University of Southern California
The University of Southern California is a private research university in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880, it is the oldest private research university in California. For the 2018–19 academic year, there were 20,000 students enrolled in four-year undergraduate programs. USC has 27,500 graduate and professional students in a number of different programs, including business, engineering, social work, occupational therapy and medicine, it is the largest private employer in the city of Los Angeles, generates $8 billion in economic impact on Los Angeles and California. USC is the birthplace of the Domain Name System. Other technologies invented at USC include DNA computing, dynamic programming, image compression, VoIP, antivirus software. USC's alumni include a total of 11 Rhodes Scholars and 12 Marshall Scholars; as of October 2018, nine Nobel laureates, six MacArthur Fellows, one Turing Award winner have been affiliated with the university. USC sponsors a variety of intercollegiate sports and competes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association as a member of the Pac-12 Conference.
Members of USC's sports teams, the Trojans, have won 104 NCAA team championships, ranking them third in the United States, 399 NCAA individual championships, ranking them second in the United States. Trojan athletes have won 288 medals at the Olympic Games, more than any other university in the United States. In 1969, it joined the Association of American Universities. USC has had a total of 521 football players drafted to the National Football League, the second-highest number of drafted players in the country; the University of Southern California was founded following the efforts of Judge Robert M. Widney, who helped secure donations from several key figures in early Los Angeles history: a Protestant nurseryman, Ozro Childs, an Irish Catholic former-Governor, John Gately Downey, a German Jewish banker, Isaias W. Hellman; the three donated 308 lots of land to establish the campus and provided the necessary seed money for the construction of the first buildings. Operated in affiliation with the Methodist Church, the school mandated from the start that "no student would be denied admission because of race."
The university is no longer affiliated with any church, having severed formal ties in 1952. When USC opened in 1880, tuition was $15.00 per term and students were not allowed to leave town without the knowledge and consent of the university president. The school had an enrollment of 53 students and a faculty of 10; the city lacked paved streets, electric lights, a reliable fire alarm system. Its first graduating class in 1884 was a class of three—two males and female valedictorian Minnie C. Miltimore; the colors of USC are cardinal and gold, which were approved by USC's third president, the Reverend George W. White, in 1896. In 1958, the shade of gold, more of an orange color, was changed to a more yellow shade; the letterman's awards were the first to make the change. USC students and athletes are known as Trojans, epitomized by the Trojan Shrine, nicknamed "Tommy Trojan", near the center of campus; until 1912, USC students were known as Fighting Methodists or Wesleyans, though neither name was approved by the university.
During a fateful track and field meet with Stanford University, the USC team was beaten early and conclusively. After only the first few events, it seemed implausible USC would win. After this contest, Los Angeles Times sportswriter Owen Bird reported the USC athletes "fought on like the Trojans of antiquity", the president of the university at the time, George F. Bovard, approved the name officially. During World War II, USC was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. USC is responsible for $8 billion in economic output in Los Angeles County. On May 1, 2014, USC was named as one of many higher education institutions under investigation by the Office of Civil Rights for potential Title IX violations by Barack Obama's White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. USC is under a concurrent Title IX investigation for potential anti-male bias in disciplinary proceedings, as well as denial of counseling resources to male students, as of 8 March 2016.
In 2017, the university came into the national spotlight when the Los Angeles Times published information about Carmen A. Puliafito, the dean of USC's medical school. After accusations of drug use, he resigned from his position as dean in 2016 and was fired from the school the following year after the news stories were published, his medical license was subsequently suspended pending a decision. The following year, the Los Angeles Times broke another story about USC focusing on George Tyndall, a gynecologist accused of abusing 52 patients at USC; the reports span from 1990 to 2016 and include using racist and sexual language, conducting exams without gloves and taking pictures of his patients' genitals. Inside Higher Ed noted that there have been "other incidents in which the university is perceived to have failed to act on misconduct by powerful officials" when it reported that the university's president, C. L. Max Nikias, is resigning. Tyndall was fired in 2017 after reaching a settlement with the university.
The school did not report him to state medical authorities or law enforcement at the time, though the LAPD is now investigatin
USC Thornton School of Music
The University of Southern California Thornton School of Music, was founded in 1884 and dedicated in 1999. Founded only four years after the University of Southern California itself, the Thornton School is the oldest continually operating arts institution in Southern California; the School is located in the heart of the USC University Park Campus, south of downtown Los Angeles. The school gets its name in honor of a $25 million gift by Flora L. Thornton in 1999. At the time, this was the largest donation to a school of music in the United States. In 2006, she donated an additional $5 million to support the facility needs of the school; the USC Thornton School is noted for quality programs such as orchestral studies, jazz, early music, Film Scoring and Music Industry. Rolling Stone magazine named the music school as one of the top-five in the country. A diverse school of music, Thornton is one of the few regarded music schools in the United States to offer a degree program in early music. Students of baroque and medieval music may enroll in a specialized degree program in early music.
Thornton was one of the first universities to offer an undergraduate program in Music Industry, a program still regarded as among the best in the country. Thornton offers the only comprehensive program in Scoring for Film, it has a unique program in studio guitar performance. In 2009, the Thornton School was again a trailblazer in collegiate music when it became the first university to offer a major in popular music performance and songwriting alongside its prestigious classical and jazz programs. At the 2007 Grammy Awards, four alumni and four faculty members received awards, in addition to one faculty member receiving a special honor. At the 2009 Grammy Awards and alumni won six awards
USC Marshall School of Business
The USC Marshall School of Business is the business school of the University of Southern California. It is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. In 1997 the school was renamed following a $35 million donation from alumnus Gordon S. Marshall; the Marshall School began as the College of Commerce and Business Administration in 1920. The Graduate School of Business Administration was established in 1960; the Entrepreneurship Program, the first of its kind in the United States, was established in 1972 and is internationally recognized. It has now been renamed The Lloyd Greif Center for Entrepreneurial Studies; the Pacific RIM Education program was implemented in 1997 as the first MBA course of its kind to require all first year full-time MBA students to participate in an international experience. The Leventhal School of Accounting was formed within the school on February 7, 1979. All of its classes are offered at the University Park campus in Los Angeles. James G. Ellis was the dean from 2007 to 2018.
A new dean has not yet been installed. The school occupies five multi-story buildings on campus: Hoffman Hall, Bridge Hall, the Accounting building, Popovich Hall and Jill and Frank Fertitta Hall, which houses the Marshall School's undergraduate programs; this is the main building of the Marshall School's MBA programs. The $20 million, 55,000 square feet building opened in 1999 as one of the most technologically advanced business school buildings in the United States, it was named after Jane Hoffman Popovich for their $5 million gift. The hall provides state-of-the-art technology and eight case-study rooms equipped with audio-video teleconferencing devices, 13 Experiential Learning classrooms capable of transmitting lectures and presentations throughout the building, more than 1,100 data connections outlets throughout the building, a courtyard, more than 15 miles of fiber-optic and cable wiring in its Modern Career Resource Center. Bridge Hall housed all undergraduate offices for the Marshall School of Business until the opening of Jill & Frank Fertitta Hall in the fall of 2016.
Fertitta Hall, a 104,000-square-foot, five-story building, was built expressly for Marshall's undergraduate community. It houses USC Marshall's Undergraduate student services and advisors' offices; the Office of the Dean, staff offices and a few classrooms continue to be housed at Bridge Hall. The H. Leslie Hoffman Hall of Business Administration, which opened in 1973 and stands eight stories tall, is the former home of the Crocker Business Library, it is named for H. Leslie Hoffman, father of Jane Hoffman Popovich, it was designed by renowned architect I. M. Pei; the building was extensively renovated in 2015-16 into faculty offices. The Marshall School offers a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. There are several joint programs that offer studies with International Relations and Cinematic Arts in combination with Business Administration. New students take a business core and have other time to fulfill the USC Core and take elective classes; the undergraduate program offers a variety of international opportunities.
The Global Leadership Program comprises a two-semester seminar on business leadership in China and a spring break trip to China. Marshall's two-year full-time MBA comprises a straightforward intensive core and a diverse range of electives and concentrations. USC Marshall offers a MBA program for Professionals and Managers, an online MBA, an executive MBA and a one-year international MBA; the School offers 11 specialty master's degrees, offering specialized business education on a number of topics, including finance, business analytics and global supply chain management. Executive Education For individuals, Marshall Executive Education offers innovative open enrollment programming with a wide variety of business certificate programs – online and in-person – geared towards professional and personal development. Ranked within the top 15 world business research institutions, the Marshall School offers a full-time doctoral program within the five academic departments; the program lasts 4–5 years with up to two years of dissertation.
Along working with notable faculty, doctoral students receive substantial financial aid, such as graduate assistantship and a living stipend, during their study. The Marshall School has more than 82,000 alumni worldwide in 123 countries, its members consider itself 345,000-strong. This robust network is cited by alumni as a factor in their successful job searches. Events at Marshall emphasize the importance of networking within the Trojan Family. In 2019, USC Marshall's MBA program is ranked No.17 nationally by U. S. News and World Report. In 2018, Bloomberg BusinessWeek ranked USC Marshall's MBA program No. 13 nationally. For 2017, Marshall was ranked No. 33 by Forbes. In global rankings, Marshall was ranked No. 28 by The Economist, No. 29 by Business Insider. and No. 29 by QS World University Rankings. See also: List of University of Southern California people Timothy O. Johnson Chairman and CEO of Johnson Production Group Dan Bane Chairman and CEO of Trader Joe's Marc Benioff Founder and CEO of Salesforce.com John Campbell United States Congressman Henry Caruso Founder of Dollar Rent-A-Car Alan Casden Chairman and CEO of Casden Properties Ronnie Chan Chairman of Hang Lung Group and Hang Lung Properties in Hong Kong Yang Ho Cho President and CEO of Korean Airlines and Chairman of the Hanjin Group Chris DeWolfe Co-f
LAC+USC Medical Center
Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center known as County/USC, or by the abbreviation LAC+USC, is a 600-bed public teaching hospital located at 2051 Marengo Street in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. LAC+USC Medical Center is operated by the County of Los Angeles; the LAC+USC doctors are faculty of the Keck School of Medicine of USC. Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center is one of the largest public hospitals and medical training centers in the United States, the largest single provider of healthcare in Los Angeles County, it provides healthcare services for the region's medically underserved, is a Level I trauma center and treats over 28 percent of the region's trauma victims. It provides care for half of all sickle-cell anemia patients and those people living with AIDS in Southern California; the LAC+USC Medical Center provides a full spectrum of emergency and outpatient services to only Medi-Cal recipients. These include medical, emergency/trauma, obstetrical and pediatric services as well as psychiatric services for adults and children.
LAC+USC is one of the busiest public hospitals in the Western United States, with nearly 39,000 inpatients discharged, one million ambulatory care patient visits each year. The Emergency Department is one of the world's busiest, with more than 150,000 visits per year. LAC+USC operates one of only three burn centers in Los Angeles County and one of the few Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Southern California. LAC+USC is the home of the Los Angeles County College of Nursing and Allied Health, which has prepared registered nurses for professional practice since its founding in 1895. LAC+USC serves as the host facility for the U. S. Navy's Trauma Training Center, allowing uniformed medical professionals valuable exposure to trauma cases that prepare them to treat battlefield injury on the front lines with the United States Marine Corps, at sea with the Navy, or ashore at Fleet Hospitals and Shock Trauma Platoons. In 2013, American Cancer Society awarded LAC+USC with the Harold P. Freeman Award in recognition of the hospital's achievements to reduce cancer disparities among medically underserved populations.
The original hospital, located at 1200 State Street, opened in 1923. Its art-deco construction had 800 patient beds; the 1994 Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994 renewed concerns about building safety codes, those for hospitals. The California Hospital Seismic Safety Law was signed into law on September 21, 1994; the new law took the 1200 State Street building out of compliance of earthquake and fire safety codes. To address the problem, a new modern facility was proposed and constructed nearby, at 2051 Marengo Street. Designed by a joint venture of HOK and LBL Associated Architects, the new $1 billion hospital consists of three linked buildings: a clinic tower, a diagnostic and treatment tower, an inpatient tower, in total supporting 600 patient beds; the new facility has a larger number of intensive care beds to handle patients in the aftermath of disasters. The new facility was ready by 2008, on November 8 of that year, the new hospital was opened. Transfer of all inpatients from Women's and Children's Hospital and the 1200 State Street building made the retirement of the original hospital complex official.
The old building at 1200 State Street still stands. The Wellness Center, on the first floor of the old building, was opened in 2014, it is open to the public and includes offices for nonprofit organizations, community outreach and classes for wellness activities, a dance studio, a small YMCA on State Street, extensive new landscaping. While this building no longer meets the California Hospital Seismic Safety Law, it does meet current seismic standards for non-hospital use; as of 2008, the original pediatrics & obstetrics ward is abandoned, sits covered in graffiti, visible from US-101. The Los Angeles County Hospital and the University of Southern California Medical School were first affiliated in 1885, five years after USC was founded, it was established as a 100-bed hospital with 47 patients. The present-day LAC+USC complex is adjacent to the University of Southern California Health Sciences Campus, which includes the USC Keck School of Medicine, USC School of Pharmacy, Keck Hospital of USC, the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital.
In 2004, the hospital appointed its first female Chief of Staff, Cynthia Stotts, D. O. in the 158-year history of the hospital. She was the first osteopathic physician to serve in that position; the station of the same name on the El Monte Busway for the Metro Silver Line and Foothill Transit Silver Streak is located within walking distance from the hospital. Additionally, Metro lines 70, 71, 106, 251, 751, 605 serve the hospital. Marilyn Monroe was born in the charity ward on June 1, 1926; the hospital has a jail ward. In 1954, Stan Getz was processed in the jail ward as his wife gave birth to their third child one floor below, he had been arrested for attempting to rob a pharmacy to get a morphine fix. The 1962 film The Interns starring Cliff Robertson was filmed around the hospital; the hospital was featured in the 1953 version of The War Of The Worlds directed by Byron Haskins in scenes depicting the evacuation of Los Angeles from the oncoming Martians. The distinct Art Deco-style main building served as the exterior of the hospital in the 1998 movie City of Angels.
In Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles, the episode entitled "The Good Wound", exterior shots of the older LAC+US
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper, published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, is the largest U. S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues salient to the U. S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters, it has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine. In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910; the paper's profile grew in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.
The Times was first published on December 4, 1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and Thomas Gardiner. It was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Caystile. Unable to pay the printing bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. In the meantime, S. J. Mathes had joined the firm, it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication. In July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the paper's editor. Otis made the Times a financial success. Historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman "capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment". Otis's editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles and promoting its growth. Toward those ends, the paper supported efforts to expand the city's water supply by acquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens Valley; the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1, 1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people.
Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged. The American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who pleaded guilty. Otis fastened a bronze eagle on top of a high frieze of the new Times headquarters building designed by Gordon Kaufmann, proclaiming anew the credo written by his wife, Eliza: "Stand Fast, Stand Firm, Stand Sure, Stand True." Upon Otis's death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, took control as publisher of the Times. Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Norman's wife, Dorothy Buffum Chandler, became active in civic affairs and led the effort to build the Los Angeles Music Center, whose main concert hall was named the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in her honor. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios; the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980.
Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his family's paper forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance. He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nation's most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times and The Washington Post. Believing that the newsroom was "the heartbeat of the business", Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with The Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times–Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for other news organizations, he toned down the unyielding conservatism that had characterized the paper over the years, adopting a much more centrist editorial stance. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined. Writing in 2013 about the pattern of newspaper ownership by founding families, Times reporter Michael Hiltzik said that: The first generations bought or founded their local paper for profits and social and political influence.
Their children enjoyed both profits and influence, but as the families grew larger, the generations found that only one or two branches got the power, everyone else got a share of the money. The coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies split apart, or disappeared. That's the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family; the paper's early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big, was one of four organizations profiled by David Halberstam in The Powers That Be. It has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades; the Los Angeles Times began a decline with Los Angeles itself with the decline in military production at the end of the Cold War. It faced hiring freezes in 1991-1992. Another major decision at the same time was to cut the range of circulation.
They cut circulation in California's Central Valley, Nevada and the San Diego ed
UCSF School of Medicine
The UCSF School of Medicine, is the medical school of the University of California, San Francisco, United States, is located in San Francisco. Founded in 1864 by Hugh Toland, it is the oldest medical school in California and the western United States; the school is affiliated with the UCSF Medical Center, ranked in 2017 as the #1 hospital in California and the #5 in the United States. UCSF faculty have treated patients and trained residents since 1873 at the San Francisco General Hospital and for over 50 years at the San Francisco VA Medical Center, it is the top public recipient of biomedical research grants from the National Institutes of Health, with over $500 million dollars in funding, 998 NIH grants. It is recognized as one of the premier medical schools in the United States. US News & World Report ranks it 5th in research training and 2nd in primary care training. In 2015, it ranked second in clinical medicine in the annual Academic Ranking of World Universities; the UCSF School of Medicine is located in 7 major sites in the San Francisco Bay area, is composed of 28 academic departments, 8 organized research units, 5 interdisciplinary research centers.
The main site is at the Parnassus Heights campus, home to the UCSF Medical Center and the Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute. The UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay opened in 2015 and is home to the UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, UCSF Betty Irene Moore Women’s Hospital and the UCSF Bakar Cancer Hospital; the school was founded in 1864 as the Toland Medical College by Hugh H. Toland, a South Carolina surgeon who found great success and wealth after moving to San Francisco in 1852. A previous school, the Cooper Medical College of the University of Pacific, entered a period of uncertainty in 1862 when its founder, Elias Samuel Cooper, died. In 1864, Toland founded Toland Medical College and the faculty of Cooper Medical College chose to suspend operations and join the new school.. In 1873 the college affiliates with the University of California. Together with the School of Dentistry, they became UCSF's first two “Affiliated Colleges” and were followed by the College of Dentistry in 1881 and the UC Training School for Nurses in 1907.
The University of California was founded in 1868, by 1870 Toland Medical School began negotiating an affiliation with the new public university. Meanwhile, some faculty of Toland Medical School elected to reopen the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific, which would become Stanford University School of Medicine. Negotiations between Toland and UC were complicated by Toland's demand that the medical school continue to bear his name, an issue on which he conceded. In March 1873, the trustees of Toland Medical College transferred it to the Regents of the University of California, it became The Medical Department of the University of California." The three Affiliated Colleges were located at different sites around San Francisco, but near the end of the 19th Century interest in bringing them together grew. To make this possible, San Francisco Mayor Adolph Sutro donated 13 acres in Parnassus Heights at the base of Mount Parnassus; the new site, overlooking Golden Gate Park, opened in the fall of 1898, with the construction of the new Affiliated Colleges buildings.
The school's first female student, Lucy Wanzer, graduated in 1876, after having to appeal to the UC Board of Regents to gain admission in 1873. The university gained more independence in the 1960s, when it started to be seen as a campus in its own right instead of as the medical center of the UC system; the four departments were renamed as "School of..." and the UCSF Graduate Division was founded in 1961. Further along this line, in 1964 the institution obtained full administrative independence under the name University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, becoming the ninth campus in the University of California system and the only one devoted to the health sciences. A pivotal moment in UCSF history was the deal between Vice Chancellor Bruce Spaulding and San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown for the development of the Mission Bay campus in 1999. Renowned scientist J. Michael Bishop, recipient of both the Lasker Award and Nobel Prize in Medicine, became the eighth Chancellor in 1998, he oversaw one of UCSF's major transition and growth periods, including the expanding Mission Bay development and philanthropic support recruitment.
During his tenure, he unveiled the first comprehensive, campus-wide, strategic plan to promote diversity and foster a supportive work environment. During this time, UCSF adopted a new mission: advancing health worldwide™; the 2010s saw increased construction and expansion at Mission Bay, with the Smith Cardiovascular Research Building, the UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay, the Benioff Children's Hospital in 2010, the Sandler Neuroscience Center in 2012, Mission Hall and the Baker Cancer Hospital in 2013. In 2012, the school opened the UCSF Anatomy learning center; the Children's Hospital was named after Mark Benioff, who donated $100 million toward the new facility. In 2015, the Mission Bay campus saw the grand opening of the new UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay, a 289-bed integrated hospital complex dedicated to serving children and cancer patients; the school started the new Bridges curriculum in 2016 with the class of 2020. The School of Medicine has 2,498 full-time faculty. There have been six Nobel Prize winners over the past six decades, among its 2018 faculty members are: 43 members of the National Academy of Sciences 84 members of the National Academy of Medicine 18 Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators 32 NIH Innovator and Young Innovator Awards 64 members of the American Academy of Arts &