Naxos (regional unit)
Naxos is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of South Aegean; the regional unit covers the islands of Naxos, Donousa, Schoinoussa, the Koufonisia islands and several smaller islands in the Aegean Sea. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Naxos was created out of part of the former Cyclades Prefecture, it is subdivided into 2 municipalities. These are: Amorgos Naxos and Lesser Cyclades The province of Naxos was one of the provinces of the Cyclades Prefecture, it had the same territory as the present regional unit. It was abolished in 2006
Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time daylight savings time or daylight time and summer time, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. In effect, DST causes a lost hour of an extra hour of sleep in the fall. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895; the German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used at various times since particularly since the 1970s energy crisis. DST is not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it; some countries observe it only in some regions. Only a minority of the world's population uses DST, because Asia and Africa do not observe it. DST clock shifts sometimes complicate timekeeping and can disrupt travel, record keeping, medical devices, heavy equipment, sleep patterns.
Computer software adjusts clocks automatically, but policy changes by various jurisdictions of DST dates and timings may be confusing. Industrialized societies follow a clock-based schedule for daily activities that do not change throughout the course of the year; the time of day that individuals begin and end work or school, the coordination of mass transit, for example remain constant year-round. In contrast, an agrarian society's daily routines for work and personal conduct are more governed by the length of daylight hours and by solar time, which change seasonally because of the Earth's axial tilt. North and south of the tropics daylight lasts longer in summer and shorter in winter, with the effect becoming greater the further one moves away from the tropics. By synchronously resetting all clocks in a region to one hour ahead of standard time, individuals who follow such a year-round schedule will wake an hour earlier than they would have otherwise. However, they will have one less hour of daylight at the start of each day, making the policy less practical during winter.
While the times of sunrise and sunset change at equal rates as the seasons change, proponents of Daylight Saving Time argue that most people prefer a greater increase in daylight hours after the typical "nine to five" workday. Supporters have argued that DST decreases energy consumption by reducing the need for lighting and heating, but the actual effect on overall energy use is disputed; the manipulation of time at higher latitudes has little impact on daily life, because the length of day and night changes more throughout the seasons, thus sunrise and sunset times are out of phase with standard working hours regardless of manipulations of the clock. DST is of little use for locations near the equator, because these regions see only a small variation in daylight in the course of the year; the effect varies according to how far east or west the location is within its time zone, with locations farther east inside the time zone benefiting more from DST than locations farther west in the same time zone.
Ancient civilizations adjusted daily schedules to the sun more flexibly than DST does dividing daylight into 12 hours regardless of daytime, so that each daylight hour became progressively longer during spring and shorter during autumn. For example, the Romans kept time with water clocks that had different scales for different months of the year. From the 14th century onwards, equal-length civil hours supplanted unequal ones, so civil time no longer varies by season. Unequal hours are still used in a few traditional settings, such as some monasteries of Mount Athos and all Jewish ceremonies. Benjamin Franklin published the proverb "early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy and wise", he published a letter in the Journal de Paris during his time as an American envoy to France suggesting that Parisians economize on candles by rising earlier to use morning sunlight; this 1784 satire proposed taxing window shutters, rationing candles, waking the public by ringing church bells and firing cannons at sunrise.
Despite common misconception, Franklin did not propose DST. However, this changed as rail transport and communication networks required a standardization of time unknown in Franklin's day. In 1810, the Spanish National Assembly Cortes of Cádiz issued a regulation that moved certain meeting times forward by one hour from May 1 to September 30 in recognition of seasonal changes, but it did not change the clocks, it acknowledged that private businesses were in the practice of changing their opening hours to suit daylight conditions, but they did so of their own volition. New Zealand entomologist George Hudson first proposed modern DST, his shift-work job gave him leisure time to collect insects and led him to value after-hours daylight. In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour daylight-saving shift, considerable interest was expressed in
Kea-Kythnos is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of South Aegean; the regional unit covers the islands of Kea, Kythnos and several smaller islands in the Aegean Sea. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Kea-Kythnos was created out of part of the former Cyclades Prefecture, it is subdivided into 2 municipalities. These are: Kea Kythnos, it had the same territory as the present regional unit Kea-Kythnos. It was abolished in 2006
The South Aegean is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece. It consists of the Dodecanese island groups in the central and southeastern Aegean Sea; the South Aegean region was established in the 1987 administrative reform. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, its powers and authority were extended. Along with the Northern Aegean region, it is supervised by the Decentralized Administration of the Aegean based at Piraeus; the capital of the region is situated in Ermoupoli on the island of Syros. The administrative region includes 50 inhabited islands, including the popular tourism destinations of Mykonos and Rhodes; until the Kallikratis reform, the region consisted of the two prefectures of the Cyclades and the Dodecanese. Since 1 January 2011 it is divided into 13 regional units, formed around major islands: Andros Kalymnos Karpathos Kea-Kythnos Kos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Rhodes Syros Thira TinosThe incumbent region's governor is Giorgos Hadjimarkos. Andros Ermoúpoli Ialysós Kallithéa Kálymnos Kárpathos Kos Léros Milos Mýkonos Náxos Páros Petaloúdes Ródos Santoríni or Thíra Official website
Saria Island, anciently known as Sarus or Saros, is an island in Greece. It is a rocky, volcanic island along the northern edge of Karpathos, separated from it by a strait 100 m wide, it is part of the Dodekanissos archipelago. In ancient times, a city-state called. Administratively, it is part of the community of Olympos; the 2011 census reported a resident population of 45 persons. It has little plant or animal life, has a number of sharp cliffs. Although only shepherds live on Saria now, the ruins of the ancient city of Nisyros can be found here, it is a breeding area for Eleonora's falcons. Although the name is subject to dispute, scholars link it with the name of an ancient Greek Princess named Katherine from a line of Saria royalty. Greek legends say she was as beautiful as Helen of Troy and so they named an Island after her majesty. On the island of Saria, it is recorded history. Map of Saria Island in relation to community of Olympos and Karpathos Island