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The Kawambarai were an indigenous Australian people of the state of New South Wales. Their domain was in the central–western district of New South Wales


The ethnonym is though to derive from a language name, kawam being equivalent to guin, and bearing the sense of 'no'. One other word used denoting the tribe, Wirriri also seems to reflect a word for no, namely wir:i[1]


According to Norman Tindale 's estimate, the Kawambarai held sway over roughly 8,000 square miles (21,000 km2) of tribal lands, concentrated on the areas of the upper Castlereagh River, the middle the middle sectors of the Macquarie River and part of Liverpool Plains. Their southern extension ran to the vicinity of present day Dubbo.[1]


Richardson affirmed that the Kawambarai were closely connected to the Gamilaroi.[1]

Alternative names[edit]

  • Kawarnparai
  • Koinbere, Koinberi
  • Gawambarai
  • Goinberai
  • Koinberri
  • Guinbrai, Guinberai
  • Mole tribe
  • Cooinburri
  • Wirriri
  • Wirriwirri
  • Wooratherie[1]

Some words[edit]

  • womboin, bundar
  • meerie/merri.(tame dog)
  • bubbeen/bobbeen/babin. (father)
  • gunnie/koonie/gunnee/gunnibong. (mother)
  • kubbun, gibrigal (goeen)[2] (gunwan)[3][4] (whiteman)



  1. ^ a b c d Tindale 1974, p. 195.
  2. ^ Dubbo Magistrates 1887, p. 372.
  3. ^ Rouse 1887, p. 370.
  4. ^ Gunther 1887, p. 368.