A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96. It portrays the events surrounding the marriage of the Duke of Athens, to Hippolyta; these include the adventures of four young Athenian lovers and a group of six amateur actors who are controlled and manipulated by the fairies who inhabit the forest in which most of the play is set. The play is one of Shakespeare's most popular works for the stage and is performed across the world; the play consists of four interconnecting plots, connected by a celebration of the wedding of Duke Theseus of Athens and the Amazon queen, which are set in the woodland and in the realm of Fairyland, under the light of the moon. The play opens with Hermia, in love with Lysander, resistant to her father Egeus's demand that she wed Demetrius, whom he has arranged for her to marry. Helena, Hermia's best friend, pines unrequitedly for Demetrius, who broke up with her to be with Hermia. Enraged, Egeus invokes an ancient Athenian law before Duke Theseus, whereby a daughter needs to marry a suitor chosen by her father, or else face death.
Theseus offers her another choice: lifelong chastity as a nun worshipping the goddess Artemis. Peter Quince and his fellow players Nick Bottom, Francis Flute, Robin Starveling, Tom Snout and Snug plan to put on a play for the wedding of the Duke and the Queen, "the most lamentable comedy and most cruel death of Pyramus and Thisbe". Quince bestows them on the players. Nick Bottom, playing the main role of Pyramus, is over-enthusiastic and wants to dominate others by suggesting himself for the characters of Thisbe, the Lion, Pyramus at the same time, he would rather be a tyrant and recites some lines of Ercles. Bottom is told by Quince that he would do the Lion so as to frighten the duchess and ladies enough for the Duke and Lords to have the players hanged. Snug remarks that he needs the Lion's part because he is "slow of study". Quince ends the meeting with "at the Duke's oak we meet". In a parallel plot line, king of the fairies, Titania, his queen, have come to the forest outside Athens. Titania tells Oberon that she plans to stay there until she has attended Theseus and Hippolyta's wedding.
Oberon and Titania are estranged because Titania refuses to give her Indian changeling to Oberon for use as his "knight" or "henchman", since the child's mother was one of Titania's worshippers. Oberon seeks to punish Titania's disobedience, he calls upon Robin "Puck" Goodfellow, his "shrewd and knavish sprite", to help him concoct a magical juice derived from a flower called "love-in-idleness", which turns from white to purple when struck by Cupid's arrow. When the concoction is applied to the eyelids of a sleeping person, that person, upon waking, falls in love with the first living thing they perceive, he instructs Puck to retrieve the flower with the hope that he might make Titania fall in love with an animal of the forest and thereby shame her into giving up the little Indian boy. He says, "And ere I take this charm from off her sight,/As I can take it with another herb,/I'll make her render up her page to me." Hermia and Lysander have escaped to a forest in hopes of running away from Theseus.
Helena, desperate to reclaim Demetrius's love, tells Demetrius about the plan and he follows them in hopes of finding Hermia. Helena continually makes advances towards Demetrius, promising to love him more than Hermia. However, he rebuffs her with cruel insults against her. Observing this, Oberon orders Puck to spread some of the magical juice from the flower on the eyelids of the young Athenian man. Instead, Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius, not having seen either before, administers the juice to the sleeping Lysander. Helena, coming across him, wakes him while attempting to determine whether he is asleep. Upon this happening, Lysander falls in love with Helena. Helena, runs away with Lysander following her; when Hermia wakes up, she sees that Lysander goes out in the woods to find him. Oberon sees Demetrius still following Hermia, who thinks Demetrius killed Lysander, is enraged; when Demetrius goes to sleep, Oberon sends Puck to get Helena. Upon waking up, he sees Helena. Now, both men are in love with Helena.
However, she is convinced that her two suitors are mocking her. Hermia finds Lysander and asks why he left her, but Lysander claims and denies he never loved Hermia, but Helena. Hermia accuses Helena of stealing Lysander away from her while Helena believes Hermia joined the two men in mocking her. Hermia tries to attack Helena. Lysander, tired of Hermia's presence, tells her to leave. Lysander and Demetrius decide to seek a place to duel to prove; the two girls go their own separate ways, Helena hoping to reach Athens and Hermia chasing after the men to make sure Lysander doesn't get hurt or killed. Oberon orders Puck to keep Lysander and Demetrius from catching up with one another and to remove the charm from Lysander so Lysander can return to love Hermia, while Demetrius continues to love Helena. Meanwhile and his band of six labourers have arranged to perform their play about Pyramus and Thisbe for Theseus' wedding and venture into the forest, near Titania's bower, for their rehearsal. Bottom is spotted by Puck.
When Bottom returns for his next lines, the other workmen run screaming in terror: They claim that they are haunted, much to Bot
The Spanish–American War was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba, leading to U. S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led to emergence of U. S. predominance in the Caribbean region, resulted in U. S. acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions. That led to U. S. involvement in the Philippine Revolution and in the Philippine–American War. The main issue was Cuban independence. Revolts had been occurring for some years in Cuba against Spanish rule; the U. S. backed these revolts upon entering the Spanish–American War. There had been war scares before, as in the Virginius Affair in 1873, but in the late 1890s, American public opinion was agitated by reports of gruesome Spanish atrocities; the business community had just recovered from a deep depression and feared that a war would reverse the gains. It lobbied vigorously against going to war. President William McKinley sought a peaceful settlement.
The United States Navy armored cruiser USS Maine mysteriously sank in Havana Harbor. McKinley signed a joint Congressional resolution demanding Spanish withdrawal and authorizing the President to use military force to help Cuba gain independence on April 20, 1898. In response, Spain severed diplomatic relations with the United States on April 21. On the same day, the U. S. Navy began a blockade of Cuba. Both sides declared war; the ten-week war was fought in both the Pacific. As U. S. agitators for war well knew, U. S. naval power would prove decisive, allowing expeditionary forces to disembark in Cuba against a Spanish garrison facing nationwide Cuban insurgent attacks and further wasted by yellow fever. The invaders obtained the surrender of Santiago de Cuba and Manila despite the good performance of some Spanish infantry units and fierce fighting for positions such as San Juan Hill. Madrid sued for peace after two Spanish squadrons were sunk in Santiago de Cuba and Manila Bay and a third, more modern, fleet was recalled home to protect the Spanish coasts.
The result was the 1898 Treaty of Paris, negotiated on terms favorable to the U. S. which allowed it temporary control of Cuba and ceded ownership of Puerto Rico and the Philippine islands. The cession of the Philippines involved payment of $20 million to Spain by the U. S. to cover infrastructure owned by Spain. The defeat and loss of the last remnants of the Spanish Empire was a profound shock to Spain's national psyche and provoked a thorough philosophical and artistic reevaluation of Spanish society known as the Generation of'98; the United States gained several island possessions spanning the globe and a rancorous new debate over the wisdom of expansionism. The combined problems arising from the Peninsular War, the loss of most of its colonies in the Americas in the early 19th-century Spanish American wars of independence, three Carlist Wars marked the low point of Spanish colonialism. Liberal Spanish elites like Antonio Cánovas del Castillo and Emilio Castelar offered new interpretations of the concept of "empire" to dovetail with Spain's emerging nationalism.
Cánovas made clear in an address to the University of Madrid in 1882 his view of the Spanish nation as based on shared cultural and linguistic elements – on both sides of the Atlantic – that tied Spain's territories together. Cánovas saw Spanish imperialism as markedly different in its methods and purposes of colonization from those of rival empires like the British or French. Spaniards regarded the spreading of civilization and Christianity as Spain's major objective and contribution to the New World; the concept of cultural unity bestowed special significance on Cuba, Spanish for four hundred years, was viewed as an integral part of the Spanish nation. The focus on preserving the empire would have negative consequences for Spain's national pride in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War. In 1823, the fifth American President James Monroe enunciated the Monroe Doctrine, which stated that the United States would not tolerate further efforts by European governments to retake or expand their colonial holdings in the Americas or to interfere with the newly independent states in the hemisphere.
S. would respect the status of the existing European colonies. Before the American Civil War, Southern interests attempted to have the United States purchase Cuba and convert it into a new slave territory; the pro-slavery element proposed the Ostend Manifesto proposal of 1854. It was rejected by anti-slavery forces. After the American Civil War and Cuba's Ten Years' War, U. S. businessmen began monopolizing the devalued sugar markets in Cuba. In 1894, 90% of Cuba's total exports went to the United States, which provided 40% of Cuba's imports. Cuba's total exports to the U. S. were twelve times larger than the export to her mother country, Spain. U. S. business interests indicated that while Spain still held political authority over Cuba, economic authority in Cuba, acting-authority, was shifting to the US. The U. S. became interested in a trans-isthmus canal either in Nicaragua, or in Panama, where the Panama Canal would be built, realized the need for naval protection. Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan was an influential theorist.
S. built a p
The Invaders is an American science fiction television program created by Larry Cohen that aired on ABC for two seasons, from 1967 to 1968. Roy Thinnes stars as David Vincent, who tries to thwart an in-progress alien invasion with doubting officials and public; the series was a Quinn Martin Production. Roy Thinnes stars as architect David Vincent, who accidentally learns of a secret alien invasion underway and thereafter travels from place to place attempting to foil the aliens' plots and warn a skeptical populace of the danger; as the series progresses Vincent is able to convince a small number of people to help him fight the aliens. In many episodes, at least one individual a key figure such as a USAF intelligence officer, a police officer, a U. S. Army major, or a NASA official would become aware of the alien threat and survive the episode in which he or she was introduced. In "The Leeches", a millionaire survives an alien abduction after being rescued by Vincent, while in "Quantity: Unknown" a scientist is convinced of alien technology.
In "The Saucer", guest stars Charles Drake witness an alien saucer's landing. In the second season, larger groups of surviving witnesses were featured, as in episodes "Dark Outpost" and "The Pursued", three scientists in "Labyrinth". Most significant of these is millionaire industrialist Edgar Scoville, who became a semi-regular character as of December 1967, heading a small but influential group from the episode "The Believers". Episodes saw the military involved, as Vincent's claims were now being taken more seriously. In "The Miracle", after an alien encounter, Vincent manages to retain a piece of alien technology both as evidence and for examination by both his group and the authorities; the series depicted an undercurrent of at least partial credulity among authority figures regarding Vincent's claims in the first season, as in early episodes such as "The Mutation" where a security agent is keeping an eye on Vincent and ends up inclined to believe him. In "The Innocent", the USAF Officer guns down an alien who incinerates in front of him, tying in with Vincent's claims, while at the end of the episode after disbelieving Vincent he phones USAF security to run a full background check on an officer who Vincent claimed was an alien.
In "Moonshot", the NASA official is expecting Vincent to arrive, in "Condition: Red", a NORAD Officer and staff witness an alien UFO formation onscreen, are left convinced. Each of these incidents is kept to just the individual episode, with hinted official backing of Vincent. Elsewhere, Vincent is shown as being publicly'dismissed as a crank' by the authorities, while behind the scenes they take him seriously—for example in "Doomsday Minus One", where Vincent has been invited by an Army Intelligence official and is given classified information, thus viewers were left to draw their own conclusions as to the situation regarding Vincent's actual standing. Some controversy arose regarding the sudden ending of the television series after season two as it was deemed no proper ending had been written, yet the final season-two episode "Inquisition" does stand as some kind of series conclusion where Vincent convinces a key figure, an skeptical special assistant to the Attorney General, that the Invaders have arrived, after first defeating an alien plan with a special weapon.
The aliens had withdrawn all their key personnel from Earth prior to its use, the closing narration is that Vincent, Edgar Scoville, the now convinced Special Assistant will join forces as the vanguard to watch for any return of the Invaders. Thus this episode can be seen as showing Vincent achieve his goal of'convincing disbelieving authorities' at least, the Invaders' plans temporarily thwarted, leaving the door open for any possible sequel or spinoff series. Roy Thinnes as David Vincent Kent Smith as Edgar Scoville Max Kleven as Alien William Windom as Michael Tressider Lin McCarthy as Col. Archie Harmon Alfred Ryder as Mr. Nexus The series was produced by Quinn Martin, looking for a show to replace the immensely popular The Fugitive, ending its run in 1967. Larry Cohen, the series' creator, had conceived two earlier series with similarities to The Invaders. Chuck Connors starred in Branded as a soldier court-martialed for cowardice, who traveled the West searching for witnesses and proof that he had acted valiantly, Coronet Blue about Michael Alden, a man suffering from amnesia, being pursued by a powerful group of people.
All he could remember were the words "Coronet Blue". Another inspiration was the wave of "alien doppelgänger" films which had come ten years before in the 1950s, typified by Invasion of the Body Snatchers and the British film Quatermass 2, known in America as Enemy from Space. While these paranoid tales of extraterrestrials who lived among us, posing as humans while planning a takeover, are linked with a Red Scare subtext, Martin wanted a premise that would keep the hero moving around and that would explain why he could not go to the authorities (i.e. not only had some aliens infiltrated human institutions alread
Roald Dahl was a British novelist, short story writer, poet and fighter pilot. His books have sold more than 250 million copies worldwide. Born in Wales to Norwegian immigrant parents, Dahl served in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War, he became a flying intelligence officer, rising to the rank of acting wing commander. He rose to prominence as a writer in the 1940s with works for both children and adults, he became one of the world's best-selling authors, he has been referred to as "one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century". His awards for contribution to literature include the 1983 World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, the British Book Awards' Children's Author of the Year in 1990. In 2008, The Times placed Dahl 16th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Dahl's short stories are known for their unexpected endings, his children's books for their unsentimental, macabre darkly comic mood, featuring villainous adult enemies of the child characters.
His books champion the kindhearted, feature an underlying warm sentiment. Dahl's works for children include James and the Giant Peach and the Chocolate Factory, The Witches, Fantastic Mr Fox, The BFG, The Twits and George's Marvellous Medicine, his adult works include Tales of the Unexpected. Roald Dahl was born in 1916 at Villa Marie, Fairwater Road, in Llandaff, Wales, to Norwegian parents, Harald Dahl and Sofie Magdalene Dahl. Dahl's father had emigrated to the UK from Sarpsborg in Norway, settled in Cardiff in the 1880s with his first wife, a Frenchwoman named Marie Beaurin-Gresser, they had two children together, Ellen Marguerite and Louis, before her death in 1907. His mother came over and married his father in 1911. Dahl was named after the Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen, his first language was Norwegian, which he spoke at home with his parents and his sisters Astri and Else. Dahl and his sisters were raised in the Lutheran faith, were baptised at the Norwegian Church, where their parents worshipped.
In 1920, when Dahl was three years old, his seven-year-old sister, died from appendicitis. Weeks his father died of pneumonia at the age of 57; that year, his younger sister Asta was born. With the option of returning to Norway to live with relatives, Dahl's mother decided to remain in Wales, her husband Harald had wanted their children to be educated in English schools, which he considered the world's best. Dahl first attended Llandaff. At the age of eight, he and four of his friends were caned by the headmaster after putting a dead mouse in a jar of gobstoppers at the local sweet shop, owned by a "mean and loathsome" old woman called Mrs Pratchett; the five boys named their prank the "Great Mouse Plot of 1924". Gobstoppers were a favourite sweet among British schoolboys between the two World Wars, Dahl would refer to them in his creation, Everlasting Gobstopper, featured in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Dahl transferred to a boarding school in England: St Peter's in Weston-super-Mare, his parents had wanted him to be educated at an English public school and, because of the regular ferry link across the Bristol Channel, this proved to be the nearest.
Dahl's time at St Peter's was unpleasant. After her death in 1967, he learned that she had saved every one of his letters, in small bundles held together with green tape. In 2016, to mark the centenary of Dahl's birth, his letters to his mother were abridged and broadcast as BBC Radio 4's Book of the Week. Dahl wrote about his time at St Peter's in his autobiography Boy: Tales of Childhood. From 1929, when he was 13, Dahl attended Repton School in Derbyshire. Dahl disliked the hazing and described an environment of ritual cruelty and status domination, with younger boys having to act as personal servants for older boys subject to terrible beatings, his biographer Donald Sturrock described these violent experiences in Dahl's early life. Dahl expresses some of these darker experiences in his writings, marked by his hatred of cruelty and corporal punishment. According to Boy: Tales of Childhood, a friend named Michael was viciously caned by headmaster Geoffrey Fisher. Writing in that same book, Dahl reflected: “All through my school life I was appalled by the fact that masters and senior boys were allowed to wound other boys, sometimes quite severely...
I couldn’t get over it. I never have got over it.” The master was selected as the Archbishop of Canterbury and crowned Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Dahl said the incident caused him to "have doubts about religion and about God", he was never seen as a talented writer in his school years, with one of his English teachers writing in his school report "I have never met anybody who so persistently writes words meaning the exact opposite of what is intended." Dahl was exceptionally tall. He played sports including cricket and golf, was made captain of the squash team; as well as having a passion for literature, he developed an interest in photography and carried a camera with him. During his years at Repton, the Cadbury chocolate company would send boxes of new chocolates to the school to be tested by the pupils. Dahl would dream of inventing a new chocolate bar.
Young Doctor Malone
Young Doctor Malone is an American soap opera, created by Irna Phillips, which had a long run on radio and television from 1939 to 1963. The producer was Betty Corday, who produced Pepper Young's Family and was a co-creator with husband Ted Corday of NBC Daytime's Days of Our Lives. Sponsored by General Foods and Post Cereals, the radio serial began on the Blue Network on November 20, 1939; the 15-minute program aired daily at 11:15am, continuing until April 26, 1940. Without a break, it moved to CBS on April 29, 1940, where it was heard for two decades, first airing at 2:00pm weekdays and 1:30pm. In 1945, Procter & Gamble assumed sponsorship of the program; when the serial began, Alan Bunce portrayed small town physician Dr. Jerry Malone, who dispensed prescriptions and advice to the folks of Three Oaks. Others heard in the title role were Harold Miller, Charles Irving and Sandy Becker. With organists Charles Paul and Milton Kaye providing the background music, the storylines focused on Jerry, his wife Ann Richards Malone and their daughter Jill portrayed by child impersonator Madeleine Pierce.
As Jill grew up, she was played by Rosemary Rice. Malone's mother intruded with a few choice words on the activities of her son; when Jerry made trips to New York, Three Oaks businessman Sam Williams let Ann know his true feelings for her. During World War II, Jerry was believed to be dead. In the early 1950s, after Ann's death, Jerry married Tracey. Ron Rawson was the announcer. James Young, Ira Ashley, Stanley Davis, Walter Gorman and Theodora Yates directed scripts by Frank Provo, Ian Martin, Richard Holland, David Driscoll, Julian Funt, David Lesan and Charles Gussman, who wrote for The Right to Happiness and The Road of Life. In the early 1950s, Procter & Gamble had 13 soap operas on the air but decided to expand the audience in June 1952 by recording the live CBS broadcasts of The Brighter Day and Young Dr. Malone and airing them one day on NBC; the radio program ended on November 25, 1960, known as "the last day of radio soap opera" because CBS cancelled several other series on that day, including Ma Perkins, The Second Mrs. Burton and The Right to Happiness.
The television series was broadcast on NBC from December 29, 1958 to March 29, 1963. The TV storyline was set in fictional Denison and concentrated on the lives of father and son doctors, Dr. Jerry Malone and Dr. David Malone at Valley Hospital. Jerry's wife, was played first by Virginia Dwyer for most of the show's run by Augusta Dabney. Prince and Dabney became real-life husband and wife in 1964; the show was a sophisticated blend of family life and urbane humor. Tracey's father, foundry president Emory Bannister, regretted his second marriage to neurotic social-climber Clare. After Emory died, Clare married a kindred spirit, slithery operator Lionel Steele, who realized he had a conscience. Lionel's nephew Larry Renfrew was a small-time wheeler-dealer who married the Malones' daughter Jill while Diana Hyland—Van Patten's future on-screen wife on Eight Is Enough—played Gig Houseman, David Malone's wife. Tracey's fragile sister Faye married colleague, Dr. Stefan Koda. Soap veteran William Post, Jr. played Jerry's other close friend and advisor, attorney Harold Cranston, who harbored feelings for Tracey.
Other actors who appeared on the TV show included Peter Brandon, Nicolas Coster, Louis Edmonds, Hugh Franklin, Joan Hackett, Luke Halpin, Emily McLaughlin, Joyce Van Patten and Ann Williams. List of radio soaps Lackmann, Ron; the Encyclopedia of 20th-Century American Television. Checkmark Books. P. 405. ISBN 0-8160-4555-0. Young Dr. Malone on complete broadcast day: June 6, 1944 Young Dr. Malone preempted by CBS News Roundup on June 7, 1944 American Radio Collection Bunce family papers Charles T. Harrell Radio Back When "Soaps on Radio" by Terry G. G. Salomonson WRVA Sound Collection at the Wayback Machine Young Dr. Malone novelette and Television Mirror, April 1940, page 17
Titania is a character in William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream. In the play, she is the queen of the fairies. Due to Shakespeare's influence fiction has used the name "Titania" for fairy queen characters. In traditional folklore, the fairy queen has no name. Shakespeare took the name "Titania" from Ovid's Metamorphoses, where it is an appellation given to the daughters of Titans. Shakespeare's Titania is a proud creature and as much of a force to contend with as her husband, Oberon, she and Oberon are engaged in a marital quarrel over which of them should have the keeping of an Indian changeling boy. This quarrel is the engine that drives the mix-ups and confusion of the other characters in the play. Due to an enchantment cast by Oberon's servant Puck, Titania magically falls in love with a "rude mechanical", Nick Bottom the weaver, given the head of a donkey by Puck, who feels it is better suited to his character, it has been argued. In this case, the tables are turned on the character, rather than the sorceress turning her lovers into animals, she is made to love a donkey after Bottom has been transformed.
Titania has appeared in many other paintings, poems and other works. In Edmund Spenser's Faerie Queene, the title character is a descendent of Titania. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe included the figures from Shakespeare's work in Faust I, where she and her husband are celebrating their golden wedding anniversary. Carl Maria von Weber used the characters of Titania and Puck in his opera Oberon, but this time set during the reign of Charlemagne. Titania appears in the Persona franchise as an optional Persona for the silent protagonist along with Oberon. Alfred Lord Tennyson's play The Foresters, a Robin Hood story, has a brief segment with Titania, Queen of the Fairies. Titania, one of Uranus's moons, was named after her. Titania appears in the popular online game Warframe as the namesake of one of the titular Warframes, featuring razor-butterflies and assorted fairy-themed abilities. Titania, Queen of the Fairies, is the nickname given to Erza Scarlet in the Fairy Tail manga and anime. In the Fairy Dance arc of the manga and anime Sword Art Online, Oberon refers to Asuna as Titania, Queen of the fairies.
In the short story Marriage A La Mode, written by Katherine Mansfield, Isabel is referred as Titania. In the manga and anime The Ancient Magus' Bride the Queen of the Fairies is named Titania, her husband Oberon appears. In the cartoon Gargoyles, she appears in her homeland of Avalon, she is the mother to a human character, Fox. Titania is the basis for one of the bosses in Mega Man Zero 4, Sol Titanion