Husein Sastranegara International Airport
Husein Sastranegara International Airport is an airport in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. It is located within 2.4 km from Bandung Central train station. The site occupies an area of 145 hectares and serves the area of civil aviation in the south western region of Java; the airport is located in the city of Bandung and is surrounded by mountains, thus the landing approach has unique characteristics. This airport runway can handle various aircraft now and in the past, Airbus A320 series, Boeing 737, certain types of Boeing 757 and Boeing 767 series; the combined two concourses of terminal and international provides total capacity of 3.5 million passengers and area of 170,000 square feet. The airport is one of two international airports now serving Greater Bandung, the other being the Kertajati International Airport, has been planned as a major destination for Garuda Indonesia as well as the hub for Lion Air and Indonesia AirAsia; the Airport was built by Dutch settlers in Andir village. The airport was named Andir Airfield.
Husein Sastranegara Airport is named after an Indonesian aviation hero from West Java, Husein Sastranegara. In late 2010, the number of flights from the airport reached a new high, of over 30 times a day and increasing rapidly; the Bandung Air Show 2010 took place as a major event for the first time at the airport in September 2010, bringing international aviation audiences. In 2012, Bandung Air Show took place again at the airport bringing more international aviation audiences, it is again held in 2013, 2015 and it's a biennial event. Prior to 2016, the airport had an ideal capacity of only 750,000 passengers per year, therefore was running over capacity, under-equipped and under-staffed; the combined old and newly built section of terminal provides capacity of 3,5 million passengers per year when all the 2015-2017 redevelopment are finished. The airport terminal has two concourses which are used for international flights; the area of the terminal has three floors. There are two executive lounges, Internet access, LED displays, a prayer room, coffee/tea shops, bookstore, shopping arcades and ATMs.
On the north side of the runway there are airport facilities owned by PT Dirgantara Indonesia. Moreover, the airport is equipped with PAPI and VOR, devices that help planes to land at night and other navigation tools. Since 1 February 2009, international-flight passengers are required to pay an airport tax of IDR 75,000, while domestic flight passengers are required pay an airport tax of IDR 25,000. PT Angkasa Pura II, as the airport operator, had targeted at mid-year 2010, for the airport runway to be thickened from Pavement Classification Number 37 cm to PCN 52 cm, to accommodate larger narrowbody aircraft, such as Airbus A320, Airbus A320neo, Boeing 737, Boeing 737 MAX, Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen As of April 2011, the 2,250-metre-long runway overlay was less than 50-percent complete, although an Airbus A320 has landed. Kertajati International Airport known as Majalengka Airport or Bandar Udara Internasional Jawa Barat, is an airport at the northeastern part of West Java, Indonesia. Inaugurated on May 24, 2018, the airport is the second largest airport by area in Indonesia after Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.
The airport, which has a 2,500 metres runway, is located in Majalengka Regency, around 68 kilometres east of Bandung. It is constructed to serve as the second international airport of Bandung Metropolitan Area as well as serving Cirebon, parts of both West Java and Central Java province. With an annual capacity of 29 million passengers, the airport is set to replace Husein Sastranegara International Airport when all infrastructure are finished. Husein Sastranegara International Airport will only serve limited commercial and private aviation; as a fast-growing international airport and schedules have been changing rapidly. The following destinations have been served directly from Husein Sastranegara International Airport: The airport is located at the end of Pajajaran Street. Taxi is available; some hotels in Bandung provide free airport transfer services. Car rental is available; the airport has carpark facilities. On 17 July 1997, Trigana Air Service Flight 304, operated by a Fokker 27 PK-YPM crashed shortly after takeoff.
All 5 crew and 23 of the 45 passengers on board perished. On 6 April 2009, a non-civil Indonesian Air Force Fokker F-27 crashed on landing and hit Hangar D of PT Dirgantara Indonesia, killing all 24 people on board; this crash is believed to have been caused by bad weather. On 16 April 2009, Merpati Nusantara Airlines flight 616, heading for Surabaya and Denpasar-Bali, failed to take off after running 400 metres on the runway and returned to the apron. No injuries or fatalities occurred. On 24 September 2010, a owned Super Decathlon crashed after the pilot attempted an acrobatic maneuver; the pilot, Alexander Supeli, an Indonesian aerospace engineer died several days later. On 29 December 2012, FASI AS-202 Bravo,with registration LM-2003 crashed after the pilot attempted an acrobatic maneuver on Bandung Airshow 2012. PT. Angkasa Pura II: Husein Sastranegara Airport Airport information for WICC – Husein Sastranegara Airport – Bandung, Indonesia at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
Accident history for BDO – Bandung Airport – Ind
The town of Subang is the capital of the Subang Regency on the Northern coast of West Java, Indonesia
Jabodetabek or Greater Jakarta is an official and administrative definition of the urban area or megacity surrounding the Indonesian capital city, Jakarta. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" was inserted into the name following its formation, it included DKI Jakarta, five cities and three regencies. The area comprises Jakarta and parts of West Java and Banten provinces the three regencies Bekasi Regency and Bogor Regency in West Java, Tangerang Regency in Banten; the area included Bogor, Bekasi and South Tangerang city. The name of the region is taken from the first two letters of each city's name: Jabotabek from Jakarta, Depok and Bekasi; the population of Jabodetabek, with an area of 6,392 km2, was over 28.0 million according to the Indonesia 2010 Census, by January 2014 was estimated to have increased to over 30.0 million making it the most populous region in Indonesia, as well as the second most populous urban area in the world after Tokyo.
The population share of Jabodetabek to national population increased from 6.1% in 1961 to 11.26% in 2010. The region is the center of government, culture and economy of Indonesia, it has pulled many people from throughout Indonesia to come and work. Its economic power makes Jabodetabek the country's premier center for finance and commerce; the region was established in 1976 through Presidential Instruction No. 13 in response to the needs to sustain the growing population of the capital city. Indonesia's government established the Jabotabek Cooperation Body of the joint secretariat of Government of DKI Jakarta and West Java province; the generic term Greater Jakarta refers to the urban region surrounding Jakarta, it is not specific to any official or administrative designations. On the contrary, dependent on context, it may refer to the built-up area around Jakarta. Among the inhabitants 10.135 million lived in Jakarta in January 2014. The population is increasing due to migration from other parts of Indonesia.
The proportion of core city population to the total population of metropolitan area declined significantly. In 2010, the population of Jakarta was only 35.5% of the total population of Jabodetabek area, continuing the trend of decline from 54.6% in 1990 to 43.2% in 2000. And there has been a shift of arrival-destination for incoming migrants, from Jakarta city to other cities in the Jabodetabek area. Today about 20% of Indonesia's urban population is concentrated in the Jabodetabek area. Sources: 2010 decennial census 2015 BPS Banten 2015 BPS West Java Nowadays, the role of Jabodetabek in the national economy is still dominant although the decentralization policy has been implemented since Reformasi in 1998; the region accounts for 25.52% of total national gross domestic product and 42.8% to the total GDP of Java Island in 2010. Central Jakarta, South Jakarta and Bekasi have accounts for 4.14%. There are three dominant sectors which have high contribution to the total Jabodetabek's GDP comprising: industrial sector, financial sector as well as trade and restaurant sectors.
Based on the contribution of each sector to the total national GDP in 2010, Jabodetabek contributed 41.87% for finance sector, 33.1% for construction and building, as well as 30.86% for transportation. Prime business and commercial centers is "Golden Triangle" in central Jakarta. There are country's premier financial center, SCBD, Mega Kuningan, Rasuna Epicentrum as well as along Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jalan M. H. Thamrin, Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto and Jalan HR Rasuna Said. Jakarta's Golden Triangle known to expatriates and local populates as a lifestyle center of the metropolis. There are fine restaurants, coffee shops and malls. Kelapa Gading is the newest business district, lifestyle center and residential areas, located in the north-eastern part of Jakarta city, it has several bars and entertainment places. The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in the Jabodetabek has been induced by infrastructure development toll roads and railways. Jabodetabek has been built industrial estate in the outskirts in Cikarang, home to a dozen industrial estates with more than 2,500 industrial companies.
Cikarang industrial estate occupied a total land area of about 11,000 hectares and became the largest concentration of manufacturing activities in Southeast Asia. Many foreign companies are located in Cikarang industrial estate, such as from Japan, China, United States and Singapore; the region is defined by the areas from which people commute into the city. All Municipality and Regencies has access of rail service. At present rapid transit in Greater Jakarta consists of a BRT TransJakarta and a commuter rail KRL Jabodetabek. Other transit systems, those are now being under construction are Jakarta MRT, Jakarta LRT and Soekarno-Hatta Airport Rail Link, which are expected to be operational by 2018. Jabodetabek area has two major airports, Soekarno Hatta International Airport known as Cengkareng Airport and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Pondok Cabe Airport in South Tangerang, owned by the state oil company Pertamina, is used for civilian and military airport. Jabotabek is served by commuter train known as KRL Commuter Jabodeta
Ciamis Regency is an inland regency in West Java and shares a provincial border with Central Java. Its seat is Ciamis the primary urban center, it administrated areas bordering the Indian Ocean. Prior to the separation of part of this regency in 2012, it had an area of 2,556.75 km² and population of 1,528,306. However, as from 25 October 2012, the existing regency has been split, with 10 districts comprising the southern portion being formed into a new Pangandaran Regency, leaving 26 districts in the residual Ciamis Regency, however is smaller in area than Pangandaran Regency. In 2011 Ciamis Regency was boosting the tourist destinations with an idea of making a new Regency in the southern 10 districts of the regency, south of the' isthmus' where there were several tourist destinations; the separate Pangandaran Regency was split off in 2012. Up to end of May 2014, Ciamis Regency are only visited by 156,423 domestic tourists and just 3 foreign tourists as spill off from Pangandaran Beach; the counting is a significant drop compared to when Pangandaran is still belong of Ciamis Regency, because Ciamis Regency until now has not yet affordable tourist site for foreign tourists.
A number of artistic and tourist attractions are located in the town of Ciamis Regency. Prior to the separation of Pangandaran Regency as a separate regency, there were 36 districts within Ciamis Regency. Six of these districts had been created between the previous Census of 2000 and the more recent Census of 2010. Following the separation of ten districts to form the new Pangandaran Regency, the remaining Ciamis Regency is divided into 26 districts, tabulated below with their 2010 Census population
Karawang International Industrial City
Karawang International Industrial City is an industrial estate at Karawang Regency, West Java, located about 30 km south of Jakarta, Indonesia. It is a joint venture between Sinar Mas ITOCHU Corporation of Japan, it contains a various local and multinational corporations. KIIC is the first industrial estate in Indonesia to be granted ISO 9001:2000 certificate, ISO 14001:2004 for Quality & Environmental Management System in 2002 and OHSAS 18002:2007 certificate for Health & Safety Management Systems. There are hotel, retail shops, play grounds, banks and gas stations within the development; the development has turned into an automobile manufacturing hub in Indonesia. KIIC has direct access road to connect Jakarta-Cikampek Toll Road at KM 54 Karawang Timur Toll Gate. Karawang Sinar Mas Group
Subang Regency is a regency of West Java, Indonesia. It has an area of 1,893.95 km² and its population was 1,465,157 at the 2010 Census. Its administrative seat is in the town of Subang. Subang Regency is divided into 30 districts, tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census: Subang has a variety of artistic and cultural interest. A number of resorts exist in the Subang area to the north of Bandung; these include the following: Mount Tangkuban Perahu Sari Ater Hot Spring Resort Ciater Spa Resort Villa Cempaka Ciater Cijalu Waterfall Capolaga Advanture Camp Sari Bunihayu Art and Tradition Field Tourist Ciater Highland Resort Lembah Gunung Kujang Fishing Tourism Ciheuleut Swimming Pool Planet Waterboom Wisma Karya Building Masjid Agung Subang City Gedong Gede Kalijati Historic BuildingThe handover of the Republic of Indonesia from the Netherlands to Japan, before independence, 1942. These buildings are in Kalijati District. Blanakan Crocodile Breeding Patimban Beach Pondok Bali Beach Nanas khas subang / Subang pinneapple Kerupuk miskin purwadadi / Indonesian Crackers Sundanese foods International Port of Patimban is upgrade from existing small Patimban Port.
The project will be initialized in 2017 and predicted will be operated in 2019. Subang Government Website West Java Province Kota Subang, The Heart of West Java
Batujaya is an archeological site located in the village of Batujaya, Karawang in West Java, Indonesia. The site is five square kilometers in area and comprises at least 30 structural in what Sundanese call hunyur or unur. Unur is similar to the manapo found at the Muara Jambi archaeological site; the site was first found and examined by archaeologists from the University of Indonesia in 1984. Excavations have since uncovered 17 unur; the structures found are made of bricks composed of a mixtures of clay and rice husks, not volcanic rock, difficult to find in Batujaya. Two structures recovered are in the form of temples, one of which, known as Jiwa Temple, has been restored. According to Dr Tony Djubiantono, the head of Bandung Archeology Agency, Jiwa was built in the 2nd century; as local Indonesian governments do not maintain the site, Ford provides funds for research and excavation of the Batujaya complex as part of its Conservation and Environmental Grants. The discovery of this archaeological site was important as although it was the location of Tarumanagara, the oldest Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Indonesia, West Java lacks ancient temple remains.
Before the discovery, only four temple sites have been found in West Java, namely they are Cangkuang temple, Ronggeng Temple, Pamarican Temple, Pananjung Temple. Preliminary research at Jiwa found that the temple was built between the sixth centuries; this is based on the inscriptions found on numerous votive tablets discovered in the area, small clay tablets with inscriptions and pictures of Buddha used in prayer. Prof. Dr. Budihartono proposed carrying out pollen analysis for examining both the paleoenvironment and cultural records, including evidence of diet and food processing. In and around the site is discovered the fragments of Buni culture clay pottery, which suggests Buni prehistoric clay culture spread across West Java northern coast was the predecessor of Batujaya site. Advance technology has been applied for the construction with some of the floor and other parts of the temple which require hardening made of unreinforced concrete with marble size stones and some of the temple is coated with a thick enough of stucco.
Indonesia portal The Spice Islands History Bambang Budi Utomo. 2004. Arsitektur Bangunan Suci Masa Hindu-Budha di Jawa Barat. Kementrian Kebudayaan dan pariwisata, Jakarta. ISBN 979-8041-35-6 Percandian Batujaya, from Indonesian Wikipedia on 19 September 2005