Aoimori Railway Line
The Aoimori Railway Line is a railway line in Japan. It connects Metoki Station in the town of Sannohe to Aomori Station in Aomori Prefecture; the Aoimori Railway Line is operated by the Aoimori Railway Company, a "third-sector" publicly and owned company. The railway facilities and tracks are owned by the local prefectural government as a "Category 3 Railway Business" under the Railway Business Act of Japan; the Aoimori Railway Company leases these facilities from the government and is responsible for operation of passenger trains on the tracks. This scheme is intended to mitigate the company's burden as an owner of fixed assets and is known as "track/service separation". Japan Freight Railway Company, the nationwide freight train operator, continues to use the line for freight services. For maintenance work, the line relies on the services of the Hachinohe Rinkai Railway Line. Aoimori 701 series 2-car EMUs x9 Aoimori 703 series 2-car EMUs x2The Aoimori Railway operates a fleet of 701 series two-car electric multiple units.
One set was built from new in September 2002. Two new two-car Aoimori 703 series EMUs were delivered in November 2013 and introduced from the start of the 15 March 2014 timetable revision; the Aoimori Railway Line was completed as the Metoki – Shiriuchi portion of the Nippon Railway on September 1, 1891. When the Nippon Railway was nationalized on November 1, 1906, it became part of the Japanese National Railways system and was designated part of the Tohoku Main Line on October 12, 1909. With the privatization and dissolution of JNR on April 1, 1987, the line came under the control of the East Japan Railway Company. On December 1, 2002, with the opening of the Tohoku Shinkansen, the portion of the Tohoku Main Line located in Iwate Prefecture became the Iwate Ginga Line, the portion in Aomori Prefecture from the Iwate border to Hachinohe Station became the Aoimori Railway Line. With the opening of the Tohoku Shinkansen extension to Shin-Aomori on 4 December 2010, the Tōhoku Main Line tracks between Hachinohe and Aomori were transferred to Aoimori Railway ownership.
The railway has been negotiating with the city of Aomori since December 2015 on a proposal to open a new station between Tsutsui Station and Aomori Station near the point at which the railway passes under Japan National Route 103. The station would be part of a sports arena development for the 2025 National Sports Festival of Japan to be held in Aomori; the neighborhood the station would serve is a residential area, but it would provide access to some busy shopping centers within walking distance to the station. Official website
Mutsu-Ichikawa Station is a railway station on the Aoimori Railway Line in the city of Hachinohe, Aomori Prefecture, operated by the third sector railway operator Aoimori Railway Company. Must Ichikawa Station is served by the Aoimori Railway Line, is 32.8 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Metoki Station. It is 650.1 kilometers from Tokyo Station. Mutsu Ichikawa Station has a one ground-level island platform and one ground-level side platform serving three tracks connected to the station building by a footbridge. However, only tracks 1 and 3 are in use, the rails for track 2 have been pulled up, giving the station an effective structure of two opposed side platforms; the small station building is unmanned. Mutsu-Ichikawa Station was opened on November 5, 1926 as the Todoroki Signal on the Tōhoku Main Line, it was elevated in status to a full station on the Japanese Government Railways, the pre-war predecssor to the Japan National Railways, on November 11, 1944 and given its present name at the same time.
Scheduled freight services were discontinued in October 1971, the station has been managed from Hachinohe Station since February 1985. With the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of East Japan Railway Company; the section of the Tōhoku Main Line including this station was transferred to Aoimori Railway on December 4, 2010. The station has been unattended since 1999. JGSDF Camp Hachinohe JMSDF Hachinohe Air Base List of Railway Stations in Japan JTB Timetable December 2010 issue Official website
Japanese Government Railways
The Japanese Government Railways was the national railway system directly operated by the central government of Japan until 1949. It is a predecessor of the Japan Railways Group; the English name "Japanese Government Railways" was what the Ministry of Railways of Japan used to call its own "Ministry Lines" and sometimes the ministry itself as a railway operator. Other English names for the government railways include Imperial Japanese Government Railways and Imperial Government Railways, which were used prior to the establishment of the ministry; this article however covers the railways operated by the central government of Japan from 1872 to 1949 notwithstanding the official English name of the system of each era. By the end of World War II in 1945, the Japanese Government Railways operated on the main Japanese islands of Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū, Shikoku and Karafuto; the railways in Taiwan and Korea were operated by the local Governor-General Offices - the Taiwan Government-General Railway and the Chosen Government Railway - and were not part of JGR.
While the JGR was the only major operator of intercity railways after the railway nationalization in 1906-07 owned regional railways were active. The gauge of the railway was 1,067 mm with minor exceptions of 762 mm gauge lines; the first railway in Japan was operated by the imperial government in 1872. The idea of centralization of the railway was promoted under the idea of "breaking down of the geographical barriers that existed in the feudal communities which hindered the centralization of authority". Early shareholders of the railway were members of the nobility, holding "the major portion of capital"; the governmental system was expanded by the promulgation of the Railway Nationalization Act in 1906. In 1920, the Ministry of Railways was established. In 1949, JGR was reorganized to become a state-owned public corporation named the Japanese National Railways. June 12, 1872 - Provisional opening of Tokyo-Yokohama railway October 14, 1872 - Formal opening of Tokyo-Yokohama railway October 1, 1907 - Completion of nationalization of 17 private railways under 1906 Railway Nationalization Act December 20, 1914 - Opening of Tokyo Station November 1, 1925 - Inauguration of the Yamanote Loop Line April 1, 1943 - Inclusion of Karafuto prefectural lines into national system February 1, 1946 - Official exclusion of Soviet-occupied Karafuto lines from national system June 1, 1949 - Establishment of Japanese National Railways, i.e. end of Japanese Government Railways April 1, 1987 - Privatization of JNR, establishment of seven JR companies Before the establishment of the Japanese National Railways as a public corporation on June 1, 1949, the Japanese Government Railways were operated by the governmental agencies.
The table below shows the historical operators of the JGR. Translated names of ministries may not be official. Names of the operating department mean "department of railways" or like. Since opening in 1872, the railway set fares for passengers in three classes; the transportation of freight was charged based on class of goods. In 1872, passengers could choose from Upper and Lower classes, which were renamed as First and Third classes. Freight was shipped using one of five rates based on 100 kin of product. A 1923 review of the shipping tariffs further explained that goods are divided into three shipping classes: koguchi atsukai, kashikini atsukai and tokushu atsukai, it was possible to ship them via futsubin and kyukobin. "It may, therefore, be said that the freight rates of the State-owned railways in Japan are of absolute uniformity." As Japan is an island nation, it was noted that ocean-going vessels are a major source of competition for the freight business of the railway. The government mandated the use of automatic couplers on all cars on the system in July 1925.
The system was transitioning from vacuum brakes to air brakes at this time, with most freight cars equipped with air brakes by April 1927. One of the roles of the Japanese Government Railways was to attract foreign tourists to Japan. In 1930, the government created the Board of Tourist Industry as a section of the Japanese Government Railways; the Board printed and distributed picture posters and English guidebooks overseas and encouraged development of resort hotels at home. The Board was dissolved in 1942, following the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941. Inoue Masaru - Head of the government railways between 1871 and 1893 Hirai Seijirō - Head of the government railways between 1904 and 1908 Gotō Shinpei - Head of the government railways between 1908 and 1911 Takejirō Tokonami - Head of government railways in 1920s and early 1930s Eisaku Satō - serves as a railway official between 1924 and 1948
Yadamae Station is a railway station on the Aoimori Railway Line is a railway station in the city of Aomori, Aomori Prefecture, operated by the third sector railway operator Aoimori Railway Company. Yadamae Station is served by the Aoimori Railway Line, is 112.7 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Metoki Station. It is 730.0 kilometers from Tokyo. Yadamae Station has two opposed side platforms, connected the station building by a footbridge; the station is unattended. Yadamae Station was opened on November 1, 1986 as a station on the Japan National Railways' Tōhoku Main Line. With the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of East Japan Railway Company; the section of the Tōhoku Main Line including this station was transferred to Aoimori Railway on December 4, 2010. Higashi-Kōkō-Mae bus stop Aomori municipal bus For Aomori Station For Yada For Tōbu-Eigyōsho For Tsukinokidate Aomori-Higashi high school Harabetsu post office Aomori city hall Harabetsu branch List of Railway Stations in Japan JTB Timetable December 2010 issue Official website
Mukaiyama Station is a railway station on the Aoimori Railway Line in the town of Oirase, Aomori Prefecture, operated by the third sector railway operator Aoimori Railway Company. Mukaiyama Station is served by the Aoimori Railway Line, is 79.7 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Aomori Station. It is 659.5 kilometers from Tokyo Station. Mukaiyama Station has a single ground-level island platform serving two tracks connected to the station building by a footbridge; the station is unattended. The station opened on July 10, 1936. With the privatization of JNR on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of East Japan Railway Company. With the opening of the Tohoku Shinkansen extension to Shin-Aomori, the section of the Tohoku Main Line including this station was transferred to the Aoimori Railway on December 4, 2010. Kawano Green Farm List of Railway Stations in Japan Aoimori Railway station information
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
Ottomo Station is a railway station in the town of Tōhoku, Aomori Prefecture, operated by the third sector railway operator Aoimori Railway Company. Ottomo Station is served by the Aoimori Railway Line, is 64.3 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Aomori Station. It is 681.6 kilometers from Tokyo Station. Ottomo Station has two ground-level island platforms connected by a footbridge; the station is staffed. Towada Kanko bus stop For Shichinohe Ottomo Station was opened on January 1, 1894 as a station on the Nippon Railway. On January 1, 1906, with the nationalization of the Nippon Railway, it became a station of the Tōhoku Main Line of the Japanese Government Railways, the pre-war predecessor to the Japan National Railways. Scheduled freight services were discontinued from March 15, 1972. With the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of East Japan Railway Company; the section of the Tōhoku Main Line including this station was transferred to Aoimori Railway on December 4, 2010.
Tohoku town office Ottomo Post Office National Route 394 List of Railway Stations in Japan JTB Timetable December 2010 issue Aoimori Railway station information page