A stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat or an act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes on television, theatre, or cinema. Stunts are a feature of many action films. Before computer generated imagery special effects, these effects were limited to the use of models, false perspective and other in-camera effects, unless the creator could find someone willing to jump from car to car or hang from the edge of a skyscraper: the stunt performer or stunt double. One of the most-frequently used. Although contact is avoided, many elements of stage combat, such as sword fighting, martial arts, acrobatics required contact between performers in order to facilitate the creation of a particular effect, such as noise or physical interaction. Stunt performances are choreographed and may be rigorously rehearsed for hours and sometimes weeks before a performance. Seasoned professionals will treat a performance as if they have never done it before, since the risks in stunt work are high, every move and position must be correct to reduce risk of injury from accidents.
Examples of practical effects include tripping and falling down, high jumps, extreme sporting moves and high diving, gainer falls, "suicide backflips," and other martial arts stunts. Stunt airbags, large deep airbags that may be the size of a small swimming pool, are used by professional stunt performers to cushion their landings from staged falls from heights. A physical stunt is performed with help of mechanics. For example, if the plot requires the hero to jump to a high place, the film crew could put the actor in a special harness, use aircraft high tension wire to pull him up. Piano wire is sometimes used to fly objects, but an actor is never suspended from it as it is brittle and can break under shock impacts. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a kung-fu film, reliant on wire stunts. Performers of vehicular stunts may employ specially adapted vehicles. Stunts can be as simple as a handbrake turn known as the bootleg turn, or as advanced as car chases and crashes involving dozens of vehicles.
Rémy Julienne is coordinator. Another well known vehicular stunt specialist is Englishman Ian Walton, the helicopter stunt pilot and stunt designer for many 1980s films, notably the Bond film Never Say Never Again. A Guinness Book of World Records holder stunt driver, Bobby Ore, performed in numerous movies and events and holds a World Record for longest distance driven on two wheels in a London double decker bus. Streetbike stunts known as "stunting" gained widespread popularity in the early 2000s and continues to grow, it now goes much further than that. In the late 20th century stunt men were placed in dangerous situations less and less as filmmakers turned to inexpensive computer graphics effects using harnesses, blue- or green screens, a huge array of other devices and digital effects; the Matrix is an example for a film that extensively "enhanced" real stunts through CGI post production. The Lord of the Rings film series and the Star Wars prequel films display stunts that are computer generated.
Examples of computer-generated effects include face wire removal. In 1982, Jackie Chan began experimenting with elaborate stunt action sequences in Dragon Lord, which featured a pyramid fight scene that holds the record for the most takes required for a single scene, with 2900 takes, the final fight scene where he performs various stunts, including one where he does a back flip off a loft and falls to the lower ground. In 1983, Project A saw the official formation of the Jackie Chan Stunt Team and added elaborate, dangerous stunts to the fights and typical slapstick humor. Police Story contained many large-scale action scenes, including an opening sequence featuring a car chase through a shanty town, Chan stopping a double-decker bus with his service revolver and a climactic fight scene in a shopping mall; this final scene earned the film the nickname "Glass Story" by the crew, due to the huge number of panes of sugar glass that were broken. During a stunt in this last scene, in which Chan slides down a pole from several stories up, the lights covering the pole had heated it resulting in Chan suffering second-degree burns to his hands, as well as a back injury and dislocation of his pelvis upon landing.
Chan performed elaborate stunts in numerous other films, such as several Police Story sequels, Project A Part II, the Armor of God series, Dragons Forever, Drunken Master II, Rumble in the Bronx, the Rush Hour series, among others. Other Hong Kong action movie stars who became known for performing elaborate stunts include Chan's Peking Opera School friends Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao, as well as "girls with guns" stars such as Michelle Yeoh and Moon Lee. Other Asian cinema stars known for performing elaborate stunts including Thai actor Tony Jaa, Indonesian actors Iko Uwais and Yayan Ruhian, Indian actors Jayan, Akshay Kumar, Vidyut Jammwal and Tiger Shroff. Reality competition television shows such as Fear Factor and Going Straight have required contestants to complete stunts to win prize money. Films such as Hooper and The Stunt Man and the 1980s television show The Fall Guy sought to raise the profile of the stunt performer and debunk the myth that film stars perform all their own stunts. Noted stunt coordinators Hal Needham, Craig R. Baxley, Vic Armstrong went on to direct the action f
Leonard Part 6
Leonard Part 6 is a 1987 American spy parody film. It was directed by Paul Weiland and starred Bill Cosby, who produced the film and wrote its story; the film starred Gloria Foster as the villain, Joe Don Baker. The film was shot in the San Francisco Bay Area, it earned several Golden Raspberry Awards. It is considered to be one of the worst films made. Bill Cosby plays a CIA spy-turned-restaurateur. According to the opening sequence of the movie, the title refers to the idea that this film is the sixth installment of a series of films featuring the adventures of Leonard, as parts one through five were locked up in the interests of world security. In actuality, there are no films preceding this one; the theatrical release poster points out that Leonard Parker is, at the time of his reluctant return to action, coping with domestic issues: His daughter is engaged to a man old enough to be his father. His estranged wife behaves, and now his government has asked him to save the world. Again; the film starts with Parker being called out of retirement by his CIA director Snyderburn to save the world from evil vegetarian Medusa Johnson, who brainwashes animals to kill people.
The film ends with Leonard infiltrating Johnson's headquarters, fending off the vegetarians with magic meat he received from a Gypsy, freeing the captive animals, flooding the base using Alka-Seltzer. He escapes by riding an ostrich across the roof. Bill Cosby as Leonard Parker Tom Courtenay as Frayn Joe Don Baker as Nick Snyderburn Moses Gunn as Giorgio Francozzi Gloria Foster as Medusa Johnson Pat Colbert as Allison Parker Victoria Rowell as Joan Parker John Hostetter as Adams Asked years about his work on the film, director Paul Weiland recalled: It was a terrible mistake.... When anyone gets into that position, they are surrounded by sycophants and no one tells them the truth, but Cosby just wasn't funny. I couldn't tell him directly. I'd say it feels slow, he'd say,'You worry about construction, let me worry about funny.' The movie received overwhelming negative reviews. When the film was released in 1987 Cosby himself said that he was so disappointed with it that he publicly advised people not to waste their money on it.
Roger Ebert called it "one of the worst movies of the year" and criticized the obvious Coca-Cola product placement, saying that Cosby "ought to be ashamed of himself." Gene Siskel gave the film zero stars out of four, calling it "The year's worst film involving a major star. That's right, it's worse than'Ishtar.'" Variety declared, "Bill Cosby is right to be embarrassed by this dud, but result can't have come as a total surprise to him since he wrote the story and produced it." Caryn James of The New York Times wrote: "Mr. Cosby and the director, Paul Weiland, were at odds while filming Leonard Part 6, which opens today at Cine 1 and other theaters, but there's plenty of blame for them to share. Mr. Weiland's direction, Mr. Cosby's story and Jonathan Reynolds's screenplay seem trite." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times wrote: "Leonard Part 6 is a smug, tedious exercise in self-indulgence... There's nothing to laugh at in this film, too much of everything else." Thomas noted that, although Weiland was the director, "clearly Cosby, as star and idea man, is the auteur here."
Rita Kempley of The Washington Post stated: "Cosby looks woebegone all movie long. He knows he's out of his element, a comedian of words in a physical role." Robert Garrett wrote in The Boston Globe, "This Christmas turkey is so dreadful that it must be in the same league as Paul Newman's'The Silver Chalice' for its power to embarrass its star." The movie was a box office flop, thanks in part to Cosby's advance on the film, it only grossed $4,615,255—a mere fraction of its $24 million budget. The movie won three Golden Raspberry Awards, for Worst Actor, Worst Picture, Worst Screenplay, it was nominated for Worst Supporting Actress and Worst Director. A few weeks after the ceremony, Cosby accepted his three Razzies on Fox's The Late Show, he demanded that the three Razzies he earned be made out of 24 karat gold and Italian marble, which were paid for by Fox. Cosby himself brought the awards with him when he was a guest on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson displaying them and proclaiming, "I swept the awards!"
For the 2005 Razzies, the movie earned a nomination in the Worst "Comedy" of Our First 25 Years category, losing to Gigli. Leonard Part 6 was released by Columbia Pictures on DVD, on April 26, 2005. Leonard Part 6 on IMDb Leonard Part 6 at Rotten Tomatoes Leonard Part 6 at Box Office Mojo
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine. It was founded in Chicago in 1953, by Hugh Hefner and his associates, funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. Notable for its centerfolds of nude and semi-nude models, Playboy played an important role in the sexual revolution and remains one of the world's best-known brands, having grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc. with a presence in nearly every medium. In addition to the flagship magazine in the United States, special nation-specific versions of Playboy are published worldwide; the magazine has a long history of publishing short stories by novelists such as Arthur C. Clarke, Ian Fleming, Vladimir Nabokov, Saul Bellow, Chuck Palahniuk, P. G. Wodehouse, Roald Dahl, Haruki Murakami, Margaret Atwood. With a regular display of full-page color cartoons, it became a showcase for notable cartoonists, including Harvey Kurtzman, Jack Cole, Eldon Dedini, Jules Feiffer, Shel Silverstein, Erich Sokol, Roy Raymonde, Gahan Wilson, Rowland B. Wilson.
Playboy features monthly interviews of notable public figures, such as artists, economists, conductors, film directors, novelists, religious figures, politicians and race car drivers. The magazine reflects a liberal editorial stance, although it interviews conservative celebrities. After a year-long removal of most nude photos in Playboy magazine, the March–April 2017 issue brought back nudity. By spring 1953, Hugh Hefner—a 1949 University of Illinois psychology graduate who had worked in Chicago for Esquire magazine writing promotional copy, he formed HMH Publishing Corporation, recruited his friend Eldon Sellers to find investors. Hefner raised just over $8,000, including from his brother and mother. However, the publisher of an unrelated men's adventure magazine, contacted Hefner and informed him it would file suit to protect their trademark if he were to launch his magazine with that name. Hefner, his wife Millie, Sellers met to seek a new name, considering "Top Hat", "Gentleman", "Sir'", "Satyr", "Pan" and "Bachelor" before Sellers suggested "Playboy".
The first issue, in December 1953, was undated. He produced it in his Hyde Park kitchen; the first centerfold was Marilyn Monroe, although the picture used was taken for a calendar rather than for Playboy. Hefner chose what he deemed the "sexiest" image, a unused nude study of Marilyn stretched with an upraised arm on a red velvet background with closed eyes and mouth open; the heavy promotion centered around Marilyn's nudity on the already-famous calendar, together with the teasers in marketing, made the new Playboy magazine a success. The first issue sold out in weeks. Known circulation was 53,991; the cover price was 50¢. Copies of the first issue in mint to near mint condition sold for over $5,000 in 2002; the novel Fahrenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury, was published in 1953 and serialized in the March and May 1954 issues of Playboy. An urban legend started about Hefner and the Playmate of the Month because of markings on the front covers of the magazine. From 1955 to 1979, the "P" in Playboy had stars printed around the letter.
The legend stated that this was either a rating that Hefner gave to the Playmate according to how attractive she was, the number of times that Hefner had slept with her, or how good she was in bed. The stars, between zero and 12 indicated the domestic or international advertising region for that printing. From 1966 to 1976, Robie Macauley was the Fiction Editor at Playboy. During this period the magazine published fiction by Saul Bellow, Seán Ó Faoláin, John Updike, James Dickey, John Cheever, Doris Lessing, Joyce Carol Oates, Vladimir Nabokov, Michael Crichton, John le Carré, Irwin Shaw, Jean Shepherd, Arthur Koestler, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Bernard Malamud, John Irving, Anne Sexton, Nadine Gordimer, Kurt Vonnegut and J. P. Donleavy, as well as poetry by Yevgeny Yevtushenko. In 1968 at the feminist Miss America protest, protestors symbolically threw a number of feminine products into a "Freedom Trash Can." These included copies of Cosmopolitan magazines. One of the key pamphlets produced by the protesters was "No More Miss America!", by Robin Morgan which listed ten characteristics of the Miss America pageant that the authors believed degraded women.
Since reaching its peak in the 1970s, Playboy saw a decline in circulation and cultural relevance due to competition in the field it founded—first from Penthouse Oui and Gallery in the 1970s. In response, Playboy has attempted to re-assert its hold on the 18–35 male demographic through slight changes to content and focusing on issues and personalities more appropriate to its audience—such as hip-hop artists being featured in the "Playboy Interview". Christie Hefner, daughter of the founder Hugh Hefner, joined Playboy in 1975 and became head of the company in 1988, she announced in December 2008 that she would be stepping down from leading the company, effective in January 2009, said that the election of Barack Obama as the next President had inspired her to give more time to charitable work
Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment
Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment is a 1985 comedy film directed by Jerry Paris. It is the first of six sequels in the Police Academy series. Many actors return from the first film to reprise their roles. Steve Guttenberg reprises his role as the class clown; this was the only film in the series that does not feature Leslie Easterbrook as Lt. Debbie Callahan. New faces in Police Academy. Proctor. In the film, the Police Academy cadets have graduated and are assigned to the worst precinct in town, where they have to help Captain Pete Lassard fight Zed's gang. After a random attack the night before by a local gang known as "The Scullions" and their infantile leader Zed McGlunk, Chief Henry Hurst arrives at the 16th precinct and notifies its captain, Pete Lassard that the precinct is the worst in the city. Lassard protests saying that his officers are outmanned and old, can't get the job done any longer. Hurst gives Lassard 30 days to turn the precinct around or he is out. Before Hurst leaves, Lieutenant Mauser schemes his way into getting a promotion to Captain should Lassard fail.
Capt. Lassard calls his brother Eric, in charge of the Police Academy and asks him for six new recruits. Mauser is seen talking with his dim-witted partner, Sgt. Proctor, as he attempts to take control of the precinct. Commandant Lassard's top graduates Carey Mahoney, Larvell Jones, Eugene Tackleberry, Moses Hightower, Laverne Hooks, Douglas Fackler arrive from the police academy and join the 16th precinct with some of them assigned to a veteran officer partner. Fackler is assigned with Dooley, Mahoney to Vinnie Schtulman, Tackleberry to Sgt. Kathleen Kirkland. Tackleberry confides to Mahoney that he may have fallen in love with Kirkland. Mauser attempts numerous times to sabotage the new recruits while targeting Mahoney. During a patrol and Schtulman spot a robbery at a merchant's place, but the robbers escape in the confusion caused in part by responding officers. Mauser is ready to suspend them, but Mahoney makes a passionate plea that convinces Lassard to give them another chance. While all this is going on, Zed and his gang go "shopping" in a supermarket, causing havoc and chaos.
Mauser gives Mahoney a new assignment: patrolling a tunnel which results in him and his partner being covered with soot. He gets revenge on Mauser by switching his shampoo with Tackleberry's epoxy resin solution from a helmet repair kit, which glues Mauser's hands to his hair, he ends up embarrassing himself in front of the station and has to wear a wig through the remainder of the film. Capt. Lassard spots some of Zed's men and tries to deal with them, but is over-powered and spray-painted; this humiliating act emboldens Lassard to allow the precinct to use "whatever means possible" to help contain the gang. Progress is made and most of the gang is captured in an incident at The Blue Oyster Bar, but Mauser informs the captain that he had most of the charges dropped due to excessive force and procedure violations. Mahoney sees that Mauser did this on purpose, so as revenge he informs the nurse in charge of a body cavity search ordered earlier to perform the procedure on Mauser. Tackleberry goes on a date with Kirkland, where they stay out late dancing.
They profess their love for each other and they make love. Captain Lassard goes to see his brother Eric at a Japanese steakhouse and Eric comes up with an idea to hold a fair. On the night of the fair though, Zed's men trash the place. Lassard is out of a job the next day, his first act is to remove Mahoney and Schtulman, quick to object to Mahoney's dismissal. Mahoney and Lassard get together in a last-ditch attempt to stop the gang, they send in Mahoney undercover to infiltrate the gang. Lassard and Schtulman wire him, using a radio microphone. Under the guise of "Jughead," of the gang "The Archies", he is able to infiltrate the gang and find out both their hiding spot and the name of their leader. However, his cover is blown after the microphone cuts into a radio ad, which leads to Captain Lassard calling every man to the location; the officers are stopped by Mauser. Mauser attempts to conduct a raid, but Fackler accidentally bumps him in an air duct and pushes him inside, which leads to Mauser being captured by Zed and his gang.
The officers manage to overpower and arrest the gang. Zed attempts to escape with Mahoney. However, Mahoney punches Zed down a flight of stairs. It's revealed that Lassard's gun wasn't loaded, as he "hasn't carried live ammo since'73". Lassard is reinstated as captain, as are Mahoney and Schtulman on the force, while Mauser demoted back to lieutenant for nearly blowing Lassard's
The Golden Child
The Golden Child is a 1986 American fantasy comedy film directed by Michael Ritchie and starring Eddie Murphy as Chandler Jarrell, informed that he is "The Chosen One" and is destined to save "The Golden Child", the savior of all humankind. The film was produced and distributed by Paramount Pictures and received a total gross of $79,817,937 at the United States box office. In a remote temple in Tibet, a young boy with mystical abilities – the Golden Child – receives badges of station and demonstrates his power to the monks of the temple by reviving a dead eastern rosella, which becomes a constant companion and familiar. A mysterious man, Sardo Numspa, has his men break into the temple, slaughter the monks and abduct the boy. A young woman, Kee Nang, watches a Los Angeles TV show in which social worker Chandler Jarrell talks about his latest case, a missing girl named Cheryll Mosley. Kee seeks him out and informs him of the kidnapping of the Golden Child and that he is the "chosen one" who would save the Child.
Chandler does not take this even after the bird begins following him and seeing an astral projection of the Child. The next day, Cheryll Mosley is found dead near an abandoned house smeared with Tibetan graffiti and a pot full of blood-soaked oatmeal. Kee reveals to Chandler that this house was a holding place for the Child and introduces him to Doctor Hong, a mystic expert, Kala. Chandler and Kee track down a motorcycle gang, the Yellow Dragons, which Cheryll had joined, Chinese restaurant owner Tommy Tong, a henchman of Numspa, to whom Cheryll had been "sold" for her blood, a way to make the Child vulnerable to earthly harm. However, Tong is killed by Numspa as a potential traitor. Still not taking the case too Chandler is drawn by Numspa into a controlled dream, where he receives a burn mark on his arm. Numspa presents his demands: the Ajanti Dagger in exchange for the boy. Chandler agrees to help, he and Kee spend the night together. Chandler and Kee travel to Tibet, where Chandler is swindled by an old amulet seller revealed as the High Priest of the temple where the dagger is kept hidden.
In order to obtain the blade, Chandler has to pass a test: an obstacle course in a bottomless cavern whilst carrying a glass of water without spilling a drop. With luck and wits, Chandler recovers the blade and manages to bring it past customs into the United States; that night and his henchmen attack Chandler and Kee. The Ajanti Dagger is lost to the villains, Kee takes a crossbow bolt meant for Chandler, dying in his arms while confessing her love for him. Doctor Hong and Kala offer him hope: as long as the sun shines upon Kee, the Child might be able to save her. With the help of the Child's familiar, Chandler locates Numspa's hideout, retrieves the dagger with the help of Til, one of Numspa's men converted to good by the Child, frees the boy; when Chandler confronts Numspa, he reveals himself as a demon. Chandler and the Child escape, only to be trapped inside a warehouse. Chandler loses the dagger, with Numspa buried under falling masonry. Chandler and the Child head to Doctor Hong's shop.
As the two approach Kee's body, a badly injured but berserk Numspa attacks Chandler, but the amulet the Old Man sold Chandler blasts the dagger from Numspa's hand. The Child uses his magic to place the dagger back into Chandler's hands, Chandler stabs Numspa through the heart, destroying him; the Child uses the last rays of sunlight and his powers to bring Kee back from the dead. The three take a walk discussing the Child's return to Tibet. Dennis Feldman, a professional photographer whose only writing credit was Just One of the Guys, wrote a script called The Rose of Tibet, which he planned as "a Raymond Chandler movie with supernatural elements." It attracted Hollywood's attention and after a bidding war Paramount Pictures purchased the script for $300,000. Alan Silvestri was set to provide the film score but turned the project down. Paramount turned to John Barry, who had just come off his award-winning score for Out of Africa. However, during post-production, Barry left the project when both differences with the producers and test screening feedback presented considerable challenges for the composer.
The test audience reaction had led the producers to consider replacing Barry's score with new music by Michel Colombier that, in contrast to Barry's work, was "synthpop". However, whilst Barry was superseded, some of his musical cues remain in the final cut of the film and one track, "Wisdom of the Ages", appeared on the first soundtrack release issued by Capitol Records. In 2011, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 3-CD soundtrack set containing the entirety of both Barry's unused score, Colombier's final theatrical score, in addition to an exclusive Barry-composed song, sung by emerging composer Randy Edelman; the songs, released on Capitol's first soundtrack in 1986 were featured in the set. The following pieces of music appear in the film alongside Colombier's score: Ann Wilson - "The Best Man in the World" Ratt - "Body Talk" "Wisdom of the Ages" "The Chosen One" "Puttin' on the Ritz" "Another Day's Life" Released in De
Ken Marcus is an American photographer, known for his glamour photography with Penthouse and Playboy magazines. For over 30 years he has produced hundreds of centerfolds, album covers, advertisements, his work is shown in galleries, published in magazines. He was an artist-in-resident at the Yosemite National Park Museum. Marcus lectures and conducts workshops internationally, he has BDSM site. Ken's formal fine-art photographic training began at age 12. Ken studied with Ansel Adams in Yosemite National Park for the next 13 years as well as with Brett Weston, Paul Caponigro, Wyn Bullock, Imogen Cunningham and Judy Dater, all of whom influenced his early work. While still in high school, Ken attended the Art Center College of Design studying fashion and advertising photography, he attended Brooks Institute of Photography. In 1965, Ken established his studio on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood, where his business continues today. Ken's earliest commercial work consisted of product shots, catalogs and editorial assignments.
Throughout his 20s, Ken's commercial assignments included product and fashion catalogs, architectural interiors, food illustration, magazine editorials and advertising photography. Within five years of opening his studio, his work received national publicity and several Art Directors Club awards. By the early'70s Ken shot for Max Factor, Frederick's of Hollywood and other West Coast fashion clients, he photographed for album covers, including the inside gatefold of George Harrison's Living in the Material World. In 1971 Marcus became the first American photographer for Penthouse magazine, his early pictorials involved models photographed through heavy, soft focus diffusion. This technique, while popular during the early part of the 20th century, had not been used in publication since the early 1920s. Marcus crafted his own homemade diffusion filters because, at that time, there were none available on the commercial market. In 1974, Marcus left Penthouse to become the West Coast Contributing Photographer at Playboy magazine.
For 11 years Marcus's work was featured in Playboy's 15 international editions, for eight of those years Marcus photographed the Playboy Calendar. Between 1974 and 1985 he produced 41 Playmate layouts, over 100 calendars and editorials and twice received Playboy's'Photographer of the Year Award'. Shortly thereafter, Marcus began shooting centerfolds once again for Penthouse. New clients at this time included Jordache, Snap-on Tools, NAPA, Muscle & Fitness magazine. For over 25 years, Ken was a featured speaker at national photo conventions and expos, his lectures and intensive study workshops were sponsored by corporations including Kodak, Hasselblad and Canon, professional photographers' organizations. Ken has appeared in Australia, Mexico, Singapore and in most of the United States. In addition to his personal appearances, he produced an award-winning three volume video series The Ken Marcus Glamour Workshops; these videos explain professional production techniques for location glamour photography.
Interested only in landscape fine-art photography, Ken began taking serious interest in nude photography as art during the time that he was working with Playboy. In the early 80s, his nude studies of Los Angeles Ballet Company dancers were first exhibited in Los Angeles. In 1988 Ken was selected as the artist-in-residence for the Yosemite National Park Museum, his images of nude models in nature were banned by park officials, but are now shown as part of the museum's permanent collection. Throughout his career, Ken has done black and white portraits of celebrities such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Virginia Madsen, Tom Arnold. Ken Marcus was one of only two official photographers at the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival; the images of Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, The Who, Simon & Garfunkel, Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones were rediscovered in 2005 during a studio remodel. His photograph of Jimi Hendrix is featured on the Jimi Hendrix album, The Jimi Hendrix Experience: Live at Monterey, released on October 16, 2007.
Ken Marcus appeared in the opening scenes of the Baywatch TV movie "Panic at Malibu Pier". His character is a photographer shooting a glamour layout on the beach. In the comic book series Rocketeer, Dave Stevens portrayed Ken as the nefarious "Marco of Hollywood" with a identifiable caricature. Contemporary American Erotic Photography: Volume 1 California Club Two Faces Two Knotty Boys: Back on the Ropes 1973 "Award of Distinctive Merit" at the Art Directors Club Annual Awards1980 "Editorial Award for Photography" by Playboy Magazine1981 "Editorial Award for Photography" by Playboy Magazine1992 "Best Photography - Studio" at the Academy of Bodybuilding and Fitness Awards2001 "Publisher's Choice Award" by Adult Stars Magazine2010 "Best Bondage Photographer" by The Bondage Awards About the Monterey Pop Festival prints: "Shooting backstage at the Monterey Pop Festival was an amazing photographic experience; the film has been lost for 40 years. While remodeling my studio we found the box containing the negatives.
We had long thought. Here was Jimi Hendrix, onstage for the first time in America, setting fire to his guitar and blowing everyone's mind; when he went onstage, hardly anybody knew. A few minutes when he left the stage, he had established himself as a legend in rock n' roll history; this picture shows Jimi in his most decisive moment." Marcus, Ken Marcus quote at Ken Marcus Gallery.com, retrieved 2007-05-20About his start in glamour photography: "I had no interest in commercial g