Cary Grant was an English-born American actor, known as one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men. He began a career in Hollywood in the early 1930s and became known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor, light-hearted approach to acting, sense of comic timing, he became an American citizen in 1942. Grant was born in Bristol, he became attracted to theater at a young age and began performing with a troupe known as "The Penders" at age six. He attended Bishop Road Primary School and Fairfield Grammar School in Bristol toured the country as a stage performer, he established a name for himself in vaudeville in the 1920s and toured the United States before moving to Hollywood in the early 1930s. He appeared in crime films or dramas such as Blonde Venus and She Done Him Wrong, but gained renown for his appearances in romantic comedy and screwball comedy films such as The Awful Truth, Bringing Up Baby, His Girl Friday, The Philadelphia Story; these films are cited among the greatest comedy films.
He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for Penny Serenade and None but the Lonely Heart. In the 1940s and 1950s, Grant forged a working relationship with director Alfred Hitchcock, appearing in films such as Suspicion, Notorious, To Catch a Thief, North by Northwest. Hitchcock admired Grant and considered him the only actor that he had loved working with. Towards the end of his film career, Grant was praised by critics as a romantic leading man, he received five nominations for Golden Globe Award for Best Actor, including Indiscreet with Ingrid Bergman, That Touch of Mink with Doris Day, Charade with Audrey Hepburn, he is remembered by critics for his unusually broad appeal as a handsome, suave actor who did not take himself too able to play with his own dignity in comedies without sacrificing it entirely. Grant was married five times, three of them elopements with actresses Virginia Cherrill, Betsy Drake, Dyan Cannon, he retired from film acting in 1966 and pursued numerous business interests, representing cosmetics firm Fabergé and sitting on the board of MGM.
He was presented with an Honorary Oscar by his friend Frank Sinatra at the 42nd Academy Awards in 1970, he was accorded the Kennedy Center Honors in 1981. In 1999, the American Film Institute named him the second greatest male star of Golden Age Hollywood cinema. Grant was born Archibald Alec Leach on January 18, 1904 at 15 Hughenden Road in the northern Bristol suburb of Horfield, he was the second child of Elsie Maria Leach. His father worked as a tailor's presser at a clothes factory, while his mother worked as a seamstress, his older brother John died of tuberculous meningitis. Grant considered himself to be Jewish, he had an unhappy upbringing. Grant's mother taught him song and dance when he was four, she was keen on him having piano lessons, she would take him to the cinema where he enjoyed the performances of Charlie Chaplin, Chester Conklin, Fatty Arbuckle, Ford Sterling, Mack Swain, Broncho Billy Anderson. He was sent to the Bishop Road Primary School, Bristol when he was 4½. Grant's biographer Graham McCann claimed that his mother "did not know how to give affection and did not know how to receive it either."
Biographer Geoffrey Wansell notes that his mother blamed herself bitterly for the death of Grant's brother John, she never recovered from it. Grant acknowledged that his negative experiences with his mother affected his relationships with women in life, she frowned on alcohol and tobacco, would reduce pocket money for minor mishaps. Grant attributed her behavior towards him as her being overprotective, fearing that she would lose him as she did John; when Grant was nine years old, his father placed his mother in Glenside Hospital, a mental institution, told him that she had gone away on a "long holiday". Grant grew up resenting his mother after she left the family. After she was gone and his father moved into the home of his grandmother in Bristol; when Grant was 10, his father remarried and started a new family, Grant did not learn that his mother was still alive until he was 31. Grant made arrangements for his mother to leave the institution in June 1935, shortly after he learned of her whereabouts.
He visited her in October 1938. Grant enjoyed the theater pantomimes at Christmas which he would attend with his father, he befriended a troupe of acrobatic dancers known as "The Penders" or the "Bob Pender Stage Troupe". He began touring with them. Jesse Lasky was a Broadway producer at the time, he saw him performing at the Wintergarten theater in Berlin around 1914. In 1915, Grant won a scholarship to attend Fairfield Grammar School in Bristol, although his father could afford to pay for the uniform, he was quite capable in most academic subjects, but he excelled at sports fives, his good looks and acrobatic talents made him a popular figure among both girls and boys. He developed a reputation for mischief, refused to do his homework. A former classmate referred to him as a "scruffy little boy", while an old teacher remembered "the naughty little boy, always making a noise in the back
Finland the Republic of Finland, is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, Russia to the east. Finland is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia; the capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities are Espoo, Tampere and Turku. Finland's population is 5.52 million, the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages. Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union; the sovereign state is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital city of Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, one autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces one third of the country's GDP. Finland was inhabited when the last ice age ended 9000 BCE.
The first settlers left behind artefacts that present characteristics shared with those found in Estonia and Norway. The earliest people were hunter-gatherers; the first pottery appeared in 5200 BCE. The arrival of the Corded Ware culture in southern coastal Finland between 3000 and 2500 BCE may have coincided with the start of agriculture; the Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterised by extensive contacts with other cultures in the Fennoscandian and Baltic regions and the sedentary farming inhabitation increased towards the end of Iron Age. At the time Finland had three main cultural areas – Southwest Finland and Karelia – as reflected in contemporary jewellery. From the late 13th century, Finland became an integral part of Sweden through the Northern Crusades and the Swedish part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In 1809, Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland.
In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guard supported by the new Soviet Russia, fighting the White Guard, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Kuusamo and some islands, but retaining their independence. Finland established an official policy of neutrality; the Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, the Eurozone at its inception, in 1999.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the Soviet Union demanded war reparations from Finland not only in money but in material, such as ships and machinery; this forced Finland to industrialise. It developed an advanced economy while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index, second in the Global Gender Gap Report, it ranked first on the World Happiness Report report for 2018 and 2019. A large majority of Finns are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, freedom of religion is guaranteed under the Finnish Constitution.
The earliest written appearance of the name Finland is thought to be on three runestones. Two have the inscription finlonti; the third was found in Gotland. It dates back to the 13th century; the name can be assumed to be related to the tribe name Finns, mentioned at first known time AD 98. The name Suomi has uncertain origins, but a candidate for a source is the Proto-Baltic word *źemē, meaning "land". In addition to the close relatives of Finnish, this name is used in the Baltic languages Latvian and Lithuanian. Alternatively, the Indo-European word * gʰm-on "man" has been suggested; the word referred only to the province of Finland Proper, to the northern coast of Gulf of Finland, with northern regions such as Ostrobothnia still sometimes being excluded until later. Earlier theories suggested derivation from suomaa or suoniemi, but these are now considered outdated; some have suggested common etymology with saame and Häme, but that theory is uncertain
Michael Garibaldi is a lead fictional character in the universe of the science fiction television series Babylon 5, played by Jerry Doyle. During most of Babylon 5's five seasons, Garibaldi is the Chief of Security on board the space station Babylon 5, he holds the rank of Chief Warrant Officer. During the fourth season he resigned as Security Chief. During the fifth and final season of Babylon 5 he was the Director of Covert Intelligence, a post similar to the present-day CIA Director, for the new Interstellar Alliance. Although friendly with the other crew members, he is much his own man; this independence leads him into great danger numerous times during the series. Like most of the characters on the series, Garibaldi is a complex person. On the positive side he is loyal, brave, thorough in his job duties, a tough and skilled soldier, with small arms, in hand-to-hand combat, or in the cockpit of a Starfury fighter, he possesses a lively sense of humor, enjoys watching old twentieth-century cartoons such as "Daffy Duck", referred to as a "household god of frustration" for Garibaldi in a conversation between Zack Allan and G'Kar, loves twentieth-century motorcycles, has an easygoing, laid-back personality when he's not on duty.
However, he can be too trusting of close friends and aides, his tendency towards alcoholism and self-destructive behavior is a constant struggle for him throughout the series. Of the major characters on Babylon 5 Garibaldi is in many ways the most "down-to-earth" and "ordinary", he loves Italian food and cuts secret deals with Babylon 5 dockworkers to bring expensive Italian foods onto the station. The deals are secret because of the disapproval of Dr. Stephen Franklin, B5's medical chief and a close friend of Garibaldi. Dr. Franklin disapproves of Garibaldi's love of fatty foods, although on at least one occasion he agrees to eat an Italian meal cooked by Garibaldi. Michael Alfredo Garibaldi was born in the New York, Earth, he was the son of Alfredo Garibaldi, an EarthForce infantryman, who retired at the rank of sergeant-major. Garibaldi was raised in the Catholic church. In life he became an agnostic but always maintained respect for the church, his grandmother was a Boston cop. Garibaldi inherited her Wesson.38 Special police revolver.
Garibaldi was an honest man. This honesty, his refusal to "play along" with policies and actions he knew were illegal, got him into difficulties with corrupt officials on more than one occasion. During one incident, a landing pad had been rigged to explode, his friend's daughter blamed him for many years, Garibaldi retreated into alcoholism. During the bloody Earth–Minbari War Garibaldi was an infantryman in EarthForce, he participated in a number of ground battles against the Minbari and managed to survive the war, a considerable accomplishment. However, his experiences led to a certain amount of distrust and dislike of pompous high-ranking officers, a fact which got him into trouble with his superiors. However, his suspicious and rebellious nature made him an excellent investigator and security officer, his alcoholism may have been a coping mechanism stemming from some form of PTSD that he acquired during the war. Because of his bouts with alcohol & PTSD, he's seen as a sympathetic character to fellow veterans of the war, giving them wide latitude when they commit minor infractions on his watch as B5 Chief of Security.
Garibaldi continued to have problems with alcoholism for a number of years, which got him fired from several jobs. He was able to bring his alcoholism under control. While piloting Jeffrey Sinclair over the surface of Mars, their shuttle crashed. Garibaldi and Sinclair had to trek across the planet's surface for several days in order to make it back to civilization, during the trek the two men became friends. While on Mars, he began a romantic relationship with Lise Hampton, she broke up with him due to his repeated bouts of alcoholism and difficulties in keeping a job. However, she genuinely loved him and they continued to maintain a relationship on an "off and on" basis for nearly 15 years; when Sinclair was picked to command Babylon 5, he asked Garibaldi to serve as chief of security. Lise refused to go with Garibaldi, the two broke up at that point. Lise was married and had a daughter, but when she divorced her husband, Earth Alliance judges biased towards Earth natives took her daughter away from her in a trial.
Garibaldi became an excellent chief of security over the next few years. He managed to keep his alcoholism under control, became well-liked and respected by the security forces that he commanded; as Security Chief he made it his duty to know every nook and corner of the station where criminals could hide and operate, he worked hard to know and keep track of every leader and member of human and alien organized-crime groups on the station. His presence alone was enough to intimidate would-be criminals and evildoers from carrying out their plans, or to confessing to their crimes. During Garibaldi's second year, he discovered a plot to assassinate Earth Alliance President Luis Santiago; when he confronted the plotters on the station, Garibaldi was shot in the ba
Star Wreck: In the Pirkinning
Star Wreck: In the Pirkinning is a 2005 parody film produced by five friends in a two-room flat with a small budget and the support of a few hundred fans and several dozen acquaintances. It is the seventh production in the Star Wreck movie series, the first of professional quality and feature length, it is a dark science fiction comedy about domination of the world and the universe, a parody of the Star Trek and Babylon 5 franchises. The original version of the film is available as an authorized and legal download on the Internet under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND license; the newly established P-Fleet travels to a remote region of space. They approach an anomaly, identified as a "maggot hole". On the bridge of the C. P. P. Potkustartti, Captain James B. Pirk reminisces about his experiences since the end of the previous film, Star Wreck V: Lost Contact. Pirk was stranded on Earth at the end of the 20th century, his spaceship destroyed, his crew dispersed to avoid changing Earth's history. Years Pirk realized that Earth's history had not developed as expected since first contact with the Vulgars.
Instead of helping Mankind to conquer space, the Vulgars were corrupted by rock star Jeffrey Cochbrane, who sold their spaceship to the Russians. Pirk takes matters into his own hands, with his old crew members Commander Dwarf and Commander Info, he locates the spaceship of the Vulgars. Gaining the trust of the Russian President, he builds the spaceship C. P. P. Potkustartti and subsequently the "P-Fleet". Due to his monopoly on superior technology, Pirk becomes its emperor. Pirk desires further conquest, he takes the fleet through the maggot hole to a parallel universe, in which history has taken a different path. Pirk announces his intent to conquer the parallel universe to Captain Johnny K. Sherrypie, the commander of the Babel 13 space station. Sherrypie sends his fleet to counter Pirk's. Babel 13's fleet is devastated. Sherrypie surrenders to the P-Fleet's forces and lures Pirk and his security detail with promises of shore leave and sexual encounters with the Babel 13's female personnel. Sherrypie and his crew try to assassinate Pirk, but he and his men escape.
Battle resumes with the arrival of the Excavator, commanded by Festerbester. In a bitter fight, the P-Fleet suffers considerable losses, the Excavator inflicts heavy damage on the Potkustartti. Crippled, the Potkustartti is set on a collision course, the bridge personnel evacuate to Fukov's ship, the C. P. P. Kalinka; the destructive force of the Potkustartti ramming the Excavator during a "twist core split" destroys both ships. The remaining five P-Fleet ships approach Babel 13, preparing to destroy it, but Sherrypie's security officer Mikhail Garybrandy has primed the station's reactor to blow up; the blast destroys the other ships, but the Kalinka escapes through the maggot hole, spiraling out of control and crashing into what appears to be ice age Earth. Pirk and Dwarf beam down to safety as the ship crashes; the ending mirrors Pirk's initial predicament: he is stranded without a ship during an uneventful time in history. Info suggests he go into power save mode and revive himself in the distant future to stop the fleet from entering the maggot hole.
The scene shifts to Earth's orbit where a cloud of high tech debris exists, suggesting that they are trapped in a post-apocalyptic future, not the prehistoric past. Most of the major characters are parodies of characters from Star Trek or Babylon 5. Captain/Emperor James B. Pirk, played by Samuli Torssonen. A character based on James T. Kirk and Jean-Luc Picard, his surname an amalgamation of the two, who amounts to a megalomaniac and incompetent fool with incredible luck, he lacks any social abilities. The only reason he has advanced beyond Sub-Lieutenant are his tactical skills and his ability to keep discipline by bullying. Commander Info, played by Antti Satama. A parody of Data, he is an android and has a tendency to speak in overly long sentences full of technobabble, which others like Pirk don't seem to understand. On 21st-century Earth, when he runs out of flesh-colored paint, he stops trying to disguise himself. Commander Dwarf, played by Timo Vuorensola. A parody of Worf, he is a psychotic Plingon alien.
True to his Plingon warrior background, he never bathes. Famous for saying "Plingon warriors do not take showers!", he is trigger-happy and eager for action when it puts the objective at risk. Sergey Fukov, played by Janos Honkonen. A semi-independent character based on Pavel Chekov, he is the great-great-great-great-grandfather of the original Fukov in Star Wreck 1, 2, 3. Before joining up with Pirk, he was a incompetent nuclear engineer at the Chernobyl nuclear plant, he is the only captain of the P-fleet to inflict more destruction on his own ship than on the enemy. As Emperor Pirk says, he is "a brain-dead piss-for-brains Soviet mutant". Captain Johnny K. Sherrypie, played by Atte Joutsen. A parody of John Sheridan, he is the commanding officer of space station Babel 13 and likes making long-winded speeches and delaying decisions. Unlike Pirk, he acts professionally. Commander Susannah Ivanovitsa, played by Satu Heliö. A parody of Susan Ivanova, she is the sarcastic Executive Officer of the Babel 13.
Her daily duties consist of enduring Sherrypie's speeches. She bemoans the fact. Festerbester, played by Janos Honkonen. A parody of Alfred Bester, he is a Psy-Co officer with a habit of commandeering ships, he is a good tactician, about as competent
Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables. It can refer to liquids that are flavored with concentrate or other biological food sources, such as meat or seafood, such as clam juice. Juice is consumed as a beverage or used as an ingredient or flavoring in foods or other beverages, as for smoothies. Juice emerged as a popular beverage choice after the development of pasteurization methods enabled its preservation without using fermentation; the largest fruit juice consumers are New Colombia. Fruit juice consumption on average increases with country income level; the word "juice" comes from Old French in about 1300. The "Old French jus "juice, liquid"... from Latin ius "broth, juice, soup," from PIE root *yeue- "to blend, mix food"." The use of the word "juice" to mean "the watery part of fruits or vegetables" was first recorded in the early 14th century. Since the 19th century, the term "juice" has been used in a figurative sense.
Today, "au jus" refers to meat served along with its own juice as a gravy. Juice is prepared by mechanically squeezing or macerating fruit or vegetable flesh without the application of heat or solvents. For example, orange juice is the liquid extract of the fruit of the orange tree, tomato juice is the liquid that results from pressing the fruit of the tomato plant. Juice may be prepared in the home from fresh fruit and vegetables using a variety of hand or electric juicers. Many commercial juices are filtered to remove fiber or pulp, but high-pulp fresh orange juice is a popular beverage. Additives are put in some juices, such as artificial flavours. Common methods for preservation and processing of fruit juices include canning, concentrating, freezing and spray drying. Although processing methods vary between juices, the general processing method of juices includes: Washing and sorting food source Juice extraction Straining and clarification Blending pasteurization Filling and sterilization Cooling and packingAfter the fruits are picked and washed, the juice is extracted by one of two automated methods.
In the first method, two metal cups with sharp metal tubes on the bottom cup come together, removing the peel and forcing the flesh of the fruit through the metal tube. The juice of the fruit escapes through small holes in the tube; the peels can be used further, are washed to remove oils, which are reclaimed for usage. The second method requires the fruits to be cut in half before being subjected to reamers, which extract the juice. After the juice is filtered, it may be concentrated in evaporators, which reduce the size of juice by a factor of 5, making it easier to transport and increasing its expiration date. Juices are concentrated by heating under a vacuum to remove water, cooling to around 13 degrees Celsius. About two thirds of the water in a juice is removed; the juice is later reconstituted, in which the concentrate is mixed with water and other factors to return any lost flavor from the concentrating process. Juices can be sold in a concentrated state, in which the consumer adds water to the concentrated juice as preparation.
Juices are pasteurized and filled into containers while still hot. If the juice is poured into a container while hot, it is cooled as as possible. Packages that cannot stand heat require sterile conditions for filling. Chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide can be used to sterilize containers. Plants can make anywhere from 1 to 20 tonnes a day. High intensity pulsed electric fields are being used as an alternative to heat pasteurization in fruit juices. Heat treatments sometimes fail to make microbiological stable products. However, it was found that processing with high intensity pulsed electric fields can be applied to fruit juices to provide a shelf stable and safe product. In addition, it was found that pulsed electric fields provide a fresh-like and high nutrition value product. Pulsed electric field processing is a type of nonthermal method for food preservation. Pulsed electric fields use short pulses of electricity to inactivate microbes. In addition, the use of PEF results in minimal detrimental effects on the quality of the food.
Pulse electric fields kill microorganisms and provide better maintenance of the original colour and nutritional value of the food as compared to heat treatments. This method of preservation works by placing two electrodes between liquid juices applying high voltage pulses for microseconds to milliseconds; the high voltage pulses are of intensity in the range of 10 to 80 kV/cm. Processing time of the juice is calculated by multiplying the number of pulses with the effective pulse duration; the high voltage of the pulses produce an electric field that results in microbial inactivation that may be present in the juice. The PEF temperatures are below that of the temperatures used in thermal processing. After the high voltage treatment, the juice is refrigerated. Juice is able to transfer electricity due to the presence of several ions from the processing; when the electric field is applied to the juice, electric current