Ilsur Metshin is a Tatarstan politician. He was born in Nizhnekamsk. Since 1993 he worked in Kazan as a politician. Since 1998 he was Mayor of Nizhnekamsk and Nizhnekamsky District and chairman of the Nizhnekamsk Council. Since 2005 November 17 he is the Mayor of Kazan. Ethnic Tatar. On September 4, 2015 he was selected as the new president of FC Rubin Kazan. In 1992 he graduated from Kazan State University with a degree in law. In 1999, Metshin completed his postgraduate studies at the Department of Theory of the State and Law, law faculty at Kazan State University. Candidate of legal sciences. From 1993 to 1995 — Head of the Agency for housing privatization, administration of the Soviet district of Kazan city. From 1995 to 1997 — Chief of Staff of the Head of Administration of the Soviet district of Kazan. From 1997 to 1998 – First Deputy Head of Administration of Vakhitovsky district of Kazan – prefect of the "Kazan Posad" territory From 1998 to 2005, Chairman of the Joint Council of People's Deputies of Nizhnekamsk, Head of Administration of Nizhnekamsk city and Nizhnekamsk district From 2000 to 2004 – a deputy of the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan.
From November 17 to December 31, 2005 – Head of Administration of Kazan, January 1, 2006 – Head of the Executive Committee of the municipality of Kazan. March 12, 2006 he was elected to the Kazan City Duma, March 17, 2006 he was elected Head of the Executive Committee of the municipality of Kazan September 28, 2006 he was elected as a member of the political council and as the secretary of Kazan local branch of the United Russia party. From October 4, 2006 he is a Vice-President of the World Organization "United Cities and Local Governments" – President of Euro-Asia section of the World Organization "United Cities and Local Governments". In September 21, 2015 Ilsur Metshin was re-elected as the Mayor of Kazan. On September 4, 2015 by the decision of the Board of Trustees of the football club "Rubin" Ilsur Metshin was unanimously elected as the new president of FC "Rubin". Member of the President's cadre reserve of Russia It was he in post-Soviet Russia who proceed with transport infrastructure reform, that received the national award at the International Award Chariot of Gold.
Ilsur Metshin made an invaluable contribution to Russia's victory in the bidding campaign to host the 27th World Summer Universiade and to the preparation and conduct of world-class student competitions. The 2013 Kazan Universiade received the highest praise of the International University Sports Federation and was recognized as one of the most exciting in the history of student games, it raised the prestige of the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan and Russia as a whole. Russian President Vladimir Putin named Kazan the sports capital of Russia. There are some programmes in Kazan that operate under the direction of Ilsur Metshin: the free school meals for disadvantaged, convenience stores instead of stalls, Neighbourhood sports center, "Five years of health" projects, "Green Record", "100 squares" and others. Ilsur Metshin serves on the board of the Union of Russian cities and is the chairman of the Association of the cities of Volga region, was elected to the supreme governing body of the party management – the General Council of the party "United Russia".
Ilsur Metshin was among Russian representatives in the Chamber of Local Authorities in the Congress of Local and Regional authorities of the Council of Europe's in 2016–2020 years by the order of the President of the Russian Federation. Ilsur Metshin is a member of the board of directors in OAO "Nizhnekamskneftekhim". 2016 – Received the Tatarstan President’s letter of gratitude for his productive work in detection and support of gifted children and youth. 2016 – Awarded the Memorial Medal «XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi" by the order of the Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation. 2015 – For significant contribution to the organization and conduct of XVI World Aquatics Championship in 2015 in Kazan awarded the Order "Duslyk" 2015 – Kazan was recognized as "The best city of the Republic of Tatarstan on the formulation of mass physical culture and sports activities" in the category "Mass physical culture and sports in the region" of the Republican prize "Sportsman of the Year 2015".
2015 – For active work and significant contribution to the development of local government in the regions of the Volga Federal District awarded the honorary diploma of the Plenipotentiary Representative of President of Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District. 2014 – Awarded the memorial medal "25 Years Since Troop Withdrawal from Afghanistan" 2014 – Awarded the medal "For Merits in the Development of Local Government in the Republic of Tatarstan" for achievements in improving the effectiveness of local government and a major contribution to the socio-economic and cultural development of the Kazan Municipality 2014 – Awarded the Diploma of the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation for active participation in the preparation and holding of the Fifth International Meeting of High-Level Representatives on Security Issues 2014 – Awarded the order "For Services to the Fatherland" IV class by Presidential Decree of January 23, 2014 for his contribution to the preparation and conduct of the 27th World Summer Universiade-2013 in Kazan 2007, 2013 – Kazan was awarded the title "Best municipality of Russia" at the II All-Russia competition, at the VI All-Russian competition.
2013 – Awarded a special prize "Highly Recommended Sport City" for the s
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic known as the Russian Soviet Republic and the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, as well as being unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia, or Russia, was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, afterwards the largest, most populous and most economically developed of the 15 Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1990 a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991, during the last two years of the existence of the USSR. The Russian Republic comprised sixteen smaller constituent units of autonomous republics, five autonomous oblasts, ten autonomous okrugs, six krais and forty oblasts. Russians formed the largest ethnic group; the capital of the Russian SFSR was Moscow and the other major urban centers included Leningrad, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara. The economy of Russia became industrialized, accounting for about two-thirds of the electricity produced in the USSR.
By 1961, it was the third largest producer of petroleum due to new discoveries in the Volga-Urals region and Siberia, trailing in production to only the United States and Saudi Arabia. In 1974, there were 475 institutes of higher education in the republic providing education in 47 languages to some 23,941,000 students. A network of territorially organized public-health services provided health care. After 1985, the "perestroika" restructuring policies of the Gorbachev administration liberalised the economy, which had become stagnant since the late 1970s under General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev, with the introduction of non-state owned enterprises such as cooperatives; the Russian Soviet Republic was proclaimed on 7 November 1917 as a sovereign state and the world's first constitutionally socialist state with the ideology of Communism. The first Constitution was adopted in 1918. In 1922, the Russian SFSR signed the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR setting up of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The 1977 Soviet Constitution stated that "Union Republic is a sovereign state that has united in the Union" and "each Union Republic shall retain the right to secede from the USSR". On 12 June 1990, the Congress of People's Deputies adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty, established separation of powers, established citizenship of Russia and stated that the RSFSR shall retain the right of free secession from the USSR. On 12 June 1991, Boris Yeltsin, supported by the Democratic Russia pro-reform movement, was elected the first and only President of the RSFSR, a post that would become the presidency of the Russian Federation; the August 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt with the temporary brief internment of President Mikhail Gorbachev destabilised the Soviet Union. On 8 December 1991, the heads of Russia and Belarus signed the Belavezha Accords; the agreement declared dissolution of the USSR by its original founding states and established the Commonwealth of Independent States as a loose confederation.
On 12 December, the agreement was ratified by the Supreme Soviet. On 25 December 1991, following the resignation of Gorbachev as President of the Soviet Union, the Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation, with President Yeltsin re-establishing the sovereign and independent state. With the lowering at 12 midnight of the red flag with hammer and sickle design of the now former USSR from the towers of the Kremlin in Moscow on 26 December 1991, the USSR was self-dissolved by the Soviet of the Republics, which by that time was the only functioning chamber of the parliamentary Supreme Soviet. After dissolution of the USSR, Russia declared that it assumed the rights and obligations of the dissolved central Soviet government, including UN membership and permanent membership on the Security Council, but excluding foreign debt and foreign assets of the USSR; the 1978 RSFSR Constitution was amended several times to reflect the transition to democracy, private property and market economy. The new Russian Constitution, coming into effect on 25 December 1993 after a constitutional crisis abolished the Soviet form of government and replaced it with a semi-presidential system.
Under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky, the Bolshevik communists established the Soviet state on 7 November 1917 after the interim Russian Provisional Government, most led by opposing democratic socialist Alexander Kerensky, which governed the new Russian Republic after the overthrow of the Russian Empire government of the Romanov imperial dynasty of Czar Nicholas II the previous March, was now itself overthrown during the following October Revolution, the second of t
Kazan Federal University
Kazan Federal University is located in Kazan, Russia. Founded in 1804 as Kazan Imperial University, famous mathematician Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky served there as the rector from 1827 until 1846. In 1925, the university was renamed in honour of its most famous student Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov; the university is known as the birthplace of organic chemistry due to works by Aleksandr Butlerov, Vladimir Markovnikov, Aleksandr Arbuzov, the birthplace of electron spin resonance discovered by Evgeny Zavoisky. In 2010, Kazan University received the federal status, it is one of 15 Russian universities that were selected to participate in 5–100 Russian Academic Excellence Project coordinated by the Government of the Russian Federation and aimed to improve their international competitiveness among the world’s leading research and educational centers. As of November 1, 2015, the University consists of 16 Institutes, 3 Higher Schools, Faculty of Law, 2 regional branches. More than 40,000 students enrolled in 479 degree programs at postgraduate level.
Research priority areas are concentrated on biomedicine and pharmaceutics, oil extraction, oil refining and petrochemistry, informational communication and aerospace technologies, advanced materials, social sciences along with humanities. Among the subjects of special pride are the creation of non-Euclidean geometry by Nikolai Lobachevsky, the discovery of the chemical element Ruthenium by Karl Klauss, the theory of chemical structure of organic compounds by Aleksandr Butlerov, the discovery of electron paramagnetic resonance by Yevgeny Zavoisky and acoustic paramagnetic resonance by Semen Altshuler, the development of organophosphorus chemical compounds by Alexander and Boris Arbuzovs and many others. Since its inception, the university has prepared more than 70 thousand professionals. Among the university students and alumni there are outstanding scholars and famous people such as the founder of the Soviet Union Vladimir Lenin, writers Sergei Aksakov, Leo Tolstoy, Pavel Melnikov-Pechersky, Velimir Khlebnikov, composer Mily Balakirev, painter Valery Yakobi.
Kazan University, one of the oldest universities in Russia, was founded on November 17, 1804, when Emperor Alexander I signed the Affirmative Letter and the Charter about the creation of the Kazan Imperial University. The first students, enrolled in 1805, were graduates of the First Kazan Gymnasium – an autonomous affiliate of Moscow State University, under whose auspices Kazan University first operated, it was not until 1814. It was restructured as a classical university comprising four departments: moral and political sciences and mathematical sciences, medical sciences and philology. Before Tomsk University was founded, the University of Kazan used to be the easternmost university in the Russian Empire, it was thus serving for Volga and Ural regions and the Caucasus. In 1819, M. L. Magnitsky conducted a review of the university, in which he reported on'the spirit of dissent and irreligion' that he had observed at the university. In his report to the Emperor, he spoke of the "public destruction" of the university and demanded it be closed, but Alexander I put the resolved'why destroy what can be corrected'.
Magnitsky was appointed trustee of the Kazan school district, an action that negatively affected the university, with many professors being dismissed and'harmful' books withdrawn from the library's collection. In addition, a strict barrack domestic regime was introduced for students of the university. In 1819–1821 an alumnus and scholar of Kazan University Ivan Simonov participated in the discovery of Antarctica during the first round-the-world expedition and pioneered Antarctic studies. In 1825, the Main Building of the university was built and, in 1830, the Main Campus was completed; this included the Library Building, Chemical Laboratory, dissection facilities, astronomical observatory, clinics. Resultantly the university became a leading centre of science, it was the scientific faculties that were, at this time, organised into a number of research schools: mathematical, medical, geological. Since the first half of the 19th century Kazan University has been the largest center of Oriental Studies in Europe and the birthplace of the world-famous Kazan Linguistic School founded by Jan Baudouin de Courtenay.
Just four years in 1834, the journal Proceedings of Kazan University began to be published by academicians of the university and in 1835 Nicholas I ordered to establish three faculties: Philosophical, Faculty of Law and Faculty of Medicine. In 1844, Karl Klaus, a professor at the university and named in honour of Russia, the only chemical element discovered in Tsarist Russia. Six years thereafter St. Petersburg University opened the Institute of Oriental Studies and all training materials and collections of Kazan University in this field were transferred to the capital of Imperial Russia. Shortly after that, there was a further reform of the university's structure, when in 1863, by the order of Alexander II, the university was reorganised into four departments: History and Philology and Mathematics, Medicine. A renowned linguistic school was forming at the university during 1875–1883. Around that time Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, a future leader of the Sovi
Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan"
The Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan" is a state commemorative medal of the Russian Federation established on June 30, 2005 by Presidential Decree № 762 to denote the 1000th anniversary of the foundation of Kazan, the capital city of Tatarstan. The Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan" was awarded to Kazan residents who fought in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, wartime workers who worked during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 in the city of Kazan for at least six months or that were awarded orders and medals of the Soviet Union for their dedicated work in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945, to veterans of labour. Presidential Decree 1099 of September 7, 2010 removed the Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan" from the list of state awards of the Russian Federation, it is no longer awarded. The Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan" is a 32 mm in diameter brass circular medal with raised rims on both sides.
On its obverse, in relief, the image of the Kazan Kremlin under a rising sun with rays extending sideways and upwards, surrounded by the relief inscription along the medal circumference "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan". On its reverse at center, the coat of arms of the city of Kazan, at the bottom the relief inscription "1005 - 2005", at left along the medal's circumference, a laurel branch going 3/4 of the way up, at right along the medal's circumference, an oak branch going 3/4 of the way up; the medal is suspended by a ring through the award's suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered with a 24 mm wide overlapping tricolour silk moiré ribbon with a 10 mm wide green stripe on the left, a 4 mm wide white stripe in the center and a 10 mm wide red stripe on the right. The individuals listed below were awarded the Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th Anniversary of Kazan". Former President of Russia Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev Lawyer and politician Nikolay Alexandrovich Vinnichenko Railway engineer, former chief engineer of the Ministry of Railways Dmitry Vladimirovich Gayev Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation Arkady Vladimirovich Dvorkovich Former head of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania Alexander Sergeevich Dzasokhov Former President of Russia Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin Head of the Kazan City Administration Kamil Shamilyevich Iskhakov Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Federation Council of Russia Mikhail Vitalievich Margelov General and politician of Kazakh descent Rashid Gumarovich Nurgaliyev Director of the State Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg Mikhail Borisovich Piotrovsky Former Governor of the Sverdlovsk Oblast Eduard Ergartovich Rossel Director General and CEO of Aeroflot Vitaly Gennadyevich Savelyev Former President of the Chuvash Republic Nikolay Vasilyevich Fyodorov Rally raid driver Vladimir Gennadiyevich Chagin Politician and diplomat Sergey Vladimirovich Yastrzhembsky Historian and poet Igor Evgenevich Alekseev Prominent social and human rights activist Fauzia Bairamova Aukhadievna Deputy Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation Oleg Valentinovich Belozerov TV personality and member of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy Sergei Borisovich Brilev Deputy Chairman of the Central Election Commission of Russia Stanislav Vladimirovich Vavilov Economist and Rector of the Kazan State Financial and Economic Institute Shamil Makhmutovich Valitov Chairman of the Heraldry Council under the President of the Russian Federation Georgii Vadimovich Vilinbakhov First Deputy General Director of the ITAR-TASS news agency Michael Solomonovich Guzman Politician, member of the Legislative Assembly of the Leningrad Oblast Vadim Anatol'evich Gustov Director General of the Russian National Library Vladimir Nikolaevich Zaitsev Politician, Minister of the Russian Federation Vladimir Yur'evich Zorin Director General of the ITAR-TASS news agency Vitaly Nikitich Ignatenko Politician, Deputy of the State Duma, Associate Professor of Political Science Andrei Konstantinovich Isaev Race driver, Honoured Master of Sports of Russia Firdaus Zaripovich Kabirov Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation City of Kazan Republic of Tatarstan The Commission on State Awards to the President of the Russian Federation The Russian Gazette In Russian
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" is a state decoration of the Russian Federation. It was instituted on March 2, 1994 by Presidential Decree 442; until the re-establishment of the Order of St. Andrew in 1998, it was the highest order of the Russian Federation, though it is still the highest civilian decoration of the state; the Order of St. Andrew decoration is given to military personnel only; the order's status was modified on January 6, 1999 by Presidential Decree 19 and again on September 7, 2010 by Presidential Decree 1099. The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" is a mixed civilian and military order created in four classes, it is awarded for outstanding contributions to the state associated with the development of Russian statehood, advances in labour, peace and cooperation between nations, or for significant contributions to the defence of the Fatherland. The highest of the four classes is the lowest being the Order IV class; these classes are awarded sequentially from the IV to the I class.
Persons awarded the Order For Service to the Fatherland IV class should have been awarded another Order of the Russian Federation and the Medal of the Order For Service to the Fatherland I class. For meritorious service to the State, the Order For Service to the Fatherland IV class may be conferred without previous award of the Medal of the Order For Service to the Fatherland I class if awarded the title "Hero of the Russian Federation", "Hero of the Soviet Union" or "Hero of Socialist Labor", as well as if awarded the Order of St. George, the Order of Alexander Nevsky, the Order of Suvorov, the Order of Ushakov, the Order of Zhukov, the Order of Kutuzov, the Order of Nakhimov, the Order For Courage, or who were awarded an honorary title of the Russian Federation. In exceptional cases, the President of the Russian Federation may decide to award the Order For Service to the Fatherland to persons not awarded state awards of the Russian Federation. Soldiers receiving the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" for distinction in combat will receive the Order with Swords.
Although awarded to foreign dignitaries and heads of state such as to French President Jacques Chirac, the 2010 decree abolished this practice making Russian Federation citizens the only possible recipients. The order has four classes; the collar is the unique insignia of the President of the Russian Federation. The four classes of the Order are individually identified by the size and manner of wearing the two principal insignia of the Order, the cross and the star. Cross: Is a silver-gilt ruby-enamelled cross pattée bearing the gilt state emblem of the Russian Federation on its obverse. On the reverse of the cross is a circular medallion surrounded by the motto "BENEFIT, HONOUR, GLORY". In the center of the medallion, the year of the establishment of the Order "1994". On the reverse of the lower arm of the cross, laurel the serial number of the Order; the cross for the Order I class measures 60mm across and is affixed to a 100mm wide red sash worn over the right shoulder. The cross of the II and III classes measures 50mm across and is worn on a 45mm wide red neck ribbon for the II class, the III class ribbon is 24mm wide.
The cross for the IV class measures 40mm across and hangs from a standard pentagonal mount covered by a red 24mm wide ribbon. Star: The star of the Order is eight pointed. 82mm across and of polished silver. At its center on the obverse if a circular medallion bearing the embossed gilt state emblem of the Russian Federation. Around the medallion, a red enameled band with the motto of the Order "BENEFIT, HONOUR, GLORY"; the reverse has the serial number of the Order engraved on the lower arm. A "cavalier" of an order is an individual who as received a grade of an order, it is synonymous to a "knight" of a western order. A "full cavalier" of an order is an individual who has sequentially earned every class of that order; the individuals listed below are among those who have been so honoured: Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation The Commission on State Awards to the President of the Russian Federation
The Soviet Union the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were centralized; the country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Minsk, Alma-Ata, Novosibirsk, it spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, steppes and mountains; the Soviet Union had its roots in the 1917 October Revolution, when the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Russian Provisional Government which had replaced Tsar Nicholas II during World War I. In 1922, the Soviet Union was formed by a treaty which legalized the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian and Byelorussian republics that had occurred from 1918. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s.
Stalin committed the state's ideology to Marxism–Leninism and constructed a command economy which led to a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization. During his rule, political paranoia fermented and the Great Purge removed Stalin's opponents within and outside of the party via arbitrary arrests and persecutions of many people, resulting in at least 600,000 deaths. In 1933, a major famine struck the country. Before the start of World War II in 1939, the Soviets signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, agreeing to non-aggression with Nazi Germany, after which the USSR invaded Poland on 17 September 1939. In June 1941, Germany broke the pact and invaded the Soviet Union, opening the largest and bloodiest theatre of war in history. Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at intense battles such as Stalingrad and Kursk; the territories overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Soviet Union.
The post-war division of Europe into capitalist and communist halves would lead to increased tensions with the United States-led Western Bloc, known as the Cold War. Stalin died in 1953 and was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev, who in 1956 denounced Stalin and began the de-Stalinization; the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred during Khrushchev's rule, among the many factors that led to his downfall in 1964. In the early 1970s, there was a brief détente of relations with the United States, but tensions resumed with the Soviet–Afghan War in 1979. In 1985, the last Soviet premier, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost and perestroika, which caused political instability. In 1989, Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe overthrew their respective communist governments; as part of an attempt to prevent the country's dissolution due to rising nationalist and separatist movements, a referendum was held in March 1991, boycotted by some republics, that resulted in a majority of participating citizens voting in favor of preserving the union as a renewed federation.
Gorbachev's power was diminished after Russian President Boris Yeltsin's high-profile role in facing down a coup d'état attempted by Communist Party hardliners. In late 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union met and formally dissolved the Soviet Union; the remaining 12 constituent republics emerged as independent post-Soviet states, with the Russian Federation—formerly the Russian SFSR—assuming the Soviet Union's rights and obligations and being recognized as the successor state. The Soviet Union was a powerhouse of many significant technological achievements and innovations of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite, the first humans in space and the first probe to land on another planet, Venus; the country had the largest standing military in the world. The Soviet Union was recognized as one of the five nuclear weapons states and possessed the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction, it was a founding permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as well as a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the World Federation of Trade Unions and the leading member of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the Warsaw Pact.
The word "Soviet" is derived from a Russian word сове́т meaning council, advice, harmony and all deriving from the proto-Slavic verbal stem of vět-iti, related to Slavic věst, English "wise", the root in "ad-vis-or", or the Dutch weten. The word sovietnik means "councillor". A number of organizations in Russian history were called "council". For example, in the Russian Empire the State Council, which functioned from 1810 to 1917, was referred to as a Council of Ministers after the revolt of 1905. During the Georgian Affair, Vladimir Lenin envisioned an expression of Great Russian ethnic chauvinism by Joseph Stalin and his supporters, calling for these nation-states to join Russia as semi-independent parts of a greater union, which he named as the Union of Soviet Republics of Europe and Asia. Stalin resisted the proposal, but accepted it, although with Lenin's agreement changed the name of the newly proposed sta
Order of Honour (Russia)
The Order of Honour is a state order of the Russian Federation established by Presidential Decree No. 442 of March 2, 1994 to recognise high achievements in government, scientific, public and charitable activities. Its statute was amended by decree No. 19 of January 6, 1999 and more by decree No. 1099 of January 7, 2010 which defined its present status. It should not be confused with the Soviet Order of the Badge of Honour, although the current order maintains continuity with it; the Order of Honour is awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation: For high achievements in production and economic indicators in industry, agriculture, communications and transport, coupled with the predominant use of innovative technologies in the production process For a significant increase in the level of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation. The Order is struck from silver and covered with enamels, it is shaped as a 42 mm in diameter octagonal cross enamelled in blue on its obverse except for a 2 mm wide band along its entire outer edge which remains bare silver.
The obverse bears a white enamelled central medallion bordered by a silver laurel wreath, the medallion bears the silver state symbol of the Russian Federation. On the otherwise plain reverse, two rivets and the award serial number at the bottom; the Order of Honour is suspended by a ring through the badge's suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered by a 24 mm wide overlapping blue silk moiré ribbon with a 2.5 mm wide white stripe situated 5 mm from the ribbon's right edge. The individuals below are recipients of the Order of Honour". Mikhail Gorbachev, last General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and only elected President of the USSR Pavel Romanovich Popovich, cosmonaut Viacheslav "Slava" Alexandrovich Fetisov, former Minister of Sport of Russia Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky, Vice-Chairman of the State Duma Moshe Kantor, peace activist Tikhon Nikolayevich Khrennikov, composer and political activist Muslim Mahammad oglu Magomayev, singer Mikhail Yefimovich Fradkov, former Prime Minister of Russia Sergey Viktorovich Lavrov, Russia's ambassador to the United Nations, Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev, cosmonaut Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov, former Russian Ambassador to the United States Dmitry Timofeyevich Yazov, Marshal of the Soviet Union Yury Mikhaylovich Luzhkov, former Mayor of Moscow Sergey Tetyukhin volleyball player Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu, former Minister of Emergency Situations, Minister of Defense Viktor Petrovich Savinykh, cosmonaut Sherig-ool Dizizhikovich Oorzhak, former leader of the Tuva Juan Antonio Samaranch, seventh President of the International Olympic Committee Vitaly Gennadyevich Savelyev, Director General and CEO of Aeroflot Anatoly Yuryevich Ravikovich, actor Aleksandr Yur'evich Rumyantsev, scientist and ambassador Andrey Tokarev, Paralympic medalist Valery Leontiev, pop singer Vladimir Putin, former Director of the FSB, former Prime Minister of Russia, the 2nd and the 4th President of Russia Evgeniy Mironov, Artistic Director of the Federal State Institution of Culture "The State Theatre of Nations" Anatoliy Aleksandrov, Rector of Bauman State Technical University Christophe de Margerie, CEO and Chairman of Total S.
A. Alexander Zaldostanov, leader of the Night Wolves Evgeny Plushenko, Olympic Champion Aliya Mustafina, artistic gymnast, two time Olympic Champion Philipp Kirkorov, pop singer Alexander Ovechkin, NHL ice hockey player, seven time Kharlamov Trophy winner Valery Khalilov, Russian military conductor Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation Order of the Badge of Honour Order of Honour Order of Honour Order of Kurmet The Commission on State Awards under the President of the Russian Federation The Russian Gazette Site of the President of the Russian Federation