Kazakh Braille

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Kazakh Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Kazakh
Parent systems
Print basis
Kazakh alphabet

The braille alphabet used for the Kazakh language is based on Russian Braille, with several additional letters found in the print Kazakh alphabet.

Alphabet[edit]

Kazakh uses all of the letters of the Russian alphabet, though some just in loans, and has the additional letters ә, ғ, қ, ң, һ, ө, ұ, ү, і.

Print а a ә á б b в v г g ғ ǵ д d е e ё ıo ж j з z и ı й ı к k
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
Print қ q л l м m н n ң ń о o ө ó п p р r с s т t у ý ұ u ү ú
Braille ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
Print ф f х h һ h ц ts ч ch ш sh щ ъ ы y і i ь э ю ıý я ıa
Braille ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

Apart from і, which once existed in Russian Braille, and ұ, which is the same as the ў of Belarusian Braille (a letter which was used in earlier Kazakh alphabets with the same value), the braille values assigned to the extra Kazakh letters do not follow the assignments of other languages that use the Cyrillic script in print. They also do not follow international norms, apart from ә (Latin ä).

Punctuation[edit]

Single punctuation:

Print , . ? ! ; :
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Paired punctuation:

Kazakh Braille is reported to use the Russian arithmetical parentheses .

Print « ...... » ( ...... )
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)

Formatting[edit]

italics capital number
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)

See also[edit]

References[edit]