Kama River

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Coordinates: 55°21′50″N 49°59′52″E / 55.36389°N 49.99778°E / 55.36389; 49.99778

Kama
Kamarivermap.png
Map of the Volga's watershed with the Kama;s watershed highlighted
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationUdmurtia
 - elevation360 m (1,180 ft)
Mouth 
 - location
Volga River
Length1,805 km (1,122 mi)
Basin size507,000 km2 (196,000 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - average4,100 cubic metres per second (140,000 cu ft/s)

The Kama (Russian: река́ Ка́ма, IPA: [rʲɪˈka ˈkamə]; Tatar: Чулман/Çulman; Udmurt: Кам) is a river 1,805 kilometres (1,122 mi) long[1] in Russia. It is the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge. At their confluence, in fact, the Kama is even larger than the Volga.

It starts in the Udmurt Republic, near Kuliga, flowing northwest for 200 kilometres (120 mi), turning northeast near Loyno for another 200 kilometres (120 mi), then turning south and west in Perm Krai, flowing again through the Udmurt Republic and then through the Republic of Tatarstan, where it meets the Volga.

The Kama River in the city of Perm

Before the advent of railroads, important portages connected the Kama with the basins of the Northern Dvina and the Pechora. In the early 19th-century the Northern Ekaterininsky Canal connected the upper Kama with the Vychegda River (a tributary of the Northern Dvina), but was mostly abandoned after just a few years due to low use.

The Kama featured in the 2013 Russian film The Geographer Drank His Globe Away, in the climactic rapids scene.

Dams and reservoirs[edit]

The Kama is dammed at several locations:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of Kama River in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 January 2014.

External links[edit]