The katal is the unit of catalytic activity in the International System of Units. It is a derived SI unit for quantifying the catalytic activity of other catalysts; the General Conference on Weights and Measures and other international organizations recommend use of the katal. It replaces the non-SI enzyme unit of catalytic activity; the enzyme unit is still more used than the katal in biochemistry. The katal is not used to express the rate of a reaction. Rather, the katal is used to express catalytic activity, a property of the catalyst; the katal is invariant of the measurement procedure. Therefore, to define the quantity of a catalyst in katals, the rate of conversion of a defined chemical reaction is specified as moles reacted per second. One katal of trypsin, for example, is that amount of trypsin which breaks one mole of peptide bonds in one second under specified conditions. Kat = mol s The name "katal" has been used for decades, the unit became an official SI unit in 1999; the name comes from the Ancient Greek κατάλυσις, meaning "dissolution".
Unit "katal" for catalytic activity Pure Appl. Chem. Vol. 73, No. 6, pp. 927–931 René Dybkær. "The Tortuous Road to the Adoption of katal for the Expression of Catalytic Activity by the General Conference on Weights and Measures". Clinical Chemistry. 48: 586–590. PMID 11861460. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 8 December 2005
Emilee Klein is an American professional golfer and college golf coach who played on the LPGA Tour. Klein was born in Santa Monica and grew up in Sherman Oaks, where she attended Notre Dame High School, she had a successful amateur career winning several tournaments including the 1991 U. S. Girls' Junior, she played college golf at Arizona State University and won the 1994 NCAA Division I Championship as well as being on the winning team in 1993 and 1994. She was a member of the U. S. Curtis Cup team in 1994. Klein qualified for the LPGA Tour in the LPGA Final Qualifying Tournament in 1994, she won three times on the LPGA Tour between 1996 and 2001. She was a member of the 2002 Solheim Cup team. After retiring from the LPGA Tour, Klein has been head golf coach at University of Central Florida, San Diego State University, University of Tulsa. Klein resigned from her position as head golf coach at San Diego State University in May 2011 to begin a career in the insurance industry. Klein became an insurance agent for State Farms Insurance in Beverly Hills, California, in June 2011.
She was announced as the women's golf head coach at University of Tulsa on June 20, 2014. 1988 California Women's Amateur 1991 U. S. Girls' Junior 1993 Broadmoor Invitational and South Amateur 1994 NCAA Division I Championship Note: Klein won the Weetabix Women's British Open before it became a major championship. LPGA Tour playoff record 1996 Weetabix Women's British Open Amateur Curtis Cup: 1994 Professional Solheim Cup: 2002 Emilee Klein at the LPGA Tour official site
HMS Conway was a naval training school or "school ship", founded in 1859 and housed for most of her life aboard a 19th-century wooden ship of the line. The ship was stationed on the Mersey near Liverpool moved to the Menai Strait during World War II. While being towed back to Birkenhead for a refit in 1953, she ran aground and was wrecked, burned; the school moved to purpose-built premises on Anglesey where it continued for another twenty years. In the mid-19th century, the demand for a reliable standard of merchant navy officers had grown to the point where ship owners decided to set up an organisation to train, indeed educate, them properly—the Mercantile Marine Service Association. One of the first sites chosen for a school ship was Liverpool, in 1857; the ship they chose to accommodate the school, to be provided by the Admiralty and moored in the Sloyne, off Rock Ferry on the River Mersey, was the corvette HMS Conway. There were to be three Conways over the years, the name being transferred to the new ship each time it was replaced.
In 1861 HMS Winchester took the name, but the one that housed the school for most of its life was lent by the Royal Navy to the Mercantile Marine Service Association in 1875. This was a 92-gun second-rate line-of-battle ship, she was 205 ft long on the gundeck, 54 ft in beam, displaced 4,375 long tons. During her operational life she was equipped with eighty-two 30-pounders. Launched in June 1839, she was built from West African hardwoods and copper fastened, with copper sheathing anti-fouling to her under parts, she had survived the Baltic Blockade during the Crimean War protecting British possessions in the Caribbean and'showing the flag' along the eastern seaboard of North America 50 years after the British surrender at Yorktown. In 1876 she was moored on the Mersey; the ship a century old, was refitted in the dry dock at Birkenhead between 1936 and 1938. She was fitted with a new figurehead representing Nelson, ceremonially unveiled by the Poet Laureate John Masefield, an alumnus of the school.
By 1953 she had outlived both her sisters and London, by more than 70 years. In 1941, with air raids on the Liverpool docks taking place, Conway had survived several near misses, it was decided to move the ship from the Mersey to Anglesey, where she remained moored for the duration of the war between the former Bishop's Palace at Glyn Garth and the Gazelle Hotel, in line with the Catalina flying boat moorings along the Anglesey shore. This being wartime there was no official announcement of the move and local residents were startled one evening to see a picturesque Nelson-era ship of the line, a "wooden wall", entering the Menai Strait. Subsequently, ship-to-shore traffic was across the Menai Strait to the pier-head at Bangor or to the Gazelle Hotel ferry terminal and she became something of a local tourist attraction. At the end of the 1940s there was a surge in demand for merchant navy cadets; the ship did not have space for more cadets so the ship's superintendent, Captain Goddard, started looking for space ashore with playing fields and a shore establishment.
He picked on Plas Newydd, the stately home of the Marquess of Anglesey, a large part of, vacated by the US Intelligence Corps at the end of the War. This site seemed ideal, except that the seabed provided poor anchorage, so four five-ton anchors were sunk there. Only one problem remained: could the ship be moved there in one piece? She would need to be towed by tugs through a stretch of water between Anglesey and the mainland, known as the "Swellies"; this area, bounded by the two Menai bridges, is notorious for underwater shoals and dangerous, complex tidal streams as well as a non-tidal current varied by the wind and atmospheric pressure. Captain Goddard was proud of his experience as a hydrographic surveyor, having studied the problem, believed it was possible. After a false start the day before, the ship was moved on 13 April 1949, in spite of what was a great risk. Conway remains by far the deepest ship to have passed through the Swellies, her draft was 22 feet aft and the underwater clearances were marginal.
The overhead clearance under Menai Suspension Bridge, 100 feet above high water, was estimated to be three feet, all depending upon the actual height of the tide at the time of passing through. "I was glad when it was accomplished," Captain Goddard wrote. "It created a great deal of interest amongst the North Wales seafaring fraternity who had declared the undertaking to be a foolish one." By 1953 another refit was due. This could not be done locally so the ship had to be taken back to Birkenhead dry dock, passing back through the Swellies once more; the operation took place on 14 April 1953. There were the same two Liverpool tugs which had shifted her several times before, Dongarth forward and Minegarth aft; the new Captain Superintendent, Captain E Hewitt, was in command, with two Trinity House local pilots – Mr R D Jones aboard the head tug, Mr R J Jones – advising Captain Hewitt, the Blue Funnel Liverpool pilot Mr James Miller overseeing the towage. High water at Liverpool that morning was 11:18, at a height of 32'10" and was the highest tide that year.
Laver's Almanac quotes high water at Menai Bridge as 28 minutes before high water Liverpool. What is termed'slack' in the Swellies is a brief period of uneasy equilibrium between two opposing flood streams which occurs 1 hour 42 minutes before local high water, or at 09:08 on the morning of the move. Owing to the strength of the southwest-going ebb, which runs at 8 knots
Nodari Otarievich Maisuradze is a Russian pair skater. With Julia Antipova, he is the 2014 Bavarian Open champion and placed eighth at the 2014 World Championships. With former partner Lubov Iliushechkina, Maisuradze is the 2010 Skate Canada champion, 2011 Winter Universiade champion, 2009 World Junior champion, 2008 World Junior silver medalist, 2009 Russian national bronze medalist. Nodari Otarievich Maisuradze was born 18 February 1988 in Lipetsk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, he moved to Saint Petersburg when he was 12. Maisuradze began skating at the age of three-and-a-half in Lipetsk, his first coach was Galina Sukhareva. He was taught by Alexei Urmanov for a year. In April 2006, Maisuradze switched from singles to pairs. Though skeptical, coach Natalia Pavlova decided to work with them because she had no pairs at the time and grew impressed by their commitment. In September of that year, Pavlova moved to Moscow and the pair followed her. During the 2007–08 season, Iliushechkina/Maisuradze took silver at the 2008 Junior Worlds and placed 4th at the senior Russian Nationals.
During the 2008–09 season, they won the World Junior title, along with gold at the Junior Grand Prix Final. The pair competed at the senior level, winning the bronze at Russian Nationals and placing 5th at their first European Championships, they were forced to withdraw due to an injury to Maisuradze. He injured ligaments in his hand in a skiing accident, they were replaced by Alexander Enbert. During the 2009–10 season, Iliushechkina/Maisuradze placed third in the short program at 2009 Cup of China and achieved their personal best score of 62.54. However, they struggled in the long program, finishing seventh in that segment, fifth overall. At Russian Nationals, they struggled and finished in fourth. After the difficult season, they made some adjustments in training. Iliushechkina/Maisuradze began the 2010–11 season by capturing the gold at 2010 Skate Canada, their first medal on the senior Grand Prix circuit. Only a week they competed at the 2010 Cup of China and placed 4th, their results qualified them for their first Grand Prix Final at the senior level.
They finished fourth, setting new personal bests in combined total. At the 2011 Russian Nationals, they placed sixth in the short program and fourth in the long, to finish fifth overall, they missed the European and World teams. Iliushechkina/Maisuradze won the gold medal at the Winter Universiade. In the 2011–12 season, Iliushechkina/Maisuradze competed at 2011 Skate Canada, where they placed 5th, 2011 NHK Trophy, where they finished 6th, they were 6th at the 2012 Russian Championships. In March 2012, their coach, Natalia Pavlova, confirmed. Maisuradze began training with Julia Antipova in July 2012, they placed fourth at the 2013 Russian Championships and won silver in their international debut at the 2013 Bavarian Open. Natalia Pavlova and Artur Dmitriev jointly coached the pair in their first season together. In the summer of 2013, Antipova/Maisuradze lost some training time due to injury and their search for a new coaching situation; the Russian federation having decided they would stay in the short term with Dmitriev, the pair returned to training in early August, working with Dmitriev separately from his and Pavlova's main group.
Antipova/Maisuradze placed fifth at the 2013 Rostelecom Cup. In the free skate, they executed their first in competition. After placing fourth again at the Russian Championships, the pair won their first international, the 2014 Bavarian Open, were assigned to the 2014 World Championships after Tatiana Volosozhar / Maxim Trankov decided to miss the event. Making their World debut, the pair finished eighth in Japan. Antipova/Maisuradze decided to remain with Dmitriev in the 2014–15 season, they were chosen to compete at the 2014 Cup of China and 2014 NHK Trophy. GP: Grand Prix.
Charles Leroy Thomas was a United States Army major, a company commander during World War II. In 1947, he was awarded the Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military decoration for valor, for his actions on December 14, 1944 near Climbach, France. Thomas and six other Black Americans who served in World War II were awarded the Medal of Honor on January 12, 1997; the Medal of Honor was posthumously presented to Thomas by President Bill Clinton on January 13, 1997 during a Medals of Honor ceremony for the seven recipients at the White House in Washington, D. C; the seven recipients are the first and only Black Americans to be awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II. Thomas was born in Alabama, he grew up in Detroit and graduated from Cass Technical High School in 1938. Thomas worked as a molder for the Ford Motor Company with his father, was a student at Wayne State University studying mechanical engineering, he was drafted, entered into the U. S. Army on January 20, 1942, he went to basic training at Camp Wolters in Texas, afterwards was assigned to the infantry.
Next, he was transferred to the Officer Candidate School at Camp Carson in Colorado where black soldiers were sent to be officers in the 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant on March 11, 1943, was assigned to be the commander of Company C, 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion at Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas. On August 27, 1944, he deployed with the 614th to England, arriving on September 7. On October 8, the 614th was on Utah Beach in France; the 614th led by Lieutenant Colonel John P. Blackshear would join General Patton's Third Army in Metz, France; the 614th saw its first combat on November 28. On December 5, the 614th was attached to 411th Infantry Regiment, on December 6, the 614th was attached to the 103rd Infantry Division.. On December 14, 1944, 1st Lt. Thomas volunteered to lead 3rd Platoon, C Company, 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion in a task force named "Task Force Blackshear" to storm and capture the village of Climbach, a strategically important town, five miles from the German border.
The task force spearheaded by Thomas' M20 scout car, consisted of a platoon of Sherman tanks from the 47th Armored Battalion, 14th Armored Division, a platoon of F Company, 411th Infantry, 103rd Infantry Division, 3rd Platoon, C Company, 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion, rest of F Company, 411th Infantry, a heavy weapons platoon. Approaching Climbach was uphill, Thomas' armored scout car was knocked out by enemy fire from the German 21st Panzer Division, he was wounded. Thomas helped his crew out of the vehicle, but as he left the car's protection, he was again wounded in the chest and arms. Despite his wounds, Thomas directed the dispersal and emplacement of the anti-tank guns, which returned fire and covered the attempt by the rest of the task force to outflank the defenders, he briefed the 3rd Platoon leader of C Company, a first lieutenant, on the general situation, only when he was sure the situation was under control did he allow himself to be evacuated. 3rd Platoon, C Company continued to fight for four hours, losing two of its four guns and over half its men as casualties.
The "valorous conduct" of the platoon, "in the face of overwhelming odds enabled the task force to capture its objective", the village of Climbach, forced the defenders to withdraw to the Siegfried Line. 3rd Platoon, C Company, 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion, was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation, the first black combat unit, the first unit attached to the 103rd Division to be so honored. Its soldiers received nine Bronze Stars. Captain Thomas received the Distinguished Service Cross on February 20, 1945, returned home a hero, though he played down his role – "I know I was sent out to locate and draw the enemy fire, but I didn't mean to draw that much." Thomas remained in the Army, retired with the rank of major on August 10, 1947. Thomas married in 1949, his wife and he had two children, he went to work as a missile technician at Selfridge Air Force Base and as a computer programmer for the Internal Revenue Service. He died of cancer on February 15, 1980, he was buried in Westlawn Cemetery in Michigan.
Medal of HonorIn the early 1990s, it was determined that Black soldiers had been denied consideration for the Medal of Honor in World War II because of their race. In 1993, the U. S. Army had contracted Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina, to research and determine if there was racial disparity in the review process for recipients of the MOH; the study commissioned by the U. S. Army, described systematic racial discrimination in the criteria for awarding decorations during World War II. After an exhaustive review of files, the study recommended in 1996 that ten Black Americans who served in World War II be awarded the MOH. In October of that year, Congress passed legislation that would allow President Clinton to award the Medal of Honor to these former soldiers. Seven of the ten including Thomas were approved, awarded the MOH on January 12, 1997. On January 13, 1997, President Clinton presented the MOH to the seven Black Americans. A niece of Thomas accepted his MOH during the ceremony. Vernon Baker was the only living recipient of the medal at the time.
Thomas' decorations and awards include: Thomas' Medal of Honor citation reads: The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor posthumously to Major Charles L. Thomas United States Army Citation: For cons
Damien Farquet is a Swiss ski mountaineer and cross-country skier. Professionally he lives in Le Châble. 1994: 1st, Patrouille de la Maya A-course, together with Jean Moix and Michel Cheseaux 2000: 1st and course record, Tour de Matterhorn 2002: 1st, Patrouille de la Maya A-course, together with Rico Elmer and Rolf Zurbrügg 2003: 1st, Trophée des Gastlosen, together with Rico Elmer 1st, European Championship team race 5th, European Championship combination ranking 6th Pierra Menta 10th, European Championship single race 2004: 3rd, Transcavallo race 1996, 1st, together with Emanuel Buchs and André Rey 1998: 1st, together with Pvt E-2 Emanuel Buchs and Pvt E-2 Rico Elmer 2000: 1st and course record, together with Pvt E-2 Emanuel Buchs and Pvt E-2 Rico Elmer 2004: 3rd, together with Rolf Zurbrügg and Rico Elmer 2001: 4th, together with Emanuel Buchs and Rico Elmer 2003: 1st, together with Rolf Zurbrügg and Rico Elmer Damien Farquet at the International Ski Federation