Kollapur region is an area spanning the Nallamala Forest area on the banks of the river Krishna in the Nagarkurnool district, in the state of Telangana India. The Someshwara and Malleshwara temples are in this region, with traces of architectural treasures from the 2nd century BC. Hundreds of ancient temples are visible in the area built over 1,500 years ago. Due to similar broad roads and surrounding tree plantations, people used to refer to Kollapur as Telangana Mysore. There are five mandals or governing districts, namely Kodair, Pangal and veepanagandla; the population of 246,249 is distributed among 116 villages. Jupally Krishna Rao, a Member of the Legislative Assembly in the Telangana Legislative Assembly, was born in Pedda Dagada, a village in the Kollapur region. Dr V Ramgopal Rao, Director, IIT Delhi hails from this place https://www.facebook.com/kollapur
Urdu —or, more Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi, it is a registered regional language of Nepal. Apart from specialized vocabulary, spoken Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi, another recognized register of Hindustani; the Urdu variant of Hindustani received recognition and patronage under British rule when the British replaced the local official languages with English and Hindustani written in Nastaʿlīq script, as the official language in North and Northwestern India. Religious and political factors pushed for a distinction between Urdu and Hindi in India, leading to the Hindi–Urdu controversy. According to Nationalencyklopedin's 2010 estimates, Urdu is the 21st most spoken first language in the world, with 66 million speakers.
According to Ethnologue's 2017 estimates, along with standard Hindi and the languages of the Hindi belt, is the 3rd most spoken language in the world, with 329.1 million native speakers, 697.4 million total speakers. Urdu, like Hindi, is a form of Hindustani, it evolved from the medieval Apabhraṃśa register of the preceding Shauraseni language, a Middle Indo-Aryan language, the ancestor of other modern Indo-Aryan languages. Around 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit, 99% of Urdu verbs have their roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit; because Persian-speaking sultans ruled the Indian subcontinent for a number of years, Urdu was influenced by Persian and to a lesser extent, which have contributed to about 25% of Urdu's vocabulary. Although the word Urdu is derived from the Turkic word ordu or orda, from which English horde is derived, Turkic borrowings in Urdu are minimal and Urdu is not genetically related to the Turkic languages. Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianized versions of the original words.
For instance, the Arabic ta' marbuta changes to te. Contrary to popular belief, Urdu did not borrow from the Turkish language, but from Chagatai, a Turkic language from Central Asia. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words. Arabic influence in the region began with the late first-millennium Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent; the Persian language was introduced into the subcontinent a few centuries by various Persianized Central Asian Turkic and Afghan dynasties including that of Mahmud of Ghazni. The Turko-Afghan Delhi Sultanate established Persian as its official language, a policy continued by the Mughal Empire, which extended over most of northern South Asia from the 16th to 18th centuries and cemented Persian influence on the developing Hindustani; the name Urdu was first used by the poet Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi around 1780. From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was known as Hindi.
The language was known by various other names such as Hindavi and Dehlavi. Hindustani in Persian script was used by Muslims and Hindus, but was current chiefly in Muslim-influenced society; the communal nature of the language lasted until it replaced Persian as the official language in 1837 and was made co-official, along with English. Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian; this triggered a Hindu backlash in northwestern India, which argued that the language should be written in the native Devanagari script. This literary standard called "Hindi" replaced Urdu as the official language of Bihar in 1881, establishing a sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide, formalized with the division of India and Pakistan after independence. There have been attempts to "purify" Urdu and Hindi, by purging Urdu of Sanskrit words, Hindi of Persian loanwords, new vocabulary draws from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi.
English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. There are over 100 million native speakers of Urdu in India and Pakistan together: there were 52 million and 80.5 million Urdu speakers in India as per the 2001 and 2011 censuses respectively. However, a knowledge of Urdu allows one to speak with far more people than that, because Hindustani, of which Urdu is one variety, is the third most spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English; because of the difficulty in distinguishing between Urdu and Hindi speakers in India and Pakistan, as well as estimating the number of people for whom Urdu is a second language, the estimated number of speakers is uncertain and controversial. Owing to interaction with other languages, Urdu has become localized wherever it is spoken, including in Pakistan. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from region
Bhongir is a town and District Headquarter of Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district of the Indian state of Telangana. It comes under Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority, located on National Highway 163. Bhongir Fort is one of the isolated monolithic rocks carved by the Western Chalukya ruler Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI and was thus named after him as Tribhuvanagiri; this name became Bhuvanagiri and subsequently Bhongir. Bhongir is located at 17.5108°N 78.8889°E / 17.5108. It has an average elevation of 329 metres; the municipal area covers 9.63 km². As of 2011 India census, Bhongir had a population of 53,339. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bhongir has an average literacy rate of 70%, less than the national average of 74.04%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Bhongir as a Lok Sabha constituency came into existence in 2008 as per Delimitation Act of 2002. Pailla Shekar Reddy is the present MLA. Hyderabad-49km Nalgonda-70km Siddipet-82km Warangal-97km Suryapet-104km Karimnagar-143km Notable persons from the town are Raavi Narayana Reddy, Alimineti Madhava Reddy, Belli Lalitha, Penta Ramulamma.
There are certain notable landmarks in the town. Bhongir Fort is one such structure. Rock Climbing School at Bhongir Fort is the training center for rock climbing. List of towns in India by population Muthireddigudem
Mahabubabad is a town and the district headquarters of Mahabubabad district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is on the west bank of the Munneru, one of the tributaries of the River Krishna. Mahabubabad is known for the Bayyaram Mines. Mahbubabad has a semi-tropical climate, where the people and its surroundings are pleasant and enjoyable. During summers, the temperatures soar to more than 48 °C. In winters, temperatures range between 12 °C and 27 °C, pleasant. Mahbubabad receives the North-East and the South-West monsoon, from June to September, from October to November respectively. Relies on the monsoons and rainfall. Details of the weather are available at The population of Mahabubabad is around 42,851 according to 2011 census reports; the male population is 20,716 and the female is 22,135. The female-to-male ratio is 1068:1000, above the national average 943:1000; the literacy rate is 79.17%, more than national average 74%. Male literacy is 86.59%, more than national average of 82.10%, female literacy rate is 72.32%, more than national average 65.50%.
Once it was the biggest revenue division in Telangana state bigger than Hanamkonda village. It was divided into two divisions; the languages spoken are Telugu as the main language, Hindi, few people can speak Urdu. Educated people can speak English. Telugu and English are used in official media of instructions; the majority of the villages and the hamlets including the city are the habitats of Scheduled Tribes. The tribal community is Lambadi, thus the majority of people of the city will communicate in the special tribal language, Lambadi or Banjara. This language is one among the recognised dialects by the government of India; this language is sustained on spoken words. Mahabubabad Municipality is classified as a second grade municipality; the jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over an area of 44.99 km2. Mahabubabad has one seat for state Assembly constituency. Banoth Shankar Naik Telangana Rashtra Samithi was elected as Member of Legislative Assembly in the 2014 general elections, it is a grade 2 municipality.
The R. D. O. and M. R. O. Look after the revenue administration. Earlier Hanamkonda and Warangal were two Lok Sabha Constituencies in the same area, but the Election Commission of India based on the population census has shifted Warangal Lok Sabha Constituency to Mahabubabad. Khammam-50km Warangal-73km Suryapet-83km Hyderabad-212km Mahabubabad is well connected with road and rail routes to every other place of the state and the nation. Mahabubabad has a bus depot of TSRTC with 100-bus capacity, it has many services for the needs of the citizens. It falls on the main route of Warangal-Bhadrachalam. Nearly 20,000 people go from here daily through the bus facilities. In addition, apart from the main bus stand, to meet the needs of the passengers there are Kuravi bus stand, Thorruur bus stand, Pusalapalli bus stop, many seven-seat autorickshaws and Commander Jeeps connecting the nearby villages. Mahabubabad has one of the busiest railway stations in the Kazipet-Vijayawada route. Nearly as many as 4000 passengers travel through this system daily.
People here will prefer rail route than to bus route to reach distant destinations. The Mahabubabad railway station had been graded as'B1-Category Railway Station' by the South Central Railway from 2004. Mahabubabad has entertainment media. There is Citi Cable, a local entertainment channel for broadcasting TV and for internet there is ISP providers like Anusha broadband,hireach broadband services. Sirachukka is the local tabloid circulated weekly; the leading Telugu newspapers have their regional centres here for updating the news. Media related to Mahabubabad at Wikimedia Commons
Bellampalli is a City in Mancherial district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is a mandal headquarters of Bellampalli mandal of Bellampalli revenue division. Bellampalli is noted for its coal mines belonging to Singareni Collieries Company Limited. In entire Telangana Bellampalli has the maximum number of coal mines and opencast mines; the first coal mine was established in 1936 by the British government. The town developed rapidly with the discovery and excavation of many coal mines; the coal production from the SCCL is catering to the needs of the National Thermal Power Corporation and many surrounding industrial buildings such as cement plants in Devapur, steel factory in Visakhapatnam and power plants in Maharashtra As of 2011 India census, Bellampalli had a population of 66,789. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bellampalli has an average literacy rate of 65.65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 57% of the males and 43% of females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Bellampalle is proposed as a new district and its centre of Adilabad if it splits into two districts. But Mancherial and Asifabad were split as new districts. Bellampalle Municipality was constituted in 1987 and is classified as a second grade municipality with 23 election wards; the jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over an area of 35.06 km2. Bellampalli has been a traditional stronghold and birthplace of the CPI known as the Communist Party of India. CPI leader Gunda Mallesh won the MLA seat for Bellampally in 2009 elections. Gunda Mallesh is senior politician from CPI Party, he elected four times from this constituency. The ex MLA's of this of constituency are Pati Subadra. Bellampalli assembly constituency comes under Peddapalli Lok Sabha constituency.suman balka is present MP and he is a student of osmania university, Youth Wing President Is Sahith Sharma. MLA's of BellampalliSridevi -2004 Gunda Mallesh -2009 Durgam Chinnaih -2014 There are 13 Villages in Bellampalli. Coal production has been important to the economic history of Bellampalli and it is thus known as an industrial town.
A chemicals and fertilizer factory lies in the town. However, the average income of Rs. 5000 / - per capita according to 1989 figures mean. Bellampalli is well connected by train. Bellampalli is one of the important railway stations in Telangana region and it lies in Nagpur–Hyderabad line. Bellampalli comes under south central railway and its 273 km distance towards North from Hyderabad Railway code: BPA
Manuguru is a census town and mandal in Bhadradri Kothagudem district in the Indian state of Telangana. It comes under Pinapaka Assembly constituency. Manuguru is an urban area, situated on the banks of Godavari River; the town is famous for Singareni coal mines. The singareni had provided a lot of employment opportunities. Since there is a availability of coal the TS government has taken an action to construct a power plant in the coal city MANUGURU Pin code of Manuguru is 507117; as of 2011 India census, Manuguru had a population of 72,117. Males constitute 49.7% of the population and females 50.3%. Manugur has an average literacy rate of 65.9%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 71.9%, female literacy is 59.9%. In Manuguru, 9.5% of the population is under 6 years of age. Heavy Water Plant- one and only in Telangana- produced water is used in Nucledistrict and one of the important coal seams bore his name; the Hyderabad Company Limited incorporated in England acquired mining rights in 1886 to exploit coal found in Yellandu area.
The present Company was incorporated on 23 December 1920 under the Hyderabad Companies Act as a public limited company with the name'The Singareni Collieries Company Limited'. It acquired all the liabilities of the Hyderabad Co. Ltd.. Best & Co. acted as Selling Agents. The State of Hyderabad purchased majority shares of the Company in 1945. From 1945 to 1949, the Hyderabad Construction Co. Ltd. was acting as Managing Agent. In 1949 this function was entrusted to Industrial Trust Fund by the Government of Hyderabad; the controlling interest of the Company devolved on the Government of Andhra Pradesh in 1956 pursuant to the reorganization of States. Kothagudem-58 km Warangal-174 km Khammam-133 Hyderabad-330 km. Singareni Heavy Water Plant Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru Nuclear Knowledge Management - Heavy Water Plant at Manuguruconstitution of a power plant is going on in the coal city. BTPS 17°58′53″N 80°45′00″E
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate known as a number plate or a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction; the registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. There are electronic license plates. Most governments require a registration plate to be attached to both the front and rear of a vehicle, although certain jurisdictions or vehicle types, such as motorboats, require only one plate, attached to the rear of the vehicle.
National databases relate this number to other information describing the vehicle, such as the make, colour, year of manufacture, engine size, type of fuel used, mileage recorded, vehicle identification number, the name and address of the vehicle's registered owner or keeper. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Either a government agency or a private company with express contractual authorization from the government makes plates as needed, which are mailed to, delivered to, or picked up by the vehicle owners. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates, because such unauthorized private manufacturing is equivalent to forging an official document. Alternatively, the government will assign plate numbers, it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be permanently assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime.
If the vehicle is either destroyed or exported to a different country, the plate number is retired or reissued. China requires the re-registration of any vehicle that crosses its borders from another country, such as for overland tourist visits, regardless of the length of time it is due to remain there. Other jurisdictions follow a "plate-to-owner" policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyer's name and plate number. A person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the local laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them, or may be permitted to keep them; some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with "personal" plates. In some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, may have to pay a fee to exercise this option. Alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration, periodic safety and/or emissions inspections or vehicle taxation. Other jurisdictions have replaced the decal requirement through the use of computerization: a central database maintains records of which plate numbers are associated with expired registrations, communicating with automated number plate readers to enable law-enforcement to identify expired registrations in the field. Plates are fixed directly to a vehicle or to a plate frame, fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the vehicle service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames. In some jurisdictions registration plate frames have design restrictions.
For example, many states, like Texas, allow plate frames but prohibit plate frames from covering the name of the state, district, Native American tribe or country that issued of license plate. Plates are designed to conform to standards with regard to being read by eye in day or at night, or by electronic equipment; some drivers purchase clear, smoke-colored or tinted covers that go over the registration plate to prevent electronic equipment from scanning the registration plate. Legality of these covers varies; some cameras incorporate filter systems that make such avoidance attempts unworkable with infra-red filters. Vehicles pulling trailers, such as caravans and semi-trailer trucks, are required to display a third registration plate on the rear of the trailer. An engineering study by the University of Illinois published in 1960 recommended that the state of Illinois adopt a numbering system and plate design "composed of combinations of characters which can be perceived and are legible at a distance of 125 feet under daylight conditions, are adapted to filing and administrative procedures".
It recommended that a standard plate size of 6 inches by 14 inches be adopte