Kansas is a U. S. state in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita, with its most populated county being Johnson County. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north. Kansas is named after the Kansa Native American tribe; the tribe's name is said to mean "people of the wind" although this was not the term's original meaning. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison. Kansas was first settled by European Americans in 1827 with the establishment of Fort Leavenworth; the pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of political wars over the slavery debate. When it was opened to settlement by the U. S. government in 1854 with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from neighboring Missouri rushed to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a free state or a slave state.
Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided, was known as Bleeding Kansas. The abolitionists prevailed, on January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the Union as a free state. By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn and soybeans. Kansas, which has an area of 82,278 square miles is the 15th-largest state by area and is the 34th most-populous of the 50 states with a population of 2,911,505. Residents of Kansas are called Kansans. Mount Sunflower is Kansas's highest point at 4,041 feet. For a millennium, the land, Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans; the first European to set foot in present-day Kansas was the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, who explored the area in 1541. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was acquired by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Southwest Kansas, was still a part of Spain and the Republic of Texas until the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, when these lands were ceded to the United States.
From 1812 to 1821, Kansas was part of the Missouri Territory. The Santa Fe Trail traversed Kansas from 1821 to 1880, transporting manufactured goods from Missouri and silver and furs from Santa Fe, New Mexico. Wagon ruts from the trail are still visible in the prairie today. In 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the first permanent settlement of white Americans in the future state; the Kansas–Nebraska Act became law on May 30, 1854, establishing Nebraska Territory and Kansas Territory, opening the area to broader settlement by whites. Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo. Missouri and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border; these settlers attempted to sway votes in favor of slavery. The secondary settlement of Americans in Kansas Territory were abolitionists from Massachusetts and other Free-Staters, who attempted to stop the spread of slavery from neighboring Missouri. Directly presaging the American Civil War, these forces collided, entering into skirmishes that earned the territory the name of Bleeding Kansas.
Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state on January 29, 1861, making it the 34th state to join the United States. By that time the violence in Kansas had subsided, but during the Civil War, on August 21, 1863, William Quantrill led several hundred men on a raid into Lawrence, destroying much of the city and killing nearly 200 people, he was roundly condemned by both the conventional Confederate military and the partisan rangers commissioned by the Missouri legislature. His application to that body for a commission was flatly rejected due to his pre-war criminal record. After the Civil War, many veterans constructed homesteads in Kansas. Many African Americans looked to Kansas as the land of "John Brown" and, led by freedmen like Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, began establishing black colonies in the state. Leaving southern states in the late 1870s because of increasing discrimination, they became known as Exodusters. At the same time, the Chisholm Trail was opened and the Wild West-era commenced in Kansas.
Wild Bill Hickok was a marshal at Hays and Abilene. Dodge City was another wild cowboy town, both Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp worked as lawmen in the town. In one year alone, eight million head of cattle from Texas boarded trains in Dodge City bound for the East, earning Dodge the nickname "Queen of the Cowtowns." In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U. S. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, repealed in 1948. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; the state is divided into 105 counties with 628 cities, is located equidistant from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states is in Smith County near Lebanon; until 1989, the Meades Ranch Triangulation Station in Osborne County was the geodetic center of North America: the central reference point for all maps of North America. The geographic center of Kansas is in Barton County. Kansas is underlain by a sequence of horizontal to westward dipping sedimentary rocks.
A sequence of Mississippian and Permian rocks outcrop in the eastern and southern part of the state
Wichita is the largest city in the U. S. state of Kansas and the county seat of Sedgwick County. As of 2017, the estimated population of the city was 390,591. Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 644,610 in 2015. Located in south-central Kansas on the Arkansas River, Wichita began as a trading post on the Chisholm Trail in the 1860s and was incorporated as a city in 1870, it became a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to Kansas railroads, earning it the nickname "Cowtown."In the 1920s and'30s, businessmen and aeronautical engineers established aircraft manufacturing companies in Wichita, including Beechcraft and Stearman Aircraft. The city became a U. S. aircraft production hub known as "The Air Capital of the World." Textron Aviation, Learjet and Spirit AeroSystems continue to operate design and manufacturing facilities in Wichita, the city remains a major center of the American aircraft industry. Wichita is home to McConnell Air Force Base, Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, the largest airport in Kansas.
As an industrial hub, Wichita is a regional center of culture and trade. It hosts several universities, large museums, theaters and entertainment venues, notably Intrust Bank Arena and Century II Performing Arts & Convention Center; the city's Old Cowtown Museum maintains historical artifacts and exhibits on the city's early history. Wichita State University is the third-largest post-secondary institution in the state. Archaeological evidence indicates human habitation near the confluence of the Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers, the site of present-day Wichita, as early as 3000 B. C. In 1541, a Spanish expedition led by explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado found the area populated by the Quivira, or Wichita, people. Conflict with the Osage in the 1750s drove the Wichita further south. Prior to American settlement of the region, the site was located in the territory of the Kiowa. Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became part of Kansas Territory in 1854 and the state of Kansas in 1861.
The Wichita returned in 1864 due to the American Civil War and established a settlement on the banks of the Little Arkansas. During this period, trader Jesse Chisholm established a trading post at the site, one of several along a trail extending south to Texas which became known as the Chisholm Trail. After the war, the Wichita permanently relocated south to Indian Territory. In 1868, trader James R. Mead established another trading post at the site, surveyor Darius Munger built a house for use as a hotel, community center, post office. Business opportunities attracted area hunters and traders, a new settlement began to form; that summer and others organized the Wichita Town Company, naming the settlement after the Wichita tribe. In 1870, Munger and German immigrant William "Dutch Bill" Greiffenstein filed plats laying out the city's first streets. Wichita formally incorporated as a city on July 21, 1870. Wichita's position on the Chisholm Trail made it a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to access railroads which led to markets in eastern U.
S. cities. The Atchison and Santa Fe Railway reached the city in 1872; as a result, Wichita became a railhead for the cattle drives, earning it the nickname "Cowtown". Across the Arkansas River, the town of Delano became an entertainment destination for cattlemen thanks to its saloons and lack of law enforcement; the area had a reputation for violence until local lawmen, Wyatt Earp among them, began to assertively police the cowboys. By the end of the decade, the cattle trade had moved west to Dodge City. Wichita annexed Delano in 1880. Rapid immigration resulted in a speculative land boom in the late 1880s, stimulating further expansion of the city. Fairmount College, which grew into Wichita State University, opened in 1886. By 1890, Wichita had become the third-largest city in the state after Kansas City and Topeka with a population of nearly 24,000. After the boom, the city entered an economic recession, many of the original settlers went bankrupt. In 1914 and 1915, deposits of oil and natural gas were discovered in nearby Butler County.
This triggered another economic boom in Wichita as producers established refineries, fueling stations, headquarters in the city. By 1917, there were five operating refineries in Wichita with another seven built in the 1920s; the careers and fortunes of future oil moguls Archibald Derby, who founded Derby Oil, Fred C. Koch, who established what would become Koch Industries, both began in Wichita during this period; the money generated by the oil boom enabled local entrepreneurs to invest in the nascent airplane manufacturing industry. In 1917, Clyde Cessna built his Cessna Comet in the first aircraft built in the city. In 1920, two local oilmen invited Chicago aircraft builder Emil "Matty" Laird to manufacture his designs in Wichita, leading to the formation of the Swallow Airplane Company. Two early Swallow employees, Lloyd Stearman and Walter Beech, went on to found two prominent Wichita-based companies, Stearman Aircraft in 1926 and Beechcraft in 1932, respectively. Cessna, started his own company in Wichita in 1927.
The city became such a center of the industry that the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce dubbed it the "Air Capital of the World" in 1929. Over the following decades and aircraft manufacturing continued to drive expansion of the city. In 1934, Stearman's Wichita facilities became part of Boeing which would become the city's largest employer. I
Goddard is a city in Sedgwick County, United States, a suburb of Wichita. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,344. In 1883, Ezekiel Wilder purchased farmland on the planned railway of the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway south of Blendon, Kansas 10 miles west of Wichita. There, he established the town of Goddard in honor of J. F. Goddard, former third vice-president of the ATSF Railway; the railroad reached Goddard in 1884, a post office was established there the same year. Several buildings were relocated from Blendon, including the town hall and the planned Methodist church. Goddard was incorporated in 1910. On June 23, 1969, an F4 tornado struck Goddard. No fatalities occurred. In recent decades as Wichita has expanded westward, a growing number of commuters have settled in Goddard, transforming it from a rural agricultural community into a suburb. Goddard is located at 37°39′35″N 97°34′27″W at an elevation of 1,463 feet. Goddard lies on U. S. Route 54 in south-central Kansas west of Wichita.
The community lies 12 miles southwest of the Arkansas River and 8 miles north-northeast of the Ninnescah River in the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands region of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.49 square miles, of which, 4.43 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. Goddard is part of KS Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,344 people, 1,442 households, 1,124 families residing in the city. The population density was 979.5 people per square mile. There were 1,542 housing units at an average density of 347.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 1.2% Asian, 0.9% African American, 0.8% American Indian, 2.6% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 6.4% of the population. There were 1,442 households of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 22.1% were non-families.
18.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98, the average family size was 3.44. The median age in the city was 29.5 years. 35.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. The median income for a household in the city was $65,139, the median income for a family was $66,533. Males had a median income of $51,058 versus $33,542 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,095. About 3.7% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,037 people, 666 households, 534 families residing in the city; the population density was 837.5 people per square mile. There were 698 housing units at an average density of 287.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.14% White, 0.29% African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, 2.21% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population. There were 666 households out of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.8% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.34. In the city, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $50,352, the median income for a family was $53,690. Males had a median income of $39,881 versus $23,807 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,957. About 2.6% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line.
As of 2012, 75.9% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.5% was in the armed forces, 75.3% was in the civilian labor force with 70.4% being employed and 5.0% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 40.3% in management, business and arts. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: manufacturing; the cost of living in Goddard is low. S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the city is 84.5. As of 2012, the median home value in the city was $140,400, the median selected monthly owner cost was $1,341 for housing units with a mortgage and $373 for those without, the median gross rent was $1,013. Goddard is a city of the second class with a mayor-council form of government; the city council consists of the mayor and five council memb
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Colwich is a city in Sedgwick County, United States, located northwest of Wichita. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,327. Colwich was founded in 1887; the name is the Colorado & Wichita Railroad. Colwich is located at 37°46′50″N 97°32′26″W, it is centered around the intersection of 53rd St North and 167th St West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.33 square miles, all of it land. Colwich is part of KS Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,327 people, 466 households, 348 families residing in the city. The population density was 997.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 480 housing units at an average density of 360.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.1% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 466 households of which 44.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 25.3% were non-families.
22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.38. The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 34.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.1% male and 49.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,229 people, 376 households, 315 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,652.5 people per square mile. There were 392 housing units at an average density of 527.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.62% White, 0.57% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population. There were 376 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.2% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.13 and the average family size was 3.49. In the city, the population was spread out with 34.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 14.5% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,346, the median income for a family was $58,068. Males had a median income of $41,667 versus $28,676 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,588. About 2.0% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over. National Register of Historic Places listings in Sedgwick County, Kansas St. Mark Church CityCity of Colwich Colwich - Directory of Public OfficialsSchoolsUSD 267, local school districtMapsColwich City Map, KDOT
Sedgwick County, Kansas
Sedgwick County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 498,365, making it the second-most populous county in Kansas; the county seat is the most populous city in the state. For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican–American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.
S. state. Sedgwick County was founded in 1867, named after John Sedgwick, a Major General in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1887, the Chicago and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington to Caldwell; this branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Antelope, Aulne, Elbing, Furley, Wichita, Corbin, Caldwell. By 1893, this branch line was incrementally built to Texas; this line is called the "OKT". The Chicago and Nebraska Railway was foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island". Sedgwick County was the setting for the murders committed by the BTK strangler from 1974 until 1991. Dennis Rader, an employee of the Sedgwick County city of Park City was arrested in early 2005 after he began sending incriminating letters taunting the police in 2004.
He had not been heard from since 1979. Ken Landwehr of the Wichita Police Department led the task force which captured Rader, setting a new standard of serial crime detection in the process, still studied by police departments across the world. Rader is serving 10 life sentences at the El Dorado Correctional Facility in El Dorado. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,009 square miles, of which 998 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. Harvey County Butler County Cowley County Sumner County Kingman County Reno County Sedgwick County is part of the Wichita, KS Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2000, there were 452,869 people, 176,444 households, 117,688 families residing in the county. The population density was 453 people per square mile. There were 191,133 housing units at an average density of 191 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 9.13% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 3.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, 2.81% from two or more races.
8.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 176,444 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,485, the median income for a family was $51,645. Males had a median income of $37,770 versus $26,153 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,907.
About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over. It is the birthplace of famous restaurants such as Pizza Hut, it is the aviation headquarters of well known Cessna and Learjet. Sedgwick County is conservative for an urban county, it has only gone Democratic in a presidential election once since 1944. Democratic strength is concentrated in Wichita, while the suburban areas are Republican. Sedgwick County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement; the food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1988. The following public-use airports are located in Sedgwick County: Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport Beech Factory Airport Cessna Aircraft Field Colonel James Jabara Airport Cook Airfield Maize Airport Westport Airport Westport Auxiliary Airport The following are closed airports: Riverside Airport Sedgwick County Extension Arboretum Sedgwick County Zoo Sedgwick County Fair Wichita-Sedgwick County Historical Museum McConnell AFB Oaklawn-Sunview Sedgwick County is divided into twenty-seven townships.
The cities of Bel Aire and Wic
Sedgwick is a city in Harvey and Sedgwick counties in the State of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,695. For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U. S. state. In 1867, Sedgwick County was founded. In 1872, Harvey County was founded. Sedgwick was laid out on an 80-acre town site in 1870, it was named for a Major General in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Sedgwick was incorporated as a city in 1872. Sedgwick is located at 37°54′59″N 97°25′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.41 square miles, all of it land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Sedgwick has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,695 people, 611 households, 440 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,202.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 643 housing units at an average density of 456.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.5% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population. There were 611 households of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 28.0% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21. The median age in the city was 37 years. 29.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,537 people, 545 households, 424 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,408.8 people per square mile. There were 568 housing units at an average density of 520.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.71% White, 0.07% African American, 1.56% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.78% from other races, 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.12% of the population. There were 545 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.2% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.15. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $44,934, the median income for a family was $49,659. Males had a median income of $37,216 versus $24,732 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,009. About 4.4% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Sedgwick is part of Sedgwick USD 439 public school district. Lock Davidson, mayor of Melbourne, Florida from 1936 to 1942. Bryce Douvier, professional basketball player. Allen Kanavel, professor of surgery and he established the Department of Neurological Surgery at Northwestern University School of Medicine. Harold Manning, long-distance runner, he represented the United States in the steeplechase at the 1936 Summer Olympics. Brian Moorman, punter in the NFL for the Buffalo Bills. National Register of Historic Places listings in Harvey County, Kansas Arkansas Valley Interurban Railway CityCity of Sedgwick Sedgwick - Directory of Public OfficialsSchoolsUSD 439, local school district USD 439 School District Boundary Map, KDOTHistoricalHistoric Images of Sedgwick, Special Photo Collections at Wichita State University LibraryMapsSedgwick City Map, KDOT Harvey County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Sedgwick County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT