Malappuram is a city in the Indian state of Kerala, spread over an area of 33.61 km2. The first municipality in the district formed in 1969, Malappuram serves as the administrative headquarters of Malappuram district. Divided into 40 electoral wards, the city has a population density of 2,083 per square kilometre; as per the 2011 census Malappuram Urban Agglomeration is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in Kerala state with a total population of 1,698,645. Malappuram is situated 90 km northwest of Palghat; the word Malappuram means "terraced place atop the hills" or "hilltop", derived from the general geographical characteristics of the city. Malappuram was a military headquarters from ancient times though the ancient history of the city is hardly seen recorded. However, there are some pre-historic relics Rock-cut caves found in some parts of the city like Oorakam, Ponmala, Vengara etc. manifesting the inhabitancy. Locality named like Valiyangadi, Pallipuram etc. points to the Jain - Buddhist history of Malappuram.
Notably, the 1500 year old Jain Temple above 2000 ft sea level at Oorakam Hill of Malappuram undoubtedly proves the same. During the Sangam period, Eranadan Malappuram was under the Chera Empire. Places like Pattar Kadav, Panakkad etc. are evolved out of Pattars and Panars having lived there. But no further details are available about the life and culture of the people either during the Sangam age or in the post-Sangam age. Archeological relics found in Malappuram include the remnants of palaces of the eastern branch of the Zamorin reign. Details of the rulers of erstwhile Malappuram, who were the ancestors of Zamorins, figure in the Jewish copper plates of Bhaskara Ravi Varman and in the Kottayam copper plates of Veera Raghava Chakravarthy; the history of the city is interwoven with the history of Zamorin's rule. Malappuram is situated in the mid land area of the state; as the name suggests, it is covered with small mountains of lush greenery, bonded with several fresh water streams flowing through the city.
Kadalundi Puzha, a major river in Kerala is flowing around the city. Malappuram is one of the few municipalities in the state with a tremendous track record of keeping city clean; the recognition as'best municipality' in up keeping the cleanliness and health' by state government acknowledges this sincere efforts of municipality. Malappuram is the biggest potential nod of the district. Unlike other district headquarters, Malappuram holds significant position in west-east transit along with north-south, it makes the city accessible for everyone in the district through either National Highway or State Highway. The strategical location of the city is yet to be exploited in many aspects; the city has less the same climatic conditions prevalent else-where the state. The climate is mild hot and humid in nature; however the South West Monsoon is very heavy. The best season to visit Malappuram is during the months of September to March as the weather conditions are quite pleasant. Owing to its natural habitat, Malappuram is a city of fresh air.
According to the Central Pollution Control Board data for the year 2010, of the 180 cities monitored for SO2, NO2 and PM10, Malappuram was one of the two cities which met the criteria of low pollution for all air pollutants. Being the headquarters city, Malappuram comprises the Civil Station area which consists of administrative and other Government offices of the district such as District Collectrate, District Treasury, RTO, PWD Division Office, Jilla Panchayat, Town planning Office, Text depot, District Medical office etc. to name a few. The city is administered by the Malappuram Municipality, headed by a Municipal Chairman. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into 40 wards, from which the members of the municipal council are elected for five years; the Chairperson of Malappuram Municipality is Smt. C. H Jameela and the Deputy Chairperson is Sri. Perumpally Said. Malappuram Assembly constituency and Malappuram are presently represented by Indian Union Muslim League Leaders. P. K. Kunjalikkutty is the sitting Member of Parliament.
The member of the Legislative Assembly of Malappuram is P. Ubaidulla. City police is headed by a Dy SP Malappuram, and Office of Superintendent of Police is at Malappuram. Apart from regular law and order, city police comprises the Malappuram Traffic Police, Crime Branch, Bomb Squad, Dog Squad, Women's Cell, Narcotics Cell, Malabar Special Police, Armed Police Camp, District Crime Records Bureau. Apart from these, there is 24/7 highway police patrol as well as special pink patrol under Malappuram police division catering to women. A major driver of the local economy is the remittances of the migrants residing in the Middle East, by which banking sector in Malappuram has huge NRI deposits, and so its natural for Malappuram to hold 9th position in Top Ten Towns with highest per capita bank deposits in India. The city has a strong trader community in which hotels and bakery business out numbers, followed by the textile and medical sector. With all leading automobile brands establishing their showrooms in the city, Malappuram RTO has witnessed highest number of vehicle registration in the state since couple of years.
Malappuram RTO is considered as the gold mine of Kerala Vehicle department earning around 250cr every year. Volkswagen, Ford, Hyundai, Maruti Suzuki, Renault, Toyota etc. have their showrooms in the city. Showrooms for all leading Two wheeler, Three Wheeler and Medium Vehicles are present aplenty. BharatBenz has a T3 facility with their largest workshop in
Kerala, locally known as Keralam, is a state on the southwestern, Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2, Kerala is the twenty-second largest Indian state by area, it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, the Lakshadweep Sea and Arabian Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population, it is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era; the region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE.
In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin, they united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State, the state of Thiru-Kochi, the taluk of Kasaragod in South Canara, a part of Madras State; the economy of Kerala is the 12th-largest state economy in India with ₹7.73 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹163,000. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%. The state has witnessed significant emigration to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, its economy depends on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community.
Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian and European cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad; the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, tea, coffee and spices are important; the state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres, around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions; the name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. One popular theory derives Kerala from alam; the word Kerala is first recorded as Keralaputra in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka, one of his edicts pertaining to welfare.
The inscription refers to the local ruler as Keralaputra. This contradicts the theory that Kera is from "coconut tree". At that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil: Chera and Kera are variants of the same word; the word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for "lake". The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. Kerala is mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics; the Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal, referred to as Manikkam Keralar, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil chera alam; the Greco-Roman trade map. According to Tamil classic Purananuru, Chera king Senkuttuvan conquered the lands between Kanyakumari and the Himalayas. Lacking worthy enemies, he besieged the sea by throwing his spear into it. According to the 17th century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu.
Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, the water receded as far as it reached. According to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari; the land which rose from sea was filled with unsuitable for habitation. Out of respect and all snakes were appo
Kolkali is a folk art performed in North Malabar region of Kerala State in south India. The dance performers move in a circle, striking small sticks and keeping rhythm with special steps; the circle contracts as the dance progress. The accompanying music rises in pitch and the dance reaches its climax. Kolkali is now a popular event in Kerala School Kalolsavam, considered as the biggest cultural event of Asia. Many of the traditional performing art forms of Kerala like Kathakali, Velakali and Thacholikali. Kathakali has borrowed much from Kalarippayattu in its basic body preparative training of the actor not only in terms of technique in practice but from the body massage for the trainee. Many of the body postures and foot work of the Kolkali characters are taken directly from Kalarippayattu; the origin of the art can be traced back to ancient days when Kalarippayattu, a martial art of Kerala, was in vogue. The art has found a revival among the Syrian Christian communities of Kerala in the last few years, the performance by trained artists is encouraged in the Christian feasts and celebrations.
Arts of Kerala
Feroke is a Municipality and a part of Kozhikode metropolitan area under Kozhikode Development Authority in the Kozhikode district of the Indian state of Kerala. The village was named Farookhabad by Tippu Sultan; this was changed to Feroke by the British. It is assumed that Tipu Sulthan used Feroke as his capital in Malabar; the remains of a fort built by Tipu Sultan still stands in Feroke with a long tunnel to the river. Authorities are trying to preserve; the old bridge at Feroke was built by the British in 1883. As of the 2001 India census, Feroke had a population of 29,504. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. In Feroke, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age; as of the 2011 India census, The Feroke Census Town has population of 32,122 of which 15,596 are males while 16,526 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3979, 12.39% of total population of Feroke. In Feroke Census Town, Female Sex Ratio is of 1060 against state average of 1084. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Feroke is around 969 compared to Kerala state average of 964.
Literacy rate of Feroke city is 95.99% higher than state average of 94.00%. In Feroke, Male literacy is around 97.67% while female literacy rate is 94.42%. Feroke is the cradle of the tile industry in Kerala; the rapid rivers from the Western Ghats after passing through forests carry the clay, the raw-material for tiles and ceramic wares. There are more than a dozen tile factories in Feroke. Feroke is well known for its wood and Timber industries. Cheruvannur and Feroke are predominant industrial areas of Kozhikode. A number of tile factories, match factories, Timber industries, Automobile dealerships, Footwear industries, steel factories, etc. are located here, providing employment to thousands of workers. The Steel Complex is located here. Farook College is the biggest educational organization of Feroke area; the college was started in 1948 and enjoys autonomous status from 2015. It is the largest residential post-graduate institution affiliated with the University of Calicut; the college is located on a hillock called'Irumooli Paramba' 5 km from Feroke Railway Station and 16 km from the city of Calicut and at a distance of 16 km from the Calicut Airport.
The entire campus comprising the college, its hostels, the staff quarters and its sister concerns covers an area of 70 acres. The entire village has a post office called Farook College. Nallur Shiva Kshethram Mullassery Kavu, Chulliparamba Pallithara Shri Kurumba Bhagavathi Kshethram Valakkada Kshethram Kizhakke Kavu Padinjare Kavu Cheruvannur Subhramanya Swami kshethram Parambath kavu Temple Karayi Temple Pottathil Sree Bhagavathi temple Odayalathodi Bhagavathi temple Madathodi Kavu Pareekatu Kavu Koyas Hospital Employees' State Insurance Hospital, Feroke Red Crescent Hospital, Chungam. Shifa hospital, kallampara Edavannappara is a scenic village near Feroke and there is a lot of tourist potential here; the undulating hills in the neighbouring villages can be utilized to make it a world class picnic location. Three kilometres away lies the more attractive Elamaram village on the Chaliyar river. There is a ferry service here; the ticket is Rs.5.00 and the motor boat service is available every half an hour between 6.40 a.m. and 8.40 p.m. including Sundays.
ShoppingEven though this a tiny village, the shopping facilities available are quite elaborate. The MC Mall in the heart of the town looks like an upmarket city facility. There are many theme restaurants here, it appears. Beypore town is at the mouth of the Beypore river; the place was known as Vaypura and Vadaparappanad. Tippu Sultan named the town "Sultan Pattanam", it is one of the important ports of an important trading centre. Beypore is known for its boat building yard, it is a major fishing harbour of Kerala. There are two man made extensions to the sea to facilitate easy access for fishing boats. Chaliyam is an island in Kadalundi Amsom formed by the Beypore and Kadalundi rivers, it was the terminus of the Madras Railway; the bridge at Feroke which extended the railway up to Kozhikode in 1888, reduced the importance of Chaliyam. Irshadiya College is an educational institution located in Paruthippara road, it has a historic experience of nearly four decades in the educational purview of Feroke.
Its main peculiarly is that it offers courses in Islamic studies. Hundreds of students are studying from outside of Kerala. Karuvanthuruthy is a fishing village near Feroke; this villa ge is located on the western side of Feroke railway station. The underbridge from Feroke town goes to Karuvanthuruthy town and the Karuvanthuruthy bridge connects the town to Chaliyam beach and seawalk. Kadalundi is one of the oldest towns in Kerala and is an example of the old ports called "thundies"; the tidal/mangrove forest on the banks of the Kadalundi river make it a picturesque area. The deltas formed by the Kadalundi river add to the beauty of the place; the town is divided into two by the river— Kadalundi in the Kozhikode district and Kadalundi Nagaram in Malappuram district. Thousands of migratory birds from all over the world gather here starting in November. University of Calicut, 9 km Farook College, 3 km Alfarook College, 3 km Kinfra Industrial Park, 7 km Red Crescent Hospital, 3 km Medical collage Kozhikode, 17 km Calicut Airport, 17 km Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary 7.4 km Chandakkadavu and Chungam Karuvanthuruthi and Kokkivalavu Adivaram, Melevaram and I
Pallikkal is a T-shaped town in Malappuram district in the state of Kerala, India. Calicut International Airport at Karipur is near Pallikkal. Pallikkal Bazar is 5 km from Kondotty. AMLP School Pallikkal is in Pallikkal Bazar; the proposed Karipur-Kondotty Municipality comprises Kondotty panchayat Nediyiruppu panchayat Pallikkal panchayat Pulikkal panchayat Cherukavu panchayat Vazhayur panchayatTotal Area: 122.99 km2Total Population: 152,839 As of 2001 India census, Pallikkal had a population of 38166 with 18945 males and 19221 females. Engineering College, Kohinoor Shri Lakshmi Balika Sadhanam Puthur Pallikkal Sunni Masjidh Bayanul Hudha Madhrassah Navabharath Model School Ramanattukara Kendra Institutions Shri Maha Ganapathy Temple Calicut University Park Hidayathu Sibyan suuni Madrassa Pallikkal Bazar Devathiyal, Puthur-Palikkal and Thottiyil Paruthikkode and Arakkott Kozhippuram and Collegeroad Pallikkal Bazar is a predominantly Muslim populated area. Hindus exist in comparatively smaller numbers.
So the culture of the locality is based upon Muslim traditions. Duff Muttu and Aravanamuttu are common folk arts of this locality. There are many libraries attached to mosques giving a rich source of Islamic studies. Most of the books are written in Arabi-Malayalam, a version of the Malayalam language written in Arabic script. People gather in mosques for the evening prayer and continue to sit there after the prayers discussing social and cultural issues. Business and family issues are sorted out during these evening meetings; the Hindu minority of this area keeps their rich traditions by celebrating various festivals in their temples. Hindu rituals are done here with a regular devotion like other parts of Kerala. Calicut International Airport,is the nearest airports; the nearest major railway stations are at Feroke and Vallikunnu. Pallikkal Bazar village connects to other parts of India through Parappanangadi town. National highway No.66 passes through Ramanattukara and the northern stretch connects to Goa and Mumbai.
The southern stretch connects to Trivandrum. State Highway No.28 starts from Nilambur and connects to Ooty and Bangalore through Highways.12,29 and 181
Bangalore known as Bengaluru, is the capital city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of over ten million, making it a megacity and the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India, it is located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau at an elevation of over 900 m above sea level, the highest among India's major cities. It reflects its multireligious and cosmopolitan character by its more than 1000 temples, 400 mosques, 100 churches, 40 Jain derasars, three Sikh gurdwaras, two Buddhist viharas and one Parsi fire temple located in an area of 741 km² of the metropolis; the religious places are further represented to include the few members of the Jewish community who are making their presence known through the Chabad that they propose to establish in Bengaluru and the large number of Bahá'ís whose presence is registered with a society called the Bahá'í Centre. In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bengaluru and its oldest areas Or Petes which exist to the present day.
After the fall of Vijayanagar empire in 16th Century, the Mughals sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar, the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore for three lakh rupees. When Haider Ali seized control of the Kingdom of Mysore, the administration of Bangalore passed into his hands, it was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, a town grew up around it, governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956; the two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949.
The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006. Bengaluru is sometimes referred to as the "Silicon Valley of India" because of its role as the nation's leading information technology exporter. Indian technological organisations ISRO, Wipro and HAL are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Bengaluru has one of the most educated workforces in the world, it is home to many educational and research institutions in India, such as Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Management, International Institute of Information Technology, National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Design, National Law School of India University and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, such as Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city.
The city houses the Kannada film industry. The name "Bangalore" represents an anglicised version of the Kannada language name and its original name, "Bengalūru" ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು, it is the name of a village near Kodigehalli in Bangalore city today and was used by Kempegowda to christen the city as Bangalore at the time of its foundation. The earliest reference to the name "Bengalūru" was found in a ninth-century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra gallu". In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengalūrū" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 CE, it states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Halegannada. An apocryphal story recounts that the 12th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman; the grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru", which evolved into "Bengalūru". Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium, a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region.
On 11 December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengalūru. On 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change; the government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, it was decided to implement the name change from 1 November 2006. The Union government approved this request, along with name changes for 11 other Karnataka cities, in October 2014, hence Bangalore was renamed to "Bengaluru" on 1 November 2014. A discovery of Stone Age artefacts during the 2001 census of India at Jalahalli and Jadigenahalli, all of which are located on Bangalore's outskirts today, suggest probable human settlement around 4,000 BCE. Around 1,000 BCE, burial grounds were established at Koramangala and Chikkajala on the outskirts of Bangalore. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and H
Malappuram district, with its headquarters at Malappuram, is a district in the state of Kerala, India. The district was formed on 16 June 1969. Malappuram district is composed of portions of the former Palakkad and Kozhikode districts: Ernad taluk and portions of Tirur taluk in Kozhikode district, portions of Perinthalmannna and Ponnani taluks in Palakkad district. A stronghold of orthodox Brahminical Hinduism many famous scholars like Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri who composed the Narayaneeyam in Sanskrit, poonthanam namboodiri and Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan came from Malappuram; the ancient Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics though centred in Thrissur had namboodiri and nair scholars coming from malappuram. Today the district includes the classic medieval centre of Vedic learning. Islam came to Malappuram early in prophet Mohammed's era itself. Ponnani, one of the oldest centres of Islamic education in the region is located here. In 1921 the present-day Malappuram district was part of the Moplah rebellions, followed by decades of stagnant economic and political development.
In the early years of Communist rule in Kerala, Malappuram experienced land reform under the Land Reform Ordinance. During the 1970s Persian Gulf oil reserves were opened to commercial extraction, thousands of unskilled workers migrated to the Gulf, they sent money home, supporting the rural economy, by the late 20th century the region had First World health standards and near-universal literacy. Malappuram district contains abundant wildlife and a number of small hills, forests and streams flowing to the west and paddy, cashew nut, ginger, coconut, banana and rubber plantations. Malappuram is one of two Muslim-majority districts in south India; the Hindu temples and Moplah mosques of the region are known for their colorful festivals, it is the most populous district in Kerala. Religions practised in the district include Hinduism, Christianity, Sikhism and tribal religions. Malappuram, meaning "terraced place atop the hills", derives from the geography of the district headquarters. Before the district's formation, the region was known as Eranad, Vettathunad etc.
The district has a rich political heritage. The port of Ponnani was a centre of trade with Ancient Rome. After the Chera Dynasty a number of dynasties controlled the area, by the ninth century the region was ruled by the Kulasekharas of Mahodayapuram. After the disintegration of the Kulasekhara kingdom a number of Nair city-states emerged, including Valluvanad, Vettattunadu and Nediyiruppu. During the 13th century, the Samoothiri of Calicut expanded their territories to Malabar. Thirunavaya, the seat of Mamankam, was in Malappuram district. European colonial powers first landed in Malabar during the 15th century, the Samoothiris allied with foreign powers. During the 18th century, the de facto Mysore kingdom rulers Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan marched into the Samoothiris’ districts. Malappuram has been part of movements such as Khilafat Movement and Moplah Rebellion in the early 20th century. Before Indian independence in 1947, Malappuram was part of Malabar District in the Madras Presidency of British India.
The present district was administered as parts of Kozhikode, Eranad taluk, Valluvanad Taluk and Ponnani taluk. Malabar District remained part of Madras state for some time after independence, but on 1 November 1956 it merged with Travancore-Cochin to form the state of Kerala. Large-scale changes in the territorial jurisdiction of the region took place in 1957 and 1969. On 1 January 1957, Tirur taluk was formed from portions of Ponnani taluk. Another portion of Ponnani taluk was transferred to the new Chavakkad taluk in Thrissur district, the remainder is present-day Ponnani taluk. Perinthalmanna taluk was formed from the former Valluvanad Taluk. Of these, Eranad Taluk and Tirur remained in Kozhikode District and Perinthalmanna Taluk and Ponnani taluk remained in Palakkad District; the new district of Malappuram was formed with four taluks, four towns, fourteen developmental blocks and 100 panchayats. Two more taluks, Tirurangadi and Kondotty were formed from Tirur Taluk and Eranad taluk; the district, in northern Kerala, is bounded on the northeast by Wayanad and northwest by Kozhikkode districts, on the northeast by Tamil Nadu, on the southeast and south by Palakkad District, on the southwest by Thrissur District and on the west by the Arabian Sea.
In the 2011 census the district had a population of 4,112,920. Malappuram is the 50th-most-populous of India's 640 districts, with a population density of 1,158 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population-growth rate from 2001 to 2011 was 13.39 percent. Malappuram has a sex ratio of 1096 women to 1000 men, its literacy rate is 93.55 percent. Malayalam is the district's principal language. Minority Dravidian languages are Allar and Aranadan, kept alive by the low education level of its 200 speakers. Tamil spoken by partial number of people. Malappuram Ponnani Wayanad Eranad Tirur Tirurangadi Ponnani Perintalmanna Nilambur Kondotty Malappuram, Kondotty, Mankada, Thirurangadi, Vallikkunnu, Tanur, Nilambur, Wandoor and Tavanur About 1,000 people are aided annually under a self-employment programme. There are KINFRA food-processing and IT industrial estates in Kakkancherry, Inkel SME Park at Panakkad for Small and Medium Industries and a rubber plant and industrial estate in Payyanad. MALCOSPIN, The Malappuram Spinn