Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, or more commonly called KL is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city. Being rated as an Alpha world city, Kuala Lumpur is the global city in Malaysia which covers an area of 243 km2 and has an estimated population of 1.73 million as of 2016. Greater Kuala Lumpur, known as the Klang Valley, is an agglomeration of 7.25 million people as of 2017. It is among the fastest growing regions in South-East Asia, in terms of population. Kuala Lumpur is the seat of the Parliament of Malaysia, the city was once home to the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but they were moved to Putrajaya in early 1999. Some sections of the judiciary still remain in the city of Kuala Lumpur. The official residence of the Malaysian King, the Istana Negara, is situated in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur is the cultural and economic centre of Malaysia due to its position as the capital as well as being a key city. Kuala Lumpur is one of three Federal Territories of Malaysia, enclaved within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
Since the 1990s, the city has played host to international sporting and cultural events including the 1998 Commonwealth Games. Kuala Lumpur has undergone rapid development in recent decades and it is home to the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Twin Towers, which have become an iconic symbol of Malaysias futuristic development. Kuala Lumpur means muddy confluence, kuala is the point where two rivers join together or an estuary, and lumpur means mud. One suggestion is that it was named after Sungai Lumpur, it was recorded in 1824 that Sungei Lumpoor was the most important tin-producing settlement up the Klang River. It has proposed that Kuala Lumpur was originally named Pengkalan Lumpur in the same way that Klang was once called Pengkalan Batu. Another suggestion is that it was initially a Cantonese word lam-pa meaning flooded jungle or decayed jungle, there is however no firm contemporary evidence for these suggestions other than anecdotes. It is possible that the name is a form of an earlier.
It is unknown who founded or named the settlement called Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur was originally a small hamlet of just a few houses and shops at the confluence of Sungai Gombak and Sungai Klang before it grew into a town. The miners landed at Kuala Lumpur and continued their journey on foot to Ampang where the first mine was opened
Kuala Lumpur City Centre
Kuala Lumpur City Centre is a multipurpose development area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The area is located around Jalan Ampang, Jalan P. Ramlee, Jalan Binjai, Jalan Kia Peng, there are a number of shopping complexes such as Suria KLCC and Avenue K. There are hotels within walking distance such as G Tower, Mandarin Oriental, Grand Hyatt Kuala Lumpur, designed to be a city within a city, the 100-acre site hosts the tallest twin buildings in the world, shopping mall, office buildings and several hotels. A public park and a mosque is built on the area. The whole project is cooled via district cooling located on the property, the centrepiece of the area was the original site of the Selangor Turf Club, with many houses constructed around the site to capitalise on views of the racing course. In 1988, the Selangor Turf Club site and adjoining residential parcels were sold to be cleared away for the KLCC project, in the subsequent years after the relocation of the Turf Club, more surrounding residential plots were acquired for further development of the KLCC. KLCC is a 100-acre land area with mixed developments in various stages of construction, the area is divided into several plots of land, each with a specific purpose.
Zoning is based on the KLCC Masterplan, offices in the KLCC area are homes to largest companies in Malaysia in which the Petronas Twin Towers is the centre piece. Built on 1 January 1992 until 31 December 1994, the Petronas Twin Towers was the tallest building in the world from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2004, currently, it still holds the record for the tallest twin buildings in the world. It is the headquarters of Petronas, a Fortune 100 state owned oil company, the towers and the mall below were designed by Argentinian born architect César Pelli. Construction started in 1991 and completed 7 years after, in midst of Asian Financial Crisis, due to the soil conditions on the tower, the buildings were built on one of the deepest foundations in the world. The Building Services Engineer was Flack + Kurtz who is part of the WSP | Parsons Brinkerhoff Company. The 88-storey towers were built using reinforced concrete, with steel-and-glass facade to resemble Islamic motifs. The cross section of the tower resembles Rub el Hizb, further solidifies the Islamic motif in the tower design.
Menara Exxon Mobil was built on 1 January 1997 and it is the headquarters of the Malaysian subsidiary of Exxon Mobil, the 126 m, 30-storey tower is a rectangular shaped building, with a virtually column free interior. The tower is connected with the shopping mall Suria KL The tower is designed by César Pelli with construction started in 2006. The tower has an entrance facing Mandarin Oriental and a tunnel link towards Lot D1. Lot D1 will be a development by the owner, KLCC Properties
Suria KLCC is a shopping mall located in central Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The shopping mall is located in the Kuala Lumpur City Centre district and it is in the vicinity of the landmark the Petronas Towers. The center has over 400 stores, and opened in 1998, Suria KLCC is the largest retail property under the management of Suria KLCC Sdn. Other properties under their management include, Alamanda Putrajaya, a shopping centre, Mesra Mall Terengganu, a sub regional shopping centre, and Anjung Putrajaya. Shopping malls in Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre Petronas Filharmonik Hall
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1
It is known as Kuala Lumpur-Petaling Jaya Traffic Dispersal Scheme by the Malaysian Public Works Department. It is a ring road during rush hour time. This ring road is maintained by Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur or Kuala Lumpur City Hall, Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1 is the oldest ring road in Kuala Lumpur and Malaysia, and was built during the British colonial era. The original name for Lebuhraya Mahameru was Swettenham Parkway before it was renamed as Lebuhraya Mahameru, the overall KL MRR1 was completed in 1995 after the completion of the Jalan Istana interchange. The Sentul Link connects the PWTC interchange of Jalan Kuching and Lebuhraya Sultan Iskandar to Sentul, construction began on 2004 and completed on mid-2006. The projects were led by Kuala Lumpur City Hall, the Sentul Link was opened to traffic on 20 July 2006. A landslide occurred near Wisma Tani on Lebuhraya Mahameru which is part of Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1 on 7 January 2014 caused a traffic congestion in many parts of the city.
Kuala Lumpur Inner Ring Road Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 2 Jalan Tuanku Abdul Halim
Maxis Tower is a 49-storey,212 m office skyscraper in Kuala Lumpur City Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The tower serves as headquarters of Maxis Communications and Tanjong Plc Group of Companies, Maxis Tower was developed by KLCC Properties Holdings Berhad under Phase 1 of the KLCC project. The building is owned by Impian Klasik Sdn Bhd, in which Tanjong holds a 67% stake, Maxis Tower is situated in the northwest corner of the KLCC development, adjacent to the Petronas Twin Towers. As with its twin towers, Maxis Tower features an aluminium. List of tallest buildings in Kuala Lumpur Maxis Website Project Review
The Petronas Towers, known as the Petronas Twin Towers, are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The buildings are a landmark of Kuala Lumpur, along with nearby Kuala Lumpur Tower, the towers were designed by Argentine architect Cesar Pelli. They chose a distinctive style to create a 21st-century icon for Kuala Lumpur. Planning on the Petronas Towers started on 1 January 1992 and included rigorous tests and simulations of wind, the construction of the superstructure commenced on 1 April 1994. The building was opened by the Prime Minister of Malaysias Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad on 1 August 1999. The twin towers were built on the site of Kuala Lumpurs race track, test boreholes found that the original construction site effectively sat on the edge of a cliff. One half of the site was decayed limestone while the half was soft rock. The entire site was moved 61 metres to allow the buildings to sit entirely on the soft rock, because of the depth of the bedrock, the buildings were built on the worlds deepest foundations. 104 concrete piles, ranging from 60 to 114 metres deep, were bored into the ground, the concrete raft foundation, comprising 13,200 cubic metres of concrete was continuously poured through a period of 54 hours for each tower.
The raft is 4.6 metres thick, weighs 32,500 tonnes, the foundations were completed within 12 months by Bachy Soletanche and required massive amounts of concrete. The Petronas Towers structural system is a tube in tube design, applying a tube-structure for extreme tall buildings is a common phenomenon. The 88-floor towers are constructed largely of reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass facade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art, a reflection of Malaysias Muslim religion. Another Islamic influence on the design is that the section of the towers is based on a Rub el Hizb. As a result of the Malaysian government specifying that the buildings be completed in six years, two construction consortiums were hired to meet the deadline, one for each tower. Tower 1, the west tower was built by a Japanese consortium led by the Hazama Corporation while Tower 2, the east tower was built by a South Korean consortium led by the Samsung C&T Corporation. Ekovest Berhad, with Tan Sri Datuk Lim Kang Hoo at its helm played a role in the construction as well as final fit outs of the towers.
Early into construction a batch of concrete failed a routine strength test causing construction to come to a complete halt, All the completed floors were tested but it was found that only one had used a bad batch and it was demolished. As a result of the failure, each new batch was tested before being poured
Kuala Lumpur City Hall
The Kuala Lumpur City Hall is the city council which administers the city of Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. This council was established after the city was granted city status on 1 February 1972. Their jurisdiction covers an area of 243 square kilometres, the council consists of the mayor plus fifteen members of the city advisory board appointed to serve a one-year term by the Minister of Federal Territories. The current mayor of Kuala Lumpur is Mhd Amin Nordin Abdul Aziz, the agency was formerly known as Kuala Lumpur Municipal Council. During British colonial times and early independence, Kuala Lumpur had been the capital of the country as well as the state of Selangor, on 1 April 1961, the name changed into Kuala Lumpur Federal Capital Commission. Kuala Lumpur achieved city status on 1 February 1972, becoming the first settlement in Malaysia to be granted the status after independence, the name changed into Kuala Lumpur City Hall. Later, on 1 February 1974, Kuala Lumpur became a Federal Territory, Kuala Lumpur ceased to be the capital of Selangor in 1978 after the city of Shah Alam was declared as the new state capital.
Executive power lies with the mayor in the city hall, who is appointed for three years by the Minister of Federal Territories and this system of appointing the mayor and councillor has been in place ever since the local government elections were suspended in 1970. On 14 May 1990, Kuala Lumpur celebrated 100 years of local council, the new Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur flag and anthem were introduced. Since 1972, the city has been led by ten mayors, the previous mayors are listed as below, As of 31 March 2017 Mhd Amin Nordin Abdul Aziz, Mayor Mohd Najib Mohd, Executive Director Ibrahim Yusoff, Executive Director Thomas A. As of 29 April 2016 Mhd Amin Nordin Abdul Aziz, Chairman Mustapa Kamal Mohd, Member Kamariah Noruddin, Member Rizalman Mokhtar, Member Abdul Ghani Pateh Akhir, Member A. Samalah A
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government, with a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the 44th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia, located in the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries on earth, with large numbers of endemic species. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, the first British territories were known as the Straits Settlements, whose establishment was followed by the Malay kingdoms becoming British protectorates. The territories on Peninsular Malaysia were first unified as the Malayan Union in 1946, Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 August 1957.
Malaya united with North Borneo and Singapore on 16 September 1963 to become Malaysia, less than two years in 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation. The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a role in politics. About half the population is ethnically Malay, with minorities of Malaysian Chinese, Malaysian Indians. The constitution declares Islam the state religion while allowing freedom of religion for non-Muslims, the government system is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. The head of state is the king, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and he is an elected monarch chosen from the hereditary rulers of the nine Malay states every five years. The head of government is the prime minister, since its independence, Malaysia has had one of the best economic records in Asia, with its GDP growing at an average of 6. 5% per annum for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, commerce.
Today, Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked third largest in Southeast Asia, the name Malaysia is a combination of the word Malay and the Latin-Greek suffix -sia/-σία. The word melayu in Malay may derive from the Tamil words malai and ur meaning mountain and city, malayadvipa was the word used by ancient Indian traders when referring to the Malay Peninsula. Whether or not it originated from these roots, the word melayu or mlayu may have used in early Malay/Javanese to mean to steadily accelerate or run. This term was applied to describe the current of the river Melayu in Sumatra. The name was adopted by the Melayu Kingdom that existed in the seventh century on Sumatra
Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day