Santa Barbara, California
Santa Barbara is the county seat of Santa Barbara County in the U. S. state of California. Situated on a section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coast of the United States. Santa Barbaras climate is described as Mediterranean, and the city has been promoted as the American Riviera. The population of the county in 2010 was 423,895. In 2004, the sector accounted for fully 35% of local employment. Education in particular is well represented, with four institutions of learning on the south coast. The Santa Barbara Airport serves the city, as does Amtrak, U. S. Highway 101 connects the Santa Barbara area with Los Angeles to the southeast and San Francisco to the northwest. Behind the city, in and beyond the Santa Ynez Mountains, is the Los Padres National Forest, Channel Islands National Park and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary are located approximately 20 miles offshore. Evidence of human habitation of the area begins at least 13,000 years ago, an estimated 8,000 to 10,000 Chumash lived on the south coast of Santa Barbara County at the time of the first European explorations.
Five Chumash villages flourished in the area, portuguese explorer João Cabrilho, sailing for the Kingdom of Spain, sailed through what is now called the Santa Barbara Channel in 1542, anchoring briefly in the area. In 1602, Spanish maritime explorer Sebastián Vizcaíno gave the name Santa Barbara to the channel, a land expedition led by Gaspar de Portolà visited in 1769, and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi, who accompanied the expedition, named a large native town Laguna de la Concepcion. Cabrillos earlier name, however, is the one that has survived, the first permanent European residents were Spanish missionaries and soldiers under Felipe de Neve, who came in 1782 to build the Presidio. They were sent both to fortify the region against expansion by other such as England and Russia. Many of the Spaniards brought their families with them, and those formed the nucleus of the small town – at first just a cluster of adobes – that surrounded the Presidio, the Santa Barbara Mission was established on the Feast of Saint Barbara, December 4,1786.
It was the tenth of the California Missions to be founded by the Spanish Franciscans and it was dedicated by Padre Fermín Lasuén, who succeeded Padre Junipero Serra as the second president and founder of the California Franciscan Mission Chain. The Mission fathers began the work of converting the native Chumash to Christianity. The Chumash laborers built a connection between the creek and the Santa Barbara Mission water system through the use of a dam. During the following decades, many of the natives died of such as smallpox
High school football
High school football is gridiron football played by high school teams in the United States and Canada. It ranks among the most popular sports in both countries. It is popular amongst American High school teams in Europe, High school football began in the late 19th century, concurrent with the start of many college football programs. In the late 19th and early 20th century, many college, other traditions of high school football such as pep rallies, marching bands and homecomings are mirrored from college football. No true minor league farm organizations exist in American football, high school football is generally considered to be the third tier of American football in the United States, behind professional and college competition. The National Federation of State High School Associations establishes the rules of high school football in the United States, two states and Massachusetts, use NCAA playing rules except as shown below. Kickoffs take place at the kicking teams 40-yard line, as opposed to the 35 in college, if an attempted field goal is missed it is treated as a punt, normally it would be a touchback and the opposing team will start at the 20-yard line.
However, if it not enter the end zone, it can be downed or returned as a normal punt. Any kick crossing the line is automatically a touchback, kicks cannot be returned out of the end zone. Pass interference by the results in a 15-yard penalty. Pass interference by the results in a 15-yard penalty, from the previous spot. The defense cannot return an extra-point attempt for a score, any defensive player that encroaches the neutral zone, regardless of whether the ball was snapped or not, commits a dead ball foul for encroachment. 5-yard penalty from the previous spot, prior to 2013, offensive pass interference resulted in a 15-yard penalty AND a loss of down. The loss of down provision has been deleted from the rules starting in 2013, in college and the NFL, offensive pass interference is only 10 yards. The use of overtime, and the type of overtime used, is up to the state association. The NFHS offers a suggested overtime procedure based on the Kansas Playoff, intentional grounding may be called even if the quarterback is outside the tackle box.
The home team must wear dark-colored jerseys, and the team must wear white jerseys. In the NFL, the team has choice of jersey color, and in the NCAA
KKLA-FM is a Christian talk and teaching radio station serving Los Angeles and owned by the Salem Media Group. The station has studios in Glendale, and the transmitter is located atop Mount Wilson, during the day Monday through Friday from 6 a. m. to midnight, the station runs local Christian call in talk shows that discuss a mix of religious and conservative political issues. They run this format Saturdays from 10 a. m. to 6 p. m, during all remaining times and all day Sunday, the station runs ministries and teaching programs from speakers such as J. Vernon McGee, John F. MacArthur, and Hank Hanegraaff. The station has been a radio format most of its life. Until the 1980s the station was known as KHOF, its license was cancelled by the U. S. Federal Communications Commission and it was owned by Faith Center. In the 1960s and 1970s the programming consisted of various syndicated ministries, by 1980 the station was running Gene Scotts sermons around-the-clock. The modern-day 99.5 operates on a new license separate from the former KHOF, in 1985 the station launched with a contemporary Christian music format part of the day and Christian teaching the rest of the day.
By 1987 though the station was mostly Christian talk and teaching and by 1990, by KFSG, which was on 96.3 FM at the time, was now running a Contemporary Christian Music format most of their broadcast day. Until 1999, KKLA simulcast on 1240 AM and on 99.5 FM, kKLA-FM claims to be the most-listened-to Christian talk radio station in the United States. Official Website Query the FCCs FM station database for KKLA Radio-Locator information on KKLA Query Nielsen Audios FM station database for KKLA
San Bernardino, California
San Bernardino /ˈsæn ˌbɜːrnɑːrˈdiːnoʊ/ is a city located in the Riverside-San Bernardino metropolitan area. It serves as the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, as one of the Inland Empires anchor cities, San Bernardino spans 81 square miles on the floor of the San Bernardino Valley and has a population of 209,924 as of the 2010 census. San Bernardino is the 17th-largest city in California and the 100th-largest city in the United States, San Bernardino is home to numerous diplomatic missions for the Inland Empire, being one of four cities in California with numerous consulates. The governments of Guatemala and Mexico have established their consulates in the area of the city. California State University, San Bernardino is located in the part of the city. The university hosts the Coussoulis Arena, in addition, the city is home to the Inland Empire 66ers baseball team, they play their home games at San Manuel Stadium in downtown San Bernardino. In August 2012, San Bernardino became the largest city to choose to file for protection under Chapter 9 of the U. S.
Bankruptcy code, San Bernardinos case was filed on August 1. On December 2,2015, a terrorist attack left 14 people dead and 22 seriously injured, the city of San Bernardino, occupies much of the San Bernardino Valley, which indigenous tribespeople originally referred to as The Valley of the Cupped Hand of God. The Tongva Indians called the San Bernardino area Waaach in their language, upon seeing the immense geological arrowhead-shaped rock formation on the side of the San Bernardino Mountains, they found the hot and cold springs to which the arrowhead seemed to point. Politana was the first Spanish settlement in the San Bernardino Valley, Two years the settlement was destroyed by superstitious local tribesmen, following the powerful earthquakes that shook the region. Several years later, the Serrano and Mountain Cahuilla rebuilt the Politana rancheria and they did and established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia. Serrano and Cahuilla people inhabited Politana until long after the 1830s decree of secularization, the city of San Bernardino one of the oldest communities in the state of California, and in its present-day location, was not largely settled until 1851, after California became a state.
The first Anglo-American colony was established by pioneers associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or Mormons, hardworking Mormon colonists developed irrigated, commercial farming and lumbering, supplying agricultural produce and lumber throughout Southern California. The city was incorporated in the year 1857. Later that year most of the colonists were recalled by Brigham Young in 1857 due to the Utah War, once highly regarded in early California, news of the Mountain Meadows Massacre poisoned attitudes toward the Mormons. They sold these lands to new settlers who came to dominate the culture and politics in the county, many the new land owners unlike the sober Mormons, indulged in drinking at saloons now allowed in the town. Disorder and violence in the vicinity became common, reaching a climax in the 1859 Ainsworth - Gentry Affair, in 1860 a gold rush began in the mountains nearby with the discovery of gold by William F. Holcomb in Holcomb Valley early 1860. Another strike followed in the reach of Lytle Creek
Salem Media Group
Salem Media Group, Inc. Salem owns 117 radio stations in 38 markets, including 60 stations in the top 25 markets and 29 in the top 10. FamilyTalk is a Christian-themed talk format on Sirius XM Radio Channel 131, Salem owns conservative websites Townhall. com, RedState, and Hot Air, as well as Twitter aggregator Twitchy. The company was founded by Stuart Epperson and Edward G. Atsinger III and, unlike their non-profit counterparts, Salem stations transmit high-powered signals in commercial radio bands. Ed Atsinger and Stu Epperson combined their assets to create Salem Communications. In the 1990s, they expanded formats to include contemporary Christian music, news talk, Spanish-language Christian content and most recently, many of Salems stations are licensed to subsidiaries, organized by geographical area and media cluster as the company has acquired new stations and their previous licensees. Salem Communications Corp acquired Twitter curation site, Twitchy. com, on February 23,2015, Salem Communications changed its name to Salem Media Group.
Salems radio stations and licensees include, Bison Media Caron Broadcasting, Inc Common Ground Broadcasting, Inspiration Media of Texas, LLC Inspiration Media, Inc. The five major divisions are SRN Talk, SRN News, Salem Music Network, Salem Media Reps and Vista Media Reps, SRN Talk produces general market News/Talk shows featuring nationally syndicated hosts Mike Gallagher, Bill Bennett, Dennis Prager, Michael Medved and Hugh Hewitt. SRN News is a source for conservative and Christian radio serving over 1,100 affiliates. Salem Music Network has three satellite offerings – Contemporary Christian and Southern Gospel, Salem Media Reps specializes in Christian, family-themed and conservative media, online and mobile. SRN Satellite Services provides satellite distribution and production services to over 70 organizations, the satellite feed for Salems general market programming can be heard on the CRN Digital Talk Radio Networks, on CRN3. Salems flagship publication, CCM Magazine, was in the Christian music industry for more than 25 years, Salem no longer prints CCM Magazine.
Other magazine publications including Homecoming from Bill and Gloria Gaither, FaithTalk, Youth Worker Journal, in 2014 Salem acquired Eagle Publishing, whose assets include Regnery Publishing, Eagle Financial Publications, Eagle Wellness, and the websites Human Events and RedState. Xulon Press is a digital publisher of books targeting a Christian audience. They use print on demand technologies that store books electronically and print them only as they are ordered, xulon was founded by Christian author and publisher Tom Freiling and was acquired by Salem in 2006. The founders of Salem Communications support various religious causes, in 2005 Epperson was reported in Time magazine as one of the 25 Most Influential Evangelicals in America. In 2004 he co-chaired Americans of Faith, a religiously-based Republican electoral campaign, both founders have served on the Council for National Policy. They gave $100,000 to the Bush presidential reelection campaign, Salem Media Group Salem Radio Network List of Salem-owned news/talk stations Salem Web Network
Its origins are usually traced back to English Methodism, the Moravian Church, and German Lutheran Pietism. While all these phenomena contributed greatly, John Wesley and other early Methodists were at the root of sparking this new movement during the First Great Awakening, Evangelicals are found across many Protestant branches, as well as in various denominations not subsumed to a specific branch. Among leaders and major figures of the Evangelical Protestant movement were John Wesley, George Whitefield, Jonathan Edwards, Billy Graham, Harold John Ockenga, John Stott and Martyn Lloyd-Jones. The movement gained momentum during the 18th and 19th centuries with the Great Awakenings in the United Kingdom. The Americas and Asia are home to the majority of Evangelicals, United States has the largest concentration of Evangelicals in the world, its community forms a quarter of the population, is politically important and based mostly in the Bible Belt. In the United Kingdom, Evangelicals are mostly represented in the Methodist Church, Baptist communities, Evangelicalism, a major part of popular Protestantism, is among the most dynamic religious movements in the contemporary world, alongside resurgent Islam.
While on the rise globally, the world is particularly influenced by its spread. The first published use of evangelical in English came in 1531 when William Tyndale wrote He exhorteth them to proceed constantly in the evangelical truth. One year Sir Thomas More produced the earliest recorded use in reference to a theological distinction when he spoke of Tyndale his evangelical brother Barns, during the Reformation, Protestant theologians embraced the label as referring to gospel truth. Martin Luther referred to the evangelische Kirche to distinguish Protestants from Catholics in the Roman Catholic Church, into the 21st century, evangelical has continued in use as a synonym for Protestant in continental Europe, and elsewhere. This usage is reflected in the names of Protestant denominations such as the Evangelical Church in Germany, the term may occur outside any religious context to characterize a generic missionary, reforming, or redeeming impulse or purpose. For example, the Times Literary Supplement refers to the rise, one influential definition of Evangelicalism has been proposed by historian David Bebbington.
Conversionism, or belief in the necessity of being again, has been a constant theme of Evangelicalism since its beginnings. To Evangelicals, the message of the gospel is justification by faith in Christ and repentance, or turning away. Conversion differentiates the Christian from the non-Christian, and the change in life it leads to is marked by both a rejection of sin and a corresponding personal holiness of life. A conversion experience can be emotional, including grief and sorrow for sin followed by great relief at receiving forgiveness, the stress on conversion is further differentiated from other forms of Protestantism by the belief that an assurance of salvation will accompany conversion. Among Evangelicals, individuals have testified to both sudden and gradual conversions, biblicism is reverence for the Bible and a high regard for biblical authority. All Evangelicals believe in inspiration, though they disagree over how this inspiration should be defined
John Brown University
John Brown University is a private, interdenominational, Christian liberal arts college in Siloam Springs, in the U. S. state of Arkansas. Founded in 1919, JBU has regional centers in Rogers, Little Rock and Fort Smith. The 200-acre main campus in northwest Arkansas has been the site of the university since it was founded in 1919, JBU has 2,183 students as of the 2011-2012 school year,1,279 of whom are traditional undergraduates. Of these,878 live on campus, the graduate school has 468 students. JBU is home to students from 41 states and 44 countries, JBU is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and competes athletically in the Sooner Athletic Conference. In 2012, U. S. News & World Report ranked JBU first among baccalaureate colleges in the Southern region. John E. Brown was not afforded the opportunity to pursue much education, as a teenaged laborer in Arkansas, Brown encountered the Salvation Army and underwent a conversion experience. After his conversion, he became an itinerant Methodist evangelist, with his travels taking him across Arkansas, Kansas, subsequent to becoming a well-known young evangelist, Brown accepted a position as president of Scarrit Collegiate Institute in Neosho.
His two years as president were instrumental in developing his plan to establish his own college, Brown felt that the strong emphasis of that school on education without the benefit of life training was actually harmful to the students. To pay for the free tuition, Brown developed his school as a Christian vocational college. Students worked jobs such as carpentry and helped in constructing the buildings on campus, the typical work-day was four hours in addition to class time. Apparently seeking to expand the reach of the college, John Brown announced in 1934 that the school was to be changed into a four-year university. The new university was divided into three colleges, the academic and Bible colleges, fitting John Browns stated vision of educating head and hand. Spreading the new fields of study into new technology, Brown soon purchased a local radio station from which to broadcast Christian programming. Brown had used extensively before, but was eager to get resources of radio into the hands of the university.
The expanded facilities, such as the distinctive Cathedral Group, which root in the 1930s and 1940s. JBU began charging tuition in 1939, albeit a small amount, and John Brown began to realize that financially. The university relied heavily on donations to break even financially
The Oxford Dictionary of English defines a slogan as a short and striking or memorable phrase used in advertising. A slogan usually has the attributes of being memorable, very concise and these attributes are necessary in a slogan, as it is only a short phrase. Therefore, it is necessary for slogans to be memorable, as well as concise in what the organisation or brand is trying to say, the word slogan is derived from slogorn which was an Anglicisation of the Scottish Gaelic and Irish sluagh-ghairm. Slogans vary from the written and the visual to the chanted and their simple rhetorical nature usually leaves little room for detail and a chanted slogan may serve more as social expression of unified purpose than as communication to an intended audience. George E. Shankels research states that, English-speaking people began using the term by 1704, the term at that time meant the distinctive note, phrase or cry of any person or body of persons. Slogans were common throughout the European continent during the Middle Ages, crimmins research suggests that brands are an extremely valuable corporate asset, and can make up a lot of a businesss total value.
With this in mind, if we take into consideration Kellers research and these include, name and slogan. Brands names and logos both can be changed by the way the receiver interprets them, the slogan has a large job in portraying the brand. Therefore, the slogan should create a sense of likability in order for the name to be likable. Dass, Kohli, & Thomas research suggests there are certain factors that make up the likability of a slogan. The clarity of the message the brand is trying to encode within the slogan, the slogan emphasizes the benefit of the product or service it is portraying. The creativity of a slogan is another factor that had an effect on the likability of a slogan. Lastly, leaving the name out of the slogan will have a positive effect on the likability of the brand itself. The original usage refers to the usage as a clan motto among Highland clans, marketing slogans are often called taglines in the United States or straplines in the United Kingdom. Europeans use the terms baselines, claims or pay-offs, sloganeering is a mostly derogatory term for activity which degrades discourse to the level of slogans.
Slogans are used to convey a message about the product, service or cause that it is representing and it can have a musical tone to it or written as a song. Slogans are often used to capture the attention of the audience it is trying to reach, if the slogan is used for commercial purposes, often it is written to be memorable/catchy in order for a consumer to associate the slogan with the product it is representing. A slogan is part of the aspect that helps create an image for the product
Rancho Cucamonga Quakes
The Rancho Cucamonga Quakes are a minor league baseball team in Rancho Cucamonga, California, USA. They are a Class A – Advanced team in the California League, the franchise was founded in Lodi, California in 1966, with its home field as the Tony Zupo Field. The team went through several new names and ownership changes, in the 2015 season, the Quakes won their second Cal League Championship in franchise history, sweeping the San Jose Giants for their first crown since 1994. The Quakes franchise has been in existence since 1966 when it played in Lodi, a team of investors from the city had pooled together $2,500 to start the franchise a few years before, and their first name was the Lodi Crushers. Until 1984, the played at Lawrence Park for home games. Several times in its history, the team was sold from one group of collaborating town residents to another. The franchise since in 1966 has been affiliated with major league teams, notably the Los Angeles Dodgers in the late 1970s. While in Lodi the team won several California League Championships, including 1973,1977 and 1981, after 1984, the Chicago Cubs pulled out of Lodi, and the franchises owner Michelle Sprague couldnt find a major league affiliate.
She deactivated the team for a year, selling to a group including Ken McMullen, after spending time in Ventura, California under new ownerships, the team moved to San Bernardino and in 1987 and became the San Bernardino Spirit. Ken Griffey, Jr. was among the players came through Fiscalini Field on their way to the big leagues. In the early 1990s, Stickney was informed by the city of Rancho Cucamonga that they would be breaking ground on a new stadium. Selling the rights to the name the San Bernardino Spirit to a different franchise, construction started on November 14,1991. Named The Quake after a vote, the stadium was nicknamed the Epicenter, the team moved into the stadium on April 1,1993. The Rancho Cucamonga Quakes played their first game at the stadium on April 8 against the High Desert Mavericks, the Quakes won their first California League championship in 1994, defeating the Modesto As in four games. The Quakes continue to play their games at the stadium. While the stadium held up to 7000 fans in its first few years of existence, during the late 90s and 2000s, the Quakes broke several league attendance records.
After being an affiliate of the San Diego Padres for the first eight years in Rancho Cucamonga, for the next ten seasons, the Quakes were affiliated with the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. In 2010, its year of affiliation with the Angels
Minor League Baseball
All of the minor leagues are operated as independent businesses. Most are members of the organization known as Minor League Baseball. Several leagues, known as independent baseball leagues, do not have any links to Major League Baseball. Major League Baseball and Minor League Baseball teams may enter into a PDC for a two- or four-year term. At the expiration of a PDC term, teams may renew their affiliation, or sign new PDCs with different clubs, though many relationships are renewed and endure for extended time periods. Minor League teams that are owned directly by the major league club do not have PDCs with each other and are not part of the reaffiliation shuffles that occur every other year, several more independent leagues operate in the United States and Canada. The earliest professional baseball association, the National Association of 1871 to 1875 and this system proved unworkable, however, as there was no way to ensure competitive balance, and financially unsound clubs often failed in midseason.
This problem was solved in 1876 with the formation of the National League, with a membership which excluded less competitive. Professional clubs outside the National League responded by forming regional associations of their own, there was a series of ad hoc groupings, such as the New England Association of 1877 and the Eastern Championship Association of 1881. These were loose groups of independent clubs which agreed to play a series of games for a championship pennant, the first minor league is traditionally considered to be the Northwestern League of 1883 to 1884. Unlike the earlier minor associations, it was conceived as a permanent organization and it also, along with the National League and the American Association, was a party to the National Agreement of 1883. Included in this was the agreement to respect the reserve lists of clubs in each league, teams in the National League and the American Association could only reserve players who had been paid at least $1000. Northwest League teams could reserve players paid merely $750, implicitly establishing the division into major and minor leagues, over the next two decades, more minor leagues signed various versions of the National Agreement.
Eventually, the minor leagues joined together to negotiate jointly, in the late 1890s, the Western League run by the fiery Ban Johnson decided to challenge the National Leagues position. Representatives of the different minor leagues met at the Leland Hotel in Chicago on September 5,1901, in response to the National–American battle, they agreed to form the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, called the NAPBL, or NA for short. The purpose of the NA at the time was to maintain the independence of the leagues involved, several did not sign the agreement and continued to work independently. Powers was made the first president of the NAPBL, whose offices were established in Auburn, in 1903, the conflict between the American and National Leagues ended in the National Agreement of 1903. The NAPBL became involved in the stages of the negotiations to develop rules for the acquisition of players from their leagues by the National
Effective radiated power
Effective radiated power, synonymous with equivalent radiated power, is an IEEE standardized definition of directional radio frequency power transmitted from a theoretical half-wave dipole antenna. It is differentiated from effective isotropic radiated power mainly by use of antenna gain instead of absolute gain in the calculation. The term antenna gain is assumed to be absolute unless specifically stated to be relative, the gain is multiplied by the power actually accepted by the antenna to result in the actual ERP value. Power losses which occur prior to the antenna, e. g. in the line or from inefficiency in the generator itself are therefore not included in the calculation of ERP or EIRP. Antenna gain is closely related to directivity and often used interchangeably. However, gain is less than directivity by a factor called radiation efficiency. Whereas directivity is entirely a function of wavelength and the geometry and type of antenna, accelerating charge causes electromagnetic radiation per Maxwells equations.
Therefore, antennas use a current distribution on radiating elements to generate electromagnetic energy that propagates away from the antenna and this coupling is never 100% efficient, and therefore antenna gain will always be less than directivity by this efficiency factor. The receiver would not be able to determine a difference, maximum directivity of an ideal half-wave dipole is a constant, i. e.0 dBd =2.15 dBi. Therefore, ERP is always 2.15 dB less than EIRP, the ideal dipole antenna could be further replaced by an isotropic radiator, and the receiver cannot know the difference so long as the input power is increased by 2.15 dB. Unfortunately, the distinction between dBd and dBi is often left unstated and the reader is forced to infer which was used. For example, a Yagi-Uda antenna is constructed from several dipoles arranged at intervals to create better energy focusing than a simple dipole. Since it is constructed from dipoles, often its antenna gain is expressed in dBd, obviously this ambiguity is undesirable with respect to engineering specifications.
A Yagi-Uda antennas maximum directivity is 8.77 dBd =10.92 dBi and its gain necessarily must be less than this by the factor η, which must be negative in units of dB. Neither ERP nor EIRP can be calculated without knowledge of the power accepted by the antenna, let us assume a 100 Watt transmitter with losses of 6 dB prior to the antenna. ERP <22. 77dBW and EIRP <24. 92dBW, polarization has not been taken into account so far, but properly it must be. When considering the dipole radiator previously we assumed that it was aligned with the receiver. Now assume, that the antenna is circularly polarized