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Kaňkite found in the Czech Republic
CategoryArsenate mineral
(repeating unit)
Strunz classification8.CE.60
Crystal systemMonoclinic
Unknown space group
Unit cella = 18.803(15), b = 17.490(18)
c = 7.633(5) [Å]; β = 92.72°; z = 16
Formula mass257.82 g/mol
Crystal habitTabular spearlike crystals in spherulites and botryoidal encrustations
Mohs scale hardness2–3
LusterDull to vitreous
StreakGrayish yellow
Specific gravity2.60 – 2.70
Optical propertiesBiaxial
Refractive indexnα = 1.664 nγ = 1.680

Kankite is a mineral with the chemical formula Fe3+AsO4·3.5(H2O). Kankite is named for the locality that yielded first specimens Kaňk, Czech Republic.[1] Kankite forms in old (1200- to 1400-year-old) mine dumps,[2] it is yellowish-green on fresh exposure, with a paler greenish yellow on exposure to air.


Kankite is a monoclinic mineral, meaning it is a mineral system having 3 unequal axes of which one is at right angles with the other two, it has an uneven fracture and has a hardness of 2–3 (gypsum–calcite). It is translucent yellowish green in color with a grayish-yellow streak, its luster is dull to vitreous. Kankite contains the elements arsenic, iron, hydrogen and oxygen,[3] it was approved by the IMA in 1976. Its habit is botryoidal, "grape-like" rounded forms (e.g. malachite). It forms encrustations, crust-like aggregates on matrix; the specific gravity of Kankite is 2.70.[2]


Kankite was first described in 1976 for an occurrence in the Kaňk, Kutná Hora, Bohemia, Czech Republic,[4] it is a rare secondary mineral in highly weathered mine dumps containing arsenopyrite (in the Czech Republic). It occurs in association with scorodite, pitticite, parascorodite, zykaite, arsenopyrite, vajdakite, native arsenic, pyrite, proustite, gypsum, “limonite” and quartz.[1]

It has also been reported from Munzig near Meissen; from Brand-Erbisdorf, Saxony; from Menzenschwand, Black Forest in Germany, it occurs at King's Wood mine, Buckfastleigh, Devon, and from the South Terras mine, St. Stephen-in-Brannel, Cornwall in England. It has also been reported from the Suzukura mine north-northeast of Enzan, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Handbook of Mineralogy
  2. ^ a b c Webmineral data
  3. ^ a b [1], Frost, Ray L. and Cejka, Jin and Keeffe, Eloise C. and Sejkora, Jiri (2009)Raman Spectroscopic study of the mixed anion sulphate-arsenate mineral pamnauiteJournal of Raman Spectroscopy, 40(11) pp. 1547–1550.
  4. ^ a b Mindat.org