Ripon Grammar School
Ripon Grammar School is a co-educational, selective grammar school in Ripon, North Yorkshire, England. It is one of the best-performing schools in the North of England; the school was graded "Outstanding" in its 2012 Ofsted report and is listed in the top 50 schools in the United Kingdom. It is a selective school, one of the few in the North of England; the school motto is the Old English phrase Giorne ymb lare ymb diowatdomas. The school was founded in Saxon times. A boys' school, the school merged with Ripon Girls' School to become coeducational in 1962. Although most pupils are day pupils from the surrounding area and Ripon itself, there are boys' and girls' boarding houses. Ripon was the first and only school catchment area in England in which parents voted to keep a selective school in March 2000 by 1,493 to 747; the head of the neighbouring secondary modern school, Ripon College, Paul Lowery was in favour of keeping the selection system as it was, which contributed to the proposal's defeat.
The campaign against the school was co-ordinated by Debbie Atkins, who like other local parents chose to send her children to school in Harrogate. To force a ballot, petitions had to be raised; these were allowed from December 1998, Ripon was the only one out of 39 resulting in a ballot. The cost of administration of these petitions and the one ballot was £437,000; the huge cost of administration came from education officials having to write individually to registered parents at feeder primary schools. In the year of the ballot – 1999/2000 – £216,283 was spent on the petition procedure's administration; the vote was allowed by the School Standards and Framework Act 1998. Pre 1348 Richard Chamberlain, pre 1371 – post 1380 Master Thomas, pre 1545 – post 1477 Henry Singleton, 1545 – 1553 Edmund Brown, 1571 John Nettleton, 1608 Christopher Lyndall, 1622 John Ashmore, 1623–1650 Richard Palmes, 1650–1661 Roger Holmes, 1661–1676 Charles Oxley, 1676–1681 George Loup, 1681–1685 Ralph Cottingham, 1685–1704 Thomas Thomson, 1704–1721 Thomas Lloyd, 1721–1730 John Barber, 1731–1737 Thomas Stevens, 1737 William Scott, 1738 James Topham, 1738–1771 George Hyde, 1772–1798 Solomon Robinson, 1798–1809 Isaac Cook, 1809–1811 William Ewbank, 1812–1851 William Plues, 1851–1872 J F MacMichael, 1872–1879 F A Hooper, 1879–1890 A B Haslam, 1890–1895 W Yorke Fausset, 1895–1919 C C S Bland, 1935–1957 W J Strachan, 1957–1974 Robert Atkinson, 1974–1991 Brian Stanley, 1992–2004 Alan Jones, 2004–2017 Martin Pearman, 2017–Present Jonathan Webb Thomas Ashworth, Headteacher of Ermysted's Grammar School in Skipton from 1998–2008 Former pupils are known as Old Riponians.
Notable old Riponians include: William Hague, former Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Katharine Viner, editor-in-chief of The Guardian from summer 2015 Richard Hammond, television presenter – Top Gear/Total Wipeout/Richard Hammond's Blast Lab David Curry, former Member of Parliament for Skipton & Ripon Bruce Oldfield, fashion designer Matthew Hutton Prof David George Kendall, Professor of Mathematical Statistics from 1962–85 at the University of Cambridge Peter Squires, British Lion & England Rugby Union International/Yorkshire County Cricketer Prof Peter Toyne, CBE, 1st Vice-Chancellor from 1992–2000 of Liverpool John Moores University, Rector from 1986–92 of Liverpool Polytechnic Paul Hullah, writer Jack Laugher, British Olympic Diver & Travian expert Peter Marshall CMG, Ambassador to Algeria from 1995–6 The Venerable Maurice Edwards OBE, Chaplain-in-Chief of the RAF from 1940–4 Francis Pigou, Dean of Bristol from 1891 to 1916 Beilby Porteus, Georgian Bishop of Chester and London Rt Rev William Stubbs the Victorian Bishop of Oxford from 1889–1901, Regius Professor of Modern History from 1866–84 Ripon Grammar School website Old Riponians' website EduBase
Kira Cochrane is a British journalist and novelist. She works as Head of Features at The Guardian, worked as Head of Opinion. Cochrane is an advocate for women's rights, as well as an active participant in fourth wave feminist movements. Kira Cochrane was raised in Loughton, Essex. Cochrane and her younger brother were raised by her mother in a single parent household, her father died of a heart attack in 1979 at age 34. In 1983, when Cochrane was six years old, her elder brother was killed in a traffic accident, she attended Christ's Hospital school, Horsham before studying American Literature at the University of Sussex and the University of California, Davis. A journalist at The Sunday Times, Cochrane fills the position as current Head of Features at The Guardian, she was the newspaper's women's editor from 2006 to November 2010, when she was succeeded by Jane Martinson. Cochrane wrote a column for the New Statesman magazine from 2006 to July 2008 and has written for other news sources such as the HuffPost.
Since beginning her career with The Guardian in 2006, Cochrane continues to produce content covering women's empowerment and female leaders in progressivism. In a 2017 interview with The Heroine Collective, Cochrane expresses her passion for writing with The Guardian:“I always felt it was my duty to run pieces about the more enjoyable sides of women’s lives, as well as the everyday sexism and horror,” she says. “To try and reflect the reality of our experiences.” Kira Cochrane has published four novels, Modern Women 52 Pioneers, All The Rebel Women,The Naked Season, Escape Routes for Beginners, which appeared on the long list for the 2005 Orange Prize for Fiction. In 2009, Cochrane herself appeared on the judging panel for that year's Orange Prize for Fiction. She's co-edited Cupcakes and Kalashnikovs: 100 Years of the Best Journalism by Women, published in the United States as Journalistas: 100 Years of the Best Writing and Reporting by Women Journalists, she has edited an anthology of women's writing, which has appeared in The Guardian, Women of the Revolution: Forty Years of Feminism.
Modern Women is a tribute to women. Cochrane immortalizes their legacies with textual elements throughout. In the interview with The Heroine Collective, Kira explains her motivations for Modern Women:"I wanted each woman to be someone who shifted the world's sense of what might be possible for women." As a supporter of fourth wave feminist movements, Cochrane constructs All the Rebel Women as a tribute to those who are promoting change. In 2013, The Guardian posted an extract of the short novel and summarizes it as such:"Kira Cochrane's'All the Rebel Women' collects the voices making up a new fourth wave of feminism. In this exclusive extract, she looks at the role humour has to play in the movement." In her second novel, Kira explores her narrative through the eyes of 13-year-old Rita Mae. Rita wishes to escape the prison-island she resides on. Throughout the novel, Rita uncovers secrets about her family's past. Escape Route for Beginners landed Cochrane as the youngest author nominated for the Orange Prize for Fiction, at 27 years old.
Cosmopolitan calls it, "Inventive and deliciously dark." As an emerging author, Cochrane turned feminism into fiction in The Naked Season. In an Amazon.com review and summary, they write: "An outspoken, outrageous and outlandish debut novel from an outstanding new writer. Growing up isn't easy when your mother is a figurehead for feminism and the most famous lesbian in the world. All her life, Molly Flynn has been intrigued, entertained and exasperated by her mother Augusta's bizarre claims about who she is and where she came from. Now, as Molly sets off down America's West Coast to confront her estranged husband and serve him divorce papers, she looks back on her strange and unconventional childhood in a series of entertaining flashbacks, but Molly will be waylaid on her journey from Seattle to California, sidetracked - with dramatic, surprising and unexpected results." Cochrane's All the Rebel Women is based on the rise of fourth-wave feminism: the current era of feminism, heightened by the use of social media and strives for intersectionality in society.
The fourth wave focuses on supporting movements such as body positivity and sex-positivity, as well as protecting the rights of the LGBTQ community. Cochrane began her research and reporting of the fourth wave in 2013, upon collecting information for All the Rebel Women. In 2013, Cochrane wrote an article for the Guardian, titled "The fourth wave of feminism: meet the rebel women." Cochrane says:"Welcome to the fourth wave of feminism. What's happening now feels like something new again. It's defined by technology: tools that are allowing women to build a strong, reactive movement online. Just how popular is sometimes startling.""As 2013 unfolded, it became impossible to ignore the rumble of feminist campaigners, up and down the country.""But bald attempts to silence women only made the movement larger and louder. They convinced those who had never thought about misogyny before that it was still alive, convinced those who were well aware of it to keep going."
Edward Joseph Snowden is an American whistle-blower and fugitive. A former Central Intelligence Agency employee and contractor for the United States government, he copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency in 2013, his disclosures revealed numerous global surveillance programs, many run by the NSA and the Five Eyes Intelligence Alliance with the cooperation of telecommunication companies and European governments, prompted a cultural discussion about national security and individual privacy. In 2013, Snowden was hired by an NSA contractor, Booz Allen Hamilton, after previous employment with Dell and the CIA. Snowden says he became disillusioned with the programs with which he was involved and that he tried to raise his ethical concerns through internal channels but was ignored. On May 20, 2013, Snowden flew to Hong Kong after leaving his job at an NSA facility in Hawaii, in early June he revealed thousands of classified NSA documents to journalists Glenn Greenwald, Laura Poitras, Ewen MacAskill.
Snowden came to international attention after stories based on the material appeared in The Guardian and The Washington Post. Further disclosures were made by other publications including The New York Times. On June 21, 2013, the U. S. Department of Justice unsealed charges against Snowden of two counts of violating the Espionage Act of 1917 and theft of government property, following which the Department of State revoked his passport. Two days he flew into Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport, but Russian authorities noted that his U. S. passport had been cancelled, he was restricted to the airport terminal for over one month. Russia recognized his right of asylum, with a visa for residence for one year. Repeated extensions have permitted him to stay at least until 2020. In early 2016, he became the president of the Freedom of the Press Foundation, an organization that aims to protect journalists from hacking and government surveillance; as of 2017, he was living in an undisclosed location in Moscow.
Edward Joseph Snowden was born on June 1983, in Elizabeth City, North Carolina. His maternal grandfather, Edward J. Barrett, a rear admiral in the U. S. Coast Guard, became a senior official with the FBI and was at the Pentagon in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. Snowden's father, was an officer in the Coast Guard, his mother, Elizabeth, is a clerk at the U. S. District Court for the District of Maryland, his older sister, was a lawyer at the Federal Judicial Center in Washington, D. C. Edward Snowden said that he had expected to work for the federal government, as had the rest of his family, his parents divorced in 2001, his father remarried. Snowden scored above 145 on two separate IQ tests. In the early 1990s, while still in grade school, Snowden moved with his family to the area of Fort Meade, Maryland. Mononucleosis caused him to miss high school for nine months. Rather than returning to school, he passed the GED test and took classes at Anne Arundel Community College. Although Snowden had no undergraduate college degree, he worked online toward a master's degree at the University of Liverpool, England, in 2011.
He was interested in Japanese popular culture, had studied the Japanese language, worked for an anime company that had a resident office in the U. S, he said he had a basic understanding of Mandarin Chinese and was interested in martial arts. At age 20, he listed Buddhism as his religion on a military recruitment form, noting that the choice of agnostic was "strangely absent." Snowden has said that, in the 2008 presidential election, he voted for a third-party candidate, though he "believed in Obama's promises." Following the election, he believed President Barack Obama was continuing policies espoused by George W. Bush. In accounts published in June 2013, interviewers noted that Snowden's laptop displayed stickers supporting Internet freedom organizations including the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Tor Project. A week after publication of his leaks began, Ars Technica confirmed that Snowden had been an active participant at the site's online forum from 2001 through May 2012, discussing a variety of topics under the pseudonym "TheTrueHOOHA."
In a January 2009 entry, TheTrueHOOHA exhibited strong support for the U. S. security state apparatus and said leakers of classified information "should be shot in the balls." However, Snowden disliked Obama's CIA director appointment of Leon Panetta, saying "Obama just named a fucking politician to run the CIA." Snowden was offended by a possible ban on assault weapons, writing "Me and all my lunatic, gun-toting NRA compatriots would be on the steps of Congress before the C-Span feed finished." Snowden disliked Obama's economic policies, was against Social Security, favored Ron Paul's call for a return to the gold standard. In 2014, Snowden supported a basic income. Feeling a duty to fight in the Iraq War to help free oppressed people, Snowden enlisted in the United States Army Reserve on May 7, 2004, became a Special Forces candidate through its 18X enlistment option, he did not complete the training. After breaking both legs in a training accident, he was discharged on September 28, 2004. Snowden was employed for less than a year in 2005 as a security guard at the University of Maryland's Center for Advanced Study of Language, a research center sponsored by the National Security Agency.
According to the University, this is not a classified facility, though it is guarded. In June 2014, Snowden told Wired that his job as a security guard required a high-level security clearance, for which he passed a polygraph exam and underwent a stringent background check. After attending a 2006 job-fair focused on intelligence agencies, Sno
University of Melbourne
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is the oldest in Victoria. Melbourne's main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of the Melbourne central business district, with several other campuses located across Victoria. Melbourne is a sandstone university and a member of the Group of Eight, Universitas 21 and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Since 1872 various residential colleges have become affiliated with the university. There are 10 colleges located on the main campus and in nearby suburbs offering academic and cultural programs alongside accommodation for Melbourne students and faculty. Melbourne comprises 11 separate academic units and is associated with numerous institutes and research centres, including the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research and the Grattan Institute.
Amongst Melbourne's 15 graduate schools the Melbourne Business School, the Melbourne Law School and the Melbourne Medical School are well regarded. Times Higher Education ranked Melbourne 32nd globally in 2017-2018, while the Academic Ranking of World Universities places Melbourne 38th in the world, in the QS World University Rankings 2019 Melbourne ranks 39th globally and ranked sixth in the world according to the 2019 QS Graduate Employability Rankings. Four Australian prime ministers and five governors-general have graduated from the University of Melbourne. Ten Nobel laureates have been the most of any Australian university; the University of Melbourne was established by Hugh Childers, the Auditor-General and Finance Minister, in his first Budget Speech on 4 November 1852, who set aside a sum of £10,000 for the establishment of a university. The university was established by Act of Incorporation on 22 January 1853, with power to confer degrees in arts, medicine and music; the act provided for an annual endowment of £9,000, while a special grant of £20,000 was made for buildings that year.
The foundation stone was laid on 3 July 1854, on the same day the foundation stone for the State Library Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students. The original buildings were opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855; the first chancellor, Redmond Barry, held the position until his death in 1880. The inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush; the institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth. In 1881, the admission of women was a seen as victory over the more conservative ruling council; the university's 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003. The Melbourne School of Land and Environment was disestablished on the first of January, 2015, its agriculture and food systems department moved alongside veterinary science to form the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, while other areas of study, including horticulture, forestry and resource management, moved to the Faculty of Science in two new departments.
As of May 2009 the university "suspended" the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the college and there were fears they may not return under the new curriculum. A 2005 heads of agreement over the merger of the VCA and the university stated that the management of academic programs at the VCA would ensure that "the VCA continues to exercise high levels of autonomy over the conduct and future development of its academic programs so as to ensure their integrity and quality" and that the college's identity will be preserved. New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the university's plan for the college in early April 2009; as a result, it is now being called into question. Staff at the college responded to the changes, claiming the university did not value vocational arts training, voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA. Former Victorian arts minister Race Mathews has weighed in on the debate expressing his hope that, "Melbourne University will not proceed with its proposed changes to the Victorian College of the Arts", for'good sense' to prevail.
In 2011, the Victorian State Government allocated $24 million to support arts education at the VCA and the faculty was renamed the Faculty of the Victorian College of the Arts and the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music. The Parkville Campus is the primary campus of the university. Established in a large area north of Grattan Street in Parkville, the campus has expanded well beyond its boundaries, with many of its newly acquired buildings located in the nearby suburb of Carlton; the university is undertaking an'ambitious infrastructure program' to reshape campuses. Melbourne University has 10 residential colleges in total, seven of which are located in an arc around the cricket oval at the northern edge of the campus, known as College Crescent; the other three are located outside of university grounds. The residential colleges aim to provide accommodation and holistic education experience to university students. Most of the university's residential colleges admit students from RMIT University and Monash University, Parkville campus, with selected colleges accepting students from the Australian Catholic University and Victoria University.
Several of the earliest campus buildings, such as the Old Quadrangle and Baldwin Spencer buildings, feature period architecture. The new Wilson Hall replaced th
Alan Charles Rusbridger is a British journalist, Principal of Lady Margaret Hall and the former editor-in-chief of The Guardian. He took up the post in 1995, having been a columnist earlier in his career. Rusbridger was succeeded by Katharine Viner, he is now the Chair of the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Rusbridger was born in Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia, a protectorate, the son of B. E. and G. H. Rusbridger, the Director of Education of Northern Rhodesia; when Rusbridger was five, the family returned to Britain and he was educated at Lanesborough Prep School, where he was a chorister at Christ Church, Cranleigh School, a boys' independent school in Surrey. At Magdalene College, Cambridge, he read English Literature. During the vacations of his first two years at university, he worked for the Cambridge Evening News as an intern, accepted a job offer from the newspaper after graduation, he stayed with the Evening News until 1979. He joined The Guardian as a reporter, subsequently wrote the paper's diary column and became a feature writer.
In November 1985, Rusbridger had a brief stint as a Royal reporter following the Prince and Princess of Wales around Melbourne, Australia. Fascinated by gadgets, at this stage he was using a Tandy word processor and an early modem to file stories back to London, he left in 1986 to become TV critic of The Observer an separate newspaper, before moving to America to be the Washington editor of the short-lived London Daily News in 1987. After returning to The Guardian, he launched the "Weekend" supplement in 1988, followed by the paper's "G2" section, he became features editor in 1994. Rusbridger was appointed as the editor of The Guardian by the Scott Trust in late January 1995 after a decisive vote of the National Union of Journalists chapel and trustees in an electoral college; as editor he defended the paper against a number of high-profile defamation suits, including those from the Police Federation and the Conservative MPs, Neil Hamilton and Jonathan Aitken. In the case involving Hamilton, the lobbyist Ian Greer, he said: "They weren’t going to fight us in the court so they tried to do it through the TV studio."
Rusbridger countered them by being available for TV interviews over three days to ensure that their version of events did not gain precedence. Hamilton's case collapsed shortly before a court hearing, while Aitken was demonstrated to have perjured himself, served a prison sentence as a result. Seen early in his editorship as a modernising new broom, he commented in June 1997 shortly after the election of Tony Blair's first New Labour government that the "old" Guardian: "opposed lots of things the Tories did which we'd now think weren't bad in retrospect... I mean, a lot of the trade union stuff doesn't seem as horrendous now as it seemed at the time." From around 1997, he oversaw the launch and development of the newspaper's website known as Guardian Unlimited. In September 2005 The Guardian responded to the tabloid re-launches of The Times and The Independent by moving from a broadsheet format to the "Berliner" format, common in the rest of Europe; the print edition of the newspaper still accounted for about 75% of the company's revenue around 2012.
In a profile of Rusbridger though, published in the New Statesman at the end of May 2012, former newspaper editor Peter Wilby cast doubt on whether Rusbridger's enthusiasm for online journalism available without a paywall, the large amount of money invested by the group, would gain a return or ensure the long-term survival of the newspaper. Until May 2016, he was a member of the board of Guardian News and Media, of the main board of the Guardian Media Group and of the Scott Trust, which owns The Guardian and The Observer, of which he was executive editor. Rusbridger received £471,000 in pay and benefits in 2008–9, but has since volunteered to a series of pay cuts, bringing his revenue to £395,000 in fiscal year 2012; as editor-in-chief, in August 2013 Rusbridger took the decision to destroy hard drives containing information leaked to The Guardian by Edward Snowden, rather than comply with a government demand to hand over the data. An alternative action was agreed and in the presence of the authorities the drives were destroyed, Rusbridger described performing the task as "slightly pointless".
"Given that there were other copies, I saw no reason not to destroy this material ourselves."On 3 December 2013 Rusbridger gave evidence before a Home Affairs Select Committee hearing on counterterrorism at the UK Parliament with regard to the publication of information leaked by Snowden. In the film The Fifth Estate, about The Guardian's former association with the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, Rusbridger was portrayed by Peter Capaldi. In December 2014, Rusbridger announced he would step down as editor of The Guardian in the summer of 2015. On 20 March 2015, The Guardian announced Katharine Viner as Rusbridger's successor. Rusbridger was to have succeeded Dame Liz Forgan as chair of the Scott Trust in September 2016, but announced on 13 May 2016 that he would not take up the post; the expansion in the years of Rusbridger's editorship led to unsustainable losses and several hundred job cuts are planned. According to a report in The Times in April 2016, staff were opposed to Rusbridger returning.
Viner and chief executive David Pemsel were opposed to Rusbridger becoming Chair of the Scott Trust. On 17 December 2014, a week after it was published that Rusbridger was stepping down as editor of The Guardian, news was announced that Rusbridger had been elected Principal of Lady Margaret Hall, a constituent college of Oxford U
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788; the Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, itself wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, have only had common ownership since 1967. In 1959, the historian of journalism Allan Nevins analysed the importance of The Times in shaping the views of events of London's elite: For much more than a century The Times has been an integral and important part of the political structure of Great Britain, its news and its editorial comment have in general been coordinated, have at most times been handled with an earnest sense of responsibility. While the paper has admitted some trivia to its columns, its whole emphasis has been on important public affairs treated with an eye to the best interests of Britain.
To guide this treatment, the editors have for long periods been in close touch with 10 Downing Street. The Times is the first newspaper to have borne that name, lending it to numerous other papers around the world, such as The Times of India and The New York Times. In countries where these other titles are popular, the newspaper is referred to as The London Times or The Times of London, although the newspaper is of national scope and distribution; the Times is the originator of the used Times Roman typeface developed by Stanley Morison of The Times in collaboration with the Monotype Corporation for its legibility in low-tech printing. In November 2006 The Times began printing headlines in Times Modern; the Times was printed in broadsheet format for 219 years, but switched to compact size in 2004 in an attempt to appeal more to younger readers and commuters using public transport. The Sunday Times remains a broadsheet; the Times had an average daily circulation of 417,298 in January 2019. An American edition of The Times has been published since 6 June 2006.
It has been used by scholars and researchers because of its widespread availability in libraries and its detailed index. A complete historical file of the digitised paper, up to 2010, is online from Gale Cengage Learning; the Times was founded by publisher John Walter on 1 January 1785 as The Daily Universal Register, with Walter in the role of editor. Walter had lost his job by the end of 1784 after the insurance company where he worked went bankrupt due to losses from a Jamaican hurricane. Unemployed, Walter began a new business venture. Henry Johnson had invented the logography, a new typography, reputedly faster and more precise. Walter bought the logography's patent and with it opened a printing house to produce a daily advertising sheet; the first publication of the newspaper The Daily Universal Register in Great Britain was 1 January 1785. Unhappy because the word Universal was omitted from the name, Walter changed the title after 940 editions on 1 January 1788 to The Times. In 1803, Walter handed editorship to his son of the same name.
In spite of Walter Sr's sixteen-month stay in Newgate Prison for libel printed in The Times, his pioneering efforts to obtain Continental news from France, helped build the paper's reputation among policy makers and financiers. The Times used contributions from significant figures in the fields of politics, science and the arts to build its reputation. For much of its early life, the profits of The Times were large and the competition minimal, so it could pay far better than its rivals for information or writers. Beginning in 1814, the paper was printed on the new steam-driven cylinder press developed by Friedrich Koenig. In 1815, The Times had a circulation of 5,000. Thomas Barnes was appointed general editor in 1817. In the same year, the paper's printer James Lawson and passed the business onto his son John Joseph Lawson. Under the editorship of Barnes and his successor in 1841, John Thadeus Delane, the influence of The Times rose to great heights in politics and amongst the City of London.
Peter Fraser and Edward Sterling were two noted journalists, gained for The Times the pompous/satirical nickname'The Thunderer'. The increased circulation and influence of the paper was based in part to its early adoption of the steam-driven rotary printing press. Distribution via steam trains to growing concentrations of urban populations helped ensure the profitability of the paper and its growing influence; the Times was the first newspaper to send war correspondents to cover particular conflicts. W. H. Russell, the paper's correspondent with the army in the Crimean War, was immensely influential with his dispatches back to England. In other events of the nineteenth century, The Times opposed the repeal of the Corn Laws until the number of demonstrations convinced the editorial board otherwise, only reluctantly supported aid to victims of the Irish Potato Famine, it enthusiastically supported the Great Reform Bill of 1832, which reduced corruption and increased the electorate from 400,000 people to 800,000 people.
During the American Civil War, The Times represented the view of the wealthy classes, favouring the secessionists, but it was not a supporter of slavery. The third John Walter, the founder's grandson, succeeded his father in 1847; the paper continued as more or less independent, but from t
John Witherow is a British newspaper editor with The Times of London. A former journalist with Reuters, he joined News International in 1980 and was appointed editor of The Sunday Times in 1994 and editor of The Times in 2013. Witherow was born in South Africa, he migrated to Britain in the mid 1950s before moving to Australia, in the late 1950s. He returned to Britain in the early 1960s, where he attended Bedford School and the University of York. Witherow started his career working for the BBC World Service in Namibia. After university, Witherow was taken on by Reuters news agency in 1977 as a trainee and sent to the Cardiff School of Journalism, he moved to Reuters, working in London and Madrid before joining The Times as a reporter in 1980. At The Times, he covered the Iran -- Falklands wars. In 1982, Witherow was sent on the aircraft carrier Invincible to cover the Falklands War. After the fall of Port Stanley in June, 1982, he returned to the UK on a Hercules plane with the SAS, he wrote a book, The Winter War, The Falklands, with Patrick Bishop, a war correspondent for The Observer newspaper.
Witherow moved to The Sunday Times in 1983 under the Editorship of Andrew Neil. There he served in several positions, including Defence Editor, Diplomatic Editor, Foreign Editor and Head of News. Witherow was made Acting Editor after the departure of Neil in 1994, he was confirmed in the job the following year. In early 2013, Witherow was made Editor of The Times in succession to James Harding; the Times' independent directors confirmed the appointment in September of that year and The Times won Newspaper of the Year for 2014 in the Press Awards. Early in Witherow's editorship at The Sunday Times the paper published false claims that Labour politician Michael Foot was a KGB agent; the paper reached a settlement with Foot over the claim. In 2010, Witherow sought to defend the critic A. A. Gill after he called Clare Balding a "dyke on a bike" in a TV review. Replying to a letter of complaint from Balding, Witherow wrote, "In my view some members of the gay community need to stop regarding themselves as having a special victim status and behave like any other sensible group, accepted by society.
Not having a privileged status means, of course, one must accept being the butt of jokes. A person's sexuality should not give them a protected status." Balding complained to the Press Complaints Commission and the complaint was upheld. While working as editor at The Times, Witherow received a letter from leading UK scientists, including Lord Krebs and Lord Stern, which criticized an article for being based on a method that "involves ignoring everything that science has discovered about atmospheric physics since the discovery of greenhouse warming by John Tyndall more than 150 years ago" while adding, "On social media it has been a laughing stock."The letter went on to argue that this article was not an isolated example as it added to a series of articles that appeared to be designed to undermine climate science and consequent emission reduction programs. Witherow has three children from his former marriage to Sarah Linton. Witherow, John & Bishop, Patrick; the Winter War: Falklands Conflict.
Quartet Books. ISBN 0-7043-3424-0. Witherow, John & Sullivan, Aidan; the Sunday Times War in the Gulf: A Pictorial History. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-06706-2; the International Who's Who 2004. Routledge. 2003. "John Witherow" profile as part The Guardian Media Top 100 of 2003 The editors: John Witherow profile as part of Newsworks John Witherow profile for News UK