Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz, is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry. From the business side, the term applies to the creative element and was in common usage throughout the 20th century, although the first known use in print dates from 1850. At that time and for several decades, it included an initial the. By the latter part of the century, it had acquired a arcane quality associated with the era of variety, but the term is still in active use. In modern entertainment industry, it is associated with the fashion industry and acquiring intellectual property rights from the invested research in the entertainment business; the global media and entertainment market, including motion pictures, television programs and commercials, streaming content and audio recordings, radio, book publishing, video games, ancillary services and products) was worth $1.72 trillion in 2015, $1.9 trillion in 2016, with extrapolations ranging to $2.14 trillion by 2020.
About one third of the total is made up by the U. S. entertainment industry, the largest M&E in the world. The entertainment sector can be split up into the following subsectors: Amusement parks Animation Circus Event management Film Gambling Game manufacturers Home video and home video distributors Music Sex business Talent agency Theatre production The industry segment is covered by class "R" of the International Standard Industrial Classification: "Arts and recreation" Creative industries Cultural industry Cultural technology Light entertainment List of show business families Outline of entertainment This Is Show Business, television series running from 1949 to 1956 Show Business magazine, since 1941 "There's No Business Like Show Business"
A water park or waterpark is an amusement park that features water play areas such as swimming pools, water slides, splash pads, water playgrounds, lazy rivers, as well as areas for bathing and other barefoot environments. Modern water parks may be equipped with some type of artificial surfing or bodyboarding environment, such as a wave pool or flowrider. Water parks have grown in popularity since their introduction in early 1950s; the United States has the largest and most concentrated water park market, with over 1,000 water parks and dozens of new parks opening each year. Major organizations are the IAAPA and WWA, the industry trade association. Water parks which emerge from spas tend to more resemble mountain resorts, as they become year-round destinations. For example, Splash Universe Water Park Resort is themed to match the community in which it is located; the theme is intended to enhance the community's destination appeal. Therefore, the amusement and leisure-time industry is becoming more concentrated, as winter sports are becoming common themes in summertime water recreation.
A process of concentration can be observed in the hybrid versions of theme-, amusement-, water parks. Some water parks are more spa-oriented. For example, SchwabenQuellen has no water. In the 2000s, an effort was made to reduce long waiting lines by introducing conveyor belts to lift passengers or use water jets. An unusual feature at a water park is ice skating. Deep River Water Park in northwestern Indiana features ice skating, made possible by cooling pipes installed under their massive plaza; the first-ever indoor water park was built in Edmonton, Canada, in 1985 at the West Edmonton Mall as part of the $12.2-billion-dollar Phase III expansion. World Waterpark is the world's largest indoor water park, at over 655,550 sq ft in size, it includes the world's largest indoor wave pool, water slides of varying degrees, tube rides, bungee jumping, hot tubs. Tropical Islands Resort, with an area of 510,000 sq ft, is the second largest indoor water park in the world. With five indoor water parks, Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin is recognized as the "Water Park Capital of the World".
It showcases several of America's largest indoor and outdoor water parks, such as Noah's Ark Water Park. Indoor water parks in Wisconsin Dells debuted in 1994 after the Polynesian Resort Hotel built the first one in the U. S. Success in extending the tourist season and turning water park resorts into vacation destinations has resulted in tremendous industry growth. Resort hotels featuring massive indoor water parks have been reserved for overnight guests. Companies like Great Wolf Resorts/Great Wolf Lodge and Kalahari Resorts have branched out from their origin in Wisconsin Dells to open new locations around the country. Mt. Olympus Theme and Water Park is another huge water park in the Dells; the largest indoor water park in the UK is Sandcastle Water Park in Blackpool, which opened in 1986. There are many water parks in southern Europe. For example, in Portugal's Algarve, there are three main parks: Aqualand and Slide n' Splash; the growth of indoor water parks have encouraged leisure centres across the world to begin implementing features of waterparks into their facilities, including slides and lazy rivers.
Water play areas are similar to water parks and include urban beaches, splash pads, smaller collections of water slides in many hotels and public swimming pools. For example, the Chelsea Hotel in Toronto features. Indoor water park List of water parks O'Niell, Karen. "The International Politics of National Parks". 24. Young, Terrance. "Modern Urban Parks". 85: 535–551. JSTOR 215924
Main Street Electrical Parade
The Main Street Electrical Parade is a nighttime parade, created by Robert Jani and project director Ron Miziker. It features floats and live performers covered in over 600,000 electronically controlled LED lights and a synchronized soundtrack triggered by radio control along key areas of the parade route. Versions of the parade existed in five Disney parks worldwide, however, as of August 21, 2017, only one continues to exist; the version at Disneyland Park in California's Disneyland Resort ran from 1972-1996, again in 2017. The neighboring Disney California Adventure park hosted the parade between 2001 and 2010. Another version, at the Magic Kingdom in Florida's Walt Disney World Resort, ran between 1977 and 2016, with two major gaps during 1991–1999 and 2001–2010; the parade has spun off several other versions that ran or continue to run at Disney parks around the world. An updated version runs at Tokyo Disneyland as the Tokyo Disneyland Electrical Parade: DreamLights. In 2014, Hong Kong Disneyland premiered a spiritual successor to the Main Street Electrical Parade, the Paint the Night Parade.
An extended version of Paint the Night premiered at Disneyland on May 22, 2015 as part of the park's 60th anniversary celebration, moved to Disney California Adventure on April 12, 2018. The original Disneyland version of the parade ran at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom as "Disney's Main Street Electrical Parade" from June 5, 2010 to October 9, 2016, when it closed in preparation for a limited-time run at Disneyland; the Disneyland run started on January 20, 2017 and was planned to run through June 18, 2017, but due to popular demand, Disney extended the parade's run to August 20, 2017. Disney has not made any announcements regarding the parade's future; the predecessor to the 1972 Disneyland Main Street Electrical Parade was the Electrical Water Pageant, a show made up of fourteen 25-foot-tall screens with electrical lights placed on them. Not long after the Electrical Water Pageant debuted, Card Walker commissioned the development of what became the Main Street Electrical Parade to provide Disneyland with a similar nighttime visual spectacle.
The parade's design used nickel–cadmium batteries, which the Disney movie studio had started using, Italian-made miniature bulbs that Disneyland staff had seen in light displays along Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. Disney arranged for the parade's original floats to be constructed by Silvestri, the Chicago-based company responsible for those holiday displays. Two months to deadline, Disney discovered the float contractor was far behind schedule and decided to finish the floats themselves in a backstage area at Disneyland. Disney brought on welders and other temporary workers to assemble the floats and hand-tint and install 500,000 bulbs; the engineers who helped create the parade created the first automated parade show-control program. This allowed the 2,000-foot long parade route to contain multiple radio-activated "trigger zones". Using radio-activated triggers as each float entered a zone, the audience would hear float-specific music through the park's audio system; each zone was between 70 to 100 feet long, the zoned system meant that every person watching the parade would experience the same show, no matter where they stood along the parade route.
The first rehearsal was a disaster. S. A. and some performers' costumes emitted sparks. Despite these obstacles, the parade debuted on schedule on June 17, 1972; the original parade floats featured the Blue Fairy, a large drum pulled by the Casey Jr. Engine, Cinderella, a Chinese dragon, a circus calliope; until 1977, some of the floats, such as the elephant train and the American flag finale, were flat screens on manually-pushed rolling platforms similar to the Electrical Water Pageant. The Main Street Electrical Parade had counterparts of the same name and layout at Magic Kingdom in the Walt Disney World Resort, which ran from June 11, 1977 to September 14, 1991, it was replaced by a similar parade called SpectroMagic, which ran from October 1, 1991 to May 20, 1999, reopened on April 2, 2001, ended on June 4, 2010. On April 12, 1992, the version from Magic Kingdom went to Disneyland Park at Disneyland Paris and ran there until March 23, 2003, it was replaced by Fantillusion, a nighttime parade from Tokyo Disneyland that had earlier replaced the Tokyo version of the Main Street Electrical Parade, which ran from March 9, 1985 to June 21, 1995.
On June 14, 1997, a presentation of the Electrical Parade called the "Hercules Electrical Parade", ran on Broadway, New York City for the opening of Disney's New Amsterdam Theater and the film Hercules. Disney arranged for the lights to be all turned off on about eight blocks of Broadway up to the theater. All businesses complied, with the exception of Disney rival Warner Brothers, it was led by a custom Hercules title unit made for this one time only use. It was shown on national television on a one-hour promotional program featuring the music and making of Hercules; the Main Street Electrical Parade closed at Disneyland on November 1996 after a 24-year run. Light bulbs certified as having been part of the show were sold to collectors; the replacement show, Light Magic, was an immediate failure. Disney cancelled Light Magic but held off in bringing back the popular Main Street Electrical Parade. However, the parade was refurbished and appeared at Magic Kingdom on May 21, 1999 for a limited engagement, just in time for Walt Disney World Millennium Celebration.
The parade ended its run at Magic Kingdom on April 1, 2001 and SpectroMagic was brought back the following day. The Main Street Electrical Parade floats were sent back to California for the parade's return
Karin Victoria Silvstedt is a Swedish top model, actress and television personality. Born in Skelleftehamn, Silvstedt was raised in a family of five in Bollnäs, having one older sister and one younger brother, she wanted to become a veterinarian. Silvstedt's father was the captain of a local ski team, she started alpine skiing at the age of five. In 1989, Silvstedt placed fourth at the Swedish national alpine skiing youth championship, in the giant slalom event won by Pernilla Wiberg. However, an accident in the middle of a skiing competition where she injured her shoulder ended Silvstedt's competitive skiing career at the age of 16. A few years Silvstedt was invited to participate in the Miss Sweden beauty pageant, after her mother and sister had sent some pictures of her to the pageant officials. Silvstedt participated in the Miss Sweden beauty pageant, she was chosen to represent her country in the 1993 Miss World pageant in Sun City, South Africa making the Top 10. Silvstedt was signed up by a modeling agency in Paris, she started working for various prestigious fashion houses, including Chanel, Christian Dior, Giorgio Armani, Loris Azzaro, Valentino, appearing in advertisements and fashion shows.
Silvstedt was soon noticed by Hugh Hefner, who invited her to do a photo shoot for Playboy magazine in Los Angeles. She became the December 1996 Playmate of the Month, was chosen as the 1997 Playmate of the Year. Silvstedt has since appeared in various Playboy magazines, including Playboy Special Editions, as well as Playboy Videos. In the late 1990s, Silvstedt landed one of the most sought-after modeling contracts in the world, becoming the Guess? spokesmodel, succeeding among others Claudia Schiffer and Anna Nicole Smith. In the 2000s and 2010s, Silvstedt has continued modeling internationally, appearing in numerous magazines, including FHM, Glamour, GQ, Hello!, Maxim and Vanity Fair, working for various brands such as Lynx, Nike and Triumph International, being the cover star for the re-issued Russ Meyer DVDs. She has been featured on over 500 magazine covers. Silvstedt has worked as an actress since the late 1990s, when she appeared in Hollywood television series such as Malibu, CA and Melrose Place.
Since Silvstedt has appeared in a number of Hollywood comedy films, including BASEketball, The Independent, Out Cold, Boat Trip. Silvstedt has appeared as a guest actress on Ocean Ave. a Miami-based soap opera, broadcast in Sweden and Florida. Silvstedt has starred in films and television series in various European countries in Italy; as a leading actress, she has appeared in Italian films such as La mia vita a stelle e strisce and Un maresciallo in gondola, in which she played Kim Novak. She has had supporting roles in films like Un'estate al mare and Matrimonio alle Bahamas. In 2010, Silvstedt starred in Just for the Record, a British mockumentary, starring Steven Berkoff among others, she had a small role in the French film Heartbreaker, starring Romain Duris and Vanessa Paradis. As for theatre, Silvstedt has appeared in the Off Broadway production, during its stay in Los Angeles in 2004. Silvstedt has been presenting numerous television shows and television specials all around the world since the 1990s.
She has hosted entertainment shows such as Candid Camera on CBS, Eurotrash on Channel 4, Wild On! on E!, appeared as a presenter in various awards shows, including NRJ and World Music Awards. She has served as a celebrity judge on Project Catwalk, the British reality television series focusing on fashion design. In 2006, Silvstedt started working as a hostess of La Roue de la Fortune in France and La Ruota Della Fortuna in Italy. Both of the shows are based on the popular American game show Wheel of Fortune, Silvstedt divided her time between Paris and Rome, filming one of the shows for one month at a time, until 2009, when the Italian version was cancelled; as of 2012, Silvsted is no longer part of the French version either. In 2010, Silvstedt hosted her own television show Sport by Victoria on Eurosport during the 2010 Winter Olympics; the light-hearted programme introduced different winter sports, it was done both in English and French. Since 2011, Silvstedt has hosted numerous Le grand bêtisier television specials on TF1 in France, including the Christmas special Le grand bêtisier de Noël, which attracted over three million viewers and an audience share of 32.7 percent on Christmas Eve 2011.
Silvstedt released her dance music album Girl on the Run through the EMI label in 1999. Three singles, "Hello Hey", "Rocksteady Love", "Party Line", were released to support the album sales, the album went gold in Sweden. In 2010, Silvstedt released her fourth single called "Saturday Night", a Whigfield cover. Silvstedt has said she loves singing, but it is just a hobby, that she cannot see herself making a full-time career out of it. Having an interest in fashion design, Silvstedt launched her own lingerie collection Very Victoria Silvstedt at London Fashion Week in 2006; the Very Victoria Silvstedt brand was officially launched for retail in collaboration with the Marie Meili brand in Paris in 2013. Silvstedt debuted with her own reality television series Victoria Silvstedt: My Perfect Life on E! in 2008. The show has since been aired all around the world, including Europe, Asia and the Americas; the first season covers Silvstedt's personal and work life, following her to St. Tropez, Cannes, Rome, Helsinki, Los Angeles, New York.
Silvstedt visits her family in Northern Sweden, where she grew up, spending time with her childho
Orlando is a city in the U. S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,509,831, according to U. S. Census Bureau figures released in July 2017; these figures make it the 23rd-largest metropolitan area in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida. As of 2015, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 280,257, making it the 73rd-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, the state's largest inland city; the City of Orlando is nicknamed "The City Beautiful," and its symbol is the fountain at Lake Eola. Orlando is known as "The Theme Park Capital of the World" and in 2016 its tourist attractions and events drew more than 72 million visitors; the Orlando International Airport is the thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States and the 29th-busiest in the world.
As one of the world's most visited tourist destinations, Orlando's famous attractions form the backbone of its tourism industry. The two most significant of these attractions are Walt Disney World, opened by the Walt Disney Company in 1971, located 21 miles southwest of Downtown Orlando in Bay Lake. With the exception of Walt Disney World, most major attractions are located along International Drive with one of these attractions being the Orlando Eye; the city is one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions. Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew from the 1980s up into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015. In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma−" level global city in the World Cities Study Group's inventory. Orlando ranks as the fourth-most popular American city based on where people want to live according to a 2009 Pew Research Center study.
Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was once known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U. S. Artillery under the command of Ltc. Alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9, 1838, during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida during the Second Seminole War; the fort and surrounding area were named for Dr. John S. Gatlin, an Army physician, killed in Dade's Massacre on December 28, 1835; the site of construction for Fort Gatlin, a defensible position with fresh water between three small lakes, was chosen because the location was on a main trail and is less than 250 yards from a nearby Council Oak tree where Native Americans had traditionally met. King Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been planned; when the U. S. military abandoned the fort in 1839, the surrounding community was built up by settlers. Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan.
This name originates from the first permanent settlers and Aaron Jernigan, cattlemen who acquired land two miles northwest of Fort Gatlin along the west end of Lake Holden in July 1843 by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act. Aaron Jernigan became Orange County's first State Representative in 1845 but his pleas for additional military protection went unanswered. Fort Gatlin was reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849 and subsequently a volunteer militia was left to defend the settlement. A historical marker indicates that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan. According to an account written years by his daughter, at that time, about 80 settlers were forced to shelter for about a year in "a stockade that Aaron Jernigan built on the north side of Lake Conway". One of the county's first records, a grand jury's report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were "driven from their homes and forced to huddle together in hasty defences."
Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852. A Post Office opened at Jernigan in 1850. Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of Florida and by 1856 the area had become the county seat of Orange County. In 1857, the Post Office was removed from Jernigan, opened under the name of Orlando at a new location in present-day downtown Orlando. During the American Civil War, the Post Office closed, but reopened in 1866; the move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigan's fall from grace after he was relieved of his militia command by military officials in 1856. His behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote, "It is said they are more dreadful than the Indians." In 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of committing a murder at the town's post office. They were transported to Ocala, but escaped. There are at least five stories as to; the most common stories are that the name Orlando originated from the tale of a man who died in 1835 during a attack by Native Americans in the area during the Second Seminole War.
Several of the stories relay an oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, the double entendre, "Here lies Orlando." One variant includes a man named Orlando, passing by on his way to Tampa with a herd of oxen and was buried in a marked grave. At a meeting in 1857, debate had grown concerning the name of the town. Pioneer William B. Hull recalled
Angel Lynn Boris is an American model and actress sometimes credited as Angel Boris Reed. Born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) and after entering the Venus Swimwear international model search in 1994, she was discovered by Playboy photographer David Chan. While working for Hawaiian Tropic, she appeared in a Playboy pictorial featuring the women of Hawaiian Tropic, in July 1996, she became Playboy's Playmate of the Month, her centerfold was photographed by Richard Fegley. She appeared in many special editions of the magazine, she has acted in several films and has appeared on numerous television shows and music videos. Boris was a frequent guest star in the TV show Beverly Hills, 90210 as Emma Bennett in season eight, she played a journalist. Boris competed on the Playmate edition of the NBC show Fear Factor, coming in second to Lauren Michelle Hill. In 2001, she appeared on the TV soap opera General Hospital for about six months, playing a character whose name was Angel. In 2002, she made an appearance on The King of Queens.
In 2006, she played the role of Cindy in the feature film The Still Life. Angel Boris on IMDb
Keenen Ivory Wayans
Keenen Ivory Wayans, Sr. is an American actor, filmmaker, a member of the Wayans family of entertainers. He first came to prominence as the host and the creator of the 1990–1994 Fox sketch comedy series In Living Color, he has produced, directed and/or written a large number of films, starting with Hollywood Shuffle, which he co wrote, in 1987. A majority of these films have included one or more of his brothers and sisters in the cast. One of these films, Scary Movie, which Wayans directed, was the highest-grossing movie directed by an African American until it was surpassed by Tim Story's Fantastic Four in 2005. From 1997 to 1998, he hosted. Most he was a judge for the eighth season of Last Comic Standing. Wayans was born in Harlem, New York City, son of Howell Stouten Wayans, a supermarket manager, his wife Elvira Alethia, a homemaker and social worker, his father was a devout Jehovah's Witness. The family moved to Manhattan's Fulton housing projects, where he grew up, he attended Seward Park High School during his teenage years, attended Tuskegee University on an engineering scholarship.
He entertained his friends at college with made-up stories about life in New York. One semester before graduation, he dropped out of school to focus on comedy. During his first set performing at The Improv in New York, Wayans met Robert Townsend, who helped him learn about the comedy business. Townsend and Wayans drove cross country to Los Angeles together when Wayans moved to Los Angeles in 1980, they did not speak for a year afterwards. Wayans worked there as an actor, he had a regular role as a soldier on a television series named "For Love and Honor". Townsend wrote and starred in the movie Hollywood Shuffle; the movie's success allowed him to raise the money to make. Fox Broadcasting Company approached Wayans to offer him his own show. Wayans wanted to produce a variety show, similar to Saturday Night Live, with a cast of people of color that took chances with its content. Fox gave Wayans a lot of freedom with the show, although Fox executives were a bit concerned about the show's content prior to its television debut.
Wayans created and starred in the show, called In Living Color, an American sketch comedy television series that ran on the Fox Network from 1990 to 1994. Wayans is a vegetarian, has promoted the diet in a public service announcement of 2006 for the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. Death Row Comic Frenchie Ice Man Tom Brothers Wes Arsenio Hall Billy Dee Williams Don Cornelius Jesse Jackson Little Richard Mike Tyson Marsha Warfield Milli of Milli Vanilli Morgan Freeman Rick James Steve Harvey Carl Weathers Hollywood Shuffle Eddie Murphy Raw I'm Gonna Git You Sucka In Living Color The Five Heartbeats A Low Down Dirty Shame Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood The Keenen Ivory Wayans Show Most Wanted Scary Movie Scary Movie 2 White Chicks Little Man Dance Flick The Boo Crew Keenen Ivory Wayans on IMDb Keenen Ivory Wayans at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television