Thessaloniki (regional unit)
Thessaloniki is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia and its capital is the city of Thessaloniki, the regional unit stretches from the Thermaic Gulf to the Strymonic Gulf. The Thermaic Gulf lies to the southwest while the Strymonic Gulf is in the east, two bodies of water are located to the north, Lake Koronia in the heart of the regional unit and Lake Volvi to the east. There are farmlands throughout the western and the part, a few in the northeast. The mountains include the Chortiatis to the part, the Vertiskos to the north. The regional unit borders on the Imathia regional unit to the southwest, Pella to the west, Kilkis to the north, Serres to the east and its climate includes hot Mediterranean summers and cool to mild winters in low-lying areas and its plains. Winter weather is common in areas 500 m above sea level. The area of the Thessaloniki regional unit joined the rest of Greece in 1912, the area was struck by an earthquake in 1978, and by flooding due to rainfall in October 2006.
Thessaloniki is the birthplace of Mustafa Kemal, founder of the modern Turkey, the Thessaloniki regional unit is subdivided into 14 municipalities. Its area was the largest in the country covering about 7% of all of Greece, the prefectures of Pella and Kilkis were split off in 1930 and 1937 respectively, and after World War II in 1947, Imathia and Pieria. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a unit within the Central Macedonia region. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, Province of Thessaloniki Province of Lagkadas Note, Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. The regional unit of Thessaloniki is connected with the following roads, parts of the GR-67 linking Chalkidiki and the GR-65 linking Kilkis, were converted into motorways during the 2000s. Public transport services are provided by the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization Thessaloniki Metro Most of the stations are in the city, here are list of stations outside the city, Thermi TV - Thermi Iraklis Aris PAOK Apollon Kalamarias Agrotikos Asteras List of settlements in the Thessaloniki regional unit Macedonia
Phthiotis is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Greece. The capital is the city of Lamia, the name dates back to ancient times. It is best known as the home of Achilles, Phthiotis covers the northern and southern shorelines of the Malian Gulf, an inlet of the Aegean Sea. It stretches inland towards the west along the valley of the river Spercheios, in the south it covers the upper part of the Cephissus valley. Phthiotis means the region of Phthia, the southernmost region of ancient Thessaly around Pharsalus, in Classical times, it referred to the region of Achaea Phthiotis, which bordered on Thessalian Phthiotis to the south and east. Achaea Phthiotis covered the part of the present regional unit Phthiotis. The southeastern part of present Phthiotis was covered by the ancient region Locris, NE Greek National Road 1/E75, SE, E, Cen. NE Greek National Road 3, SE, S, Cen, N Greek National Road 27, S, Cen. Greek National Road 38, W, the regional unit Phthiotis is subdivided into 7 municipalities.
These are, Amfikleia-Elateia Domokos Lamia Lokroi Makrakomi Molos-Agios Konstantinos Stylida The prefecture Phthiotis and Phocis was created in 1845, in 1947 this prefecture was split into the southern part Phocis and the northern part Phthiotis. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Phthiotis was created out of the former prefecture Phthiotis, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, Province of Domokos - Domokos Province of Phthiotis - Lamia Province of Locris - Atalanti Note, Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. Thanos Livaditis Dimitrios Holevas Lamia F. C. Ionikos Lamias BC List of traditional Greek place names List of settlements in Phthiotis Media related to Fthiotis at Wikimedia Commons
Paionia is a municipality in the Kilkis regional unit of Central Macedonia, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Polykastro, the municipality is named after the ancient region of Paeonia. It has an area of 919.276 km2 and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Paionia, except the municipal unit Polykastro
Kissamos is a town and municipality, multiple bishopric and Latin titular see in the west of the island of Crete, Greece. It is part of the Chania regional unit and of the former Kissamos Province which covers the northwest corner of the island, the city of Kissamos is known as Kastelli Kissamou and often known simply as Kastelli after the Venetian castle that was there. It is now a port and fishing harbour, with a ferry from the Peloponnese via Kythira. A town museum is located in the old Venetian governors palace and there have been important archaeological finds in the town, including fine mosaics, the head town of the municipality is Kastelli-Kissamos itself. Strabo said that ancient Cisamus was dependent on Aptera and was its naval arsenal, the Peutinger Table distinguishes two port towns in Crete called Cisamus, Modern Kissamos is much further west than where Aptera is now placed. It was excluded already by Pashley in 1837 as being, of the two ancient maritime Cretan cities named Kisamos, the one associated with Aptera.
In the past, when the port of Aptera was thought to be present-day Kissamos, some supposed Aptera to be identical with Polyrrhenia, however and other ancient sources say that Polyrrhenias port was at Phalasarna on the west coast. Ancient Cisamus became a Christian bishopric, a suffragan of the see of Gortyna. Only two of its bishops are named in extant contemporary documents, Nicetas at the Trullan Council in 692. The bishopric is still a residential see of the Eastern Orthodox Church of Crete, after the Venetian conquest of Crete in 1212, Cisamus became a Latin Church diocese. The names of more than 20 residential Latin bishops from until the end of the 16th century are known, angelo Barbarigo, Bishop of Verona, Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro, Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede in commendum (1415.07.04 –1418.08.16 and it forms the extreme western part of the region, and of Crete. It is bordered by Platanias to the East, and by Kantanos-Selino to the south, the province of Kissamos was one of the provinces of the Chania Prefecture.
Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Kissamos, and the municipal units Kolymvari and Voukolies
Boeotia, sometimes alternatively Latinised as Beotia, is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Greece and it was a region of ancient Greece. Its capital is Livadeia, and its largest city is Thebes, Boeotia lies to the north of the eastern part of the Gulf of Corinth. It has a coastline on the Gulf of Euboea. It bordered on Megaris in the south, Attica in the southeast, Euboea in the northeast, Opuntian Locris in the north and Phocis in the west. The main mountain ranges of Boeotia are Mount Parnassus in the west, Mount Helicon in the southwest, Cithaeron in the south and its longest river, the Cephissus, flows in the central part, where most of the low-lying areas of Boeotia are found. Lake Copais was a lake in the center of Boeotia. It was drained in the 19th century, lake Yliki is a large lake near Thebes. The earliest inhabitants of Boeotia, associated with the city of Orchomenus, were called Minyans, pausanias mentions that Minyans established the maritime Ionian city of Teos, and occupied the islands of Lemnos and Thera.
The Argonauts were sometimes referred to as Minyans, according to legend the citizens of Thebes paid an annual tribute to their king Erginus. The early wealth and power of Boeotia is shown by the reputation and visible Mycenean remains of several of its cities, especially Orchomenus, the origin of the name Boeotians may lie in the mountain Boeon in Epirus. Some toponyms and the common Aeolic dialect indicate that the Boeotians were related to the Thessalians and they moved south and settled in another rich plain, while others filtered across the Aegean and settled on Lesbos and in Aeolis in Asia Minor. Others are said to have stayed in Thessaly, withdrawing into the hill country, many ancient Greek legends originated or are set in this region. The older myths took their form during the Mycenean age when the Mycenean Greeks established themselves in Boeotia. Many of them are related to the myths of Argos, and others indicate connections with Phoenicia, Boeotia was notable for the ancient oracular shrine of Trophonius at Lebadea.
Graea, an ancient city in Boeotia, is thought to be the origin of the Latin word Graecus, from which English derives the words Greece. The major poets Hesiod and Pindar were Boeotians, on the other hand, the lack of good harbours hindered its maritime development. The importance of the legendary Minyae has been confirmed by archaeological remains, the Boeotian population entered the land from the north possibly before the Dorian invasion
Heraklion (regional unit)
Heraklion is one of the four regional units of Crete. The capital is the city of Heraklion, the regional unit of Heraklion borders on the regional units of Rethymno to the west and Lasithi to the east. Farmlands are situated in the central and the parts, at the coast. The mountains dominate the rest of the unit, notably the south. The main mountains are parts of Ida or Idi Mountains to the west, the regional unit includes the island of Dia to the north. Except for the mountains which receive mild to cool winters unlike northern Greece, within the Heraklion regional units boundaries are a number of significant Neolithic and Minoan settlements, most notably the ancient palace complexes of Knossos and Phaistos. Important ancient cities are, Knossos Phaistos Gortys Tylissos Malia 1991 -263,8682001 -292,4822011 -305,490 The regional unit Heraklion is subdivided into 8 municipalities. These are, Archanes-Asterousia Faistos Gortyna Heraklion Hersonissos Malevizi Minoa Pediada Viannos The Heraklion prefecture was created in 1915, as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Heraklion was created out of the former prefecture Heraklion.
The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, gR-90/E65 GR-97 GR-99 El Greco, by which Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος Domênikos Theotokópoulos, is best known. A world-famous painter and architect Nikos Kazantzakis was born in the village Varvaro The municipal unit in which Myrtia is located, was named after him, monuments in the prefecture of Heraklion
Troizinia-Methana is a municipality in the Islands regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Galatas, the municipality was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the two former municipalities Methana and Troizina, that became municipal units. Initially named Troizinia, in January 2014 the municipality was renamed Troizinia-Methana, the municipality has an area of 240.858 km2. The province of Troizinia was one of the provinces of the Piraeus Prefecture and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Troizinia and Poros
Pella (regional unit)
Pella is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia and it is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great. Other centers are the towns Krya Vrisi and Skydra, the regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are, Almopia Edessa Pella Skydra The region covers an area of 2.505,8 Km2 the majority of which is covered by arable land and pastures. The mountains that surround the county is Mount Vora, Mount Vermion, mount Paiko, Mount Jenna, the main plains of the prefecture is plain of Pozar in the north and the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part of the county. Natural features of the include the mountains, lakes Vegoritida and Agra. The county has surface and groundwater resources, there are a number of archaeological sites in the area. Administratively, the Pella divided into 4 municipalities, the population is according to the latest census of the Hellenic Statistical Authority to 139,680 inhabitants.
Note, Provinces no longer any legal status in Greece. The mountains lie to the north and the southwest, including the Vermio mountains, the Voras mountains to the northwest and the Paiko mountains to the northeast. The southernmost portion is flat and in the ancient times, it was a connected with the Aegean Sea. On the north, it is bounded by the border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia. Five spa gush along the river, which continues to flow in the basin of Almopia. Near the baths is the gorge of Baths, Folk - Paleontological Museum, The Black forest Kaimaktsalan ski resort, there is a ski area with 16 ski slopes. At the foot of the mountain there is the village of Agios Athanasios, in antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient greek Kingdom of Macedon. It became part of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine, following approximately 500 years of Ottoman rule, it rejoined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars. The southern part of the unit has a number of orchards.
Agriculture once represented its main industry, manufacturing, services, gR-1, SE GR-2/E90, W, SW, Cen
Administrative regions of Greece
The administrative regions of Greece are the countrys thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units. The current regions were established in July 1986, by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, as part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos, they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government. They were transformed into separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan. In the 2011 changes, the general secretary was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor. Many powers of the prefectures, which were abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level. The regional organs of the government were in turn replaced by seven decentralized administrations. Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one region, Mount Athos.
It is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula, ISO 3166-2, GR Administrative divisions of Greece
Zaros is a village and a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Faistos, the municipal unit has an area of 71.803 km2. Zaros village, at an altitude of 340 metres, is a village with a lake, the village has a couple of hotels and it is 44 km from Heraklion at the southern foothills of Mount Psiloritis. The population produce olive oil, sultanas and spring water, there are a couple of tavernas that serve trout. Close by is Rouvas Gorge, which is part of the Psiloritis mountain range and is on the route known as the E4 European Walking Path. Nearby Zaros village are traditional water mills which have been working since the 16th century, Zaros is famous for its bottled water derived from Lake Votomos. In James Aldridges 1944 novel of the escape of a Greek partisan, vrontisi Monastery Municipality of Zaros Zaros Mineral Water Food in Zaros Crete
Domokos, the ancient Thaumacus or Thaumacie, is a town and a municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. The town Domokos is the seat of the municipality of Domokos, the town is built on a mountain slope overlooking the plain of Thessaly, 38km from the city of Lamia. The area of Domokos became part of Greece in 1881, when the Ottoman Empire ceded Thessaly, until 1899, it was part of the Larissa Prefecture. In 1897, during the Greco-Turkish War, about 2,000 Italian volunteers under the command of Giuseppe Garibaldis son, Ricciotti Garibaldi, among them there was one of the members of Italian Parliament, Antonio Fratti, who died in fightening. The Turkish Army was victorious over Greek Army.953 km2, the province of Domokos was one of the provinces of Phthiotis. It had the territory as the present municipality