Nová Ves nad Popelkou
Nová Ves nad Popelkou is a village and municipality in Semily District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. The first written mention of the village dates from 1369, but there is speculation that the village was established sometime in the first middle of the 13th century, or other source as mentioned in 1097, when the area into be given the a Slavic tribes of. There is no precise dating; the Church of St. Prokop, located in the village, went through several renovations over the years and its current form dates from the 1747th; the former name of the village was Nová Ves u Lomnice na Jičínsku. The village is hosts many activities. In the resort operates TJ Sokol, Fire Department, has been restored theater group, which disappeared after the Velvet Revolution; every year after the New Year proms are held in the local cultural house in order: Hunter, Sports & Fire fancy dress preceded by in the afternoon children's carnival, co-organized with the local Women's Union. House of Culture is used by for meetings and descents.
The village operates swimming pool, multipurpose tennis court, which in the winter turns into ice rink The Water Goblin In the village out over several years sat on the willow tree near the bridge over Popelkou at the upper end of the village built carved wood sprite from the workshop of Joseph Panek. Over time matured decision to create to please of people vodníka of stone. On Sunday, on August 3, 2003 the ceremonial unveiling of a statue water sprite; this was carved out of sandstone and decorated with gilt hems
Rokytnice nad Jizerou
Rokytnice nad Jizerou is a mountain resort in the west part of the Giant Mountains in the Czech Republic. The town is located in the Liberec Region, in the Semily District, in elongated valleys of Huťský stream between mountains massifs Stráž, Čertova hora and Lysá hora and along the left bank of the river Jizera. In winter Rokytnice is one of the most famous ski resorts in the Czech Republic, with many ski schools and 28 lifts; the dominant Lysá Hora has 17 ski runs. The official ski runs in Rokytnice are the longest in the Czech Republic. Municipal website
Jesenný is a village and municipality in Semily District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic
Libštát is a market town in Semily District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic
Jablonec nad Jizerou
Jablonec nad Jizerou is a town in the Czech Republic in Bohemia in the Semily district of the Liberec region. Jablonec nad Jizerou lies in the surroundings of Giant Mountains, south of the recreation center Rokytnice nad Jizerou. In 1896 Jablonec was given the status of a market town by Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria. At this time Jablonec was given the new Coat of arms. In 1916 on the request of the market town council, the township name was extended from Jablonec to Jablonec nad Jizerou. To distinguish it from nearby Jablonec nad Nisou, the town is called Český Jablonec. In 1971 Jablonec nad Jizerou was awarded with the status of town. Jablonec was first documented in 1492. At that time Jablonec was a village. Under the Thirty Years' War, Jablonec was a small non-agricultural village of thirteen houses, but the significance of the village indicates the existence of the parish church; the Thirty Years' War had a catastrophic impact on Jablonec - only four houses remained, It took hundred years before Jablonec recovered from the war.
But in the second half of the 19th century, Jablonec grew so much that in 1896 Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria promoted the village into a Market town and granted him the Coat of arms. An medieval built-up area, to be found in the vicinity of the St. Prokop Church had more diffusive character the area from the second half of the 18th century was out of order on the slope of the valley; the only organizational factors were contour lines and parcels of land, a non-agricultural dwelling were chaotically centered on the link between the church and the mill.. Thanks to the large reconstruction of the market town connected with the construction of the railway and the textile factories along the Jizera, Jablonec nad Jizerou gained the character of a modern mountainous town. In 1916 on the request of the market town council, the township name was extended from Jablonec to Jablonec nad Jizerou. In 1930, 1321 inhabitants lived in Jablonec. In 1971 Jablonec nad Jizerou was awarded with the status of town.
Today among the new buildings from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries and from the interwar period are sporadically preserved timbered cottages. Gabella = Latin word for "customs" nad = Czech word for "Above" Jizera = Celts Name of the Jizera In the base of the name of the river Jizera today we read the ancient Indo-European roots - is-, which has in its name a number of wildly flowing rivers of those countries of Europe where the Celts once lived. Due to its location, there is one more explanation of the name: the word Jablonec could originate from the Latin "gabella", the customs station. In Jablonec nad Jizerou there is a ski resort, with 3.3 kilometers of downhill slopes and two ski lifts. The top of the hill is 688 meters above sea level. Municipal website
Hrubá Skála is a village and municipality in Semily District of the Liberec Region in the Czech Republic. It is located about 6 km southeast of Turnov within the Bohemian Paradise landscape area; the adjacent sandstone'rock town', stretching to Trosky Castle, is a protected nature reserve since 1998 and a popular destination for climbers and hikers. The municipal area comprises the cadastral communities of Hnanice pod Troskami and Hrubá Skála proper, with the villages of Bohuslav, Doubravice, Hnanice, Krčkovice, Rokytnice and Želejov. Hrubá Skála Castle situated on a steep sandstone cliff was first mentioned in a 1353 deed a possession of the noble House of Waldstein, ancestors of Albrecht von Wallenstein; the manor was called Hrubá Skála to differ it from nearby Malá Skála. Held by the Lords of Smiřice from 1515 onwards, the rebuilt Renaissance castle had become the centre of one of the largest Bohemian estates with more than 50 villages. Seized by Emperor Ferdinand II upon the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, it was again held by the Waldstein dynasty from 1630 and devastated by both Saxon and Imperial troops during the Thirty Years' War.
In 1821, Franz de Paula Adam von Waldstein sold Hrubá Skála to Johann Anton Lexa von Aehrenthal. In 1859 the castle was again rebuilt in a Neo-Gothic style. After World War II the Aerenthal family was dispossessed and the German-speaking population expelled according to the Beneš decrees. Under Communist rule, the castle served as today it is run as a hotel. Count Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austro-Hungarian politician, born at Hrubá Skála Castle
The Czech Republic known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres with a temperate continental climate and oceanic climate, it is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen; the Czech Republic is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, the Council of Europe. It is a developed country with an advanced, high income export-oriented social market economy based in services and innovation; the UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development. The Czech Republic is a welfare state with a "continental" European social model, a universal health care system, tuition-free university education and is ranked 14th in the Human Capital Index, it ranks as the 6th safest or most peaceful country and is one of the most non-religious countries in the world, while achieving strong performance in democratic governance.
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Czech Silesia. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire. After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power transferred from Moravia to Bohemia under the Přemyslid dynasty. In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, numerous other territories, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century. Beside Bohemia itself, the King of Bohemia ruled the lands of the Bohemian Crown, holding a vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor. In the Hussite Wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and defeated five consecutive crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Catholic Church. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Protestant Bohemian Revolt against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism and reimposed Catholicism, adopted a policy of gradual Germanization; this contributed to the anti-Habsburg sentiment. A long history of resentment of the Catholic Church followed and still continues. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the German Confederation 1815-1866 as part of Austrian Empire and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism. In the 19th century, the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and were subsequently the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I. Czechoslovakia remained the only democracy in this part of Europe in the interwar period. However, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, while the Slovak region became the Slovak Republic.
Most of the three millions of the German-speaking minority were expelled following the war. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and after the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a one-party communist state under Soviet influence. In 1968, increasing dissatisfaction with the regime culminated in a reform movement known as the Prague Spring, which ended in a Soviet-led invasion. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed and market economy was reintroduced. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia; the Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. The traditional English name "Bohemia" derives from Latin "Boiohaemum", which means "home of the Boii"; the current English name comes from the Polish ethnonym associated with the area, which comes from the Czech word Čech. The name comes from the Slavic tribe and, according to legend, their leader Čech, who brought them to Bohemia, to settle on Říp Mountain.
The etymology of the word Čech can be traced back to the Proto-Slavic root *čel-, meaning "member of the people. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia in the west, Moravia in the east, Czech Silesia in the northeast. Known as the lands of the Bohemian Crown since the 14th century, a number of other names for the country have been used, including Czech/Bohemian lands, Bohemian Crown and the lands of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas; when the country regained its independence after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian empire in 1918, the new name of Czechoslovakia was coined to reflect the union of the Czech and Slovak nations within the one country. After Czechoslovakia dissolved in 1992, the Czech part lac