Club was founded in 1885 by the Young Men's Christian Association, named Kingston & Surbiton YMCA, began competing properly in 1893 in the Surrey Junior Cup. There was a split before the start of the 1908–1909 season which damaged the club, the two clubs were named Old Kingstonians and Kingston upon Thames A.
F. C. After period of quiet during World War I, the two clubs re-united and joined the Athenian League in 1919, named Kingstonian. In 1929, their application to join the Isthmian League was accepted, they have competed there to the present day; the club, nicknamed "The K's" or "The Ks", spent three seasons at the highest level of non-league football, 1998–99, 1999–2000 and 2000–01, have won the FA Trophy twice, in consecutive seasons, in 1999 and 2000. Kingstonian was formed in autumn 1885, under the name Kingston & Surbiton YMCA. In the period, rugby was the dominant sport in the town, but the Young Men's Christian Association was unable to support a rugby club; this influenced their decision to create a club to play "Football under Association rules". The new club played their first fixture on 28 November 1885 losing 3–1 to Surbiton Hill with home games played at Bushey Park before moving to the Spring grove the following season. Over the two years the club played. In 1887 the club changed its name to Saxons FC and opened up its membership to players who were not members of the YMCA.
The club however maintained its links to the YMCA and only allowed YMCA members to serve on the decision making committee. In the Summer of 1888 William Carn, the founder of the club, resigned from the YMCA after tensions developed where the YMCA were concerned that the organization was becoming more like a sporting club than a religious organization; as non YMCA members were not allowed to serve on the committee this would have meant Carn resigning his duties with the club. The members decided however to sever links with the YMCA. At the same time the club moved to a ground in Oil Mill Lane. At the club's annual general meeting in 1890, the secretary at the time, William G. Carn, proposed that the name became "one more identified with the town", his proposal was successful, the club became Kingston Wanderers F. C. in the 1890–91 season. The club's first season as Kingston Wanderers heralded a change of home ground to the Fairfield Recreation Ground. In the Summer of 1893, the association clubs of Kingston considered a proposal to amalgamate and produce one larger club that would represent the whole town.
Because many of the clubs had arranged fixtures for the coming season it was only Kingston Wanderers who moved forward with the plan, although several other clubs were to amalgamate with them in future seasons. On 13 September 1893, the club changed its name to Kingston upon Thames A. F. C, they entered the Surrey Junior Cup affiliated to the Surrey Football Association. The first competitive match in Kingston's history was in November 1893 and resulted in a loss, after a replayed game, to Hampton Court & East Molesey; when Kingston upon Thames ventured into the Surrey Senior Cup in 1894, the heaviest loss of the club to date was recorded, a 13–0 loss to Weybridge F. C; the club re-entered the Surrey Junior Cup and in 1896 joined the Kingston & District League as founder members. In their first season, they won the league but lost the Surrey Junior Cup 2–1 in the final, to Chertsey F. C. after a replay. They spent two years in the Kingston and District league, coming runners up to Brentford'A' Team in their second season before moving into the East and West Surrey League at the start of the 1898–1899 season.
The club underwent several ground changes during this period and from 1898–1899 season spent 3 years at Dinton Road before one season playing at Lower Marsh Lane in 1901–1902 season. In 1902–1903 they made a final move to Thorpe Road, on the site of the Richmond Road ground, to become their home for much of the Twentieth Century; the club continued to compete in the East and West Surrey League and had a one-season foray into the London League in 1903 alongside the East and West Surrey League but the "experiment" backfired with fixture congestion and selection difficulties caused by having too many games and Kingston upon Thames withdrew from the London League after one season. In 1905–1906 season, the club won the newly renamed West Surrey League, a feat, replicated in 1906–1907 season. In addition the 1906–1907 season saw them finish runners up in the Surrey Senior Cup, lost to Clapham F. C. 3–1. The newfound success in Surrey amateur football was soon lost when the club split before the start of the 1908–09 season after increasing tensions between the First Team members and the "A" Team members.
This reached a head after elections for representation on the committee. This resulted in treasurer David Judd forming Old Kingstonians F. C. and taking much of the first team with him to a new gr
Kilmarnock Football Club known as Killie, is a Scottish football team based in the town of Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire. The team is under the management of Steve Clarke; the club has won several honours since its formation in 1869, most the 2011–12 Scottish League Cup after a 1–0 win over Celtic at Hampden Park. Kilmarnock Football Club is the oldest football club in the Scottish Premiership, are the oldest professional club in Scotland. Home matches are played at Rugby Park, a 17,889 capacity all seater stadium situated in the town itself. Kilmarnock took part in the first official match in the Scottish Cup against the now defunct Renton in 1873. Kilmarnock have a long standing football rivalry with fellow Ayrshire side Ayr United, with both teams playing in the Ayrshire derby in which both sides first met in September 1910. Kilmarnock have long been the most successful side in the Ayrshire derby, winning 189 times in 256 meetings; the club have qualified for European competitions on nine occasions, their best performance coming in the 1966–67 Fairs Cup when they progressed to the semi-finals being eliminated by Leeds United.
The club is one of only a few Scottish clubs to have played in all three European competitions. The club's foundation dates back to the earliest days of organised football in Scotland, when a group of local cricketers looking for a sporting pursuit to occupy them outside of the cricket season looked to form a football club. On 5 January 1869 the club was founded during a general meeting at Robertson's Temperance Hotel on Portland Street, they played a game more similar to rugby and these origins are reflected to this day by the name of the club's home ground – Rugby Park. The difficulty in organising fixtures under this code and the growing influence of Queen's Park soon persuaded them to adopt the association code instead. At this time, the club played games in a number locations including Holm Quarry, the Grange on Irvine Road and a location close to the current Rugby Park. Following the formation of Scotland's earliest football clubs in the 1860s, football experienced a rapid growth but there was no formal structure, matches were arranged in a haphazard and irregular fashion.
Queen's Park, a Glasgow club founded in 1867, took the lead, following an advertisement in a Glasgow newspaper in 1873, representatives from seven clubs – Queen's Park, Vale of Leven, Third Lanark and Granville – attended a meeting on 13 March 1873. Furthermore, Kilmarnock sent a letter stating their willingness to form the Scottish Football Association; that day, these eight clubs formed the Scottish Football Association, resolved that: The clubs here represented form themselves into an association for the promotion of football according to the rules of The Football Association and that the clubs connected with this association subscribe for a challenge cup to be played for annually, the committee to propose the laws of the competition. Kilmarnock competed in the inaugural Scottish Cup tournament in 1873–74, their 2–0 defeat against Renton in the First Round on 18 October 1873 is thought to have been the first match played in the competition. Kilmarnock joined the Scottish League in 1895 and after winning consecutive Second Division titles were elected to the top flight for the first time in 1899.
In 1920 Kilmarnock won the Scottish Cup for the first time beating Albion Rovers at Hampden. This was followed soon by their second success in 1929 where the beat massive favourites Rangers 2–0 at the national stadium in front of a crowd of 114,708 people. In 1964–65 Heart of Midlothian fought out a championship title race with Willie Waddell's Kilmarnock. In the era of two points for a win Hearts were three points clear with two games remaining. Hearts drew with Dundee United meaning the last game of the season with the two title challengers playing each other at Tynecastle would be a league decider. Kilmarnock needed to win by a two-goal margin to take the title. Hearts entered the game as favourites with both a statistical and home advantage, they had a solid pedigree of trophy winning under Tommy Walker. Waddell's Kilmarnock in contrast had been nearly men. Four times in the previous five seasons they had finished league runners-up including Hearts’ triumph in 1960. Killie had lost three domestic cup finals during the same period including the 1962 League Cup Final defeat to Hearts.
Hearts had won five of the six senior cup finals. The final they had lost was in a replay after drawing the first game. Hearts' Roald Jensen hit the post after six minutes. Kilmarnock scored twice through Davie Sneddon and Brian McIlroy after 27 and 29 minutes. Alan Gordon had an excellent chance to clinch the title for Hearts in second half injury time but was denied by a Bobby Ferguson diving save pushing the ball past the post; the 2–0 defeat meant Hearts lost the title by an average of 0.042 goals. Subsequently, Hearts were instrumental in pushing through a change to use goal difference to separate teams level on points; this rule change denied Hearts the title in 1985–86. This is the only time to date. After a period of decline in the 1980s which saw the club relegated to the Second Division, Killie have returned to prominence, holding top division status since being promoted in 1993 and lifting the Scottish Cup for the third time in 1997 thanks to a 1–0 victory over Falkirk in the final; the club have qualified for European competitions on nine occasions, their best performance coming in the 1966–67 Fairs Cup when they progressed to the semi-finals being eliminated by Leeds United.
The club is als