Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman
KIHU is a Catholic radio formatted radio station licensed to Tooele, United States. The station is owned by Immaculate Heart Media, Inc.. The station has a construction permit from the FCC for a power increase to 50,000 watts Daytime, 42,000 watts Critical Hours and 194 watts night; the facilities authorized by the Construction Permit were built in 2004 and the station is operating under "Program Test Authority" with those facilities. Not only does the station have a construction permit to change its power, it has an application to move its city of license to Magna, near where its current transmitter lies; the change in city of license will make possible the upgrading of the station from Class "D" to Class "B." The station was built to operate on 990 kHz with a 1000 watt transmitter in the town of Tooele. It was launched on July 3, 1956; the original call letters were KTUT, were changed to KDYL in the early 1960s when that call was released from the 1320 station in Salt Lake City when that station was renamed "KCPX."
Simmons paid the owner, Thomas W. Mathis, to release the "KDYL" call so that they could use those call letters on the 1280 Salt Lake City Station, whereupon the station was assigned the call letters KTLE, beginning on 1982-05-19. KTLE stood for the station's city of license and former location of its transmitter. In 1982, Mr. Mathis applied to change the frequency to 1010 from 990 kHz and increase the power to 50,000 watts Daytime and 2500 watts Critical Hours at the original transmitter site in Tooele; the change in frequency and power increase was built by the subsequent owner in 1992. In 1994, the station applied to move the transmitter to the Salt Lake Valley, at a site, too close to the Salt Lake International Airport to allow a reasonable tower height. On October 30, 1992, the station changed its call sign to KTUR by the owner, Robert Turley, on September 18, 1998 to KIQN by the subsequent owner, Intelliquest Media. Intelliquest went bankrupt in 2003, Community Wireless purchased the License from the Bankruptcy Trustee.
Community Wireless rebuilt the station at its current transmitter site. In January 2004, the station applied to change its city of license to Magna, of which the application is still pending before the FCC. On August 1, 2004, the station became KCPW, on March 20, 2009, the station became KPCW. In August 2009, the station was assigned the call KIHU, reflecting an ownership change, as it had been sold to IHR Educational Broadcasting; the station now broadcasts Catholic religious programming, which began August 22, 2009. The station flipped to the Relevant Radio branding when IHR Education Broadcasting and Starboard Media Foundation consummated their merger on June 30, 2017. Query the FCC's AM station database for KIHU Radio-Locator Information on KIHU Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KIHU
In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign is a unique designation for a transmitter station. In the United States of America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity; the use of call signs as unique identifiers dates to the landline railroad telegraph system. Because there was only one telegraph line linking all railroad stations, there needed to be a way to address each one when sending a telegram. In order to save time, two-letter identifiers were adopted for this purpose; this pattern continued in radiotelegraph operation. These were not globally unique, so a one-letter company identifier was added. By 1912, the need to identify stations operated by multiple companies in multiple nations required an international standard. Merchant and naval vessels are assigned call signs by their national licensing authorities.
In the case of states such as Liberia or Panama, which are flags of convenience for ship registration, call signs for larger vessels consist of the national prefix plus three letters. United States merchant vessels are given call signs beginning with the letters "W" or "K" while US naval ships are assigned call signs beginning with "N". Both ships and broadcast stations were assigned call signs in this series consisting of three or four letters. Ships equipped with Morse code radiotelegraphy, or life boat radio sets, Aviation ground stations, broadcast stations were given four letter call signs. Maritime coast stations on high frequency were assigned three letter call signs; as demand for both marine radio and broadcast call signs grew American-flagged vessels with radiotelephony only were given longer call signs with mixed letters and numbers. Leisure craft with VHF radios may not be assigned call signs, in which case the name of the vessel is used instead. Ships in the US still wishing to have a radio license are under FCC class SA: "Ship recreational or voluntarily equipped."
Those calls follow the land mobile format of the initial letter K or W followed by 1 or 2 letters followed by 3 or 4 numbers. U. S. Coast Guard small boats have a number, shown on both bows in which the first two digits indicate the nominal length of the boat in feet. For example, Coast Guard 47021 refers to the 21st in the series of 47-foot motor lifeboats; the call sign might be abbreviated to the final two or three numbers during operations, for example: Coast Guard zero two one. Aviation mobile stations equipped with radiotelegraphy were assigned five letter call signs.. Land Stations in Aviation were assigned four letter call signs; these call signs were phased out in the 1960s when flight radio officers were no longer required on international flights. USSR kept FRO's for the Moscow-Havana run until around 2000. All signs in aviation are derived from several different policies, depending upon the type of flight operation and whether or not the caller is in an aircraft or at a ground facility.
In most countries, unscheduled general aviation flights identify themselves using the call sign corresponding to the aircraft's registration number. In this case, the call sign is spoken using the International Civil Aviation Organization phonetic alphabet. Aircraft registration numbers internationally follow the pattern of a country prefix, followed by a unique identifier made up of letters and numbers. For example, an aircraft registered as N978CP conducting a general aviation flight would use the call sign November-niner-seven-eight-Charlie-Papa. However, in the United States a pilot of an aircraft would omit saying November, instead use the name of the aircraft manufacturer or the specific model. At times, general aviation pilots might omit additional preceding numbers and use only the last three numbers and letters; this is true at uncontrolled fields when reporting traffic pattern positions or at towered airports after establishing two-way communication with the tower controller. For example, Skyhawk eight-Charlie-Papa, left base.
In most countries, the aircraft call sign or "tail number"/"tail letters" are linked to the international radio call sign allocation table and follow a convention that aircraft radio stations receive call signs consisting of five letters. For example, all British civil aircraft have a five-letter call sign beginning with the letter G. Canadian aircraft have a call sign beginning with C–F or C–G, such as C–FABC. Wing In Ground-effect vehicles in Canada are eligible to receive C–Hxxx call signs, ultralight aircraft receive C-Ixxx call signs. In days gone by American aircraft used five letter call signs, such as KH–ABC, but they were replaced prior to World War II by the current American system of civilian aircraft call signs. Radio call signs used for communication in manned spaceflight is not formalized or regulated to the same degree as for aircraft; the three nations curren
KSVN is a radio station broadcasting a Regional Mexican format. Licensed to Ogden, United States, it serves the Ogden and Salt Lake City area; the station is owned by Azteca Broadcasting Corporation. KSVN began broadcasting as an English-language station, KOPP, on September 28, 1947. Before its sign on, the station was assigned the call letters KSLO and KLWT; the call letters were changed to KKOG on April 9, 1956, KSVN on November 29, 1959. In the 1960s, KSVN was known as "K-7 Radio" known as "K-730 Radio", was owned by the same group that owned KSXX "K-630" in Salt Lake City; the two stations were sister top 40 stations before KCPX became a top 40 powerhouse in the mid-1960s. In 1989, KSVN began broadcasting in Spanish. Query the FCC's AM station database for KSVN Radio-Locator Information on KSVN Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KSVN FCC History Cards for KSVN
KSRR 1400 AM is a radio station licensed to Provo, Utah. The station originates from a studio located in Utah, their format is soft Adult contemporary music. KSRR has a sister station on 96.7 FM known as KQMB. The station is now owned by a Utah corporation in utah county called JJIE; this station signed on as KCSU on November 23, 1947 and was owned and operated by Frank and Harold VanWagenen. The call sign changed to KIXX in the late 1950s; the VanWagenens operated the station with studios and transmitter at the edge of a golf course south of Provo until 1972 when it was sold to Mesa Broadcasting Corp. with headquarters in Grand Junction, Colorado. Former KOIL air personality Larry Cobb, was CEO of the 3-station chain, with sister stations in Grand Junction and Cheyenne, Wyoming. In early 1973 it became a country music station; the original country Program Director was Les Bagley, who went on to WPOC in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1976, the station was sold again, this time to country music singer and songwriter Whispering Bill Anderson of Nashville, Tennessee.
The call letters were changed to KFTN, which emphasized the dial position of 1400. While the station was owned by Bill Anderson, the official title of ownership was "Whisper Communications of Nashville, a division of Stallion Music." Stallion Music was Bill Anderson's music publishing company. The station again sold in 1981, still playing country, changed its calls to KXYC on March 1, 1985. From May 1, 1985, to January 1, 1995, the station played nonstop LDS music. After January 1995, the station played show tunes, settled on adult contemporary music; the station went to its present owner in 1986, while the station was still known as KXYC. Many listeners heard the call letters as KXYZ, so in 1987, the calls became the current KSRR; this last change took effect on October 1, 1987. The call sign KSRR was used by an FM rock music station operating at 96.5 MHz in Houston, Texas, up until October 15, 1986. That station is known as KHMX. In 2017, the station went dark, in 2018, the station will remain silent for a while.
On December 20, 2018 Zeta Holdings, LLC sold the silent am radio station call sign KSRR-Provo and the silent am radio station 1400 K-Star for $100,000 to a Utah corporation in Utah County called JJIE and to JJIE owners Franklin H. & Melanie Mueller. The station's signal reaches into southern Salt Lake County, it broadcasts 1,000 watts in a non-directional pattern from a tower located in Utah. Query the FCC's AM station database for KSRR Radio-Locator Information on KSRR Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KSRR
BBC World Service
The BBC World Service, the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasts radio and television news and discussions in more than 40 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, Internet streaming, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays. In November 2016 the BBC announced again that it would start broadcasting in additional languages including Amharic and Igbo, in its biggest expansion since the 1940s. In 2015 World Service reached an average of 210 million people a week; the English-language service broadcasts 24 hours a day. The World Service is funded by the United Kingdom's television licence fee, limited advertising and the profits of BBC Worldwide Ltd; the service is guaranteed £289 million from the UK government. The World Service was funded for decades by grant-in-aid through the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British Government until 1 April 2014. BBC World Service English maintains eight different regional feeds with several program variations, covering East and South Africa.
There are two separate online-only streams with one being more news-oriented, known as News Internet. The controller of BBC World Service English is Mary Hockaday; the BBC World Service began in 1932 as the BBC Empire Service, broadcasting on shortwave and aimed principally at English-speakers across the British Empire. In his first Christmas Message, King George V characterised the service as intended for "men and women, so cut off by the snow, the desert, or the sea, that only voices out of the air can reach them". First hopes; the Director General, Sir John Reith said in the opening programme:"Don't expect too much in the early days. The programmes will neither be interesting nor good." This address was read out five times. On 3 January 1938 the first foreign-language service was launched - in Arabic. Programmes in German started on 29 March 1938, by the end of 1942 the BBC had started broadcasts in all major European languages; as a result, the Empire Service was renamed the BBC Overseas Service in November 1939, supplemented by the addition of a dedicated BBC European Service from 1941.
Funding for these services - known administratively as the External Services of the BBC - came not from the domestic licence-fee but from government grant-in-aid. The External Services broadcast propaganda during the Second World War of 1939-1945, its French service Radio Londres sent coded messages to the French Resistance. George Orwell broadcast many news bulletins on the Eastern Service during World War II. By the end of the 1940s the number of broadcast languages had expanded and reception had improved, following the opening of a relay in modern-day Malaysia and of the Limassol relay in Cyprus in 1957. On 1 May 1965 the service took its current name of BBC World Service, it expanded its reach with the opening of the Ascension Island relay in 1966, serving African audiences with a stronger signal and better reception, with the relay on the Island of Masirah in Oman. In August 1985 the service went off-air for the first time when workers went on strike in protest at the British government's decision to ban a documentary featuring an interview with Martin McGuinness of Sinn Féin.
Subsequently, financial pressures decreased the number and the types of services offered by the BBC. Audiences in countries with wide access to Internet services have less need for terrestrial radio. Broadcasts in German ended in March 1999, after research showed that the majority of German listeners tuned into the English-language service. Broadcasts in Dutch, French, Italian and Malay stopped for similar reasons. On 25 October 2005, the BBC announced that broadcasts in Bulgarian, Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Slovak and Thai would end by March 2006, to finance the launch in 2007 of television news-services in Arabic and Persian. Additionally, Romanian broadcasts ceased on 1 August 2008. In January 2011 the closure of the Albanian, Portuguese for Africa and English for the Caribbean services was announced; this reflected the financial situation the Corporation faced following transfer of responsibility for the Service from the Foreign Office, so that it would in future have been funded from within licence-fee income.
The Russian, Mandarin Chinese, Vietnamese and Spanish for Cuba services ceased radio broadcasting, the Hindi, Kyrgyz, Swahili and Kirundi services ceased shortwave transmissions. The British government announced that the three Balkan countries had wide access to international information, so broadcasts in the local languages had become unnecessary. 650 jobs went as part of the 16% budget cut. The Service broadcasts from Broadcasting House in London, headquarters of the Corporation, it is located in the newer parts of the building, which contains radio and television studios for use by the various language services. The building contains an integrated newsroom used by the international World Service, the international television channel BBC World News, the domestic television and radio BBC News bulletins, the BBC News Channel and BBC Online. At its launch, the Service was located along with m
KZNS is a radio station broadcasting a Sports talk format. Licensed to Salt Lake City, United States, it serves the Salt Lake City area; the station is owned by Larry H. Miller Communications Corporation and features programming from Yahoo! Sports Radio and Premiere Radio Networks. 1280 AM is a Regional frequency with both Class D stations. As of February 1, 2011, KZNS' "The Zone" sports talk programming is heard on KZNS-FM 97.5 licensed to Coalville, Utah, a Salt Lake City area radio station. The station was first licensed June 4, 1945, held the call sign KNAK. On January 16, 1976, the station's call sign was changed to KWMS; as KWMS, the station aired an all-news format. On July 21, 1982, the station's call sign was changed to KDYL. In the early and mid 1980s, KDYL aired an all-news format. By 1986, the station had begun airing the Music of Your Life big band/nostalgia format; the station continued airing this format until June 27, 2000. On June 27, 2000, the station switched to a talk radio format, carrying conservative talk programming.
Shows hosted by Michael Savage and Michael Medved appeared. On November 12, 2001, the station's call sign was changed to KZNS; that same day, Simmons Media changed the format of the station, airing CNN Headline News and sports talk in the afternoon. Soon thereafter, sports talk; when Simmons acquired the station, the KDYL call letters were assigned to the Tooele, Utah station at 990 kHz, the owner of that station Thomas Mathis, was compensated to release the KDYL call letters, changing the call of his station to KTLE. Prior to the Tooele, UT station having the call of KDYL, those call letters were assigned to the 1320 kHz Salt Lake City station, now known as KNIT. Simmons wanted the KDYL call because of its name recognition in their initial target demographic. Query the FCC's AM station database for KZNS Radio-Locator Information on KZNS Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KZNS FCC History Cards for KZNS