Alekseyevskaya (Moscow Metro)
Alexeyevskaya is a station on the Moscow Metro's Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line. It serves Alexeyevsky District; the station's round entrance is located on the east side of Prospekt Mira between Staroalexeyevskaya and Novoalexeyevskaya streets. From day of opening this station was named "Mir" and was station with most short name in history of Moscow Metro, it was designed by Yu. Kolesnikova, G. Golubev and opened on 1 May 1958; the station was planned to be as decorated as previous stations, but the design was modified due to Khrushchev's opposition to unnecessary decorative elements. As a result, Alexeyevskaya has clean lines for a station built in the 1950s, its octagonal pylons are white marble with green stripes, the arches and ventilation grilles are painted white. Lighting comes from elegant chandeliers; the station was named Mir, but was changed to Scherbakovskaya in 1966 in honor of Aleksandr Shcherbakov, a founding member of the Union of Soviet Writers. In November 1990, the city renamed the station Alekseyevskaya for the historical settlement of Alekseyevskoye, which once belonged to Prince Dmitry Troubetskoy
Tretyakovskaya (Moscow Metro)
Tretyakovskaya is a station complex of Moscow Metro located in the Zamoskvorechye District, Central Administrative Okrug. It offers a cross-platform interchange between Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya and Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya lines, it is named after the nearby Tretyakov Gallery. Unlike Kitay-gorod, purpose-built as a cross-platform interchange station, Tretyakovskaya operated as a normal station before the connection with Kalininskaya Line in 1986. At that time a second hall was opened forming a cross-platform interchange; the two halls are joined by a passage located midway along their length and by the shared vestibule, which opens onto Klimentovsky Lane. The southern hall of Tretyakovskaya opened on 3 January 1971. Designed by V. Polikarpova and A. Marova, it has block pylons faced with white Koyelga marble and joined by a continuous marble cornice. Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line trains stopped at both platforms of this hall until 1986, when the new northern hall opened; the southern hall is served by northbound trains of both lines, terminating at Medvedkovo and Novokosino.
The northern hall, served by southbound trains terminating at Tretyakovskaya and Novoyasenevskaya, was designed by R. Pogrebnoy and V. Filippov, it features curved white marble separated by translucent panels which conceal fluorescent light fixtures. The walls are faced with red marble and decorated with a series of plaques by Alexander Bourganov depicting great Russian painters; the station is connected to Novokuznetskaya by a subway
Oktyabrskaya (Koltsevaya line)
Oktyabrskaya is a station on the Koltsevaya line of the Moscow Metro. Opened on 1 January 1950, Oktyabrskaya was part of the first segment of the fourth stage. Designed by Leonid Polyakov who took the mid-19th century Neoclassical triumphal Empire style as the basis, incorporated the themes of the 1812 Victory over Napoleon to match the 1945 Soviet victory in the second world war, applying to the standard pylon tri-vault design. Both the central and platform vaults are divided by arches which have large bas-reliefs which contain medallions of Soviet Army soldiers surrounded by ornaments; the pylons contain a bas-relief centred ventilation grilles which are flanked by two anodized aluminum torches that give the overall golden glow to the bright grey marble that faces them. The station walls are ceramic tiles and are decorated with relief images of gilded wreaths and stars; the end of a central hall contains a miniature triumphal arch with a metallic gate that walls of a blue lit room, symbolising the time of peaceful life.
The floor of the station is laid with grey and red granite, the perimeter of the central hall is bordered out by a pattern of bright and dark marble. The station has a large vestibule on the Kaluzhskaya square on the Garden Ring and hence the station's original name Kaluzhskaya, renamed on 6 June 1961 to its present name; the vestibule on exterior contains large bas-reliefs of trumpeters that are lit by lamps concealed as columns underneath. Inside the ticket and escalator halls are decorated with casts and bas-reliefs containing battle banners, weapons figures of the Soviet Army and women symbolizing glory. In 1989 the stand-alone structure was built into the Moscow Institute of Alloys. In 1962, a set of staircases were added to the central hall for a transfer to the newly opened Oktyabrskaya of the Kaluzhskaya line
Medvedkovo (Moscow Metro)
Medvedkovo is a Moscow Metro station in Severnoye Medvedkovo District, North-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line serving as its northeastern terminus; the station opened on 29 September 1978. Medvedkovo was designed by architects Nina Natalya Samoilova; the station features flared pillars faced with pinkish marble and strips of stainless steel. The outer walls of the station are coated with red marble and interlocking triangles of anodized aluminum punctuated with plaques by M. Alekseev depicting northern wildlife. Entrances to the station are located on either side of Shirokaya street just west of Grekova Street
Botanichesky Sad (Moscow Central Circle)
Botanichesky Sad is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro. Construction started on the station in October 2014 and the station opened in September 2016; the station is named for the nearby Moscow Botanical Garden. The station offers free out-of-station transfers to Botanichesky Sad station of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line. In 2018, the city plans to complete an underground facility. Media related to Botanichesky Sad Moscow Central Circle platform at Wikimedia Commons Ботанический сад mkzd.ru
Kitay-gorod (Moscow Metro)
Kitay-gorod is a Moscow Metro station complex in the Tverskoy District, Central Administrative Okrug, Russia. It is on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya lines. Kitay-gorod is one of the four stations within the Moscow Metro network providing a cross-platform interchange; until November 1990, the station was called Ploshchad Nogina, for the square, named in honor of Viktor Nogin, the prominent Bolshevik. After the city renamed the southern part of Ploshchad Nogina to Ploshchad Varvarskiye Vorot, the station was renamed for the historic Kitai-gorod area; the station was to open along the intersection of the two lines when their connecting points in the centre would link the Zhdanovskiy and Krasnopresnenskiy radii and the Kaluzhskiy and Rizhskiy radii in mid-1970s. However the overcrowding of the ring line due to passengers travelling between the two lines it was decided to accelerate works on this transfer point prematurely; the first trains arrived from both Kaluzhskaya and Zhdanovskaya lines on 30 December 1970.
Because Ploshad Nogina was a terminus for both lines, trains would terminate at the eastern hall and go off into the tunnels, where piston junctions were installed for both lines, come back on the western hall. For the transfer purposes, it was possible for passengers not to depart the trains when they crossed the platform on the eastern hall. On 31 December 1971, the Kaluzhskaya line linked up with the Rizhskaya to form the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line. Trains from that line began operating in normal thoroughfare, though it was still possible to go on the Zdanovskaya line by boarding on the eastern platform; the transfer point entered its full operational regime only in late 1975 when on the 17 December and Krasnopresnenskaya lines connected to form the Zhdanovsko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line. Consisting of two separate, parallel station halls united via a transfer corridor and two combined vestibules, the station was built in an era when decorative architecture once again began to emerge and the combined effort of the architects Strelkov and Moloshenok as well as decorative authors Rusin and Bodniek, whose efforts, amongst other places, are seen on the metallic artworks on the walls of both halls.
The western hall, nicknamed Kristall is decorated with two rows of angular pylons faced with light gray marble. Large metal cornicles running along the base of the ceiling hide the illumination lamps; the walls are faced with the floor with gray granite. The eastern hall is nicknamed Garmoshka, because of its pylons which look like a stretched accordion parallel to the length of the hall; the walls are faced with the floor with bright granite. Heritage of the station's original name, Ploshchad Nogina, can still be found midway in the transfer passage, where a bust of Viktor Nogin still stands; the station serves northbound trains heading towards Medvedkovo and Planernaya come via the eastern platform and southbound trains heading towards Novoyasenevskaya and Vykhino coming via the western one. For passengers wishing to travel in the opposite direction, it is required to use a transfer corridor linking the two platforms. Two underground vestibules allow transfer to the surface; the southern vestibule is located under Slavyanskaya Square and is interlinked with multiple subways.
Both escalator tunnels follow directly to the vestibule. The northern one is located under the Staraya Square with subway linkages to the Maroseika street along with others; the passengers must first travel up a flight of stairs from the two halls before turning left and travelling for a while and go up on a combined escalator. This arrangement was purpose-built for a transfer to the future Maroseika station of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line, whose tunnels pass north of the Kitay-gorod station
Moscow Rizhsky railway station
Rizhsky station is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow, Russia. It was built in 1901; as well as being an active station it houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway, it is located at the crossing of Mira Avenue and Sushchyovsky Val. The station is served by Rizhskaya metro station. Although Rizhsky Station is the least busiest station in Moscow, its connection to Latvia is Moscow's only, is used. On the intersection of two main roads, Rizhsky is adjacent to a Holiday Inn hotel, a large market, numerous Moscow apartments and offices. In addition, Rizhskiy Station has some of the best architecture of all the Moscow "vokzals"; the construction of the railway between Moscow and Vindava started in 1897. On June 30, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and Volokolamsk was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was Sortirovochnaya; the Vindavsky railway station the Rizhsky railway station, was opened on September 11, 1901.
The building, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky. The construction was supervised by the architect Yuly Diederichs. After 1918, when Latvia became independent, the former Vindava direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed Baltiysky railway station, in 1942 - Rzhevsky railway station, in 1946, when Latvia has been annexed by Soviet Union, it was renamed Rizhsky railway station; the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after World War II was finished. Suburban commuter trains connect the Rizhsky station with stations and platforms of the Rizhsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Krasnogorsk, Dedovsk and Volokolamsk. In 2004, the open-air site of the Museum of the Moscow Railway was opened next to Rizhsky railway station; the other site of this museum shows Lenin's funeral train in a modern museum building next to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in Moscow.
Rizhsky station Latvian Railways Russian Railways The Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station