Kandi subdivision

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Kandi subdivision
Subdivision
Kandi subdivision is located in West Bengal
Kandi subdivision
Kandi subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Kandi subdivision is located in India
Kandi subdivision
Kandi subdivision
Kandi subdivision (India)
Coordinates: 23°57′N 88°02′E / 23.95°N 88.03°E / 23.95; 88.03Coordinates: 23°57′N 88°02′E / 23.95°N 88.03°E / 23.95; 88.03
Country India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Headquarters Kandi
Area
 • Total 1,200.76 km2 (463.62 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,155,645
 • Density 960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN
Website wb.gov.in

Kandi subdivision is an administrative subdivision of Murshidabad district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview[edit]

The Bhagirathi River splits the district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. Kandi subdivision lies in the Mayurakshi Dwaraka plain in the south-eastern corner of the Rarh region. The Rarh region is undulating and contains mostly clay and lateritic clay based soil.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Subdivisions[edit]

Murshidabad district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[3]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Barhampur Baharampur 1,195.57 1,725,525 80.15 19.85
Kandi Kandi 1,200.76 1,155,645 93.21 6.79
Jangipur Jangipur 1,097.82 1,972,308 56.43 43.57
Lalbag Murshidabad 1019.10 1,253,886 92.36 7.64
Domkol Domkol 837.88 996,443 97.55 2.45
Murshidabad district 5,324.00 7,103,807 80.28 19.72

Administrative units[edit]

Kandi subdivision has 5 police stations, 5 community development blocks, 5 panchayat samitis, 50 gram panchayats, 552 mouzas, 510 inhabited villages, 1 municipality and 1 census town. The municipality is: Kandi. The census town is: Salar. The subdivision has its headquarters at Kandi, Murshidabad.[4][5]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Kandi subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[6][7]

Police station Area covered
km2
Municipal town CD Block
Kandi n/a Kandi Kandi
Khargram n/a - Khargram
Burwan n/a - Burwan
Bharatapur n/a - Bharatpur I
Salar n/a - Bharatpur II

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Kandi subdivision are:[8][9]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Muslims % Hindus % Decadal
Growth Rate
2001-2011 %
Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Kandi Kandi 227.48 220,145 16.29 1.54 60.65 38.82 14.01 65.13 -
Khargram Nagar 318.45 272,332 21.93 0.89 54.22 45.43 16.42 63.56 -
Burwan Gram Salkia 299.66 257,466 24.51 1.15 43.06 56.76 14.74 68.96 -
Bharatpur I Bharatpur 183.72 172,702 13.82 0.25 57.45 42.39 14.45 62.93 -
Bharatpur II Salar 158.50 176,368 18.70 0.11 57.71 42.16 17.47 66.07 1

Gram Panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 50 gram panchayats under 5 community development blocks:[10]

  • Kandi CD Block - Andulia, Hizole, Kumarsanda, Purandarpur, GokarnaI, Jashahari Anukha–I, Mahalandi–I, Gokarna–II, Jashahari Anukha–II and Mahalandi–II.
  • Khargram CD Block - Eroali, Jaipur, Kirtipur, Padamkandi, Balia, Jhilli, Mahisar, Parulia, Indrani, Khargram, Margram and Sadal.
  • Burwan CD Block - Burwan–I, Kalyanpur–II, Panchthupi, Sundarpur, Burwan–II, Kharjuna, Sabaldaha, Biprasekhar, Kuli, Sabalpur, Kalyanpur–I, Kurunnorun and Sahora.
  • Bharatpur I CD Block - Alugram, Bharatpur, Gundiria, Sijgram, Amlai, Gadda, Jajan and Talgram.
  • Bharatpur II CD Block - Kagram, Salar, Simulia, Tenya–Baidyapur, Malihati, Salu and Talibpur.

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

All inhabited villages in Murshidabad district have power supply.[11]

See the individual block pages for more information about the infrastructure available.

Agriculture[edit]

Murshidabad is a predominantly agricultural district. A majority of the population depends on agriculture for a living. The land is fertile. The eastern portion of the Bhagirathi, an alluvial tract, is very fertile for growing Aus paddy, jute and rabi crops. The Kalantar area in the south-eastern portion of the district, is a low lying area with stiff dark clay and supports mainly the cultivation of Aman paddy. The west flank of the Bhagirathi is a lateritic tract insersected by numerous bils and old river beds. It supports the cultivation of Aman paddy, sugar cane and mulberry.[12]

Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Kandi subdivision, other subdivisions and the Murshidabad district, with data for the year 2013-14.[13]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Kandi 140,043 608 3,555 1,411 2,872 8,300 4,265
Khargram 124,132 125 41 101 3,609 29,960 80,757
Burwan 42,272 2,314 445 1,486 1,973 37,401 8,196
Bharatpur I 120,191 966 - 1,809 782 4,613 12,060
Bharatpur II 60,569 144 2,145 11 119 5,612 1,368
Kandi subdivision 487,207 4,157 6,186 4,818 9,355 85,886 106,646
Barhampur subdivision 268,587 109,091 914,791 5,758 35,315 39,914 160,221
Jangipur subdivision 207,472 45,261 207,425 9,374 12,375 38,197 52,344
Lalbag subdivision 68,034 20,304 427,450 7,809 22,592 40,997 3,295
Domkol subdivision 80,899 109,518 730,393 16,755 33,410 117,082 25,023
Murshidabad district 1,112,199 288,331 2,286,245 44,514 113,047 322.076 347,529

Education[edit]

Murshidabad district had a literacy rate of 66.59% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Barhampur subdivision had a literacy rate of 72.60%, Kandi subdivision 66.28%, Jangipur subdivision 60.95%, Lalbag subdivision 68.00% and Domkal subdivision 68.35%.[14]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Murshidabad district for the year 2013-14:[14]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Barhampur 728 88,371 107 13,364 37 31,214 92 162,613 7 17,418 11 2,796 2,278 100,164
Kandi 672 66,030 105 11,248 46 32,752 61 87,482 5 7,830 3 400 1,717 74,370
Jangipur 747 144,416 72 14,159 25 30,004 76 194,025 5 15,335 5 500 2,793 160,236
Lalbag 601 72,429 74 8,997 24 22,174 66 120,454 5 13,088 7 759 2,082 93,891
Domkol 432 52,177 73 11,791 22 23,201 47 86,672 3 7,211 11 2,457 1,612 74,330
Murshidabad district 3,180 423,423 431 59,559 154 139,345 342 651,246 25 60,882 37 6,912 10,482 502,991

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[14]

The following institutions are located in Kandi subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Murshidabad district.[23]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Barhampur 2 2 4 15 3 - - 45 71 1,645 282 149,393 2,094,027
Kandi 1 2 3 17 1 - - 6 30 567 68 85,624 1,005,056
Jangipur 1 1 6 15 - - 2 12 37 590 62 141,427 1,043,548
Lalbag 1 2 3 14 - 1 1 23 45 483 65 105,562 1,154,275
Domkol 1 2 2 9 - - - 19 33 252 44 45,110 802,309
Murshidabad district 6 9 18 70 4 1 3 105 216 2,537 521 527,116 6,099,215

.* Excluding nursing homes

Medical facilities in Kandi subdivision are as follows:

Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[24]
Kandi Subdivisional Hospital, Kandi, 250 beds
Home for Lunatic Vagrants, Mahalandi, 10 beds

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds)[24]
Burwan Rural Hospital, Burwan CD Block, Burwan, 30 beds
Khargram Rural Hospital, Khargram CD Block, Khargram, 50 beds
Gokarna Rural Hospital, Kandi CD Block, Gokarna, 15 beds
Bharatpur Rural Hospital, Bharatapur I CD Block, Bharatpur, 30 beds
Salar Rural Hospital, Bharatpur II CD Block, Salar, 30 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[24]
Kandi CD Block: Bahara (6), Purandarpur (10), Lakshmikantapur (2)
Bharatpur I CD Block: Amlai (4), Jajan (10)
Bharatpur II CD Block: Kagram (6), Simulia, Duttabarutia (6), Talibpur (10), Tenya (4)
Burwan CD Block: Kuli (6), Kharjuna (Subaldaha) (4), Panchthupi (10), Sundarpur (10)
Khargram CD Block: Margram (10), Jhili, Nonadanga (10), Parulia, Debiparulia (10), Indrani (2)

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Kandi subdivision were as follows: [25]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Baharampur None Kandi None Kandi municipality, Kandi CD Block, and Satui Chaurigachha GPs of Berhampore CD Block
Burwan Reserved for SC Biprasekhar, Burwan I, Burwan II, Kharjuna, Kuli, Kurunnorun, Panchthupi, Sabaldaha, Sabalpur, Sahora and Sundarpur gram panchayats of Burwan community development block and Gadda, Jajan and Gundiria GPs of [Bharatpur I]] CD Block
5 assembly segments in Barhampur subdivision
Jangipur None Khargram Reserved for SC Khargram CD Block, and Kalyanpur I and Kalyanpur II GPs of Burwan CD Block
4 assembly segments in Jangipur subdivision and 2 assembly segments in Lalbag subdivision

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Physiography, Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad, Tables 2.2, 2.4(a)". Note: At the time of uploading of the revised version of this page the internet version of the District Statistical Handbook had been taken off but there is a print version. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabd". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Murshidabad District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  9. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 96-97 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities,2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 17-19: Soil and cropping pattern, Land and land-use pattern. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  13. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 18.1. Data for subdivisions/ district calculated by totalling the CD Block data provided. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  14. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Kandi Raj College". KRC. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Kandi Raj College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Raja Birendra Chandra College". RBCC Kandi. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Bimal Chandra College of Law". BCCL. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Panchthupi Haripada-Gouribala College". PH-GC. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Sunil Dhar Memorial B.P.Ed College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Nagar College". NC. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Muzaffar Ahmed Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  23. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  24. ^ a b c "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 9 September 2017.