KNOMAD

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD) is an initiative of the World Bank that describes itself as "envisaged to be a global hub of knowledge and policy expertise on migration and development issues."[1][2][3] The goal is to have it work in close collaboration with the Global Forum on Migration and Development and the Global Migration Group.[1]

History[edit]

KNOMAD grew out of the World Bank's earlier efforts to compile data on migration and remittances; the goal with KNOMAD was to make the process more systematic and encompass a wider range of measures related to migration. KNOMAD's inception phase was May 2011-April 2013. During this time, it held consultations with governments, civil society organizations, the private sector, and academics. It organized global experts' meetings in December 2012 in Geneva and Washington D.C..[1] As part of the inception process, Dilip Ratha, KNOMAD's CEO, shared thoughts on KNOMAD's role in shaping future policy in a blog post for the World Bank's People Move blog.[4]

KNOMAD was announced by the World Bank on April 19, 2013.[3][5] It entered a five-year implementation phase in May 2013. KNOMAD has collaborated with diverse organizations such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris workshop, December 2013)[6] and the United Nations Development Programme (specifically, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research).[7][8] A number of seminars, conferences, and workshops have been held by KNOMAD in collaboration with other agencies and institutions to further its agenda.[9]

Funding[edit]

The KNOMAD is funded by a multi-donor trust fund set up by the World Bank. The largest contributors are the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation[10] and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (Germany).[1]

People[edit]

Dilip Ratha, the CEO of KNOMAD, is also Manager of the Migration and Remittances Unit of the Migrating out of Poverty initiative of the Department for International Development in the United Kingdom as well as the host of the People Move blog of the World Bank.[1][11]

Research areas[edit]

KNOMAD has working groups in the following twelve areas:[12]

  1. Data on migration and remittance flows:[13] The focus here is on improving the availability, accessibility, and scope of data collection as well as establishing and harmonizing data and quality standards.
  2. Skilled labor migration:[14] The focus here is on understanding how skilled migration can best support development, and how the human capital of workers can be augmented in both sending and receiving countries.
  3. Low-skilled labor migration:[15] The focus here is on determining the appropriate mix of policies affecting low-skilled migration, both temporary and permanent, determining how low-skilled migration interacts with regional integration, and understanding the implications of low-skilled migration for social and economic development.
  4. Integration issues in host communities:[16] The focus here is on understanding what categories of migrants should be targeted by integration policies, how integration policies can best be designed to meet stakeholders' needs and values of diversity and freedom, and how integration affects development in sending countries through remittances.
  5. Policy and institutional coherence:[17]
  6. Migration, security and development[18]
  7. Migrant rights and social aspects of migration[19]
  8. Demographic changes and migration[20]
  9. Remittances, including access to finance and capital markets[21]
  10. Mobilizing diaspora resources as agents of social and economic change[22]
  11. Environmental change and migration[23]
  12. Internal migration and urbanization[24]

It also identifies four cross-cutting themes for its work:

The four cross-cutting themes are:

  1. Gender[25]
  2. Monitoring and impact evaluation[26]
  3. Capacity building[27]
  4. Public perceptions and communications[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "About Us". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  2. ^ "Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development". World Bank. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "World Bank Launches Initiative on Migration, Releases New Projections on Remittance Flows". World Bank. April 19, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  4. ^ Ratha, Dilip (June 10, 2012). "Best practice vs a menu of policy options – and the KNOMAD process". Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  5. ^ "World Bank knowledge hub to address migration and remittance". BizTechAfica. April 23, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  6. ^ "Workshop on Strengthening the Migration-Development Nexus through Improved Policy and Institutional Coherence". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. December 4–5, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  7. ^ "KNOMAD, UNITAR and JMDI give voice to Local Government at the United Nations". United Nations Development Programme. September 30, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  8. ^ "http://www.migration4development.org/content/press-release-knomad-unitar-and-jmdi-give-voice-local-government-united-nations-0". Migration4Development. Retrieved March 29, 2014. External link in |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Events". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  10. ^ "The World Bank's Multi-donor Trust Fund: The Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development KNOMAD". Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  11. ^ "Dilip Ratha". Migrating out of Poverty initiative of the Department for International Development. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  12. ^ "Thematic Working Groups". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  13. ^ "Data on migration and remittance flows". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  14. ^ "Skilled labor migration". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  15. ^ "Low-skilled labor migration". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  16. ^ "Integration issues in host communities". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  17. ^ "Policy and institutional coherence". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  18. ^ "Migration, security and development". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  19. ^ "Migrant rights and social aspects of migration". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  20. ^ "Demographic changes and migration". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  21. ^ "Remittances, including access to finance and capital markets". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  22. ^ "Mobilizing diaspora resources as agents of social and economic change". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  23. ^ "Environmental change and migration". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  24. ^ "Internal migration and urbanization". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  25. ^ "Gender". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  26. ^ "Monitoring and impact evaluation". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  27. ^ "Capacity building". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  28. ^ "Public perceptions and communications". KNOMAD. Retrieved March 29, 2014.

External links[edit]