KFMB-FM is a commercial radio station located in San Diego, broadcasting on 100.7 FM and airing a Mainstream Rock format. It shares studios with its sister stations KFMB and KFMB-TV in the Kearny Mesa section of San Diego, KFMB-FMs transmitter is in La Jolla, California. What eventually became KFMB-FM began testing in 1950 from the North Park Theater on Adams Avenue and it finally signed on as a commercial operation on 100.7 MHz on September 21,1959, airing a Beautiful Music format. In the late 1960s, the format was called Music Only For a Woman, station Manager Ed Peters bought the rights to syndicate the format. Rich wanted to change the letters to something with a Q in them to become the FM Q. Although 100.7 is closer to 101 than 100,101.5 KGB-FM had already established itself as 101KGB, eventually knocking off longtime AM Top 40 powerhouse KCBQ in the Fall 1977 Arbitron ratings. B-100 was the first major market FM Top 40 station to achieve overall #1 Arbitron ratings for all listeners, the stations on air staff during its first two years included Phil Flowers, Rocket Man, Jimi Fox, Willie B.
Fox and Conley left to create Ten Q in Los Angeles after the first year, the rest of the high-profile air staff during the B100 Hot AC era were Gary Kelley, Gene Knight, Danny Romero, with Ellen Thomas, and John Fox. Jeff and Jer became the new morning hosts at B100 in 1991. Replacing them were John Lander and Jools Brandt, followed by Larry Himmel, after Jeff and Jer left, ratings for the station began to decline. On May 16,1994, Midwest announced that B-100 would change formats, at Midnight on June 6, the station relaunched as Star 100.7, and retained the Hot AC format, though with a more current and upbeat focus than B-100. Later on, the air staff consisted of Jeff and Jer in mornings, Anita Rush in middays, current XHRM morning hosts Jagger and Kristi in afternoons. The station aired the Bob and Sheri syndicated morning show in the early morning hours for a brief period in late 2004/early 2005. At that point, Jack FM and its adult hits format was introduced with R. E. M. s Its The End of the World As We Know It.
Jeff and Jer left KFMB-FM in August 2005 and moved across town to KMYI94.1 FM, on August 2,2010, KFMB-FM became home to the former longtime KGB-FM morning show, Dave and Chainsaw, often abbreviated to The DSC. In September 2013, KFMB-FM instituted a paywall for its online webstream, which only allows listeners in the San Diego area to hear the online stream. In April 2014, Mediabase added KFMB-FM to its Hot AC panel, reflecting its shift from Adult Hits to a Modern Rock-leaning Hot AC format.5 XHRM-FM,91.1 XETRA-FM, the five stations formed an entity known as SDLocal. Management said the intent of the agreement was to local ownership, shortly after, the paywall for the stream was lifted, with the station being allowed to be heard outside the San Diego market once again
John Devereaux Wrather Jr. was an entrepreneur and petroleum businessman who became a television producer and diversified by investing in broadcast stations and resort properties. He is best known for producing The Lone Ranger, Sergeant Preston of the Yukon, Wrather was born in Amarillo, Texas on May 24,1918 to Mazie and John Devereaux Wrather, Sr. They moved to Tyler, where he grew up and graduated from the high school in 1935. He graduated cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree from The University of Texas at Austin in 1939, Wrather worked in the oilfields of East Texas as a wildcatter and pipeline walker as his college summer job. The early 1940s with his fathers illness, Jack took over as president of his fathers oil company, on July 31,1941, he married Molly ODaniel, the daughter of Democratic Governor and U. S. They eventually filed for divorce in 1945, Wrather served in the U. S. Marine Corps Reserve during World War II in three campaigns and commanded a Marine air group in the Philippines.
After the war, Wrather bought a home in Hollywood and became a movie producer, in 1946, he produced his first movie, The Guilty, starring Bonita Granville, whom he would marry. By 1955, he had produced six more movies, including High Tide, Perilous Waters, Strike It Rich, the films were produced for Eagle-Lion Films, Warner Bros. In 1947, he married movie actress Bonita Granville, Granville appeared in over 40 movies during the 1930s and 1940s and on many dramatic television series during the 1950s, and became a producer for the Lassie show. She is best known for playing the role of Nancy Drew in a series of movies in the late 1930s, Wrather purchased 70 percent share of the television station KOTV in Tulsa, Oklahoma from fellow oil millionaire George Cameron. The other 30 percent was owned by station manager Maria Helen Alvarez, Wrather knew nothing about the management of a station and offered to increase Alvarez and Hill to 50 per cent of the stock in exchange for their services. Wrather-Alvarez went on to purchase the San Diego television and radio stations KFMB-TV and KFMB in 1953, Television station KOTV was sold in 1954 when Alvarez relocated to the San Diego station.
Wrather-Alvarez owned WJDW-TV in Boston and donated it in 1965 to the WGBH Educational Foundation, Wrather-Alvarez financed and owned the Disneyland Hotel in Anaheim. Walt Disney asked Wrather to build the hotel after Disney had exhausted his credit line in building the Disneyland theme park, the hotel was completed in 1955, and immediately shared the success of Disneyland. When Disney attempted to buy the hotel, Wrather refused to sell, in 1954, Wrather-Alvarez purchased the complete rights to The Lone Ranger and took over production of the television series. The corporation purchased the Lassie television series in 1956 and the Sergeant Preston of the Yukon television series in 1957. The Wrather-Alvarez relationship did not end well because Wrather had discovered that Miss Alvarez had married former partner John Hill when he had bought out. Wrather unsuccessfully sued Alvarez and Hill for fraud, in 1958, Wrather bought Alvarezs shares of Wrather-Alvarez and became sole owner of its television and hotel assets
San Diego is a major city in California, United States. It is in San Diego County, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately 120 miles south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico. With an estimated population of 1,394,928 as of July 1,2015, San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California. It is part of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second-largest transborder agglomeration between the US and a country after Detroit–Windsor, with a population of 4,922,723 people. San Diego has been called the birthplace of California, historically home to the Kumeyaay people, San Diego was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, the Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly independent Mexico, in 1850, California became part of the United States following the Mexican–American War and the admission of California to the union.
The city is the seat of San Diego County and is the center of the region as well as the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. San Diegos main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, international trade, the presence of the University of California, San Diego, with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology. The original inhabitants of the region are now known as the San Dieguito, the area of San Diego has been inhabited by the Kumeyaay people. The first European to visit the region was Portuguese-born explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sailing under the flag of Castile, sailing his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain, Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire in 1542, and named the site San Miguel. In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast, in May 1769, Gaspar de Portolà established the Fort Presidio of San Diego on a hill near the San Diego River. It was the first settlement by Europeans in what is now the state of California, in July of the same year, Mission San Diego de Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Junípero Serra.
By 1797, the mission boasted the largest native population in Alta California, with over 1,400 neophytes living in, Mission San Diego was the southern anchor in California of the historic mission trail El Camino Real. Both the Presidio and the Mission are National Historic Landmarks, in 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain, and San Diego became part of the Mexican territory of Alta California. In 1822, Mexico began attempting to extend its authority over the territory of Alta California. The fort on Presidio Hill was gradually abandoned, while the town of San Diego grew up on the land below Presidio Hill. The Mission was secularized by the Mexican government in 1833, the 432 residents of the town petitioned the governor to form a pueblo, and Juan María Osuna was elected the first alcalde, defeating Pío Pico in the vote
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand, webcasting is broadcasting over the Internet. The largest webcasters include existing radio and TV stations, who simulcast their output through online TV or online radio streaming, Webcasting usually consists of providing non-interactive linear streams or events. Rights and licensing bodies offer specific webcasting licenses to those wishing to carry out Internet broadcasting using copyrighted material, Webcasting is used extensively in the commercial sector for investor relations presentations, in e-learning, and for related communications activities. However, webcasting does not bear much, if any, relationship to web conferencing, the ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish. There are many notable independent shows that broadcast regularly online, often produced by average citizens in their homes they cover many interests and topics.
Webcasts relating to computers and news are particularly popular, Webcasting differs from podcasting in that webcasting refers to live streaming while podcasting simply refers to media files placed on the Internet. Webcasting is the distribution of media files through the internet, pakman from Apple, they launched the Macintosh New York Music Festival from July 17–22,1995. This event audio webcast concerts from more than 15 clubs in New York City, Apple webcast a concert by Metallica on June 10,1996 live from Slims in San Francisco. In 1995, Benford E. Standley produced one of the first audio/video webcasts in history, on August 13,1998, it is generally believed the first webcast wedding took place, between Alan Knecht and Carrie Silverman in Toronto Canada. The live signal was broadcast via satellite to PA, encoded and streamed via the BGEA website, the first teleconferenced/webcast wedding to date is believed to have occurred on December 31,1998. Dale Ficken and Lorrie Scarangella wed on this date as they stood in a church in Pennsylvania, on November 4,1994, Stef van der Ziel distributed the first live video images over the web from the Simplon venue in Groningen.
On November 7,1994, WXYC, the radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill became the first radio station in the world to broadcast its signal over the internet. Translated versions including Subtitling are now possible using SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language, a wedcast is a webcast of a wedding. It allows family and friends of the couple to watch the wedding in time on the Internet. Webcasting a funeral is a service provided by funeral homes. Although it has been around for a decade, cheaper broadband, the strain of travel. International Webcasting Association Media clip Podcast Streaming media Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language Video blog Web radio Webisode Webinar PR Newswire
Federal Communications Commission
The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, the spectrum, the media, public safety and homeland security, and modernizing itself. The FCC was formed by the Communications Act of 1934 to replace the radio regulation functions of the Federal Radio Commission, the FCC took over wire communication regulation from the Interstate Commerce Commission. The FCCs mandated jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the FCC provides varied degrees of cooperation and leadership for similar communications bodies in other countries of North America. The FCC is funded entirely by regulatory fees and it has an estimated fiscal-2016 budget of US$388 million. Consistent with the objectives of the Act as well as the 1993 Government Performance and Results Act and these are, Broadband All Americans should have affordable access to robust and reliable broadband products and services. Competition Competition in the provision of services, both domestically and overseas, supports the Nations economy.
The competitive framework for communications services should foster innovation and offer consumers reliable, Media The Nations media regulations must promote competition and diversity and facilitate the transition to digital modes of delivery. Public Safety and Homeland Security Communications during emergencies and crisis must be available for public safety, defense, the Nations critical communications infrastructure must be reliable, interoperable and rapidly restorable. The FCC is directed by five appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate for five-year terms. The U. S. President designates one of the commissioners to serve as chairman, only three commissioners may be members of the same political party. None of them may have a financial interest in any FCC-related business, commissioners may continue serving until the appointment of their replacements, but may not serve beyond the end of the next session of Congress following term expiration.
In practice, as of 2016 this means that commissioners may serve up to 1 1/2 years beyond the term expiration dates listed above if no replacement is appointed. The Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau develops and implements the FCCs consumer policies, CGB serves as the public face of the FCC through outreach and education, as well as through their Consumer Center, which is responsible for responding to consumer inquiries and complaints. CGB maintains partnerships with state and tribal governments in such areas as emergency preparedness. The Enforcement Bureau is responsible for enforcement of provisions of the Communications Act 1934, FCC rules, FCC orders, major areas of enforcement that are handled by the Enforcement Bureau are consumer protection, local competition, public safety, and homeland security. S. The International Bureau oversees FCC compliance with the international Radio Regulations, the Media Bureau handles post-licensing matters regarding direct broadcast satellite service.
The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau regulates domestic wireless telecommunications programs and policies, the Wireline Competition Bureau develops policy concerning wire line telecommunications. The Wireline Competition Bureaus main objective is to promote growth and economical investments in technology infrastructure, markets
Santee is a suburb of San Diego in San Diego County, with a population of 53,413 at the 2010 census. Although it is a part of the East County region, Santee is located just 18 miles from the Pacific Ocean. The city is connected to the coastline by State Route 52, the city is bisected by the San Diego River, a linear greenbelt that includes parks and more than 1,100 acres of natural riparian habitat. The region was the homeland of the Kumeyaay people and these original residents established the village of Sinyeweche on the banks of the San Diego River in the present day Santee area. The city is named after Milton Santee, the husband of Jennie Blodgett, whose first husband was George A. Cowles. In 2010, the city was populated by 19,272 households, in 2009, the median household income was $78,872 per year, according to the San Diego Association of Governments. In 2010, Santee had one of the lowest crime rates among cities in San Diego County, unlike most of the countys coastal cities, Santee still has sizable portions of vacant land suitable for development.
Sports, Sportsplex USA Santee, a 15-acre sports field complex, Santee has hosted the 2012 and 2016 US Olympic Trials for the 50K racewalk on a course along Mast Blvd. Outdoors, In addition to being a spot for mountain bikers. Santee Lakes Regional Park and Campground offers 190 acres for fishing, Golf, A local landmark since 1958, the Carlton Oaks Golf Course and resort offers a premier golfing destination. The course was designed by the legendary Pete Dye, who is in the World Golf Hall of Fame, music, A 10-week series of free concerts is organized each summer by the citys Community Services Department. The Santee Wine & Bluegrass Festival, a fund-raiser for local park, Santee is home to Off Broadway Live, a 100-seat, cabaret-style theatre. Off Broadway Live features year-round live theatre, State Route 52 was extended eastward through the city from its former terminus at State Route 125 to State Route 67 on the citys east side. The city is bisected by four main thoroughfares, Mast Boulevard and Mission Gorge Road traverse east and west, while Magnolia Avenue and Cuyamaca Street cross north and south.
Santee is the terminus of the San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Green Line trolley route. Gillespie Field, the oldest and largest of eight commercial aviation airports operated by San Diego County, is located on Santees southern border with the city of El Cajon, the airport serves as a hub for local businesses. The 55 acres Town Center Community Park is located east of Cuyamaca Street along the San Diego River, the center of the park features a 15 acres sports field complex operated by Sportsplex USA Santee, and an aquatics center operated by the East County YMCA. The parks first two phases were completed in the fall of 2010, the $23.5 million facility was funded through a combination of redevelopment bonds, developer impact fees and grants
AM broadcasting is the process of radio broadcasting using amplitude modulation. AM was the first method of impressing sound on a signal and is still widely used today. Commercial and public AM broadcasting is authorized in the wave band worldwide. Commercial AM broadcasting developed from amateur broadcasts around 1920, and was the commercially important form of radio broadcasting until FM broadcasting began after World War II. This period is known as the Golden Age of Radio, today, AM competes with FM, as well as with various digital radio broadcasting services distributed from terrestrial and satellite transmitters. AM broadcasting was the first broadcasting technology invented, the technology of amplitude modulation radio transmission was developed between 1900 and 1920. This was used for private communication and message traffic, such as telegrams. The entrepreneurs who developed AM radiotelephone transmission did not anticipate broadcasting voice, the term broadcasting, borrowed from agriculture, was applied to this new activity around 1920.
Prior to 1920 there was no concept of broadcasting, or that radio listeners could be a market for entertainment. Although there were a number of broadcasts during this period. True radio broadcasting didnt begin until around 1920, when it sprang up spontaneously among amateur stations, AM remained the dominant method of broadcasting for the next 30 years, a period called the Golden Age of Radio, until FM broadcasting started to become widespread in the 1950s. AM remains a popular, profitable entertainment medium today and the dominant form of broadcasting in some such as Australia. The first AM voice transmission was made by Canadian researcher Reginald Fessenden on 23 December 1900, Fessenden is a significant figure in the development of AM radio. He helped develop one of the first – the Alexanderson alternator, the first practical continuous wave AM transmitters were based on versions of the Poulsen arc transmitter invented in 1903, and the huge, expensive Alexanderson alternator, developed 1906–1910.
The modifications necessary to transmit AM were clumsy and resulted in low audio quality. Modulation was usually accomplished by a carbon microphone inserted directly in the antenna wire, the limited power handling ability of the microphone severely limited the power of the first radiotelephones, in powerful transmitters water-cooled microphones had to be used. At the receiving end, the crystal radio receivers in use could not drive loudspeakers, only earphones. The discovery in 1912 of the ability of the Audion vacuum tube, invented in 1906 by Lee De Forest
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time. It is referred to as frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency. The period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, for example, if a newborn babys heart beats at a frequency of 120 times a minute, its period—the time interval between beats—is half a second. Frequency is an important parameter used in science and engineering to specify the rate of oscillatory and vibratory phenomena, such as vibrations, audio signals, radio waves. For cyclical processes, such as rotation, oscillations, or waves, in physics and engineering disciplines, such as optics and radio, frequency is usually denoted by a Latin letter f or by the Greek letter ν or ν. For a simple motion, the relation between the frequency and the period T is given by f =1 T. The SI unit of frequency is the hertz, named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz, a previous name for this unit was cycles per second. The SI unit for period is the second, a traditional unit of measure used with rotating mechanical devices is revolutions per minute, abbreviated r/min or rpm.
As a matter of convenience and slower waves, such as ocean surface waves and fast waves, like audio and radio, are usually described by their frequency instead of period. Spatial frequency is analogous to temporal frequency, but the axis is replaced by one or more spatial displacement axes. Y = sin = sin d θ d x = k Wavenumber, in the case of more than one spatial dimension, wavenumber is a vector quantity. For periodic waves in nondispersive media, frequency has a relationship to the wavelength. Even in dispersive media, the frequency f of a wave is equal to the phase velocity v of the wave divided by the wavelength λ of the wave. In the special case of electromagnetic waves moving through a vacuum, v = c, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and this expression becomes, f = c λ. When waves from a monochrome source travel from one medium to another, their remains the same—only their wavelength. For example, if 71 events occur within 15 seconds the frequency is, the latter method introduces a random error into the count of between zero and one count, so on average half a count.
This is called gating error and causes an error in the calculated frequency of Δf = 1/, or a fractional error of Δf / f = 1/ where Tm is the timing interval. This error decreases with frequency, so it is a problem at low frequencies where the number of counts N is small, an older method of measuring the frequency of rotating or vibrating objects is to use a stroboscope
Orange County, California
Orange County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,010,232 making it the third-most populous county in California, the sixth-most populous in the United States and its county seat is Santa Ana. It is the second most densely populated county in the state, the countys four largest cities, Santa Ana and Huntington Beach each have populations exceeding 200,000. Several of Orange Countys cities are on the Pacific coast, including Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, Laguna Beach, Orange County is included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Thirty-four incorporated cities are located in the county, the newest is Aliso Viejo, Anaheim was the first city, incorporated in 1870, when the region was still part of neighboring Los Angeles County. Whereas most population centers in the United States tend to be identified by a major city and it is mostly suburban except for some traditionally urban areas at the centers of the older cities of Anaheim, Huntington Beach and Santa Ana.
There are several edge city-style developments such as Irvine Business Center, Newport Center, the county is famous for its tourism as the home of attractions like Disneyland, Knotts Berry Farm, and several beaches along its more than 40 miles of coastline. It is part of the Tech Coast, members of the Tongva, Juaneño, and Luiseño Native American groups long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junipero Serra named the area Valle de Santa Ana, on November 1,1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the areas first permanent European settlement. Among those who came with Portolá were José Manuel Nieto and José Antonio Yorba, both these men were given land grants—Rancho Los Nietos and Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana, respectively. The Nieto heirs were granted land in 1834, the Nieto ranches were known as Rancho Los Alamitos, Rancho Las Bolsas, and Rancho Los Coyotes. Yorba heirs Bernardo Yorba and Teodosio Yorba were granted Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana and Rancho Lomas de Santiago, other ranchos in Orange County were granted by the Mexican government during the Mexican period in Alta California. A severe drought in the 1860s devastated the industry, cattle ranching.
In 1887, silver was discovered in the Santa Ana Mountains, attracting settlers via the Santa Fe and this growth led the California legislature to divide Los Angeles County and create Orange County as a separate political entity on March 11,1889. The county is said to have named for the citrus fruit in an attempt to promote immigration by suggesting a semi-tropical paradise–a place where anything could grow. Other citrus crops and oil extraction were important to the early economy. Orange County benefited from the July 4,1904 completion of the Pacific Electric Railway, the link made Orange County an accessible weekend retreat for celebrities of early Hollywood. It was deemed so significant that Pacific City changed its name to Huntington Beach in honor of Henry E. Huntington, president of the Pacific Electric, Transportation further improved with the completion of the State Route and U. S. Route 101 in the 1920s