North Kayong Regency
North Kayong Regency is a regency of West Kalimantan province in Indonesia. It covers an area of 4,568.26 km2, had a population of 95,594 at the 2010 Census. The principal town lies in Sukadana; the nearest airport is Ketapang Airport. North Kayong Regency was created in 2007, following a central government decision to split the area off from the Ketapang Regency; the North Kayong Regency consists of five districts, tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census and their administrative centres: The main industries consists in the production of palm oil and wood. The current political leadership has made commitments to provide free education and health care to all residents and primary and secondary school fees that are paid elsewhere in Indonesia have been waived. There are no institutes of higher education; the Regency is developing a polytechnic. The local government provides free public health care through clinics throughout the province, including a ‘floating clinic’ based on a boat to serve the islands off the west coast of the regency.
A run clinic is operated by the NGO ASRI in Sukadana town. The nearest hospitals are in the neighboring regency of Ketapang. North Kayong has a minority population of Chinese with the majority being native. Most Chinese residents in North Kayong are of either Hakka; the native Indonesians living there are of Malay descent. In regards to speech, most citizens of North Kayong incorporate a type of Malay accent in their Indonesian, somewhat similar to that used in Malaysia; the nearest airport is Rahadi Osman Ketapang. The airport has some connecting flights to Pontianak, Semarang via Pangkalan Bun, Jakarta. Boats from Sukadana, Teluk Melano and Teluk Batang run daily to Pontianak. Gunung Palung National Park, a beautiful rainforest park that can be reached from Sukadana. Datok Island beach The largest hotel is the Makhota Kayong in Sukadana
A regency is a second level administrative division of Indonesia, directly administrated under a province. The Indonesian term kabupaten is sometimes translated as "municipality". Regencies and cities are divided into districts; the English name "regency" comes from the Dutch colonial period, when regencies were ruled by bupati and were known as regentschap in Dutch. Bupati had been regional lords under the pre-colonial monarchies of Java; when the Dutch abolished or curtailed those monarchies, the bupati were left as the most senior indigenous authority. They were not speaking "native rulers" because the Dutch claimed full sovereignty over their territory, but in practice they had many of the attributes of petty kings; the Indonesian title of bupati is a loanword from Sanskrit originating in India, a shortening of the Sanskrit title bhumi-pati. In Indonesia, bupati was used as a Javanese title for regional rulers in precolonial kingdoms, its first recorded usage being in a Telaga Batu inscription during the Sriwijaya period in which bhupati is mentioned among the titles of local rulers who paid allegiance to Sriwijaya's kings.
Related titles which were used in precolonial Indonesia are adipati and senapati. Regencies in Java territorial units were grouped together into Residencies headed by European Residents; this term hinted that the Residents had a quasi-diplomatic status in relation to the bupati, but in practice the bupati had to follow Dutch instructions on any matter of concern to the colonial authorities. The relationship between those sides was ambivalent: while legal and military power rested with the Dutch government (or, for a long time, with the Dutch East India Company under a Governor General in Batavia on Java, the regents held higher protocollary rank than the assistant-resident who advised them and held day-to-day sway over the population. After the independence of Indonesia in 1945, the terms bupati and kabupaten were applied throughout the archipelago to the administrative unit below the residency. Since the start of the Reform Era in 1998 a remarkable secession of district governments has arisen in Indonesia.
This process has become known as pemekaran. Following the surge of support for decentralisation across Indonesia which occurred following the end of the Soeharto era in 1998, key new decentralisation laws were passed in 1999. Subsequently, there was a jump in the number of regencies from around 300 at the end of 1998 to over 490 in 2008 ten years later; this secession of new regencies, welcome at first, has become controversial within Indonesia because the administrative fragmentation has proved costly and has not brought the hoped-for benefits. Senior levels of the administration have expressed a general feeling that the process of pemekaran now needs to be slowed down but local politicians at various levels across government in Indonesia continue to express strong populist support for the continued creation of new regencies. Since 1998, a large portion of governance have been delegated from central government in Jakarta to local regencies, with regencies now playing important role in providing services to Indonesian people.
Direct elections for regents and mayors began in 2005, with the leaders being elected by local legislative councils
Ketapang Regency is a regency in the south of the province of West Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo in Indonesia. Ketapang Regency occupies an area of 31,240.74 km², at the census in 2010 it had 427,460 inhabitants following the splitting off of five districts in the north-west of the regency in 2007 to form the new North Kayong Regency. The principal town lies at Ketapang. Following the splitting off of the five districts to form the North Kayong Regency in 2007, the Ketapang Regency now consists of twenty districts, tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census and their administrative centres
Putussibau is an Indonesian town in Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan. It sits on the river Kapuas, with the main part of the town located on the right banks, or north, of the river. An administrative village within North Putussibau subdistrict, the urban settlement sprawls outside of the primary boundaries to the opposite bank of the river. Official estimates from Statistics Indonesia places the population of the town proper at 12,459 in 2015. A remote village prior to its selection as a colonial outpost in 1895, the town grew into its present population acting as a market town far upstream on the Kapuas River. Today, it is the seat and economic center of the regency; the name Putussibau originated from the words putus and Sibau, the name of a nearby tributary of the Kapuas which in turn derives its name from the a tree from the Nephelium genus. According to local folklore, a Sibau tree once fell and split the river and hence gave name to the town; the area around the source of Kapuas were inhabited by the Taman Dayaks.
Around the 7th to 8th centuries, an Indianized Hindu kingdom was established by a Kutai noble at modern Selimbau. A small state, the kingdom grew to cover one-fifths of modern West Kalimantan by the late 19th century. Modern Putussibau was included in Selimbau's territories, the area received an influx of Kayan Dayaks. In 1823, the authorities of Dutch East Indies based in Batavia signed a treaty with Selimbau which recognized the latter's sovereignty over what is today Kapuas Hulu Regency. On, the colonial authorities began meddling in the kingdom's internal affairs and seized power, with a formal annexation complete by 1925. During the period, at the late 19th century Putussibau was a remote village under threat by headhunters and visited by Chinese and Malay merchants. In 1895, the colonial government chose the site as an outpost to both govern the region and to combat headhunting. Following the Japanese occupation and Indonesian independence, the town became part of West Kalimantan province.
The Kapuas Hulu Regency was established in 1953, Putussibau has been its capital since. A bridge spanning the Kapuas was built in 1993 connecting the roads on both banks of the river, allowing road access from Putussibau to other towns on the left bank of the river; the town is located at the northeastern part of West Kalimantan, close to the Indonesia-Malaysia border. The regency it is part of is located far inland. With a distance of 400 km from the provincial capital of Pontianak, it is closer to the Malaysian city of Kuching, located 300 km away; the territory administered by the kelurahan measures 139.3 square km, excluding other villages that form parts of the urban settlement but covers much larger amounts of jungle and farmland. With its source nearby, Kapuas flows south of the town proper and splits the urban area into a northern and southern portion, which are connected by a bridge across the large river; the confluence of the Sibau River is just upstream of Putussibau. The town is seat of the regency and subdistrict.
Putussibau has a tropical climate, is classified Af according to the Köppen climate classification. The average annual rainfall is 4231 mm; the administrative village of Putussibau proper is inhabited by 12,459 residents within 3,555 households in 2015 according to Statistics Indonesia. The sex ratio of the kelurahan is 111, with a population density of 89.44 per square km. However, urban sprawl spreads to other areas on both sides of the Kapuas, in total forming part of 6 villages within the North and South Putussibau Subdistricts with a population sum of about 29,000; the majority of the population are Muslims. Putussibau is a market town serving the sparsely-populated region, with the North Putussibau subdistrict alone covering 4,122 square kilometers yet only inhabited by over 31,000, it is the last market town in the flow of the Kapuas, with no other major settlements further upstream. Due to its proximity with the Danau Sentarum and Betung Kerihun national parks, it is a local center of ecotourism.
Most public facilities in the subdistrict, including schools and a hospital, are located in proper town. STIT Iqra Putussibau, an Islamic educational science institute, operates in the town; the town is served by the nearby Pangsuma Airport, located outside the official boundaries of the town although it is only about 3.7 km away. Throughout 2016, the airport accommodates over 73,000 passengers
The Ibans or Sea Dayaks are a branch of the Dayak peoples of Borneo, in South East Asia. Most Ibans are located in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, it is believed that the term "Iban" was an exonym used by the Kayans, who - when they came into contact with them - referred to the Sea Dayaks in the upper Rajang river region as the "Hivan". Ibans were renowned for practicing headhunting and tribal/territorial expansion, had a fearsome reputation as a strong and successful warring tribe. Since the arrival of Europeans and the subsequent colonisation of the area, headhunting faded out of practice, although many other tribal customs and practices as well as the Iban language continue to thrive; the Iban population is concentrated in Sarawak, in the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan. They traditionally live in longhouses called rumah panjai. Although Ibans speak various dialects which are mutually intelligible, they can be divided into different branches which are named after the geographical areas where they reside.
The majority of Ibans who live around the Lundu and Samarahan region are called Sebuyaus. Ibans who settled in the Serian district are called Remuns, they may be the earliest Iban group. Ibans who originated from Sri Aman area are called Balaus. Ibans who come from Betong and parts of Sarikei are called Saribas'; the original Iban, Lubok Antu Ibans, are classed by anthropologists as Ulu Ai/batang ai Ibans. Ibans from Undup are called Undup Ibans, their dialect is a cross between the Balau dialects. Ibans living in areas from Sarikei to Miri are called Rajang Ibans; this group is known as Bilak Sedik Iban. They are the majority group of the Iban people, they can be found along: the Rajang River, Kapit, Kanowit, Sarikei, Bintangor and Miri. Their dialect is somewhat similar to the Ulu Lubok Antu dialect. In West Kalimantan, Iban people are more diverse; the Kantu, Air Tabun, Sebaru, Bugau and many other groups are classed as Ibanic people by anthropologists. They can be related by dialect cultural customs or rituals.
The Iban language is spoken by the Iban, a branch of the Dayak ethnic group known as "Sea Dayak". They live in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan, in Brunei; the language belongs to Malayic languages, a Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family. The Iban language is related to Malay, more to Sarawakian Malay, it is thought that the homeland of the Malayic languages is in western Borneo, where the Ibanic languages remain. The Malayan branch represents a secondary dispersal from central Sumatra but also from Borneo; the Iban language is included in Malaysian public school examinations for Form 3 and Form 5 students. Students comment that questions from these exams can be daunting, since they cover the classic Iban language, while students are more fluent in the contemporary tongue; the language is taught to students in rural areas with a majority Iban population, including: Baleh, Sri Aman, Lubok Antu, Pelagus and Julau. The Iban people speak one language with regional dialects that vary in intonation.
They have a rich oral literature, noted by Freeman, who stated: "The Iban has more oral literature than the Greek." There is a body of oral poetry, recited by the Iban depending on the occasion. Significant traditional festivals, or gawai, to propitiate the gods, can be grouped into seven categories according to the main ritual activities: Farming-related festivals for the deity of agriculture, Sempulang Gana War-related festivals to honor the deity of war, Sengalang Burong Fortune-related festivals dedicated to the deity of fortune, Anda Mara Procreation-related festival for the deity of creation, Selampandai Health-related festivals for the gods of Shamanism and Ini Andan Death-related festival, including rituals to invite dead souls to their final separation from the living Weaving-related festival for patrons of weavingFor simplicity and cost savings, some of the gawai have been relegated into the medium category of propitiation called gawa; these include Gawai Tuah into Nimang Tuah, Gawai Benih into Nimang Benih and Gawa Beintu-intu into their respective nimang category, wherein the key activity is the timang inchantation by the bards.
Gawai Matah can be relegated into a minor rite called matah. The first dibbling session is preceded by a medium-sized offering ceremony in which kibong padi is erected with three flags; the paddy's net is erected by splitting a bamboo trunk lengthwise into four pieces with the tips inserted into the ground. Underneath the paddy's net, baskets or gunny sacks hold all the paddy seeds. Men distribute the seeds to a line of ladies who place them into dibbled holes. Only a few of the lower ranking ritual festivals are celebrated by the Iban today; these include as Sandau Ari, Gawai Kalingkang, Gawai Batu, Gawai Tuah and Gawai Antu, which can be celebrated without the timang jalong, reducing its size and cost. All those festivals are celebrated after rice harvesting near the end of May. At harvest time, there is plenty of food for feasting. Not only is rice plentiful, but poultry, chickens and jungle meats like deer. Therefore, it is fitting to call this festive season among Dayak collecti
Sambas Regency is a regency in West Kalimantan Province of Indonesia. The regency is one of the original regencies in West Kalimantan, it covers 6,716.52 km2, had a population of 496,120 at the 2010 Census. The principal town lies at Sambas. In the Sambas riots in 1999 Malays and Dayaks joined together to massacre the Madurese during the Sambas conflict. Madurese were mutilated and killed by the Malays and Dayaks and 3,000 of them died in the massacres, with the Indonesian government doing little to stop the violence. At the 2010 Census, Sambas Regency had a population of 496,116; the latest estimate is 538,944 people, consisting of 273,695 men and 265,294 women, with an average density of 76 peoples/km2. Sambas has three watersheds: Sambas watershed, Paloh watershed, Sebangkau watershed. Sambas Regency consists of nineteen districts, tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census and their administrative centres: The famous Sambas Treasure, a collection of 9th century buddhist sculptures, was found near Sambas Town.
It is now part of the British Museum's collection. General Condition of Sambas Regency - Official Site of Sambas Regency The Regent of Sambas Regency - Official Site of Sambas Regency The Vice Regent of Sambas Regency - Official Site of Sambas Regency
Provinces of Indonesia
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government. Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities, which are in turn subdivided into subdistricts; each province has its own local government, headed by a governor, has its own legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms. Indonesia has 34 provinces, eight of which have been created since 1999, namely: North Maluku, West Papua, Bangka Belitung Islands, Riau Islands, West Sulawesi and North Kalimantan. Five provinces have special status: Aceh, for the use of the sharia law as the regional law of the province. Special Capital Region of Jakarta as the capital city. Special Region of Yogyakarta, has sultan Hamengkubuwono as hereditary Governor and Paku Alam as hereditary vice-governor. Papua and West Papua, for granting implementation of sustainable development; the provinces are grouped into seven geographical units.
This clickable map shows provinces of Indonesia as of 25 October 2012. Click on a province name to go to its main article. Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, Maluku still exist as of today despite divisions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan and Lesser Sunda were liquidated; the province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its independence as a country in 1999. List of Indonesian provinces by Human Development Index List of Indonesian provinces by GRP per capita List of Indonesian floral emblems List of Indonesian animal emblems Armorial of IndonesiaGeneral: Subdivisions of Indonesia List of regencies and cities of Indonesia Daftar 34 Provinsi Di Indonesia Map at Indonesian Wikipedia