Promotion and relegation
In sports leagues and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between multiple divisions based on their performance for the completed season. The best-ranked team in the lower division are promoted to the higher division for the next season, the worst-ranked team in the higher division are relegated to the lower division for the next season. In some leagues, playoffs or qualifying rounds are used to determine rankings; this process can continue through several levels of divisions, with teams being exchanged between levels 1 and 2, levels 2 and 3, levels 3 and 4, so on. During the season, teams that are high enough in the league table that they would qualify for promotion are sometimes said to be in the promotion zone, those at the bottom are in the relegation zone. An alternate system of league organisation, used in the US and Canada is a closed model based on licensing or franchises; this maintains the same teams from year to year, with occasional admission of expansion teams and relocation of existing teams, with no team movement between the major league and minor leagues.
The number of teams exchanged between the divisions is always identical. Exceptions occur when the higher division wishes to change the size of its membership, or has lost one or more of its clubs and wishes to restore its previous membership size, in which case fewer teams are relegated from that division, or more teams are accepted for promotion from the division below; such variations cause a "knock-on" effect through the lower divisions. For example, in 1995 the Premier League voted to reduce its numbers by two and achieved the desired change by relegating four teams instead of the usual three, whilst allowing only two promotions from Football League Division One. In the absence of such extraordinary circumstances, the pyramid-like nature of most European sports league systems can still create knock-on effects at the regional level. For example, in a higher league with a large geographical footprint and multiple feeder leagues each representing smaller geographical regions, should most or all of the relegated teams in the higher division come from one particular region the number of teams to be promoted or relegated from each of the feeder leagues may have to be adjusted, or one or more teams playing near the boundary between the feeder leagues may have to transfer from one feeder league to another to maintain numerical balance.
The system is said to be the defining characteristic of the "European" form of professional sports league organization. Promotion and relegation have the effect of allowing the maintenance of a hierarchy of leagues and divisions, according to the relative strength of their teams, they maintain the importance of games played by many low-ranked teams near the end of the season, which may be at risk of relegation. In contrast, a low-ranked US or Canadian team's final games serve little purpose, in fact losing may be beneficial to such teams, yielding a better position in the next year's draft. Although not intrinsic to the system, problems can occur due to the differing monetary payouts and revenue-generating potential that different divisions provide to their clubs. For example, financial hardship has sometimes occurred in leagues where clubs do not reduce their wage bill once relegated; this occurs for one of two reasons: first, the club can't move underperforming players on, or second, the club is gambling on being promoted back straight away and is prepared to take a financial loss for one or two seasons to do so.
Some leagues offer "parachute payments" to its relegated teams for the following year. The payouts are higher than the prize money received by some non-relegated teams and are designed to soften the financial hit that clubs take whilst dropping out of the Premier League. However, in many cases these parachute payments just serve to inflate the costs of competing for promotion among the lower division clubs as newly relegated teams retain a financial advantage. In some countries and at certain levels, teams in line for promotion may have to satisfy certain non-playing conditions in order to be accepted by the higher league, such as financial solvency, stadium capacity, facilities. If these are not satisfied, a lower-ranked team may be promoted in their place, or a team in the league above may be saved from relegation. While the primary purpose of the promotion/relegation system is to maintain competitive balance, it may be used as a disciplinary tool in special cases. On several occasions, the Italian Football Federation has relegated clubs found to have been involved in match-fixing.
This occurred most in 2006, when the season's initial champions Juventus were relegated to Serie B, two other teams were relegated but restored to Serie A after appeal. In some Communist nations several in Europe after World War II, clubs were promoted and relegated for political reasons rather than performance; this was made evident in the late eighties by teams such as Romanian Steaua București and Yugoslav Red Star Belgrade, both winners of the European Champions League despite the rampant level of corruption in their Communist local leagues. Promotion and relegation may be used in international sports tournaments. In tennis, the Davis Cup and Fed Cup have promotion and relegation, with a'World Group' (split into two divisions in the Fe
FC Kuusysi is a football club in Lahti, Finland. Its men’s team is playing in the third tier of Finnish football under the name FC Lahti Akatemia, its women's team is playing in Women's Ykkönen; the homeground of FC Kuusysi is Lahden kisapuisto. The club was founded in 1934 with the name Lahden Pallo-Miehet, it used this name until 1963, when the name was changed into Upon Pallo, having by a connection with UPO, a white goods company from Lahti. Six years the name was again changed, into Lahti-69, which soon was moulded into Kuusysi; when this was adopted as the official name of the club, it was natural that another nickname soon came to be used, this time Kyykkä. The club has won five men’s Finnish championships, four times when the top flight was still called Mestaruussarja, once during Veikkausliiga, it has twice won the Finnish Cup. Their best result in European competitions is the quarterfinals of the 1985–86 European Cup. After the 1996 season, the men’s team merged with that of Reipas Lahti, giving rise to the current club FC Lahti.
The first club to begin to play football in Lahti was Lahden Ahkera, which started its team in 1908. However, they had little activity during the first years, the team picked up only after the independence of Finland in 1917. In 1922, Ahkera played its first official match, in which it lost to the Kouvolan Urheilijat Ball Men, the score being 1–3. In 1931 Ahkera decided to begin a separate section for football, after which football activity in the vicinity began to pick up, when Ahkera played against the other clubs of the town. Three years the pressure for founding a specialised club for football began to increase, thus in the spring of 1934 there was a meeting in a café called Häme in Lahti, in which a proper football club was founded. After a meeting that lasted two hours, a new club was founded, with the name Lahden Pallo-Miehet; the newly founded club decided to put special emphasis on football propaganda directed at boys. Lahden Pallo-Miehet played its first official match in July 1934 against Heinolan Isku.
It ended in front of some 500 -- 600 spectators. In August, the club faced the third team of Helsingin Palloseura of Helsinki and lost to them, the score being 10–1. However, in the next match the club met with its first victory. A year after its founding, the club had 300 members, although this figure included those who played bandy, the winter sport of the club. For the 1936 season, the Pallo-Miehet team was given a face lift, in that it now consisted of younger players than before. Soon the previous dismal results gave way to losses in matches in which the team did have a chance, it achieved a few wins. For the 1939 season, it was decided to expand the Suomensarja, or second level of football in Finland, Pallo-Miehet was accepted into this competition; the club participated in the Western section, group 2, of this competition, where it played 12 matches and finished sixth, second from bottom. In the twelve matches, the team managed to win two, both of them against Heinolan Isku of the neighbouring town Heinola.
After the Winter War, the number of the teams was reduced, Pallo-Miehet was left outside of the competition. Though the men’s team thereafter did not compete in the top level competitions in the country, the club had success in A boys’ competition. In the 1948 season, the Finnish championship for this age group was decided in a cup format competition; the team of Pallo-Miehet, called the Maila-Pojat, won its matches in the early rounds against a team from Käpylä, a Helsinki residential neighbourhood, against Myllykosken Pallo. In the semifinals, faced HJK Helsinki, a match that they won 1–0 on penalties; the final was played against the local club Porin Kärpät. Maila-Pojat had a 0–2 lead, but in the end they lost with a scoreline of 4–2; the men’s team in the meanwhile had found themselves in a play-off match about relegation from the provincial series to a district series, it was decided to let the A boys’ team try their hand, in an attempt to see if they would do better than the men’s team.
The boys lost by one goal, thus the Pallo-Miehet men’s team was relegated to the a district series. Pallo-Miehet expected that the A boys would propel the club into success in men’s competitions, but this did not happen; the A boys’ team soon disintegrated, the key players joined Reipas Lahti, now relocated in this town from Viipuri, as that club had been promoted into 1950 Suomensarja. However, this turned out to be only a French visit, ended in relegation, at the same time, Maila-Pojat were not able to achieve a promotion to the provincial series. However, in 1955 they at last did succeed in this; the manager of the Finland national football team, Kurt Weinreich joined the coaching team of Pallo-Miehet before the 1957 season. Under Weinreich’s influence, less emphasis was put on fielding strikers, the season began with clear victories. During the last round of matches, Pallo-Miehet faced HPK of Hämeenlinna. HPK only needed a draw in order to gain promotion; the match ended with 2 -- 1 for the Lahti team.
After the promotion into the Suomensarja, the president of the club announced that the next goal was promotion into the Mestaruussarja, i.e. ‘Championship Series.’ However, during the following season, the club fielded minors in the men’s team, did not acquire players from any other sources. At the end of the season, the club was left seventh in the series, was the last team to avoid relegation. However, during the seasons that followed, t
Helsinki is the capital and most populous city of Finland. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, has a population of 650,058; the city's urban area has a population of 1,268,296, making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center for politics, finance and research. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km east of Stockholm, 390 km west of Saint Petersburg, Russia, it has close historical ties with these three cities. Together with the cities of Espoo and Kauniainen, surrounding commuter towns, Helsinki forms the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which has a population of nearly 1.5 million. Considered to be Finland's only metropolis, it is the world's northernmost metro area with over one million people as well as the northernmost capital of an EU member state. After Stockholm and Oslo, Helsinki is the third largest municipality in the Nordic countries.
The city is served by the international Helsinki Airport, located in the neighboring city of Vantaa, with frequent service to many destinations in Europe and Asia. Helsinki was the World Design Capital for 2012, the venue for the 1952 Summer Olympics, the host of the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest. Helsinki has one of the highest urban standards of living in the world. In 2011, the British magazine Monocle ranked Helsinki the world's most liveable city in its liveable cities index. In the Economist Intelligence Unit's 2016 liveability survey, Helsinki was ranked ninth among 140 cities. According to a theory presented in the 1630s, settlers from Hälsingland in central Sweden had arrived to what is now known as the Vantaa River and called it Helsingå, which gave rise to the names of Helsinge village and church in the 1300s; this theory is questionable, because dialect research suggests that the settlers arrived from Uppland and nearby areas. Others have proposed the name as having been derived from the Swedish word helsing, an archaic form of the word hals, referring to the narrowest part of a river, the rapids.
Other Scandinavian cities at similar geographic locations were given similar names at the time, e.g. Helsingør in Denmark and Helsingborg in Sweden; when a town was founded in Forsby village in 1548, it was named Helsinge fors, "Helsinge rapids". The name refers to the Vanhankaupunginkoski rapids at the mouth of the river; the town was known as Helsinge or Helsing, from which the contemporary Finnish name arose. Official Finnish Government documents and Finnish language newspapers have used the name Helsinki since 1819, when the Senate of Finland moved itself into the city from Turku; the decrees issued in Helsinki were dated with Helsinki as the place of issue. This is; as part of the Grand Duchy of Finland in the Russian Empire, Helsinki was known as Gelsingfors in Russian. In Helsinki slang, the city is called Stadi. Hesa, is not used by natives of the city. Helsset is the Northern Sami name of Helsinki. In the Iron Age the area occupied by present day Helsinki was inhabited by Tavastians, they used the area for fishing and hunting, but due to a lack of archeological finds it is difficult to say how extensive their settlements were.
Pollen analysis has shown that there were cultivating settlements in the area in the 10th century and surviving historical records from the 14th century describe Tavastian settlements in the area. Swedes colonized the coastline of the Helsinki region in the late 13th century after the successful Second Crusade to Finland, which led to the defeat of the Tavastians. Helsinki was established as a trading town by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550 as the town of Helsingfors, which he intended to be a rival to the Hanseatic city of Reval. In order to populate his newly founded town, the King issued an order to resettle the bourgeoisie of Porvoo, Ekenäs, Rauma and Ulvila into the town. Little came of the plans as Helsinki remained a tiny town plagued by poverty and diseases; the plague of 1710 killed the greater part of the inhabitants of Helsinki. The construction of the naval fortress Sveaborg in the 18th century helped improve Helsinki's status, but it was not until Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War and annexed Finland as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 that the town began to develop into a substantial city.
Russians besieged the Sveaborg fortress during the war, about one quarter of the town was destroyed in an 1808 fire. Russian Emperor Alexander I of Russia moved the Finnish capital from Turku to Helsinki in 1812 to reduce Swedish influence in Finland, to bring the capital closer to Saint Petersburg. Following the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, the Royal Academy of Turku, which at the time was the country's only university, was relocated to Helsinki and became the modern University of Helsinki; the move helped set it on a path of continuous growth. This transformation is apparent in the downtown core, rebuilt in the neoclassical style to resemble Saint Petersburg to a plan by the German-born architect C. L. Engel; as elsewhere, technological advancements such as railroads and industrialization were key factors behind the city's growth. Despite the tumultuous nature of Finnish history during the first half of the 20th century, Helsinki continued its steady development. A landmark e
Kotka is a city and municipality of Finland. Kotka is located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland at the mouth of Kymi River and it is part of the Kymenlaakso region in southern Finland; the city has a population of 52,899 and covers an area of 949.77 square kilometres of which 678.45 km2 is water. The population density is 194.99 inhabitants per square kilometre. The city centre of Kotka is located at Kotkansaari island; the Port of Kotka is a major Finnish sea port that serves both the foreign trade of Finland and Russia. The municipality is unilingually Finnish; the Second All-Russian Conference of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held in Kotka, on July 21–23, 1907. Swedish was the official language in the city until 1902. From 1902 until 1906, the city was bilingual. Kotka has a Swedish speaking minority, which in the 1890s accounted for 16% of the city population and 3% in the 1950s. Today around 1% of the city's population are Swedish speakers. There is one school in Kotka where Swedish is the language of instruction, Kotka Svenska Samskola, founded in 1885.
Kotka region was one of the first industrialized regions of Finland. Paper and pulp mills of Kotkamills and Stora Enso still remain important employers. In the last decades several factories have undergone restructuring which has led to an increasing unemployment. Since the 1980s the population of Kotka has been decreasing due to domestic migration to Helsinki region. Kotka is twinned with: The local football team is KTP. Founded in 1927, KTP has long, successful football history. KTP won the Finnish football championship in 1951 and 1952, Finnish Cup 4 times, in years 1958, 1961, 1967, 1980; the club plays in the Finnish second league Ykkönen. KTP-Basket plays in Korisliiga Ruonala Media related to Kotka at Wikimedia Commons City of Kotka – Official website Kotka Tourism – Official website of Kotka City Tourist Information Kotka travel guide from Wikivoyage
FC Honka is a Finnish football club, based in Espoo. It was promoted into the Finnish premier division, for the first time in its history, at the end of the 2005 season; the club's manager is Vesa Vasara and it plays its home matches at Tapiolan urheilupuisto. It was founded in 1957 as Tapion Honka, changed its name to FC Honka in 1975. FC Honka is renowned in Finland for its extensive youth scheme with over 1000 youth players playing in various age groups, it has women's football team in the Naisten Liiga. Until 2005 FC Honka was thought of as a "nearly, but not quite" team, always underachieving in the Finnish First Division. In the late 1990s the objective was promotion but year. In the beginning of the 21st century FC Honka went bankrupt but was saved at the last moment. In early 2005 the club was taken over by Jouko Pakarinen and Jouko Harjunpää, who had a plan to turn FC Honka from underachievers to a UEFA Champions League candidate. In the first year of their take-over of FC Honka, the management succeeded in assembling a squad which won the First Division with ease and made the semi-finals of the Finnish Cup where they lost 1–0 to FC Haka.
FC Honka was able to fight for top positions but narrowly missed the top three in their first two seasons. However, in 2007 team lost the Finnish Cup final to Tampere United on penalties; as Tampere United won the league title, FC Honka qualified for the 2008–09 UEFA Cup. In 2008, FC Honka achieved its first medal by finishing 2nd in the league. FC Honka won the Finnish Cup in 2012. Due to financial difficulties the team was relegated to the third tier Kakkonen in 2015. In 2015 the fitness center company Esport bought the club and after that, the club has been known as Esport Honka; the club dominated their first season in Kakkonen in 2015 and lost only two games, but were defeated in the promotion battle. After the 2016 season, the team was promoted to the second tier Finnish First Division. After the 2017 Ykkönen season Honka was promoted to the highest Finnish tier Veikkausliiga after Promotion playoffs against HIFK. In Veikkausliiga the team is known as Esport Honka, the other teams only use the name FC Honka.
Veikkausliiga: Runners-up: 2008, 2009, 2013 Finnish Cup: Winners: 2012 Runners-up: 1969, 2007, 2008 Finnish League Cup: Winners: 2010, 2011 Ykkönen: Winners: 2005 La Manga Cup: Winners: 2009 As runners-up in yh 2007 Finnish Cup to Tampere United, who had won the league title, FC Honka qualified for the 2008–09 UEFA Cup, beating Icelandic ÍA 4–2 in the 1st qualifying round and Norwegian Viking in the 2nd. In the first round of actual competition, they were drawn against Racing Santander and lost 0–2 on aggregate. Next year, Honka qualified for the new UEFA Europa League, starting from the second qualifying round; the club beat Welsh Bangor City F. C. 3–0 on aggregate but lost 1–3 to FK Karabakh from Azerbaijan in the third qualifying round. For the 2010–11 season, FC Honka was again drawn against Bangor City in the second round but lost 3–2 on aggregate. During the winter of 2009, Honka won the annual La Manga Cup; this is the UEFA Club Ranking As of June 2014, including season 2013–14. Last update: 24 June 2014 As of 9 August 2018.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 12 January 2018. FC Honka Akatemia is the reserve team of FC Honka; the team plays in Kakkonen in 2018 season. As of 8 March 2018Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Jari Europaeus Abdou "Dalla" Talat Mika Lehkosuo Shefki Kuqi Juho Rantala Vesa Vasara Sergio Almenara FC Honka Media related to FC Honka at Wikimedia Commons Official Website Honka Supporters
Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi known as HJK Helsinki, or as HJK, is a professional football club based in Helsinki, Finland. The club competes in the Finnish Veikkausliiga. Founded in 1907, the club has spent most of its history in the top tier of Finnish football; the club's home ground is the 10,770-seat Telia 5G -areena, where they have played since 2000. Considered Finland's biggest club, HJK is the most successful Finnish club in terms of championship titles with 29; the club has won 13 Finnish Cups and 5 Finnish League Cups. Many of Finland's most successful players have played for HJK before moving abroad; the club has similar success with women's Naisten Liiga. HJK is the only Finnish club. In 1998, they beat Metz in the play-off round to clinch their place in the competition for the following season. HJK has participated in the UEFA Europa League, in 2014–15, defeating Rapid Wien in the play-off round; the club's highest score in a European competition came during the 2011–12 season, with a 13–0 aggregate victory over Welsh champions Bangor City, which included a 10–0 home win.
HJK's regular kit colours have long been white shirts with blue shorts and socks. The club's crest has been nearly untouched for a century, it has only undergone one minor font change in order to modernize it; the club was founded as Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi – Helsingfors Fotbollsklubb in 1907 by Fredrik Wathén. The founding meeting was held at a bowling alley in Kaisaniemi Park in May; the first competitive fixture was played against Ekenäs IF in Ekenäs. HJK won 2–4. Early on, HJK became popular amongst Finnish-speaking students, while Swedish-speaking students preferred to play for Unitas or HIFK. In late 1908, after a heated debate, the language was switched to unilingually Finnish and this resulted in many Swedish-speaking members switching over to HIFK and other clubs, although a few chose to stay. In 1909, the colours blue and white were chosen to support the fennoman movement and bandy was introduced as the club's second official sport; the club moved from Kaisaniemi Ground to the new Eläintarha Stadium.
At the end of the year, Fredrik Wathen was forced to leave his post as the club's chairman due to illness. In 1910, Lauri Tanner became the longest-running club chairman to date; the same year, the club's first international match was played, against Eriksdals IF from Stockholm in Kaisaniemi. The first championship title was won in 1911. In 1915, the club moved to newly build Töölön Pallokenttä. In 1916, tennis was introduced as the third official sport in HJK, it was played in the club until the early 1920s. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918, two HJK club members, fighting for the "Whites", were killed. In 1921, the first bandy championship was won and during the following five seasons, HJK reached five finals, winning three more titles. Bowling was added to the club's repertoire in 1925, but the bowlers formed their own club, Helsingin Keilaajat, the following year. In 1928, ice hockey became an official sport and the first championship was won in 1929. League format was introduced to Finnish football in 1930 but HJK failed to qualify for the first season.
In 1931, HJK played their first season in the league, however at the end of the season, they were relegated. During World War II, HJK lost 22 members serving in the military, of which nine fell in the Winter War, twelve in the Continuation War and one in the Lapland War. In 1943, handball was introduced as the club's sixth official sport. HJK won one silver and two bronze medals in handball during the following three seasons but did not gain further success. Handball was first of HJK's sports where women competed; the women's team played a total of 22 seasons at the highest level. In 1963, HJK played their last season in the second level of the football pyramid, winning 20 out of 22 matches and scoring 127 goals. In 1964, the newly promoted club won their tenth championship title and the following season, in 1965–66, they played their first European Cup match, against Manchester United at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. However, a 2–9 aggregate loss resulted in HJK's elimination from the competition.
In 1966, the club secured their first cup title by winning KTP 6–1 in the final in front of 7,000 spectators. Bandy section was disbanded in the late 1960s; the last official sport, figure skating, was added into the club's repertoire in 1966, was abolished in 1972. The ice hockey section was disbanded in 1972 and the last season in handball was played in 1978. Hereafter, HJK therefore only participated in football following 69 years as a multisport club; the 1998–99 season saw HJK become the first and, to date, only Finnish club to play in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League after defeating Metz in the second qualifying round. The club managed a respectable five points in their group, defeating Benfica at home and earning draws at home to 1. FC away to Benfica, they lost to Kaiserslautern away. The club's current home stadium, the Telia 5G -areena, was opened in 2000; the 20th championship title was won in 2002 and in 2008, the club won its tenth Finnish Cup title. The 2009 season was the start of a championship run that resulted in six titles in a row from 2009 to 2014.
In 2014, HJK became the first Finnish club to play in the UEFA Europa League group stage after defeating Rapid Wien in the play-off round. HJK, with wins over Torino and Copenhagen at home, finished third in their group with six points. HJK made several acquisitions during the winter of 2015, including Córdoba forward Mike Havenaar, J-league playmaker Atomu Tanaka and Birmin
Kouvola is a city and municipality in southeastern Finland. It is located on the Kymijoki River in the region of Kymenlaakso and 134 kilometres northeast of the capital, Helsinki; the city has a population of 83,149 and covers an area of 2,883.30 square kilometres of which 325.06 km2 is water. The population density is 32.5 inhabitants per square kilometre. Kouvola is bordered by the municipalities of Hamina, Iitti, Lapinjärvi, Luumäki, Miehikkälä, Mäntyharju, Pyhtää and Savitaipale; the village of Kouvola has been inhabited since the Middle Ages, it has belonged alternately to the churches of Hollola and Valkeala. However, the actual development did not start until the 1870s when the Riihimäki-Saint Petersburg line was built and Kouvola became a railway junction. Kouvola railroad built Kymin mill founder Axel Wilhelm Wahren railway administration by on application, on the basis of the track engineers decided to recommend the creation of a fifth-end position in a half mile east of the variable alert Otava with acceptance on sandy soil on fabric.
In the next decade, Savo was built from Kouvola to the north and Kotka line south of Kouvola, resulting in Kouvola becoming one of the busiest railway junctions in Finland. In 1918, conflict between the Red and White factions raged during the Finnish Civil War. More than 200 people were killed in the area during the fighting; as a result of the railway, Kouvola was built. In 1922 it was separated from the municipality of Valkeala and gained commercial rights the following year; the city of Kouvola was established in 1960. In January 2009, the six municipalities of Kouvola, Elimäki, Anjalankoski and Jaala were consolidated, forming the new municipality of Kouvola. Kouvola has assumed the slogan Kymijoen kaupunki used by Anjalankoski; the name itself derives from Old Finnish kouvo. The arms are Sable, an escarbuncle Or, base wavy Argent. Near Kouvola is the Verla factory, a UNESCO World Heritage Site; the newspapers Kouvolan Sanomat and Keskilaakso are published in Kouvola. In Kouvola is an Amusement park, called Tykkimäki.
Which is the third largest in Finland. Viipuri Province Kymi Province Southern Finland Province Kymenlaakso The Kouvola City Council has 59 delegates, its seat allocation in 2017-2020: Kouvola is the hometown of the Sudet sports club, which became Finnish champions in bandy six consecutive times, they have a football team, playing at the third highest level, despite Sudet being one of the oldest football clubs in Finland. KooKoo is the most successful ice hockey team in Kymenlaakso, it plays in SM-liiga. Kouvolan Pallonlyöjät is a baseball team known for Pesäpallo. KPL was won five Finnish championships and it plays in the Finnish top league, Superpesis. Kouvot is a basketball team based in Kouvola; the team has won four Finnish championships. MyPa is one of the most successful football clubs in Finland and the 1990s was the golden era. MyPa is played 23 seasons in the Finnish top football league Veikkausliiga. MyPa are based in the industrial village of part of the city of Kouvola; the club became inactive in professional football after having ceased operations in 2015 due to financial difficulties.
In 2017, MyPa returned but is playing in the fourth highest level, Kakkonen. Kouvola has a Palomäki Ski Jump Center close to the city, where young people and other sports enthusiasts can go to jump on a ski jump. Balatonfüred, Veszprém County, Hungary Vologda, Vologda Oblast, Russia Mülheim an der Ruhr, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Güstrow, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany Arto Bryggare Timo Susi Jarkko A. Immonen Mika Saukkonen Jari Lindström Kaarle Viikate Juhani Aaltonen Roope Tonteri Hannu Salama Ari Koivunen Ville Nousiainen Toni Gardemeister Niilo Halonen Leena Tirronen The official website of Kouvola Kouvola Tourist Office Kouvola travel guide from Wikivoyage h2g2.com on Kouvola