Freestyle is a category of swimming competition, defined by the rules of the International Swimming Federation, in which competitors are subject to few limited restrictions on their swimming stroke. Freestyle races are the most common of all swimming competitions, with distances beginning with 50 meters and reaching 1500 meters known as the mile; the term'freestyle stroke' is sometimes used as a synonym for'front crawl', as front crawl is the fastest swimming stroke. It is now the most common stroke used in freestyle competitions. Freestyle swimming implies the use of legs and arms for competitive swimming, except in the case of the individual medley or medley relay events; the front crawl is most chosen by swimmers, as this provides the greatest speed. During a race, the competitor circles the arms forward in alternation, kicking the feet down. Individual freestyle events can be swum using one of the regulated strokes. For the freestyle part of medley swimming competitions, one cannot use breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke.
Front crawl is based on the Trudgen, improved by Richmond Cavill from Sydney, Australia. Cavill developed the stroke by observing a young boy from Alick Wickham. Cavill and his brothers spread the Australian crawl to England, New Zealand and America, creating the freestyle used worldwide today. During the Olympic Games, front crawl is swum exclusively during freestyle; some of the few rules state that swimmers must touch the end of the pool during each length and cannot push off the bottom, hang on the wall, or pull on the lane lines during the course of the race. As with all competitive events, false starts can lead to disqualification of the swimmer. Times have dropped over the years due to better training techniques and to new developments in the sport. In the first four Olympics, swimming competitions were not in open water; the 1904 Olympics freestyle race was the only one measured at 100 yards, instead of the usual 100 meters. A 100-meter pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and sat in the center of the main stadium's track and field oval.
The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbor, marked the beginning of electronic timing. Male swimmers wore full body suits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swimwear counterparts. Over the years, some design considerations have reduced swimming resistance, making the pool faster, namely: proper pool depth, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy-absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, the use of other innovative hydraulic and illumination designs; the 1924 Olympics was the first to use the standard 50 meter pool with marked lanes. In freestyle events, swimmers dove from the pool walls, but diving blocks were incorporated at the 1936 Olympics; the flip turn was developed in the 1950s. Lane design created in the early 1970s has cut down turbulence in water, aiding in the more dynamic pool used today. Freestyle means "any style" for individual swims and any style but breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke for both the individual medley, medley relay competitions.
The wall has to be touched upon completion. Some part of the swimmer must be above water at any time, except for the first 15 meters after the start and every turn; this rule was introduced to prevent swimmers from using the faster underwater swimming to their advantage, or swimming entire laps underwater. The exact FINA rules are: Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke, or butterfly Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 meters after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface. There are nine competitions used in freestyle swimming, both using either a long course or a short course pool.
The United States employs short course yards. In the United States, it is common for swimmers to compete in a 25-yard pool during the Fall and Spring, switch over to a 50-meter pool format during the Summer. 50 m freestyle 100 m freestyle 200 m freestyle 400 m freestyle 800 m freestyle 1500 m freestyle 4×50 m freestyle relay 4 × 100 m freestyle relay 4 × 200 m freestyle relay Young swimmers have the option to swim a 25 yard/meter freestyle event. Freestyle is part of the medley over the following distances: 100 m individual medley 200 m individual medley 400 m individual medley 4 × 100 m medley relay In the long distance races of the 800 meter and 1500 meter, some meets hosted by FINA only
Chapman University is a private university in Orange, California. Chapman University offers 110 areas of study, encompasses ten schools and colleges: Dodge College of Film and Media Arts, Wilkinson College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Argyros School of Business and Economics, the School of Communication, Schmid College of Science and Technology, College of Performing Arts, Dale E. Fowler School of Law, College of Educational Studies, the School of Pharmacy and the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences. Founded as Hesperian College, in Woodland, the school began classes on March 4, 1861, its opening was timed to coincide with the hour of Abraham Lincoln's first inauguration. Hesperian admitted students of all races. In 1920, the assets of Hesperian College were absorbed by California Christian College, which held classes in downtown Los Angeles. In 1934, the school was renamed Chapman College, after the chairman of its board of trustees, C. C. Chapman. In 1954, Chapman College moved to its present campus in the city of Orange on the site occupied by Orange High School, which relocated to a nearby campus.
Chapman established a Residence Education Center Program to serve military personnel in 1958. This evolved into Brandman University. Chapman College became Chapman University in 1991. In that year, Dr. James L. Doti became president of Chapman University. In 1959 Chapman University broke ground for a men's dormitory on campus, it became a co-ed dorm and was best known for its basketball court. It was torn down in 2007 and replaced in 2009 by the Sandhu Residence Center, which includes a cafeteria and rock climbing wall for students. Chapman co-produces the OC Channel in a partnership with KOCE; the Argyros School of Business and Economics is a private research and academic institution at Chapman University located in the Arnold and Mable Beckman Business and Technology Hall. Founded in 1977, the school is named after George L. Argyros, a Chapman alum and former U. S. Ambassador to Spain. Argyros has chaired the board of trustees of Chapman University since 1976, has donated significant resources towards establishing Chapman as a leading national business school.
The business school was renamed in Argyros' honor in 1999. The Argyros School offers graduate degrees in business; the MBA program has three lines, Executive and Full Time. Chapman's Professional MBA Program is ranked #48 by Bloomberg/Businessweek and the Full Time program is ranked #83. Building on its strength in undergraduate accounting, the school launched a one-year Master of Science in Accounting degree. In 2008, The Princeton Review ranked Chapman Business School's undergraduate and graduate programs among its Top 25 programs in the country; the Argyros School of Business and Economics was nationally ranked as the 60th Best Undergraduate Bloomberg BusinessWeek Business School in 2014. In 2016, the Argyros School of Business and Economics rose to 34th in the same Bloomberg rankings; the Argyros School is home to a number of leading research centers and independent research institutes, including the A. Gary Anderson Center for Economic Research, the C. Larry Hoag Center for Real Estate and Finance, the Ralph W. Leatherby Center for Entrepreneurship and Ethics, the Walter Schmid Center for International Business, the Economic Science Institute, the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society.
The Leatherby Center for Entrepreneurship and Business Ethics is a program whose scope includes original research and the publication of several scholarly journals. Chapman University's Donna Ford Attallah College of Educational Studies offers an undergraduate Integrated Educational Studies degree. D. in Education. The college is home to various centers and programs for community engagement and research, including the Centro Comunitario de Educación, Paulo Freire Democratic Project, Thompson Policy Institute on Disability and Autism; the School of Education at Chapman University became the College of Educational Studies in August 2008. In 2017, the college was named in honor of Donna Ford Attallah; the current home of the Attallah College is Chapman's Reeves Hall, one the first buildings constructed for Orange Union High School on the site in 1913, added to the National Register for Historic Places in 1975, renovated and reopened to the public in February 2018. The Attallah College has full accreditation from the following agencies: Council Accreditation of Educator Preparation, Commission on Teacher Credentialing, National Association of School Psychologists, International School Psychology Association.
The college has been recognized as one of the top ten film schools in the world and ranked #6 by The Hollywood Reporter among American film schools. Part of Chapman University's Schmid College of Science and Technology, the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences became its own independent college at Chapman University on June 1, 2014; the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences describes its mission as engaging faculty and students in learning and evidence-based practice that emphasizes a biopsychosocial perspective to understanding health and disease.
Arlington County, Virginia
Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia referred to as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia. In 2016, the county's population was estimated at 230,050, making it the sixth-largest county in Virginia, or the fourth-largest city if it were incorporated as such, it is the 5th highest-income county in the U. S. by median family income and has the highest concentration of singles in the region. The county is coterminous with the U. S. Census Bureau's census-designated place of Arlington. Though a county, it is treated as the second-largest principal city of the Washington metropolitan area; the county is situated in Northern Virginia on the southwestern bank of the Potomac River directly across from the District of Columbia, of which it was once a part. With a land area of 26 square miles, Arlington is the geographically smallest self-governing county in the U. S. and by reason of state law regarding population density, has no incorporated towns within its borders. Due to the county's proximity to downtown Washington, D.
C. Arlington is home to many important installations for the capital region and U. S. government, including the Pentagon, Reagan National Airport, Arlington National Cemetery. Many schools and universities have campuses in Arlington, most prominently the Antonin Scalia Law School of George Mason University; the area that now constitutes Arlington County was part of Fairfax County in the Colony of Virginia. Land grants from the British monarch were awarded to prominent Englishmen in exchange for political favors and efforts at development. One of the grantees was Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, who lends his name to both Fairfax County and the City of Fairfax; the county's name "Arlington" comes via Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington, a Plantation along the Potomac River, Arlington House, the family residence on that property. George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of First Lady Martha Washington, acquired this land in 1802; the estate was passed down to Mary Anna Custis Lee, wife of General Robert E. Lee.
The property became Arlington National Cemetery during the American Civil War, lent its name to present-day Arlington County. The area that now contains Arlington County was ceded to the new United States federal government by Virginia. With the passage of the Residence Act in 1790, Congress approved a new permanent capital to be located on the Potomac River, the exact area to be selected by U. S. President George Washington; the Residence Act only allowed the President to select a location within Maryland as far east as what is now the Anacostia River. However, President Washington shifted the federal territory's borders to the southeast in order to include the pre-existing city of Alexandria at the District's southern tip. In 1791, Congress, at Washington's request, amended the Residence Act to approve the new site, including the territory ceded by Virginia. However, this amendment to the Residence Act prohibited the "erection of the public buildings otherwise than on the Maryland side of the River Potomac."
As permitted by the United States Constitution, the initial shape of the federal district was a square, measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants placed boundary stones at every mile point. Fourteen of these markers were in Virginia and many of the stones are still standing; when Congress arrived in the new capital, they passed the Organic Act of 1801 to organize the District of Columbia and placed the entire federal territory, including the cities of Washington and Alexandria, under the exclusive control of Congress. Further, the unincorporated territory within the District was organized into two counties: the County of Washington to the east of the Potomac and the County of Alexandria to the west, it included all of the present Arlington County, plus part of what is now the independent city of Alexandria. This Act formally established the borders of the area that would become Arlington but the citizens located in the District were no longer considered residents of Maryland or Virginia, thus ending their representation in Congress.
Residents of Alexandria County had expected the federal capital's location to result in higher land prices and the growth of commerce. Instead the county found itself struggling to compete with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal at the port of Georgetown, farther inland and on the northern side of the Potomac River next to the city of Washington. Members of Congress from other areas of Virginia used their power to prohibit funding for projects, such as the Alexandria Canal, which would have increased competition with their home districts. In addition, Congress had prohibited the federal government from establishing any offices in Alexandria, which made the county less important to the functioning of the national government. Alexandria had been an important center of the slave trade. Rumors circulated. At the same time, an active abolitionist movement arose in Virginia that created a division on the question of slavery in the Virginia General Assembly. Pro-slavery Virginians recognized that if Alexandria were returned to Virginia, it could provide two new representatives who favored slavery in the state legislature.
During the American Civil War, this division led to the formation of the state of West Virginia, which comprised the 55 counties in the northwest that favored abolitionism. As a result of the economic neglect by Congress, divisions over slavery, the lack of voting
Kathleen Genevieve Ledecky is an American competitive swimmer. She has won five Olympic gold medals and 14 world championship gold medals, the most in history for a female swimmer, she is the current world record holder in the women's 400-, 800-, 1500-meter freestyle. She holds the fastest-ever times in the women's 500-, 1000-, 1650-yard freestyle events. In her international debut at the 2012 London Olympic Games as a 15-year-old, Ledecky unexpectedly won the gold medal in the women's 800-metre freestyle. Four years she left Rio de Janeiro as the most decorated female athlete of the 2016 Olympic Games with four gold medals, one silver medal, two world records. In total, she has won 31 medals in major international competitions, spanning the Summer Olympics, World Championships, Pan Pacific Championships. During her career, she has broken fourteen world records. Ledecky's success has earned her Swimming World's Female World Swimmer of the Year a record-breaking five times. Ledecky was named Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year in 2017, international female Champion of Champions by L'Équipe in 2014 and 2017, United States Olympic Committee Female Athlete of the Year in 2013, 2016 and 2017, Sportswoman of the Year by the Women's Sports Foundation in 2017.
Ledecky's 10 individual gold medals at the World Aquatics Championships and 14 combined individual titles at the Olympics and World Aquatics Championships are records in women's swimming. Ledecky was born in Washington, D. C. the daughter of Mary Gen and David Ledecky. Her paternal grandfather, Jaromír Ledecký, was Czech, came to the United States from Czechoslovakia in 1947, while her paternal grandmother is Jewish, her mother is of Irish descent. Ledecky is a Catholic and prays the Hail Mary before a race. Ledecky began swimming at the age of six, due to the influence of her older brother and her mother, who swam for the University of New Mexico. Ledecky resides in Bethesda, where she attended Little Flower School and graduated from Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart in 2015. During her high school swimming career, Ledecky twice set the American and US Open record in the 500-yard freestyle and twice set the national, high-school record in the 200-yard freestyle. Ledecky finished her high-school career as the holder of the Stone Ridge school record in every swimming event except the 100-meter breaststroke.
During the summer of 2012, she trained with the Nation's Capital Swim Club under coach Yuri Suguiyama. Following Suguiyama's departure to coach for the University of California, she continued to train with the Nation's Capital Swim Club under coach Bruce Gemmell through the 2016 Olympics. During the summers prior to 2012, she swam for Palisades Swim Team in Maryland. Ledecky accepted an athletic scholarship to Stanford University, where she swims for coach Greg Meehan's Stanford Cardinal women's swimming team, her uncle is New York Islanders owner Jon Ledecky. In December 2016, Ledecky was chosen as one of the sponsors of the US Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise alongside gymnast Simone Biles, they are the first Olympians to be given this honor. At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials in Omaha, Ledecky made the Olympic team by placing first in the 800-meter freestyle with a time of 8:19.78, over two seconds ahead of second-place finisher Kate Ziegler. In Omaha, Ledecky placed third in the 400-meter freestyle and ninth in the 200-meter freestyle.
Her third-place finish in the 400-meter freestyle was the fastest time swum by a 15- to 16-year-old American. At 15 years, 4 months, 10 days, she was the youngest American participant at the 2012 Olympic Games. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Ledecky qualified to swim in the final of the 800-meter freestyle by placing third overall in the heats with a time of 8:23.84. In the final, Ledecky stunned the field, winning gold by more than four seconds, with a time of 8:14.63, the second-fastest effort of all time just behind Rebecca Adlington's world record of 8:14.10 set in 2008. In addition, she broke Janet Evans' American record of 8:16.22 that had stood since 1989. In the final, Ledecky went out hard and, by the 200-meter mark, she had established an body-length lead, her 400-meter split was 4:04.34, a personal best for Ledecky in that distance, would have placed fifth in the individual 400-meter freestyle. At the 750-meter mark, Ledecky was 3.42 seconds ahead of Mireia Belmonte García, 0.31 seconds under world record pace.
Ledecky just missed the world record by 0.53 seconds. Her gold was the first international medal of her career, earning her the 2012 Best Female Performance of the Year and Breakout Performer of the Year at the Golden Goggle Awards. At the 2013 US National Championships, Ledecky qualified to swim in four individual events and the 4×200-meter freestyle relay at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, though she dropped the 200-meter freestyle from her program. At the National Championships, she finished first in the 400-, 800- and 1500-meter freestyle, second in the 200-meter freestyle. At the 2013 World Championships, Ledecky won gold in the 400-, 800-, 1500-meter freestyle, in the 4×200-meter freestyle relay, set two world records. In winning the 400 through 1500-meter titles, she became the second woman to win the events in a World Championships since German Hannah Stockbauer in 2003. In her first event in Barcelona, the 400-meter freestyle, Ledecky became a world champion for the first time by winning i
Swimming at the 2012 Summer Olympics
The swimming competitions at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London took place from 28 July to 4 August at the Aquatics Centre. The open-water competition took place from 9 to 10 August in Hyde Park. Swimming featured 34 events, including two 10 km open-water marathons in Hyde Park's Serpentine Lake; the remaining 32 were contested in a 50 m long course pool within the Olympic Park. United States claimed a total of 31 medals in the leaderboard to maintain its supremacy as the most successful nation in swimming. Brought by an unprecedented sporting domination, Michael Phelps emerged as the most decorated Olympian of all time after winning six more medals at these Games to bring his total after the 2012 games to 22. Battling against the Americans for an overall medal count, China mounted to an unexpected second-place effort on the leaderboard with a tally of 10 medals after striking a superb double from Sun Yang in long-distance freestyle and Ye Shiwen in the individual medley. Meanwhile, France ended on a spectacular fashion in third spot with a total of seven medals, followed by the Netherlands with four, including two golds from Ranomi Kromowidjojo in sprint freestyle, South Africa with three.
For the first time since 1992, Australia delivered an underwhelming performance with only a single triumph in the freestyle relay, but managed to bring home a total of ten medals. After not winning a gold in swimming since 2004, Japan produced the most medals in the post-war era to build a tally of eleven. A total of nine world records and twenty five Olympic records were set during the competition. Similar to the program's format in 2008, swimming featured a total of 34 events including two 10 km open-water marathons; the following events were contested: Freestyle: 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1,500. For the pool events, prelims were held in the morning, with semifinals and final in the following evening session. M = Morning session, E = Evening session FINA By-Law BL 220.127.116.11 and BL 18.104.22.168.3 lays out the qualification procedures for the "Swimming" competition at the Olympics. Each country is allowed to enter up to two swimmers per individual event, one entry per relay. On 11 November 2010, FINA posted the qualifying times for individual events for the 2012 Olympics.
The time standards consist of two time standards, an "Olympic Qualifying Time" and an "Olympic invitation time". Each country was able to enter up to two swimmers per event, provided both swimmers met the qualifying time. A country was able to enter one swimmer per event. Any swimmer who met the "qualifying" time was entered in the event for the Games. If a country has no swimmers meeting either qualifying standard, it may enter one male and one female. A country that does not receive an allocation spot but has at least one swimmer who meets a qualifying standard may enter the swimmer with the highest ranking; each relay event featured 16 teams, composed of: 12: the top-12 finishers at the 2011 World Championships in each relay event. 4: the 4 fastest non-qualified teams, based on times in the 15-months preceding the Olympics. The men's and women's 10 km races at the 2012 Olympics each featured 25 swimmers: 10: the top-10 finishers in the 10 km races at the 2011 World Championships 9: the top-9 finishers at the 2012 Olympic Marathon Swim Qualifier.
5: one representative from each FINA continent. 1: from the host nation if not qualified by other means. If Great Britain had a qualifier in the race, this spot was allocated back into the general pool from the 2012 qualifying race. FINA announced in early July 2012 that 631 athletes from 166 nations would compete in swimming events at the 2012 Olympics. 59 nations qualified via 12 via the B cut and 95 via Universality. Brunei, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Liechtenstein and Tonga made their official debut in swimming. Meanwhile, Grenada and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines returned to the sport after an eight-year absence. Nations with swimmers at the Games are: Note: There were ties for silver in the men's 200 m freestyle and men's 100 m butterfly events. A Swimmers who participated received medals. B Swimmers who received medals. All world records are subsequently Olympic records. Derya Büyükuncu and Lars Frölander were the first swimmers to participate in six consecutive Olympic Games. In the women's 400-metre individual medley, Chinese Ye Shiwen won in a world-record time of 4:28.43.
After the race, Ye had allegations against her suggesting the use of drugs that drew
Fairfax, colloquially known as Fairfax Courthouse, Downtown Fairfax, or Fairfax City, named the City of Fairfax, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 22,565, which had risen to an estimated 24,013 as of 2015; the city of Fairfax is an enclave surrounded by the separate political entity Fairfax County. Fairfax City contains an exclave of Fairfax County, as detailed below; the city of Fairfax and the area surrounding the historical border of the city of Fairfax, collectively designated by Fairfax County as "Fairfax", comprise the county seat of Fairfax County. The city is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as a part of Northern Virginia; the city is 17 miles west of Washington, D. C; the Washington Metro's Orange Line serves Fairfax through its Vienna station, a mile northeast of the city limits. CUE Bus and Metrobus operate in Fairfax. Virginia Railway Express's Burke Centre station is situated three miles southeast of the city's boundaries.
Virginia's largest public educational institution with 35,189 students in 2017 is George Mason University, located in unincorporated Fairfax County, along the city's southern border. The city derives its name from Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, awarded 5,000,000 acres of land in northern Virginia by King Charles; the area that the city now encompasses was settled in the early 18th century by farmers from Virginia's Tidewater region. The town of "Providence" was established on the site by an act of the state legislature in 1805; the scene of the first land battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Fairfax Court House took place here on June 1, 1861, after a Union scouting party clashed with the local militia with neither side gaining advantage. A second battle took place here two years on June 27, 1863, where Union troops were defeated; this battle delayed the movements of Confederate cavalry chief Jeb Stuart with disastrous consequences for Lee at Gettysburg a few days later. Fairfax was renamed the "Town of Fairfax" in 1859.
It was incorporated as a town in 1874. It was incorporated as a city in 1961 by court order. Under Virginia law the city remains the county seat. In 1904 a trolley line connected Fairfax with Washington, D. C; the former Fairfax County Courthouse is the oldest historic building in Fairfax. The first Fairfax courthouse was established in 1742 near present-day Tyson's Corner, is the namesake for Old Courthouse Road, it intersects with Gallows Road, which today is a major commuter route, but at the time was the road where condemned prisoners were led to the gallows at the old courthouse. In 1752, the courthouse was moved to Alexandria, which offered to build the new courthouse at their own expense; the reason the courthouse was moved from the Tyson's Corner location was because of "Indian hostilities", as noted on the stone marker at the northwest corner of Gallows Road and Route 123. The courthouse operated there until 1790, when Virginia ceded the land where the courthouse was located for the creation of Washington, DC.
The General Assembly specified that the new courthouse should be located in the center of the county, was established at the corner of what was Old Little River Turnpike and is now Main Street and what was Ox Road and is now Chain Bridge Road on land donated by town founder Richard Ratcliffe. The courthouse changed hands during the Civil War, the first officer casualty, John Quincy Marr, occurred on its grounds; the first meeting of the Fairfax Court was held April 21, 1800. The oldest two-story building in the city, built in 1873, the Fairfax Public School for $2,750. In addition to elementary school use the building has housed special education, adult education, police academy training. On July 4, 1992, the building became the Fairfax Visitor Center. Joseph Edward Willard built the town hall building in 1900 gifted it to the town in 1902; the Old Town Hall now houses the Fairfax Art League. The city of Fairfax is located close to the geographic center of Fairfax County, at 38°51′9″N 77°18′15″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles, of which all but 0.04 square miles is land. While the city is the county seat, a small portion of the county comprising the courthouse complex, the jail and a small area nearby is itself an exclave of the county within the city. Fairfax County's Government Center is west of the City of Fairfax; as of the census of 2010, there were 22,565 people, 8,347 households, 5,545 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,581.7 people per square mile. There were 8,680 housing units at an average density of 1,377.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.6% White, 15.2% Asian, 4.7% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.9% from other races, 4.0% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2000 there were 8,347 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families.
24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 36.2% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older
Bishop Denis J. O'Connell High School
Bishop Denis J. O'Connell High School is a Roman Catholic college preparatory school founded in 1957 in Arlington County, Virginia, it was established by the Diocese of Richmond, but has been under the direction of the Diocese of Arlington since 1974. The school is named for Bishop Denis J. O'Connell, Bishop of Richmond from 1912 to 1926; these AP Courses are offered to students: Honors classes are offered in a variety of academic areas. These courses are offered at the honors level: Bishop O'Connell High School participates in the Washington Catholic Athletic Conference. In this league, O'Connell participates in all major sports against other Catholic high schools of the D. C. metro area. Since the mid-1980s, the school's primary athletic rival has been Paul VI Catholic High School, located in Fairfax; the rivalry has sometimes resulted in high tensions between the schools, due to vandalism incidents and problems at sporting events. In late 2009, tempers flared so high. Bishop Ireton High School, located in Alexandria, Virginia, is another major athletic rival.
These are some statistics from the last five years of O'Connell Varsity Boys' Basketball: The O'Connell Girls' Varsity Soccer team held the record for being undefeated from to. They were National Champions in 2004; the boys' soccer team beat the 19-0-1 DeMatha Stags on October 31, 2006, in the conference quarter-finals. The victory prevented DeMatha, who at one point this season was ranked number 1 in the nation, from winning their 4th straight WCAC title; this resulted in the defeat of DeMatha's 67-game unbeaten streak. The team lost to Paul VI 2-1 in the semi-final round of the WCAC tournament. O'Connell has over 60 student-operated clubs, their focuses are academic and common interest. These clubs include: The O'Connell Superdance is an annual 12-hour dance-a-thon held at the school which raises money for the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation; the Superdance is run by students. It was started under the administration of principal Msgr. James McMurtrie. O'Connell students began holding the Superdance in 1976 because students wanted to speed the discovery of a cure for cystic fibrosis, a fatal disease of the lungs which had claimed the life of sophomore Brenda O'Donnell on April 14, 1975.
Her sister Maura was a senior in 1976 and had cystic fibrosis. Their brother, died of cystic fibrosis that same year. Maura graduated and went on to nursing school at Marymount University, continuing to support the Superdance in hopes that a cure would be found, her last Superdance was in 1978. In a speech delivered to the O'Connell community she said: "All of you I know have dreams – dreams of college, of success, of love and happiness – dreams of the future. We with cystic fibrosis have dreams too. Your wonderful all-out efforts and work for this dance-a-thon may help make some of our dreams come true." Two months she too died of this disease. Over the past 43 years, O'Connell students have raised over $4,500,000 for the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, an organization dedicated to finding a cure for the disease. Bishop Denis J. O'Connell's Superdance is the largest high school fundraiser for the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation in the nation, one of the largest high school fundraising events in the country.
The Chunky Soup Drive is held annually throughout the month of October. Students have a month to collect as many cans of Chunky Soup as possible. At the end of the month, cans are collected and donated to Christ House homeless shelter in Alexandria, Virginia. According to the school, this event yields over 8,000 cans of soup each year. In 2017, students collected the highest number of cans ever: over 14,500. Bryan Louiselle: Music Adaptation and Arrangement, notable for Disney's High School Musical Edward DeMarco: former acting director of the Federal Housing and Finance Agency Pat McGee: Singer, guitarist. John Cherundolo. A three sport star sthlete at O'Connell Cherundolo went on to attend College at Syracuse where was a star football player and wrestler. After graduating Law School he was a trial lawyer and was appointed as a New York State Supreme Court Judge. Marcus Ginyard Kendall Marshall Melo Trimble Bob Asher: Dallas Cowboys and Chicago Bears Casey Crawford: Tampa Bay Buccaneers Gibran Hamdan: Buffalo Bills Ralph Hawkins: Former NFL coach began his coaching career at O'Connell in 1958 Eric Metcalf: Cleveland Browns Terrence Wilkins: Indianapolis Colts John Arsala: Played professionally in Europe for Polonia Warsaw.
Member of the United States National Olympic Development Program: 1991–2000. Nataly Arias: Member of the Colombia National Soccer team during the 2011 Woman's World Cup in Germany Kate Ziegler: Former World record holder in the 1500m freestyle The morning of May 7, 2002, on D. C. metro area shock jock Elliot Segal's radio program, DC101's Elliot in the Morning was conducting a contest. The winners of this contest would be cage dancers at an upcoming Kid Rock concert at George Mason University's Patriot Center. Wanting to be contestants, two sixteen-year-old O'Connell students, claiming to be eighteen, called the show. Instead of discussing the contest, the students discussed alleged sexual activity at O'Connell; the students, who had used false names on air, were suspended the same day for their comments. The principal addressed the student body over the PA system and criticized the content of that morning's show; the following day, angered by the students' suspension insulted the principal on air, making lewd insinuations