Adventures in Odyssey
Adventures in Odyssey, or Odyssey, is an Evangelical Christian radio drama and comedy series created and produced by Focus on the Family for kids. The series first aired in 1987 as a 13 episode pilot called Family Portraits and has over 800 episodes to date; as of 2005, the show's daily audience averaged around 1.2 million within North America. The Odyssey radio series includes several spin-off items, including a home-video series, several computer games, books; the series centers on the fictional town of Odyssey, the lives of the people who live there, in particular, an ice-cream and discovery emporium named Whit's End, its owner, John Avery Whittaker, voiced by Hal Smith. In 1983, Focus on the Family began creating several short dramas for inclusion in the ministry's daily half-hour radio show; this effort culminated in with a thirteen-week test series titled Family Portraits which aired in early 1987. It was created by Steve Harris and Phil Lollar, who set it in a small Midwest town they called Odyssey.
The test episodes engendered a favorable audience response, led to a continuing radio program in November 1987, called Odyssey USA. The title was changed in 1988 to Adventures in Odyssey to "increase international appeal"; the goal of the Odyssey staff was to create a "values-based" radio show with production values comparable with or surpassing those of most mainstream audio dramas. While the show aimed to promote Christian values, according to Odyssey's co-creator Phil Lollar, the goal was not to be "a preaching program", but to be an "entertaining program". Large amounts of work were put into each individual story. Several well-known voice actors were brought in to provide the lead roles. Hal Smith voiced the lead character John Avery Whittaker in one of his favorite roles; the rest of the original "key" characters were voiced by Katie Leigh, Will Ryan, Walker Edmiston, along with Hal Smith, had all worked together extensively at Disney. When Hal Smith died in 1994, Adventures in Odyssey was left without its main character and Focus on the Family considered canceling the radio show.
After a search that lasted over two years, a replacement voice was found in Paul Herlinger, who sounded similar to Hal Smith. Because of health issues, a mutual decision was made by Herlinger and the crew to replace Herlinger with another voice actor. Adventures in Odyssey took a long "smooch", with no new episodes planned while the staff searched for a new actor to voice Mr. Whittaker. In September 2009, Andre Stojka was selected as the third actor to voice Mr. Whittaker. In March 2010, new episodes started as Album 51; the show has been adapted into Spanish audio and Hindi live-action videos, with plans to create Mandarin audio as well. On January 2, 2014 a subscription service for Adventures in Odyssey fans and their families launched, the Adventures In Odyssey Club; the subscription fee supports Focus on the Family as well as other world relief and ministry organizations. The Adventures In Odyssey Club is available internationally and had over 7,000 members in 2016. Main features of the club include access to over 800 Episodes from the Radio Series, as well as all 17 videos, every Official Podcast, exclusive monthly episodes available only to club members.
By the end of its second year in 1988, the show was on 634 radio stations in North America. As of 1995, it was the second-most popular Christian radio show in the United States. By 2002, the show was on over 6000 stations worldwide. All the radio episodes have been released on both cassette and CD collections, by 1992 a million cassettes had been sold. Odyssey episodes have been released annually as promotional items through Chick-fil-A. Several times, Chick-fil-A has had special CD sets as their "kids' meal" product. John Avery Whittaker, voiced by Hal Smith, Paul Herlinger and Andre Stojka Connie Kendall, voiced by Katie Leigh Eugene Meltsner and Harlow Doyle, voiced by Will Ryan Wooton Bassett, voiced by Jess Harnell Chris, the show's announcer, voiced by Chris Anthony Jason Whittaker, voiced by Townsend Coleman Katrina Shanks-Meltsner, voiced by Pamela Hayden, Audrey Wasilewski Bernard Walton, voiced by Dave Madden Tom Riley, voiced by Walker Edmiston Jack Allen, voiced by Alan Young Bart Rathbone, voiced by Walker Edmiston and Robert Easton Rodney Rathbone, voiced by Steve Burns Dr. Regis Blackgaard, voiced by Earl Boen Edwin Blackgaard, Regis's twin brother voiced by Earl Boen Aubrey Shepherd, voiced by Danielle Judovits Matthew Parker, voiced by Zach Callison, Gunner Sizemore and Justin Felbinger Emily Jones, voiced by Cristina Pucelli David Parker, voiced by Marc Evan Jackson and Eddie Frierson Eva Parker, voiced by Amanda Troop Olivia Parker, voiced by Hope Levy and Kelly Stables Camilla Parker, voiced by Sydney Shiotani, Michaela Dean and Lilly Mae Stewart Barrett Jones, voiced by Andy Pessoa Priscilla Peterson, voiced by Gatlin Green Jay Smou
The metre or meter is the base unit of length in the International System of Units. The SI unit symbol is m; the metre is defined as the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum in 1/299 792 458 of a second. The metre was defined in 1793 as one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the North Pole – as a result the Earth's circumference is 40,000 km today. In 1799, it was redefined in terms of a prototype metre bar. In 1960, the metre was redefined in terms of a certain number of wavelengths of a certain emission line of krypton-86. In 1983, the current definition was adopted; the imperial inch is defined as 0.0254 metres. One metre is about 3 3⁄8 inches longer than a yard, i.e. about 39 3⁄8 inches. Metre is the standard spelling of the metric unit for length in nearly all English-speaking nations except the United States and the Philippines, which use meter. Other Germanic languages, such as German and the Scandinavian languages spell the word meter. Measuring devices are spelled "-meter" in all variants of English.
The suffix "-meter" has the same Greek origin as the unit of length. The etymological roots of metre can be traced to the Greek verb μετρέω and noun μέτρον, which were used for physical measurement, for poetic metre and by extension for moderation or avoiding extremism; this range of uses is found in Latin, French and other languages. The motto ΜΕΤΡΩ ΧΡΩ in the seal of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, a saying of the Greek statesman and philosopher Pittacus of Mytilene and may be translated as "Use measure!", thus calls for both measurement and moderation. In 1668 the English cleric and philosopher John Wilkins proposed in an essay a decimal-based unit of length, the universal measure or standard based on a pendulum with a two-second period; the use of the seconds pendulum to define length had been suggested to the Royal Society in 1660 by Christopher Wren. Christiaan Huygens had observed that length to be 39.26 English inches. No official action was taken regarding these suggestions.
In 1670 Gabriel Mouton, Bishop of Lyon suggested a universal length standard with decimal multiples and divisions, to be based on a one-minute angle of the Earth's meridian arc or on a pendulum with a two-second period. In 1675, the Italian scientist Tito Livio Burattini, in his work Misura Universale, used the phrase metro cattolico, derived from the Greek μέτρον καθολικόν, to denote the standard unit of length derived from a pendulum; as a result of the French Revolution, the French Academy of Sciences charged a commission with determining a single scale for all measures. On 7 October 1790 that commission advised the adoption of a decimal system, on 19 March 1791 advised the adoption of the term mètre, a basic unit of length, which they defined as equal to one ten-millionth of the distance between the North Pole and the Equator. In 1793, the French National Convention adopted the proposal. In 1791, the French Academy of Sciences selected the meridional definition over the pendular definition because the force of gravity varies over the surface of the Earth, which affects the period of a pendulum.
To establish a universally accepted foundation for the definition of the metre, more accurate measurements of this meridian were needed. The French Academy of Sciences commissioned an expedition led by Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre and Pierre Méchain, lasting from 1792 to 1799, which attempted to measure the distance between a belfry in Dunkerque and Montjuïc castle in Barcelona to estimate the length of the meridian arc through Dunkerque; this portion of the meridian, assumed to be the same length as the Paris meridian, was to serve as the basis for the length of the half meridian connecting the North Pole with the Equator. The problem with this approach is that the exact shape of the Earth is not a simple mathematical shape, such as a sphere or oblate spheroid, at the level of precision required for defining a standard of length; the irregular and particular shape of the Earth smoothed to sea level is represented by a mathematical model called a geoid, which means "Earth-shaped". Despite these issues, in 1793 France adopted this definition of the metre as its official unit of length based on provisional results from this expedition.
However, it was determined that the first prototype metre bar was short by about 200 micrometres because of miscalculation of the flattening of the Earth, making the prototype about 0.02% shorter than the original proposed definition of the metre. Regardless, this length became the French standard and was progressively adopted by other countries in Europe; the expedition was fictionalised in Le mètre du Monde. Ken Alder wrote factually about the expedition in The Measure of All Things: the seven year odyssey and hidden error that transformed the world. In 1867 at the second general conference of the International Association of Geodesy held in Berlin, the question of an international standard unit of length was discussed in order to combine the measurements made in different countries to determine the size and shape of the Earth; the conference recommended the adoption of the metre and the creation of an internatio
AM broadcasting is a radio broadcasting technology, which employs amplitude modulation transmissions. It was the first method developed for making audio radio transmissions, is still used worldwide for medium wave transmissions, but on the longwave and shortwave radio bands; the earliest experimental AM transmissions began in the early 1900s. However, widespread AM broadcasting was not established until the 1920s, following the development of vacuum tube receivers and transmitters. AM radio remained the dominant method of broadcasting for the next 30 years, a period called the "Golden Age of Radio", until television broadcasting became widespread in the 1950s and received most of the programming carried by radio. Subsequently, AM radio's audiences have greatly shrunk due to competition from FM radio, Digital Audio Broadcasting, satellite radio, HD radio and Internet streaming. AM transmissions are much more susceptible than FM or digital signals are to interference, have lower audio fidelity.
Thus, AM broadcasters tend to specialise in spoken-word formats, such as talk radio, all news and sports, leaving the broadcasting of music to FM and digital stations. The idea of broadcasting — the unrestricted transmission of signals to a widespread audience — dates back to the founding period of radio development though the earliest radio transmissions known as "Hertzian radiation" and "wireless telegraphy", used spark-gap transmitters that could only transmit the dots-and-dashes of Morse code. In October 1898 a London publication, The Electrician, noted that "there are rare cases where, as Dr. Lodge once expressed it, it might be advantageous to'shout' the message, spreading it broadcast to receivers in all directions". However, it was recognized that this would involve significant financial issues, as that same year The Electrician commented "did not Prof. Lodge forget that no one wants to pay for shouting to the world on a system by which it would be impossible to prevent non-subscribers from benefiting gratuitously?"On January 1, 1902, Nathan Stubblefield gave a short-range "wireless telephone" demonstration, that included broadcasting speech and music to seven locations throughout Murray, Kentucky.
However, this was transmitted using induction rather than radio signals, although Stubblefield predicted that his system would be perfected so that "it will be possible to communicate with hundreds of homes at the same time", "a single message can be sent from a central station to all parts of the United States", he was unable to overcome the inherent distance limitations of this technology. The earliest public radiotelegraph broadcasts were provided as government services, beginning with daily time signals inaugurated on January 1, 1905, by a number of U. S. Navy stations. In Europe, signals transmitted from a station located on the Eiffel tower were received throughout much of Europe. In both the United States and France this led to a small market of receiver lines designed geared for jewelers who needed accurate time to set their clocks, including the Ondophone in France, the De Forest RS-100 Jewelers Time Receiver in the United States The ability to pick up time signal broadcasts, in addition to Morse code weather reports and news summaries attracted the interest of amateur radio enthusiasts.
It was recognized that, much like the telegraph had preceded the invention of the telephone, the ability to make audio radio transmissions would be a significant technical advance. Despite this knowledge, it still took two decades to perfect the technology needed to make quality audio transmissions. In addition, the telephone had been used for distributing entertainment, outside of a few "telephone newspaper" systems, most of which were established in Europe. With this in mind, most early radiotelephone development envisioned that the device would be more profitably developed as a "wireless telephone" for personal communication, or for providing links where regular telephone lines could not be run, rather than for the uncertain finances of broadcasting; the person credited as the primary early developer of AM technology is Canadian-born inventor Reginald Fessenden. The original spark-gap radio transmitters were impractical for transmitting audio, since they produced discontinuous pulses known as "damped waves".
Fessenden realized that what was needed was a new type of radio transmitter that produced steady "undamped" signals, which could be "modulated" to reflect the sounds being transmitted. Fessenden's basic approach was disclosed in U. S. Patent 706,737, which he applied for on May 29, 1901, was issued the next year, it called for the use of a high-speed alternator that generated "pure sine waves" and produced "a continuous train of radiant waves of uniform strength", or, in modern terminology, a continuous-wave transmitter. Fessenden began his research on audio transmissions while doing developmental work for the United States Weather Service on Cobb Island, Maryland; because he did not yet have a continuous-wave transmitter he worked with an experimental "high-frequency spark" transmitter, taking advantage of the fact that the higher the spark rate, the closer a spark-gap transmission comes to producing continuous waves. He reported that, in the fall of 1900, he transmitted speech over a distance of about 1.6 kilometers, which appears to have been the first successful audio transmission using radio signals.
However, at this time the sound was far too distorted to be commercially practical. For a time he continued working with more sophist
In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign is a unique designation for a transmitter station. In the United States of America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity; the use of call signs as unique identifiers dates to the landline railroad telegraph system. Because there was only one telegraph line linking all railroad stations, there needed to be a way to address each one when sending a telegram. In order to save time, two-letter identifiers were adopted for this purpose; this pattern continued in radiotelegraph operation. These were not globally unique, so a one-letter company identifier was added. By 1912, the need to identify stations operated by multiple companies in multiple nations required an international standard. Merchant and naval vessels are assigned call signs by their national licensing authorities.
In the case of states such as Liberia or Panama, which are flags of convenience for ship registration, call signs for larger vessels consist of the national prefix plus three letters. United States merchant vessels are given call signs beginning with the letters "W" or "K" while US naval ships are assigned call signs beginning with "N". Both ships and broadcast stations were assigned call signs in this series consisting of three or four letters. Ships equipped with Morse code radiotelegraphy, or life boat radio sets, Aviation ground stations, broadcast stations were given four letter call signs. Maritime coast stations on high frequency were assigned three letter call signs; as demand for both marine radio and broadcast call signs grew American-flagged vessels with radiotelephony only were given longer call signs with mixed letters and numbers. Leisure craft with VHF radios may not be assigned call signs, in which case the name of the vessel is used instead. Ships in the US still wishing to have a radio license are under FCC class SA: "Ship recreational or voluntarily equipped."
Those calls follow the land mobile format of the initial letter K or W followed by 1 or 2 letters followed by 3 or 4 numbers. U. S. Coast Guard small boats have a number, shown on both bows in which the first two digits indicate the nominal length of the boat in feet. For example, Coast Guard 47021 refers to the 21st in the series of 47-foot motor lifeboats; the call sign might be abbreviated to the final two or three numbers during operations, for example: Coast Guard zero two one. Aviation mobile stations equipped with radiotelegraphy were assigned five letter call signs.. Land Stations in Aviation were assigned four letter call signs; these call signs were phased out in the 1960s when flight radio officers were no longer required on international flights. USSR kept FRO's for the Moscow-Havana run until around 2000. All signs in aviation are derived from several different policies, depending upon the type of flight operation and whether or not the caller is in an aircraft or at a ground facility.
In most countries, unscheduled general aviation flights identify themselves using the call sign corresponding to the aircraft's registration number. In this case, the call sign is spoken using the International Civil Aviation Organization phonetic alphabet. Aircraft registration numbers internationally follow the pattern of a country prefix, followed by a unique identifier made up of letters and numbers. For example, an aircraft registered as N978CP conducting a general aviation flight would use the call sign November-niner-seven-eight-Charlie-Papa. However, in the United States a pilot of an aircraft would omit saying November, instead use the name of the aircraft manufacturer or the specific model. At times, general aviation pilots might omit additional preceding numbers and use only the last three numbers and letters; this is true at uncontrolled fields when reporting traffic pattern positions or at towered airports after establishing two-way communication with the tower controller. For example, Skyhawk eight-Charlie-Papa, left base.
In most countries, the aircraft call sign or "tail number"/"tail letters" are linked to the international radio call sign allocation table and follow a convention that aircraft radio stations receive call signs consisting of five letters. For example, all British civil aircraft have a five-letter call sign beginning with the letter G. Canadian aircraft have a call sign beginning with C–F or C–G, such as C–FABC. Wing In Ground-effect vehicles in Canada are eligible to receive C–Hxxx call signs, ultralight aircraft receive C-Ixxx call signs. In days gone by American aircraft used five letter call signs, such as KH–ABC, but they were replaced prior to World War II by the current American system of civilian aircraft call signs. Radio call signs used for communication in manned spaceflight is not formalized or regulated to the same degree as for aircraft; the three nations curren
Shotwell Stadium is a stadium in Abilene, Texas. It was built in 1959, it was named the Public Schools Stadium. The first game played in the Stadium was in the fall of 1959. Shortly after the first season, the stadium was renamed Shotwell Stadium, after the late P. E. “Pete” Shotwell, a longtime football coach at Abilene High School. Shotwell Stadium is used for American football and soccer; each of the stadium's two concrete grandstands has a permanent seating capacity of 7,500 in an all-bleacher configuration. Several semi-permanent metal bleacher structures are located behind the north end zone, allowing for overflow seating in excess of the facility's 15,000 permanent seats. There are standing room-only areas at the corners of the stadium, raising total capacity to nearly 20,000. Shotwell Stadium is the home field of Cooper High School; the Abilene High/Cooper High rivalry game always fills the stadium. The stadium was long home to NCAA football; the Abilene Christian University Wildcats football team a member of NCAA Division I FCS, played at Shotwell from 1959 through 2016.
ACU opened a new on-campus stadium for the 2017 season. Shotwell was for many years the "informal" designated site for the six-man football championships of the University Interscholastic League, which governs sports competition among public high schools in Texas. In 2010, it was formally designated as the championship site. During 2013-2014 the title games moved to AT&T Stadium but returned in 2015 to Shotwell, as AT&T Stadium was unavailable due to a conflict with a Dallas Cowboys home game. FieldTurf's newest top-of-the-line product, FieldTurf Revolution, was installed in Spring 2012, replacing the worn SafePlay turf installed a decade earlier. Prior to 2002, Shotwell had natural grass turf. Shotwell is equipped with Musco lighting, with two light standards on each side of the field; the current lighting system was installed following the collapse of one of the original lighting structures in 2009. The remnants of the stadium's original lighting design can still be seen today. Four concrete columns rise above each of the main grandstands.
The eight columns served as the base of the original stadium light poles. The longest field goal in the history of all levels of organized football was kicked at Shotwell Stadium. On October 16, 1976, Ove Johannson, the Swedish-born placekicker for Abilene Christian University, kicked a 69-yard field goal against East Texas State in ACU's homecoming win against the Lions; this is the record for longest recorded field goal in football history. In the spring of 2002, the Abilene ISD Board of Trustees approved an exclusive vendor contract with Abtex Beverage Corporation, which provided funding for major renovations to the stadium; the initial upgrades included the installation of SafePlay turf, the latest generation of artificial playing surface for athletic fields. The new turf, drain system, access ramps and other changes were completed in late summer of 2002, in time for the 2002 football season. In August 2003, as a result of corporate sponsorship, a state-of-the-art scoreboard with an integrated color animation screen was installed on the north end.
The south end scoreboard was integrated with the new scoreboard. As a result, Shotwell Stadium became one of only a few high school stadiums in Texas with two scoreboards. Soon after, the parking lots were all paved and the dressing rooms were renovated. A new $479,080 40'-wide, 34'-tall scoreboard featuring a 14'x24' high-definition video screen that displays instant replays, AISD messages and advertising, complete with sound, was installed in 2007, it was installed on the north side of the stadium to replace to scoreboard placed 4 years prior, which had not functioned properly. City of Abilene info on Shotwell Stadium
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. Webcasting is "broadcasting" over the Internet; the largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who "simulcast" their output through online TV or online radio streaming, as well as a multitude of Internet only "stations". Webcasting consists of providing non-interactive linear streams or events. Rights and licensing bodies offer specific "webcasting licenses" to those wishing to carry out Internet broadcasting using copyrighted material. Webcasting is used extensively in the commercial sector for investor relations presentations, in e-learning, for related communications activities. However, webcasting does not bear much, if any, relationship to web conferencing, designed for many-to-many interaction; the ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish.
There are many notable independent shows that broadcast online. Produced by average citizens in their homes they cover many interests and topics. Webcasts relating to computers and news are popular and many new shows are added regularly. Webcasting differs from podcasting in that webcasting refers to live streaming while podcasting refers to media files placed on the Internet. Webcasting is the distribution of media files through the internet; the earliest graphically-oriented web broadcasts were not streaming video, but were in fact still frames which were photographed with a web camera every few minutes while they were being broadcast live over the Internet. One of the earliest instances of sequential live image broadcasting was in 1991 when a camera was set up next to the Trojan Room in the computer laboratory of the University of Cambridge, it provided a live picture every few minutes of the office coffee pot to all desktop computers on that office's network. A couple of years its broadcasts went to the Internet, became known as the Trojan Room Coffee Pot webcam, gained international notoriety as a feature of the fledgling World Wide Web.
In 1996 an American college student and conceptual artist, Jenny Ringley, set up a web camera similar to the Trojan Room Coffee Pot's webcam in her dorm room. That webcam photographed her every few minutes while it broadcast those images live over the Internet upon a site called JenniCam. Ringley wanted to portray all aspects of her lifestyle and the camera captured her doing everything – brushing her teeth, doing her laundry, having sex with her boyfriend, her website generated millions of hits upon the Internet, became a pay site in 1998, spawned hundreds of female imitators who would use streaming video to create a new billion dollar industry called camming, brand themselves as camgirls or webcam models. One of the earliest webcast equivalent of an online concert and one of the earliest examples of webcasting itself was by Apple Computer's Webcasting Group in partnership with the entrepreneurs Michael Dorf and Andrew Rasiej. Together with David B. Pakman from Apple, they launched the Macintosh New York Music Festival from July 17–22, 1995.
This event audio webcast concerts from more than 15 clubs in New York City. Apple webcast a concert by Metallica on June 10, 1996 live from Slim's in San Francisco. In 1995, Benford E. Standley produced one of the first audio/video webcasts in history. On October 31, 1996, UK rock band Caduseus broadcast their one-hour concert from 11 pm to 12 midnight at Celtica in Machynlleth, Wales, UK – the first live streamed audio and simultaneous live streamed video multicast – around the globe to more than twenty direct "mirrors" in more than twenty countries. In September 1997, Nebraska Public Television started webcasting Big Red Wrap Up from Lincoln, Nebraska which combined highlights from every Cornhusker football game, coverage of the coaches' weekly press conferences, analysis with Nebraska sportswriters, appearances by special guests and questions and answers with viewers. On August 13, 1998, it is believed the first webcast wedding took place, between Alan K'necht and Carrie Silverman in Toronto Canada.
On October 22, 1998, the first Billy Graham Crusade was broadcast live to a worldwide audience from the Raymond James Stadium in Tampa Florida courtesy of Dale Ficken and the WebcastCenter in Pennsylvania. The live signal was broadcast via satellite to PA encoded and streamed via the BGEA website; the first teleconferenced/webcast wedding to date is believed to have occurred on December 31, 1998. Dale Ficken and Lorrie Scarangella wed on this date as they stood in a church in Pennsylvania, were married by Jerry Falwell while he sat in his office in Lynchburg, Virginia. All major broadcasters now have a webcast of their output, from the BBC to CNN to Al Jazeera to UNTV in television to Radio China, Vatican Radio, United Nations Radio and the World Service in radio. On November 4, 1994, Stef van der Ziel distributed the first live video images over the web from the Simplon venue in Groningen. On November 7, 1994, WXYC, the college radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill became the first radio station in the world to broadcast its signal over the internet.
Translated versions including Subtitling are now possible using SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language. A wedcast of a wedding. Allows family and friends of the couple to watch the wedding in real time on the Internet, it is sometimes used for weddings in exotic locations, such as Cancun and the Riviera Maya, Hawaii or the Caribbean, for which it is expensive or difficul
Tieline Technology has offices in Indianapolis in the United States and in Perth, Western Australia. The company has a wide and established distribution network throughout Europe, the Americas and Australasia. Tieline develops a range of broadcast audio codecs that are sold to television and radio networks around the globe. All Tieline codecs are IP codecs, ISDN codecs, POTS codecs, GSM codecs, X.21 codecs and satellite-capable codecs. Broadcasters use these codecs for remote broadcasts, for audio distribution between studios and for studio/transmitter link applications. Tieline codecs are Session Initiation Protocol compatible and Tieline and ten other codec manufacturers have tested IP Interoperability using SIP to connect according to EBU N/ACIP tech 3326 specifications relating to sending audio over IP; the company was founded in 1981 by Rod Henderson. In 1981 Television Communications Pty Ltd formed to import and distribute broadcast audio and video products into the Western Australian market.
During the next 14 years, TVC achieved major installations into most Television stations, private video organizations and government departments. TVC developed and manufactured a range of video switching and distribution products. In 1995 TVC became Audio Video Communications; the growing range of video products expanded into audio products including radio Broadcast Mixing consoles, signal measurement and amplification products, which it sold throughout Australasia. In 1998 AVC identified a growing market for digital audio codecs required to deliver live, studio quality audio over narrow band networks such as analogue telephone and ISDN links. AVC developed a family of world class digital POTS ISDN codecs; these were branded under the name Tieline and between 1998 and 2001 AVC developed a global distribution network spanning the Americas, Europe, UK, Asia, Middle East and Australasia. The first audio codec produced was a POTS codec called the Patriot, the first in the world able to send 15 kHz CD quality audio over a regular phone line.
The company won numerous awards for its codec range and became better known to its customers for the brand Tieline than its name AVC. In 2002, having secured www.tieline.com and relevant trademarks, AVC became Tieline Technology. The company now focuses on IP audio codec solutions that include broadcasting over wireless 3G, 4G and 5G cellular broadband networks and can multicast and multiple unicast audio streams across all types of IP audio networks. In 2010 Tieline became the first company to create an IP audio codec application called Report-IT to run on the Apple Inc. iPhone. The application is used for live broadcasting and recording interviews and sending them to a remote studio via file transfer. In 2012 the application became so popular with broadcasters, with over 10,000 downloads, that the company released an Android version of the application for smartphone users. There have been tens of thousands of downloads of Report-IT since its release. In December 2012 the company announced the integration of the Opus codec into Report-IT and Genie, Bridge-IT and ViA IP audio codecs for interoperability.
Tieline Technology has committed considerable resources to educating television and radio broadcasters about IP audio broadcasting IP audio over wireless IP audio technologies, as well as how to reliably send internet IP audio over Ethernet. The company has worked with the EBU, broadcasters and IP codec manufacturers to introduce broadcast standards for audio interoperability over IP according to EBU N/ACIP Tech 3329; the integration of Session Initiation Protocol into IP codecs has been central to achieving this objective and Tieline codecs were amongst the first to trial and integrate SIP reliably. Tieline Technology was a member of the Audio-via-IP Experts Group as a technology provider advising on the interoperability of audio codecs when broadcasting IP audio. Tieline and other Group members collaborated on interoperability when developing new audio over IP enhancements and made recommendations to the European Broadcasting Union regarding IP audio codec standards. Tieline Research is one of the Tieline group of companies and it developed the Tieline audio codec range and has developed proprietary audio and video management systems for broadcast and surveillance industries around the world.
SMD Assembly is one of the Tieline group of companies and provides precision Surface Mount Device assembly services. It uses the latest surface-mount technology equipment to create printed circuit boards to military specifications. Official Tieline Technology website. IP Audio website with audio over IP broadcast information Official SMD Assembly website. EBU - Tech 3326 for Audio Contribution over IP EBU - Tech 3329 Tutorial on Audio Contribution over IP Wheatstone announce technology partnership with Tieline. IP audio codec IP codec