Karnali Pradesh is one of the seven federal provinces of Nepal formed by the new constitution, adopted on 20 September 2015. The total area of the province is 24,453 square kilometres. According to the 2011 Nepal census, the population of the province was 1,570,418, making it the least populous province in Nepal, it borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Gandaki Pradesh to the east, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, Province No. 5 to the south. Birendranagar with a population of 100,458 is both largest city; the province's name is derived from the Karnali River. Karnali is an old civilization of Nepal and it is connected with Karnali River The archaeological sites found in Jumla and Dailekh refers that this area was part of Khasa kingdom, established during 11th century; the capital of the Khas Kingdom was Sinja. The kingdom was expanded to a great extent in 14th century; this kingdom was expanded to Garhwal in the west and Guge regions of Tibet in the north, Gorkha-Nuwakot regions in the east and with Kapilvastu with large areas Terai in the South.
After late 14th century the Khas empire collapsed and divided into Baise Rajya in Karnali-Bheri region. Before unification of modern Nepal, the part of Karnali was an Sanghiya Baise Rajya; the Baise were sovereign, but intermittently allied among themselves until they were annexed during the unification of modern Nepal from 1744 to 1810. Karnali is the largest province of Nepal with an area of 24,453 km2; the province is surrounded by Gandaki Pradesh in east, Province No. 5 in south-east and south, Sudurpaschim Pradesh in the west and Tibet Autonomous Region of China in north. The province has occupied higher mountains land of north and mid-hills of Nepal, it contains Kubi Gangri and Kanjiroba mountains in north. The Shey Phoksundo National Park with Phoksundo lake is the largest national park of Nepal and Rara lake is the largest lake of Nepal which are located in Karnali Pradesh. Karnali River is the biggest river of the province, thought to be longest river of Nepal. Seti River and Bheri River are tributaries of Karnali.
The Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Surkhet High Court is the head of the judiciary; the present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Durga Keshar Khanal, Mahendra Bahadur Shahi and Hari Kumar Pokharel respectively. The province has 40 provincial assembly constituencies,12 House of Representative constituencies and eight National Assembly seats. Karnali has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal; the term length of provincial assembly is five years. The Provincial Assembly of Karnali is temporarily housed at the Irrigation Division Office in Birendranagar. Karnali is divided into ten districts. Dailekh District Dolpa District Humla District Jajarkot District Jumla District Kalikot District Mugu District Salyan District Surkhet District Western Rukum DistrictA district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer.
The districts are further dived to municipalities or rural municipalities which are further divided into wards. There are 54 rural municipalities in the province; the capital and largest city of the province is Birendranagar. It is only city in the province with a population of over 50,000. List of provinces of Nepal List of districts of Nepal
Karnali Bridge, the asymmetric, single-tower, cable-stayed bridge is the longest of its type in Nepal and was built by international collaboration. The bridge spans the Karnali River between the Kailali District and Bardiya District of western Nepal; the bridge was constructed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries of Japan and inaugurated after six years of its construction date by the late Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala. The bridge lies in Mahendra Highway at Chisapani at the border of Bardiya district; the bridge site is 500 km from the capital city of Kathmandu, 86 km from the closest airport facilities in Dhangadhi. The design of the bridge and its location have made it a tourist attraction for domestic and international visitors; the nearest city to the Karnali Bridge is the town of Chisapani in Far-Western Region, Nepal Narayani Bridge Sino-Nepal Friendship Bridge The Karnali River Bridge was designed by Steinman, a firm, incorporated into the Parsons Corporation, USA. Kawasaki Heavy Industries constructed the bridge.
Karnali River Bridge in Structurae Karnali Bridge at Sundarsudurpaschim.orgCoordinates: 28.6415°N 81.2831°E / 28.6415.
Karnali Highway is a highway, is a vital transport link between two regions in Nepal. This highway links the towns of Jumla, the Karnali capital, Surkhet. Karnali Zone is the largest and the least developed zone in Nepal. Of its 232-kilometre length, 17 kilometres were blacktopped in 2010 the unfinished highway journey was featured in a documentary The Karnali Express: Bumping on for 52 Hours Due to heavy monsoon rains in 2010, the Karnali Highway was closed due to landslides from heavy monsoon rains, crops were destroyed by incessant rain, 1/3 of the entire country was inaccessible except by foot, it was reopened October 3, three months but not until after starvation deaths. According to “A Value Chain Analysis of Apple from Jumla”, the intervention strategy indicates that more than 85 percent of the Karnali highway is still unsafe as of July 2011. Many rural inhabitants along the highway have poor access to markets, healthcare facilities and schools and deal with high transport costs. Inadequate roads make it hard for farmers to market their crops.
There is a pressing need to provide a functional road system in the area, made more urgent by current concerns over food prices and shortages, high energy costs and social and health needs Between 60 and 75 percent of children under five are chronically malnourished, up to 64 percent of the population live in poverty. Food Distribution and Health Camp in Jumla
Ghaghara called Karnali is a perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar. It joins the Sharda River at Brahmaghat in India. Together they form a major left bank tributary of the Ganges. With a length of 507 kilometres it is the longest river in Nepal; the total length of Ghaghara River up to its confluence with the Ganges at Revelganj in Bihar is 1,080 kilometres. It is the largest tributary of the Ganges by volume and the second longest tributary of the Ganges by length after Yamuna. Lower Ghaghara is known as Sarayu river and finds mention in Ramayana. Ayodhya is situated on its right bank, it rises in the southern slopes of the Himalayas in Tibet, in the glaciers of Mapchachungo, at an elevation of about 3,962 metres above sea level. The river flows south through one of the most remote and least explored areas of Nepal as the Karnali River; the 202-kilometre Seti River drains the western part of the catchment and joins the Karnali River in Doti District north of Dundras hill.
Another tributary, the 264-kilometre long Bheri, rises in the western part of Dhaulagiri Himalaya and drains the eastern part of the catchment, meeting the Karnali near Kuineghat in Surkhet. Cutting southward across the Siwalik Hills, it splits into two branches, the Geruwa on the left and Kauriala on the right near Chisapani to rejoin south of the Indian border and form the proper Ghaghara. Other tributaries originating in Nepal are the Kali and the little Gandak, it flows southeast through Uttar Pradesh and Bihar states to join the Ganges downstream of the town of Chhapra, after a course of 1,080 kilometres. Sarayu river is stated to be synonymous as a tributary of it. Karnali River exposes the oldest part of the Sivalik Hills of Nepal; the remnant magnetization of siltstones and sandstones in this group suggests a depositional age of between 16 million and 5.2 million years. The Karnali River Basin lies between the mountain ranges of Dhaulagiri in Nepal and Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand. Dhaulagiri II, elevation 7,751 metres, is the highest point of the entire basin.
In the north, it lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas. The basin formed by the river has a total catchment area of 127,950 square kilometres, of which 45 percent is in India; the population of the Basin districts in Nepal increased from 1.9 million in 1971 to 4.7 million people in 2001 a 250% increase over three decades. The average population density of the Basin area increased from 53 persons/km2 in 1981 to 87 persons/km2 in 2001. There is a steady growth in the economically active population in the basin districts; the average literacy rate has increased from a mere 7.5% in 1971 to 45% in 2001. The social status of the permanent households increased from 24% in 1991 to 31% in 2001; the basin has a total road length of 2,640 kilometres. Chhoti Gandak is a groundwater-fed meandering river originating near Dhesopool, Maharajganj district of Uttar Pradesh, it travels a distance of about 250 kilometres and joins Ghaghara near Guthani, Siwan district of Bihar. The Chhoti Gandak River Basin is located between 26°00' to 27°20' N latitude and 83°30' to 84°15' E longitude.
Right bank tributaries are Khekhra, Jethan, Duhari and Koilar rivers. The discharge of Chhoti Gandak is controlled by rain, high during the monsoon season and low during the summers, it has been observed that whenever precipitation is high in the catchment areas, there is flood in the downstream part of the Chhoti Gandak River Basin. The region exhibits upland terrace surface, river valley terrace surface, present-day river channel with narrow flood plains, natural levee, point-bar deposits. All these geomorphic features made up of alluvium of different ages; the main tributaries of the Karnali are: the Bheri. In Nepal, Karnali Zone is the largest zone with about 5,000 square miles area, its administrative center is Jumla. The zone is divided into the five districts of Dolpa, Jumla and Mugu; the Karnali zone has the lowest population density in Nepal. There are no large settlements on the banks of the river, only crossed near Chisapani by the Mahendra Highway; this region is now connected by karnali highway.
And now due to various hydro electricity projects this area is being developed. Now a 900 mW project is going to be constructed in this river In India, the administrative districts in the Ghaghra catchment are Ambedkarnagar, Barabanki, Ballia, Deoria, Gonda, Sant Kabir Nagar, Kheri Lakhimpur, Sitapur of Uttar Pradesh and Siwan district in Bihar. Important towns in India include Akabarpur, Ayodhya Faizabad, Barabanki, Deoria, Gonda, Khaililabad, Siddharthnagar, Saint Kabir Nagar, Kamhariya and Tanda in Uttar Pradesh and Chapra and Sonepur in Bihar; the Karnali Basin hosts some of Nepal's famous national parks. The protected area constitutes nearly 14% of the total basin area, including four national parks, one wildlife reserve, one hunting reserve and two buffer zones; the basin and its influence area constitute 27% of the total protected area, 63% of national park, 25% of the buffer zone and 31% of wildlife reserve. The significance of some of the protected areas is summarised below: Shey Phoksundo National Park in Dolpa District, established in
Karnali Blues is book written by Buddhi Sagar and published by FinePrint publication, Nepal. Karnali Blues is an epic story about a young boy who travels to different phases of his life, with his parents; the story's main plot focuses on the character's father who develops in our own spirits by the layers of Buddhisagar's writing. We are made to see the character's father from different angles: from being strict to loving. Though the main character is the father, the writer adds a major chunk of his life into it while holding the story and binding it together with several in-and-out characters like Parvati Didi, Mamata Didi, Chandre, Batu, Mandire, Shiva Shankar etc; the story contains the naughtiness of childhood that are hilarious as well as moments of heart-breaking chapters that will keep you wanting more of Buddhisagar's easy words and structured sentences. Karnali Blues is an epic story about a young boy; the story's main plot focuses on the character's father who develops in our own spirits by the layers of Buddhisagar's writing.
We are made to see the character's father from different angles: from being strict to loving. Though the main character is the father, the writer adds a major chunk of his life into it while holding the story and binding it together with several in-and-out characters like Parvati Didi, Mamata Didi, Chandre, Batu, Mandire, Shiva Shankar etc; the story contains the naughtiness of childhood that are hilarious as well as moments of heart-breaking chapters that will keep you wanting more of Buddhisagar's easy words and structured sentences. The story starts slow but adds andrenaline to the latter part of the plot and ends rather on a high note that will provide you with intimate satisfaction as well making you want more of Buddhisagar's novels and literature. A hats-off debut book, I must say; the sentences are short and the words are simple but the impact is deep. The novel is realistic, not decorated by the fancy words which makes novel easy to understand and fun to read; the story's plot can be divided into two parts, one in which the narrator is young and he consider his father as an amazing person, In second plot narrator's father is in him death bed fighting to death.
“Karnali Blues” is a rare Nepali novel that has totally displaced Sanskrit in its narratives. There are no speechifying politicians and pseudo-intellectuals in the book, nor development gurus and social workers and other dollar farmers waxing their lingo and lacing their reports with mind-blowing idiotic idioms; the settlements’ carpetbaggers don't fuss with Sanskrit. Rather, the pages have local Tharu dialects of Bhagi Ram, west Nepal's guttural expressions delivered by Brisha's mother, the Kumaon-Garhwal-Khasan-Sinjali vernacular of Nepali spoken by Jarilal in Kalikot; these variations are Nepal's own, readers will enjoy deciphering their nuances. - Abhinav Chalise