click links in text for more info

Karl Albrecht

For others with the same or similar name, see Carl Albrecht. Karl Hans Albrecht was a German entrepreneur who founded the discount supermarket chain Aldi with his brother Theo, he was for many years the richest person in Germany. In February 2014, he was ranked the 21st-richest person in the world by Hurun Report. Karl and Theo Albrecht were born and raised in a Catholic family in modest circumstances in Essen, Germany, their father, Karl Sr, was employed as a miner and as a baker's assistant. Their mother Anna, née Siepmann, had a small grocery store in the workers' quarter of Schonnebeck, a suburb of Essen. Theo completed an apprenticeship in his mother's store. Karl was wounded on the Eastern Front. After the war, the brothers jointly took over their mother's business and founded Albrecht KG, they separated that company in 1961 into Aldi Nord, covering the part of Germany north of the Ruhr under Theo Albrecht, Aldi Süd under Karl. The first Aldi was opened in 1962. In 1994, Karl Albrecht removed himself from the daily operations of Aldi Süd and took the position of chairman of the board until 2002.

At the beginning of 2002, he relinquished this position, thereby ceding control of the firm. As of 2010s, the business is no longer run by any of Karl Albrecht's family members. Karl Albrecht was a reclusive man who had not taken part in public life for several years prior to his death; as a result, little is known about him. Forbes magazine reported, he lived in Essen, as did his brother Theo until the latter's death. Golf was one of his hobbies, Albrecht played the sport on his own golf course, the Öschberghof, which he built in 1976, he raised orchids. In 2014, Albrecht was listed as one of the richest people in the world with an estimated net worth of US$23.14 billion. Forbes magazine listed him as one of the richest men in the world, with an estimated net worth in 2011 of US$25.4 billion, which ranked him 10th in its 2012 list of billionaires – making him the oldest billionaire in the Top 20 list. Upon his death, Albrecht was named the richest person in Germany, the fourth-richest in Europe.

Forbes topic page on Karl Albrecht Obituary in The Independent by Marcus Williamson

Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention

The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention are a series of instructions to signatory nations regarding the proper implementation of the 1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The guidelines were adopted by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee at its first session and amended at its second session in 1978; the first text of the Operational Guidelines was titled Operational Guidelines for the World Heritage Committee. It dates back to 1977 at the First Session of the World Heritage Committee in Paris; the Drafting Committee and the World Heritage Committee prepared the text. It contained twenty-eight paragraphs. In October same year, the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage with 27 paragraphs followed. A year at the Second Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, the Operational Guidelines was adopted with 30 paragraphs.

The World Heritage Committee, the main body responsible for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, has revised its text since adding paragraphs updating it with new concepts, knowledge or experiences. The 2011 Operational Guidelines is the latest version dating from November 2011 and available in English, French and Spanish. A revised Draft dating from February 2011 with limited distribution is available online; the 2011 version of the Operational Guidelines contains two hundred and ninety paragraphs which reflect the aim of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the Cultural and Natural Heritage to further facilitate the Implementation of the 1972 Convention. The key users of the guidelines are not only the signatory nations; the Secretariat of the World Heritage Committee based at the World Heritage Centre in Paris, the Advisory Bodies, site managers and partners all active in the protection of World Heritage properties are invited to make usage of the Operational Guidelines.

The first chapter of the Operational Guidelines aims to facilitate the implementation of the 1972 World Heritage Convention. The major goals and procedure of the Convention are given reflecting certain articles of the Convention in a more detailed explanation; the main bodies of the 1972 Convention i.e. the General Assembly, the World Heritage Committee, the Secretariat, the Advisory Bodies IUCN, ICOMOS, ICCROM are presented in detail precising their role, specific responsibilities, moreover meeting sessions, term of office, contact informations etc. A list of functions of the World Heritage Committee in cooperation with the States Parties is provided. Most functions derives from Articles 11, Article 13, Article 21 and Article 29 of the World Heritage Convention. In general the overall aim of the Convention and its Guidelines is to safeguard heritage of universal value for future generations, it is to give a guidance on how properties can be inscribed on the World Heritage List or/and the List of World Heritage in Danger if the properties are facing serious dangers and are in need of emergency inscription.

The Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem were thus inscribed in 2012. For the purpose of facilitating the nomination process for properties considered to be of universal value, World Heritage is defined so as to categorize heritage into cultural and mixed sites to be handled specifically. Other specific types of Heritage like e.g. Cultural landscape is a category of heritage acknowledged only since 1992 out of the need to recognize and protect the "combined work of man and nature". All informations consisting the World Heritage List and the way to it is to be found in Chapter 2. Before properties can be proposed for inscription as a World Heritage Site, they must be on the tentative lists of the States Parties; the properties must be of Outstanding Universal Value which means "cultural and/or natural significance, so exceptional as to transcend national boundaries and to be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity". There are ten criteria for the assessment of OUV.

Criteria - for cultural heritage, - for natural heritage. Properties nominated under criteria to - cultural Heritage - must fulfill the conditions of authenticity i.e. originality in form and design, materials and function etc. Cultural and natural properties must satisfy the conditions of intactness; the term OUV is used throughout the World Heritage Convention but only defined and explained in detail in the Operational Guidelines from paragraphs 79-95. The protection and management systems should be in place to ensure that the OUV is kept and the Heritage is passed to future generations; the Operational Guidelines outlines the importance of participation of community and a wide range of stakeholders in the nomination process. It informs about the sources for guidance throughout the nomination process. Furthermore, detailed information is given for the inscription requirements for different types of properties; the nomination format Annex 5 must be used. The nomination file must be sent to the World Heritage Centre.

The specific dates for submission and further processes and procedure for registration are clarified. A nomination can be withdrawn any time prior to the Committee annual session in which nomination of properties take place; the World Heritage Committee decides for inscription of a property by adopting the Statement of OUV. If the decision is not to inscribe, the property may not be presented again; when additional information is needed the nomination will be referred

Nebelhorn Trophy

The Nebelhorn Trophy is an international senior-level figure skating competition organized by the Deutsche Eislauf-Union and held annually in Oberstdorf, Germany. It became part of the ISU Challenger Series in the 2014–15 season; the competition is named after a nearby mountain. It is one of the first international senior competitions of the season. Skaters are entered by their respective national federations and compete in four disciplines: men's singles, ladies' singles and ice dancing; the Fritz-Geiger-Memorial Trophy is presented to the team with the highest placements across all disciplines. The Nebelhorn Trophy competition has been held annually since 1969 and is thus one of the oldest international figure skating competitions that remains in existence. In its early years, this competition was paired with a now-defunct French event, the Grand Prix International St. Gervais, to form the Coupe des Alpes, with many of the same skaters participating in both events and a team trophy presented to the country with the highest combined placements across both competitions.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, before the establishment of a regular junior international competition circuit, younger skaters were sent to these events as their first senior international competition assignments. International Figure Skating calls the event "unique" because they are, along with their medals, are awarded trophies. In recent years, the Nebelhorn Trophy has been used by the International Skating Union to experiment with new judging and scoring systems for figure skating; the 1997 competition was used as the test event for the switch from the "best of majority" ordinal system to the "one-by-one" method. The competition serves as a testing ground for judges working towards international status; the 2009 competition was used as the final qualifying opportunity for the 2010 Winter Olympics and the 2013 event served the same purpose for the 2014 Olympics and the 2018 Olympics. The Nebelhorn Trophy became part of the ISU Challenger Series in the 2014–15 season. CS: ISU Challenger Series Benjamin T. Wright, Skating in America.

1997 Results 2001 Results Deutsche Eislauf-Union

Beituo 617-class tug

The Beituo 617 class tug is a little known class of naval auxiliary in service with the People's Liberation Army Navy. The name of this class is taken from that of the first unit commissioned, with the exact type still remaining unknown; the Beituo 617 class is a single deck design with a two level superstructure, a platform is atop of the second level. The Beituo 617 class ships in PLAN service are designated by a combination of two Chinese characters followed by three-digit number; the second Chinese character is Tuo, meaning tug in Chinese, because these ships are classified as tugboats. The first Chinese character denotes which fleet the ship is service with, with East for East Sea Fleet, North for North Sea Fleet, South for South Sea Fleet. However, the pennant numbers may have changed due to the change of Chinese naval ships naming convention

Nua Mailo Saoluaga

Nua Mailo Saoluaga is an American Samoan politician. He served as the Speaker of the American Samoa House of Representatives from 1997 until 2002. Saoluaga was a candidate for Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa in the 2008 gubernatorial elections held on November 4, 2008, he was the running mate of Utu Abe Malae. Saoluaga was raised in Manu'a, he attended elementary high school in American Samoa. He first received an Associate of Arts degree from Mari Costa Junior College in Oceanside, California, in 1971. Saoluaga further continued his education, obtaining his Bachelor of Science degree in criminology and law enforcement in 1974 from California State University, Long Beach. Saoluaga worked in several American Samoan government departments and agencies between 1975 and 1980. Saoluaga was first elected to the American Samoa House of Representatives in 1981, he would be elected to represent Manu'a District Number One in the House for much of the next two decades. He left the House, but was re-elected again in 1985 and served continuously in that office until 2002.

Saoluaga served as the Speaker of the House from 1997 until 2002 during his tenure in office. He left office in 2002, but returned again to the American Samoa Fono from 2005 until 2006. Utu Abe Malae, the former head of the Development Bank of American Samoa and gubernatorial candidate, chose Saoluaga as his running mate for lieutenant governor in the 2008 election for Governor of American Samoa. Malae and Saoluaga formally announced their candidacy for governor and lt. governor at the Maliu Mai Beach Resort on June 10, 2008. Malae cited Saoluaga's legislative career, which complimented his management experience, as the reason that the two decided to run as a team. Malae and Saoluaga cited healthcare as their top priorities in their campaign. Malae and Saoluaga lost to Governor Tulafono in a gubernatorial runoff election held on November 18, 2008. Official campaign websites Utu Abe Malae and Nua Mailo Saoluaga for Governor and Lt. Governor, Nonpartisan candidate

Norwegian County Road 64

County Road 64 is a 126.2-kilometre two-lane highway which runs between the towns of Kristiansund and Åndalsnes in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It branches from National Road 70 in Kristiansund, runs through the Atlantic Ocean Tunnel, across the island of Averøya, across the Atlantic Ocean Road to Eide Municipality, it continues to Årø in Molde Municipality via the Tussen Tunnel heads under Fannefjorden in the Fannefjord Tunnel, across the island of Bolsøya over the Bolsøy Bridge to the Skåla Peninsula. It crosses Langfjorden on the Åfarnes–Sølsnes Ferry, enters Rauma Municipality, it intersects with the European route E136 highway in the town of Åndalsnes. The Atlantic Ocean Road was in 2006 described as "the world's best road trip" by The Guardian. There are plans for a subsea tunnel, the Langfjord Tunnel, to replace the ferry